temperature


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tem·per·a·ture

 (tĕm′pər-ə-cho͝or′, -chər, tĕm′prə-)
n.
1.
a. The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.
b. A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
2.
a. The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, usually about 37.0°C (98.6°F) in humans.
b. An abnormally high condition of body heat caused by illness; a fever.

[Middle English, temperate weather, Latin temperātūra, due measure, from temperātus, past participle of temperāre, to mix; see temper.]

temperature

(ˈtɛmprɪtʃə)
n
1. (General Physics) the degree of hotness of a body, substance, or medium; a physical property related to the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules of a substance
2. (General Physics) a measure of this degree of hotness, indicated on a scale that has one or more fixed reference points
3. (Pathology) informal a body temperature in excess of the normal
4. archaic
a. compromise
b. temperament
c. temperance
[C16 (originally: a mingling): from Latin temperātūra proportion, from temperāre to temper]

tem•per•a•ture

(ˈtɛm pər ə tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər, -prə-, -pər tʃər, -ˌtʃʊər)

n.
1. a measure of the warmth or coldness of an object or substance with reference to some standard value.
2.
a. the degree of heat in a living body, normally about 98.6°F (37°C) in humans.
b. a level of such heat above the normal; fever: running a temperature.
3. Obs. mildness, as of the weather.
4. Obs. temperament.
[1525–35; < Latin temperātūra blending, tempering. See temperate, -ure]

tem·per·a·ture

(tĕm′pər-ə-cho͝or′)
1. A measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms or molecules in a system.
2. A numerical measure of hotness or coldness on a standard scale, such as the Kelvin scale. See Note at Celsius.
3. An abnormally high body temperature; a fever.
Usage The molecules of all substances are in motion, and the energy associated with this motion is called kinetic energy. Temperature and heat are both ways of measuring this energy, but they do not mean the same thing. A substance's temperature is the average kinetic energy of the substance's molecules. By contrast, a substance's heat is the total amount of energy contained in the substance. Thus, the water in two different pots, one four times as large as the other, might be at the same temperature, but the water in the larger pot would contain four times as much heat, since it requires four times as much energy to raise the temperature to the temperature of the water in the smaller pot.

temperature

1. Degree of “hotness” measured in Celsius, Fahrenheit, etc.
2. A measure of temperature difference representing a single division on a temperature scale.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
absolute temperature - temperature measured on the absolute scale
absolute zero - (cryogenics) the lowest temperature theoretically attainable (at which the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules is minimal); 0 Kelvin or -273.15 centigrade or -459.67 Fahrenheit
Curie point, Curie temperature - the temperature above which a ferromagnetic substance loses its ferromagnetism and becomes paramagnetic
dew point - the temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins
flash point, flashpoint - the lowest temperature at which the vapor of a combustible liquid can be ignited in air
freezing point, melting point - the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
boiling point, boil - the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level; "they brought the water to a boil"
mercury - temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; "the mercury was falling rapidly"
room temperature - the normal temperature of room in which people live
simmer - temperature just below the boiling point; "the stew remained at a simmer for hours"
blood heat, body temperature - temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
low temperature, cold, frigidity, frigidness, coldness - the absence of heat; "the coldness made our breath visible"; "come in out of the cold"; "cold is a vasoconstrictor"
high temperature, hotness, heat - the presence of heat
fundamental measure, fundamental quantity - one of the four quantities that are the basis of systems of measurement
2.temperature - the somatic sensation of cold or heat
somaesthesia, somatesthesia, somatic sensation, somesthesia - the perception of tactual or proprioceptive or gut sensations; "he relied on somesthesia to warn him of pressure changes"
warmth, heat - the sensation caused by heat energy
coldness, cold - the sensation produced by low temperatures; "he shivered from the cold"; "the cold helped clear his head"
comfort zone - the temperature range (between 28 and 30 degrees Centigrade) at which the naked human body is able to maintain a heat balance without shivering or sweating
Translations
حَرارَة الجِسِمدَرَجَةُ الـحَرَارَةدَرَجَة حَرارَه
teplota
temperaturfeber
lämpötilakuume
temperatura
hõmérséklethőmérsékletláz
hitihiti, hitastig
温度
온도
matuoti kam temperatūrą
temperatūra
febrătemperatură
temperaturavročina
temperaturfeber
อุณหภูมิ
nhiệt độ

temperature

[ˈtemprɪtʃəʳ]
A. N
1. (Met) → temperatura f
2. (Med) (= high temperature) → calentura f, fiebre f
to have or run a temperaturetener fiebre or calentura
she has a temperature of 103°tiene 39° de fiebre
to take sb's temperaturetomar la temperatura a algn
B. CPD temperature chart Ngráfico m de temperaturas

