When: Wednesday, November 1 and Thursday, November 2 What: As part of The Big Draw festival you can make Victorian shadow portraits, zoetropes and thaumatropes
as you explore coins and animation.
Breer sought to bring the medium back out of darkness and reconnect it to the viewer's bodily experience by remaking various types of protocinematic devices, ranging from kineographs (flipbooks) to mutoscopes and thaumatropes
, a selection of which were on view here.
It's the land of the funny mirrors and thaumatropes
the space is a moving glossary of rarely heard terms -- of images and insights into a time long past.
It is also believed that prehistoric relics previously thought to have been used as buttons were actually designed as thaumatropes
- double sided pictures that can be spun to blur the images into an animation.
It will include a number of rare Victorian optical toys, including a camera obscura, zoetropes and thaumatropes
, which belong to experimental film-maker Werner Nekes and are being flown in to Liverpool from overseas.
Including zoetropes, thaumatropes
and a camera obscura, the gadgets were crucial to the development of photography and film.
However, Gioli's cinema takes us even further back than the creation-myth of proto-cinema--through the Thaumatropes
, Phenakistoscopes and first chronophotographic devices--back towards the birthplace of photographic images, the first positive Heliographic image of a window in Joseph Niepce's studio.
They included thaumatropes
, discs with pictures on each side attached to two pieces of string.
Clear instructions accompany all the makings of models of such devices as zoetropes, thaumatropes
, phenakistoscopes, and flip books.
In the process, Gioli reminds us that the cinema, whose greatest martyr was perhaps Marilyn Monroe (whom Gioli clearly presents as a figura Christi, complete with a bleeding stigma), was born from the nineteenth-century optical machines--the thaumatropes
, phena-kistoscopes, and first chronophotographic devices of mechanized blinking--that provided an illusion of motion through the rapid succession of still images.
That such animation was intentional is endorsed by the likely use of incised disks as thaumatropes
," he said.
The day involved chanting out rules, sewing samplers, making thaumatropes
, writing with slates and even doing arithmetic, with pounds, shilling and pennies.