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the 1

 (thē before a vowel; thə before a consonant)
a. Used before singular or plural nouns and noun phrases that denote particular, specified persons or things: the baby; the dress I wore.
b. Used before a noun, and generally stressed, to emphasize one of a group or type as the most outstanding or prominent: considered Wicker Park to be the neighborhood to live in these days.
c. Used to indicate uniqueness: the Prince of Wales; the moon.
d. Used before nouns that designate natural phenomena or points of the compass: the weather; a wind from the south.
e. Used as the equivalent of a possessive adjective before names of some parts of the body: grab him by the neck; an infection of the hand.
f. Used before a noun specifying a field of endeavor: the law; the film industry; the stage.
g. Used before a proper name, as of a monument or ship: the Alamo; the Titanic.
h. Used before the plural form of a numeral denoting a specific decade of a century or of a lifespan: rural life in the Thirties.
2. Used before a singular noun indicating that the noun is generic: The loggerhead turtle is an endangered species.
a. Used before an adjective extending it to signify a class and giving it the function of a noun: the rich; the dead; the homeless.
b. Used before an absolute adjective: the best we can offer.
4. Used before a present participle, signifying the action in the abstract: the weaving of rugs.
5. Used before a noun with the force of per: cherries at $1.50 the box.

[Middle English, from Old English, alteration (influenced by , th-, oblique case stem of demonstrative pron.) of se, masculine demonstrative pron.; see so- in Indo-European roots.]

the 2

 (thē before a vowel; thə before a consonant)
1. To that extent; by that much. Used before a comparative: the sooner the better.
2. Beyond any other: enjoyed reading the most.

[Middle English, from Old English thȳ, thē, instrumental of thæt, neuter demonstrative pron.; see to- in Indo-European roots.]


(stressed or emphatic ðiː; unstressed before a consonant ðə; unstressed before a vowel ðɪ)
determiner (article)
1. used preceding a noun that has been previously specified: the pain should disappear soon; the man then opened the door. Compare a1
2. used with a qualifying word or phrase to indicate a particular person, object, etc, as distinct from others: ask the man standing outside; give me the blue one. Compare a1
3. used preceding certain nouns associated with one's culture, society, or community: to go to the doctor; listen to the news; watch the television.
4. used preceding present participles and adjectives when they function as nouns: the singing is awful; the dead salute you.
5. used preceding titles and certain uniquely specific or proper nouns, such as place names: the United States; the Honourable Edward Brown; the Chairman; the moon.
6. used preceding a qualifying adjective or noun in certain names or titles: William the Conqueror; Edward the First.
7. used preceding a noun to make it refer to its class generically: the white seal is hunted for its fur; this is good for the throat; to play the piano.
8. used instead of my, your, her, etc, with parts of the body: take me by the hand.
9. (usually stressed) the best, only, or most remarkable: Harry's is the club in this town.
10. used with proper nouns when qualified: written by the young Hardy.
11. another word for per, esp with nouns or noun phrases of cost: fifty pence the pound.
12. often facetious or derogatory my; our: the wife goes out on Thursdays.
13. used preceding a unit of time in phrases or titles indicating an outstanding person, event, etc: match of the day; player of the year.
[Middle English, from Old English thē, a demonstrative adjective that later superseded (masculine singular) and sēo, sio (feminine singular); related to Old Frisian thi, thiu, Old High German der, diu]


(ðə; ðɪ)
1. (often foll by for) used before comparative adjectives or adverbs for emphasis: she looks the happier for her trip.
2. used correlatively before each of two comparative adjectives or adverbs to indicate equality: the sooner you come, the better; the more I see you, the more I love you.
[Old English thī, thӯ, instrumental case of the1 and that; related to Old Norse thī, Gothic thei]


(stressed ði; unstressed before a consonant ðə, unstressed before a vowel ði)
definite article.
1. (used, esp. before a noun, with a specifying or particularizing effect, as opposed to the indefinite or generalizing force of the indefinite article a or an): the book you gave me.
2. (used to mark a noun as indicating something well-known or unique): the Alps.
3. (used with or as part of a title): the Duke of Wellington.
4. (used to mark a noun as indicating the best-known, most approved, most important, etc.): the place to ski.
5. (used to mark a noun as being used generically): The dog is a quadruped.
6. (used in place of a possessive pronoun, to note a part of the body or a personal belonging): He was shot in the arm.
7. (used before adjectives that are used substantively, to note an individual, a class or number of individuals, or an abstract idea): to visit the sick; from the sublime to the ridiculous.
8. (used to indicate one particular decade of a lifetime or of a century): the sixties.
9. enough: She didn't have the courage to leave.
10. (used distributively, to note any one separately); a or an: at one dollar the pound.
[before 900; Middle English, late Old English, replacing sē nominative singular masculine article. compare that]


