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temperature

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tem·per·a·ture  (tmpr--chr, -chr, tmpr-)
n.
1.
a. The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.
b. A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
2.
a. The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, usually about 37.0°C (98.6°F) in humans.
b. An abnormally high condition of body heat caused by illness; a fever.

[Middle English, temperate weather, Latin tempertra, due measure, from tempertus, past participle of temperre, to mix; see temper.]

temperature (ˈtɛmprɪtʃə)
n
1. (General Physics) the degree of hotness of a body, substance, or medium; a physical property related to the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules of a substance
2. (General Physics) a measure of this degree of hotness, indicated on a scale that has one or more fixed reference points
3. (Pathology) a body temperature in excess of the normal
4.
a. compromise
b. temperament
c. temperance
[C16 (originally: a mingling): from Latin temperātūra proportion, from temperāre to temper]

tem•per•a•ture (ˈtɛm pər ə tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər, -prə-, -pər tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər)

n.
1. a measure of the warmth or coldness of an object or substance with reference to some standard value.
2.
a. the degree of heat in a living body, normally about 98.6°F (37°C) in humans.
b. a level of such heat above the normal; fever: running a temperature.
3. Obs. mildness, as of the weather.
4. Obs. temperament.
[1525–35; < Latin temperātūra blending, tempering. See temperate, -ure]

temperature  (tmpr--chr)
1. A measure of the ability of a substance, or more generally of any physical system, to transfer heat energy to another physical system. The temperature of a substance is closely related to the average kinetic energy of its molecules. See also Boyle's law.
2. Any of various standardized numerical measures of this ability, such as the Kelvin, Fahrenheit, and Celsius scales.
3. An abnormally high body temperature; a fever.
Usage Heat and temperature are closely related but distinct and sometimes subtle ideas. Heat is simply transferred thermal energymost commonly, the kinetic energy of molecules making up substance, vibrating and bouncing against each other. A substance's temperature, on the other hand, is a measure of its ability to transfer heat, rather than the amount of heat transferred. For example, a match lit under a pot of boiling water reaches a much higher temperature than the water, but it is able to give off much less heat, since only a small amount of thermal energy is created and released by it. When any two substances of different temperatures are in thermal contact, the laws of thermodynamics state that heat flows from the higher-temperature substance into the lower-temperature substance, raising the temperature of the heated body and lowering the temperature of the body releasing heat until thermal equilibrium is reached, and the temperatures are the same. Thus temperature describes a characteristic of matter that determines the direction and extent of heat transfer, so the match with little heat but high temperature still adds energy to the water when placed under the pot. Providing a closed physical system with heat generally raises its temperature but not necessarily; for example, ice at zero degrees Celsius requires considerable additional heat in order to melt into water at zero degrees Celsius. Temperature can be related to the average kinetic energy of the molecules of gases, though this relation breaks down in most real cases involving liquids, solids, substances with larger molecules, and radiation with no mass, such as light. The two most common temperature scales, Celsius (C) and Fahrenheit (F), are based on the freezing and boiling points of water. On the Celsius scale there are 100 increments between the two points, and on the Fahrenheit scale there are 180. Scientists also use the International System units called Kelvins (K). A difference in temperature of one degree is equivalent in the Celsius and Kelvin scales, but their absolute scales are different: while zero degrees C is the temperature at which water freezes (at a pressure of one atmosphere), zero degrees K (-273.72 degrees C), also called absolute zero, is the least possible temperature for a system, representing a theoretical state from which no heat can be extracted.
Thesaurus Legend:  Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
Noun1.temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
absolute temperature - temperature measured on the absolute scale
absolute zero - (cryogenics) the lowest temperature theoretically attainable (at which the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules is minimal); 0 Kelvin or -273.15 centigrade or -459.67 Fahrenheit
Curie point, Curie temperature - the temperature above which a ferromagnetic substance loses its ferromagnetism and becomes paramagnetic
dew point - the temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins
flash point, flashpoint - the lowest temperature at which the vapor of a combustible liquid can be ignited in air
freezing point, melting point - the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
boiling point, boil - the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level; "they brought the water to a boil"
mercury - temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; "the mercury was falling rapidly"
room temperature - the normal temperature of room in which people live
simmer - temperature just below the boiling point; "the stew remained at a simmer for hours"
blood heat, body temperature - temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
low temperature, cold, frigidity, frigidness, coldness - the absence of heat; "the coldness made our breath visible"; "come in out of the cold"; "cold is a vasoconstrictor"
high temperature, hotness, heat - the presence of heat
fundamental measure, fundamental quantity - one of the four quantities that are the basis of systems of measurement
2.temperature - the somatic sensation of cold or heat
somaesthesia, somatesthesia, somatic sensation, somesthesia - the perception of tactual or proprioceptive or gut sensations; "he relied on somesthesia to warn him of pressure changes"
warmth, heat - the sensation caused by heat energy
coldness, cold - the sensation produced by low temperatures; "he shivered from the cold"; "the cold helped clear his head"
comfort zone - the temperature range (between 28 and 30 degrees Centigrade) at which the naked human body is able to maintain a heat balance without shivering or sweating
Translations
temperature [ˈtemprɪtʃəʳ]
A. N
1. (Met) → temperatura f
2. (Med) (= high temperature) → calentura f, fiebre f
to have or run a temperaturetener fiebre or calentura
she has a temperature of 103°tiene 39° de fiebre
to take sb's temperaturetomar la temperatura a algn
B. CPD temperature chart Ngráfico m de temperaturas