temperature

[ˈtɛmpərətʃər]
n
[air, water, place, room, oven] → température f
The temperature was 30 degrees
BUT Il faisait trente degrés.
[body] → température f
to take sb's temperature → prendre la température de qn
to have a temperature → avoir de la fièvre
to be running a temperature → avoir de la fièvre
modif [controls, reading] → de la température; [difference, drop, rise] → de températuretemperature chart n [patient] → feuille f de températuretemperature gauge nindicateur m de température

temperature

nTemperatur f; (Med, above normal temperature also) → Fieber nt; water boils at a temperature of 100° CWasser kocht bei einer Temperatur von 100° C; to take somebody’s temperaturejds Temperatur messen, bei jdm Fieber messen; he has a temperatureer hat Fieber; he has a slight/high temperature, he’s running a slight/high temperatureer hat erhöhte Temperatur/hohes Fieber; he has a temperature of 39° Cer hat 39° Fieber

temperature

:
temperature chart
n (Med) → Fiebertabelle f; (= curve of graph)Fieberkurve f
temperature gauge
nTemperaturanzeiger m
temperature-sensitive
adjtemperaturempfindlich

temperature

[ˈtɛmprɪtʃəʳ] ntemperatura
to have or run a temperature → avere la febbre

temperature

(ˈtemprətʃə) noun
1. the amount or degree of cold or heat. The food must be kept at a low temperature.
2. a level of body heat that is higher than normal. She had a temperature and wasn't feeling well.
take someone's temperature
to measure a person's body heat, using a thermometer.

temperature

دَرَجَةُ الـحَرَارَة teplota temperatur Temperatur θερμοκρασία temperatura lämpötila température temperatura temperatura 温度 온도 temperatuur temperatur temperatura temperatura температура temperatur อุณหภูมิ ısı nhiệt độ 温度

tem·per·a·ture

1. n. temperatura, grado de calor o frío de un cuerpo o masa.
2. Condición anormal de frío o calor de un organismo.
high ______ alta;
[fiebre] calentura;
low ______ baja.

temperature

n temperatura; (fam, fever) fiebre f, calentura; axillary — temperatura axilar; oral — temperatura oral; rectal — temperatura rectal; room — temperatura ambiente; to take (someone's) — tomar(le) la temperatura (a alguien); to take one's (own) tomarse la temperatura; Did you take your temperature at home?..¿Se tomó la temperatura en casa?
References in classic literature ?
The whole landscape, which, seen by a favoring light, and in a genial temperature, had been found so lovely, appeared now like some pictured allegory of life, in which objects were arrayed in their harshest but truest colors, and without the relief of any shadowing.
So spoke Elzbieta, naively, and the young lady laughed and was rather at a loss for an answer--she stood and gazed about her, and thought of a cynical remark that had been made to her, that she was standing upon the brink of the pit of hell and throwing in snowballs to lower the temperature.
This water is conducted in pipe to the numerous bath-houses, and is reduced to an endurable temperature by the addition of cold water.
My wretched feet, flayed and swollen to lameness by the sharp air of January, began to heal and subside under the gentler breathings of April; the nights and mornings no longer by their Canadian temperature froze the very blood in our veins; we could now endure the play-hour passed in the garden: sometimes on a sunny day it began even to be pleasant and genial, and a greenness grew over those brown beds, which, freshening daily, suggested the thought that Hope traversed them at night, and left each morning brighter traces of her steps.
The housemaid came down -- tall and slim, with the state of the spring temperature written redly on her nose.
He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dogdays; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.
When I undrew the curtains and looked out of bed, I saw him, in an equable temperature of respectability, unaffected by the east wind of January, and not even breathing frostily, standing my boots right and left in the first dancing position, and blowing specks of dust off my coat as he laid it down like a baby.
I never discovered from whom Joe derived the conventional temperature of the four thousand pounds, but it appeared to make the sum of money more to him, and he had a manifest relish in insisting on its being cool.
He looked at the night, and shook himself to throw off an oppressive sensation of being clasped in the icy ribs of the air, for the mercury had descended below the familiar region of crisp and crackly cold and marked a temperature at which the numb atmosphere seemed on the point of congealing into black solidity.
I dwelt long upon the fertility of our soil, and the temperature of our climate.
An ingenious system of electric heating, which has since been imitated, allowed the temperature of the walls and room to be increased at will.
The circumstances of a revolution quickened the public sensibility on every point connected with the security of popular rights, and in some instances raise the warmth of our zeal beyond the degree which consisted with the due temperature of the body politic.