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 (tĕt′rärk′, tē′trärk′)
a. A subordinate ruler.
b. One of four joint rulers.
2. A governor of one of four divisions of a country or province, especially in the ancient Roman Empire.
3. The commander of a subdivision of a phalanx in ancient Greece.

[Middle English tetrarche, a Roman tetrarch, from Old French, from Late Latin tetrarcha, from Latin tetrarchēs, from Greek tetrarkhēs : tetra-, tetra- + -arkhēs, -arch.]

te·trar′chic (tĕ-trär′kĭk, tē-) adj.


1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the ruler of one fourth of a country
2. (Historical Terms) a subordinate ruler, esp of Syria under the Roman Empire
3. (Historical Terms) the commander of one of the smaller subdivisions of a Macedonian phalanx
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of four joint rulers
[C14: from Greek tetrarkhēs; see tetra-, -arch]
tetrarchate n
teˈtrarchic, teˈtrarchical adj
ˈtetrarchy n


(ˈtɛ trɑrk, ˈti-)

1. the ruler of a fourth part, division, etc., as of a country or province in the Roman Empire.
2. a subordinate ruler or minor king, esp. in W Asia under the Roman Empire.
3. one of four joint rulers or chiefs.
[1350–1400; Middle English tetrarcha, tetrarke < Late Latin tetrarcha, Latin tetrarchēs < Greek tetrárchēs. See tetra-, -arch]
te′trar•chy, te′trarch•ate` (-ˌkeɪt) n.
te•trar′chic, te•trar′chi•cal, adj.
References in classic literature ?
To whom the Fiend, with fear abashed, replied:-- "Be not so sore offended, Son of God-- Though Sons of God both Angels are and Men-- If I, to try whether in higher sort Than these thou bear'st that title, have proposed What both from Men and Angels I receive, Tetrarchs of Fire, Air, Flood, and on the Earth Nations besides from all the quartered winds-- God of this World invoked, and World beneath.
The improving True Valour ran his best race to date and goes up 10lb to a mark of 101 for finishing a close third in the Tetrarch Stakes at Naas.
The Tetrarch Stakes at Naas next Monday could be next for the winner.
Kevin Prendergast has been in the game long enough to know something special when he sees it and immediately nominated the Tetrarch Stakes and then the Curragh Classic after Awtaad's return in a handicap at Irish Headquarters.
All has gone perfectly to plan so far, and Curragh third Blue de Vega is a mark of his progression, as he was even further behind in the Guineas than when second in the tetrarch.
In between, he'll be home to ride at the Curragh on Monday, when his rides will include Awtaad, already supplemented to next month's Irish 2,000 Guineas, in the listed Power Tetrarch Stakes.
In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert.
Tenor Peter Bronder overplayed depravity in the role of Herod--with a scary likeness to Roman Polanski--while Gerhard Siegel was vocally stronger in his tortured impersonation of the Tetrarch.
After making a successful debut at the Curragh last month, Indesatchel won the Greenham Stakes at Newbury before trotting up by six lengths in the Tetrarch Stakes back at the Irish track earlier this month.
Almost two thousand years ago, Herod the tetrarch put away his wife to marry a woman who was married to his half brother, Philip.
After Actium, Augustus' subsequent reign of more than 40 years was a comparatively tranquil one, in spite of atrocities committed by certain of his imperial subordinates, like the Judean tetrarch Herod.
The Ballydoyle maestro, successful last season with Landseer, fields the Tetrarch Stakes winner France (Mick Kinane), the well-fancied Catcher In The Rye (Kieren Fallon) and Dalcassian (Tom Queally).