temperature [ˈtɛmpərətʃər]
n
[air, water, place, room, oven] → température f
The temperature was 30 degrees
BUT Il faisait trente degrés.
[body] → température f
to take sb's temperature → prendre la température de qn
to have a temperature → avoir de la fièvre
to be running a temperature → avoir de la fièvre
modif [controls, reading] → de la température; [difference, drop, rise] → de température
temperature chart n [patient] → feuille f de température
temperature gauge nindicateur m de température

temperature
nTemperatur f; (Med, above normal temperature also) → Fieber nt; water boils at a temperature of 100° CWasser kocht bei einer Temperatur von 100° C; to take somebody’s temperaturejds Temperatur messen, bei jdm Fieber messen; he has a temperatureer hat Fieber; he has a slight/high temperature, he’s running a slight/high temperatureer hat erhöhte Temperatur/hohes Fieber; he has a temperature of 39° Cer hat 39° Fieber

temperature:
temperature chart
n (Med) → Fiebertabelle f; (= curve of graph)Fieberkurve f
temperature gauge
nTemperaturanzeiger m
temperature-sensitive
adjtemperaturempfindlich

temperature [ˈtɛmprɪtʃəʳ] ntemperatura
to have or run a temperature → avere la febbre

temperature (ˈtemprətʃə) noun
1. the amount or degree of cold or heat. The food must be kept at a low temperature.
2. a level of body heat that is higher than normal. She had a temperature and wasn't feeling well.
take someone's temperature
to measure a person's body heat, using a thermometer.

temperature دَرَجَةُ الـحَرَارَة teplota temperatur Temperatur θερμοκρασία temperatura lämpötila température temperatura temperatura 温度 온도 temperatuur temperatur temperatura temperatura температура temperatur อุณหภูมิ ısı nhiệt độ 温度

tem·per·a·ture
1. n.  temperatura, grado de calor o frío de un cuerpo o masa.
2.   Condición anormal de frío o calor de un organismo. high ___ → ___ alta;  [fiebre] calentura → ;  low ___ → ___ baja.



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If I augment the temperature by 180 degrees, the gas will dilate 180/480 and will displace 16,740 cubic feet more, and its ascensional force will be augmented by 1,600 pounds.
If we succeed in so doing before we reach the higher internal temperature we may even yet survive.
Each molecule of the gutter bore away a molecule of heat radiating from Gringoire's loins, and the equilibrium between the temperature of his body and the temperature of the brook, began to be established in rough fashion.
 
 
 
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