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Related to tense: future tense, past tense, perfect tense, present perfect tense, present tense, Verb tense
Grammatical tense refers to the conjugation of a verb to reflect its place in time—that is, when the action occurred.
There are technically only two grammatical tenses in English: the past and the present. Verbs in their basic form inherently describe the present time, and they can be conjugated into a unique form that describes the past. We can then use auxiliary verbs and verb participles to create different aspects of the past and present tenses, which describe if an action is or was continuous, or if it began at an earlier point in the past.
However, verbs do not have a specific conjugated form to reflect the future, and, for this reason, English is considered not to have a true future tense.
Nevertheless, although English has no future tense in the strict sense, we commonly refer to several structures that are used for future meaning as belonging to the “future tense.” The most common of these structures begin with will or be going to.
adj. tens•er, tens•est, adj.
Past participle: tensed
|Noun||1.||tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time|
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
aorist - a verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation
continuous tense, imperfect, imperfect tense, progressive, progressive tense - a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
|Verb||1.||tense - become stretched or tense or taut; "the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed;" "the rope strained when the weight was attached"|
tighten - become tight or tighter; "The rope tightened"
|2.||tense - increase the tension on; "alternately relax and tense your calf muscle"; "tense the rope manually before tensing the spring"|
|3.||tense - become tense, nervous, or uneasy; "He tensed up when he saw his opponent enter the room"|
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
|4.||tense - cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"|
affect - act physically on; have an effect upon; "the medicine affects my heart rate"
stretch, extend - extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body; "Stretch your legs!"; "Extend your right arm above your head"
|Adj.||1.||tense - in or of a state of physical or nervous tension|
agitated - troubled emotionally and usually deeply; "agitated parents"
uneasy - lacking a sense of security or affording no ease or reassurance; "farmers were uneasy until rain finally came"; "uneasy about his health"; "gave an uneasy laugh"; "uneasy lies the head that wears the crown"; "an uneasy coalition government"; "an uneasy calm"; "an uneasy silence fell on the group"
relaxed - without strain or anxiety; "gave the impression of being quite relaxed"; "a relaxed and informal discussion"
|2.||tense - pronounced with relatively tense tongue muscles (e.g., the vowel sound in `beat')|
phonetics - the branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis
lax - pronounced with muscles of the tongue and jaw relatively relaxed (e.g., the vowel sound in `bet')
|3.||tense - taut or rigid; stretched tight; "tense piano strings"|
tight - closely constrained or constricted or constricting; "tight skirts"; "he hated tight starched collars"; "fingers closed in a tight fist"; "a tight feeling in his chest"
lax - lacking in strength or firmness or resilience; "a lax rope"; "a limp handshake"
nervous collected, calm, serene, easy-going, unconcerned, cool-headed, unruffled, self-possessed, unworried
tense1 [tens] N (Ling) → tiempo m
in the present tense → en presente
her voice was tense → se le notaba la tensión en la voz
to feel tense → sentirse tenso
to get or grow tense → ponerse tenso
my shoulders are tense → tengo los hombros tensos or en tensión
the tense situation in the Persian Gulf → la situación de tensión en el Golfo Pérsico
she tensed her muscles → tensó or puso tensos los músculos
see tense 2 B
see tense 2 C
the present tense → le présent
the future tense → le futur
the past tense → le passé