(before a consonanttə; before a voweltē),
1. (used to modify an adjective or adverb in the comparative degree and to signify “in or by that,” “on that account,” “in or by so much,” or “in some or any degree”): He's been on vacation and looks the better for it.
2. (used in correlative constructions to modify an adjective or adverb in the comparative degree, in one instance with relative force and in the other with demonstrative force, and signifying “by how much … by so much” or “in what degree … in that degree”): the more the merrier.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English thē, thȳ, instrumental case of demonstrative pronoun. compare that, lest]

Eight-Fold Path, The

the method of spiritual attainment outlined in Buddha’ s sermons on the Four Noble Truths: pain, the cause of pain, the cessation of pain, and the path that leads to this cessation, emphasizing, in the last, right view, thought, speech, action, livelihood, efïort, mindfulness, and concentration.
See also: Buddhism


1. basic uses

The is called the definite article. You use the at the beginning of a noun phrase to refer to someone or something that has already been mentioned or that is already known to the hearer or reader.

A man and a woman were walking on the beach. The man wore shorts, a T-shirt, and sandals. The woman wore a bright dress.

You can add a prepositional phrase or a relative clause when you need to show which person or thing you are talking about.

I've no idea about the geography of Scotland.
That is a different man to the man that I knew.

You use the with a singular noun to refer to something of which there is only one.

They all sat in the sun.
The sky was a brilliant blue.
2. types of thing or person

You can use the with the singular form of a countable noun when you want to make a general statement about all things of a particular type.

The computer allows us to deal with a lot of data very quickly.
My father's favourite flower is the rose.

Be Careful!
You can make a similar statement using a plural form. If you do this, don't use 'the'.

It is then that computers will have their most important social effects.
Roses need to be watered frequently.

Don't use 'the' with an uncountable noun when it is used with a general meaning. For example, if you are talking about pollution in general, you say 'Pollution is a serious problem'. Don't say 'The pollution is a serious problem'.

We continue to fight crime.
People are afraid to talk about disease and death.

You can use the with words such as rich, poor, young, old, or unemployed to refer to all people of a particular type.

Only the rich could afford his firm's products.
They were discussing the problem of the unemployed.

Be Careful!
When you use one of these words like this, don't add '-s' or '-es' to it. Don't say, for example, 'the problem of the unemployeds'.

3. nationalities

You can use the with some nationality adjectives to refer to the people who live in a particular country, or to a group of people who come from that country.

They depend on the support of the French.
4. systems and services

You use the with a singular countable noun to refer to a system or service.

I don't like using the phone.
How long does it take on the train?
5. institutions

You don't usually use 'the' between a preposition and a word like church, college, home, hospital, prison, school, or university.

Will we see you in church tomorrow?
I was at school with her.
6. meals

You don't usually use 'the' in front of the names of meals.

I open the mail immediately after breakfast.
I haven't had dinner yet.
7. used instead of a possessive

You sometimes use the instead of a possessive determiner, particularly when you are talking about something being done to a part of a person's body.

She touched him on the hand.
He took her by the arm and began pulling her away.
8. used with superlatives and comparatives

You usually use the in front of superlative adjectives.

We saw the smallest church in England.

You don't usually use 'the' in front of superlative adverbs.

They use the language they know best.

You don't usually use 'the' in front of comparative adjectives or adverbs.

The model will probably be smaller
I wish we could get it done quicker

However, there are a few exceptions to this.

...الال...تُستعمل مع درجة المقارنة بين إثنين
määräinen artikkeli-mme-ni-nne-nsa
- nn, - n, - îfellur brott í òÿîingu-ið-in-inn
일반적인 것
ada topluluklarınınçoğul ülke adlarınınçöllerindenizlerinırmakların


(strong form) [ðiː] (weak form) ə]
1. (singular) → el/la; (plural) → los/las
the boyel niño
the womanla mujer
the carslos coches
the chairslas sillas
do you know the Smiths?¿conoce a los Smith?
how's the leg?¿cómo va la pierna?
all thetodo el .../toda la ..., todos los .../todas las ...
I'll meet you at the bank/stationquedamos en el banco/la estación
the cheek of it!¡qué frescura!
he's the man for the jobes el más indicado para el puesto
from thedel/de la, de los/las
it's ten miles from the house/villageestá a diez millas de la casa/del pueblo
I haven't the moneyno tengo dinero
of thedel/de la, de los/las
the soup of the dayla sopa del día
it was the year of the student riotsfue el año de los disturbios estudiantiles
oh, the pain!¡ay qué dolor!
he hasn't the sense to understandno tiene bastante inteligencia para comprender
I haven't the timeno tengo tiempo
to theal/a la, a los/las
we went to the theatrefuimos al teatro
2. (+ adjective)
2.1. (denoting plural) → los/las
the rich and the poorlos ricos y los pobres
2.2. (denoting sing) → lo
within the realms of the possibledentro de lo posible
the good and the beautifullo bueno y lo bello
3. (+ noun, denoting whole class) → el/la
to play the piano/flutetocar el piano/la flauta
in this age of the computeren esta época del ordenador ...
4. (+ comparative) → el/la
she was the elderera la mayor
5. (distributive) 50 pence the pound50 peniques la libra
eggs are usually sold by the dozenlos huevos se venden normalmente por docena
paid by the hourpagado por hora
25 miles to the gallon25 millas por galón
700 lire to the dollar700 liras por dólar
6. (emphatic) you don't mean the professor Bloggs?¿quieres decir el profesor Bloggs del que tanto se habla?
it was the colour of 1995fue el color que estaba tan de moda en 1995
7. (in titles) Richard the SecondRicardo Segundo
Ivan the TerribleIván el Terrible
she looks all the better for itse la ve mucho mejor por eso
it will be all the betterserá tanto mejor
the more he works the more he earnscuanto más trabaja más gana
(all) the more so becausetanto más cuanto que ...
the more ... the lessmientras más ... menos ...
the sooner the bettercuanto antes mejor


[ˈðə ˈðiː] def art
(gen)le m, la f, l' before word starting with a vowel or before mute h, les mfpl
the boy → le garçon
the girl → la fille
the ink → l'encre
the history of the world → l'histoire du monde
the children → les enfants
Give it to the postman → Donne-le au facteur.
to play the piano → jouer du piano
to play the flute → jouer de la flûte
the rich and the poor → les riches et les pauvres
the twenties → les années vingt
(in titles, with names) Elizabeth the First → Élisabeth Ire
Peter the Great → Pierre le Grand
the Taylors → les Taylor
(= per) 13 km to the litre → 13 km au litre
2 dollars to the pound → 2 dollars la livre
(in comparisons) the more ... the more ...
The more he works, the more he earns → Plus il travaille, plus il gagne de l'argent.
the sooner the better → le plus tôt sera le mieux
THE James Brown → le célèbre James Brown
It's THE colour to wear → C'est LA couleur à porter.
THE place to be
Camden Market is THE place to be at the weekend → Le marché de Camden est l'endroit où il faut être le week-end.


[, (vor Vokalen auch, zur Betonung auch)]
def art
der/die/das; in the roomim or in dem Zimmer; on the edgeam or an dem Rand; he went up on(to) the stageer ging aufs or auf das Podium; to play the piano/guitarKlavier/Gitarre spielen; all the windowsall die or alle Fenster; have you invited the Browns?haben Sie die Browns or (with children) → die Familie Brown eingeladen?; in the 20sin den zwanziger Jahren or Zwanzigerjahren pl; Henry the EighthHeinrich der Achte; how’s the leg/wife? (inf)wie gehts dem Bein/Ihrer Frau? (inf)
(with adj used as n) → das, die; (with comp or superl) → der/die/das; the Gooddas Gute; the poor/richdie Armen pl/Reichen pl; translated from the Germanaus dem Deutschen übersetzt; she was the prettier/prettiestsie war die Hübschere/Hübscheste
(denoting whole class) → der/die/das; the elephant is in danger of extinctionder Elefant ist vom Aussterben bedroht
(distributive use) 80p the pound80 Pence das or pro Pfund; by the hourpro Stunde; the car does thirty miles to the gallondas Auto braucht eine Gallone auf dreißig Meilen, das Auto verbraucht 11 Liter auf 100km
(stressed) → der/die/das; it’s THE restaurant in this part of towndas ist DAS Restaurant in diesem Stadtteil
adv (with comp adj or adv) all the more/better/harderumso mehr/besser/schwieriger; the more he has the more he wantsje mehr er hat, desto mehr will er; (all) the more so because …umso mehr, als … ? better2, worse


(ðə) , (ði) adjective
(The form (ðə) is used before words beginning with a consonant eg the house (ðəhaus) or consonant sound eg the union (ðəˈjuːnjən) ; the form (ði) is used before words beginning with a vowel eg the apple (ði ˈapl) or vowel sound eg the honour (ði ˈonə) ).
1. used to refer to a person, thing etc mentioned previously, described in a following phrase, or already known. Where is the book I put on the table?; Who was the man you were talking to?; My mug is the tall blue one; Switch the light off!
2. used with a singular noun or an adjective to refer to all members of a group etc or to a general type of object, group of objects etc. The horse is running fast.; I spoke to him on the telephone; He plays the piano/violin very well.
3. used to refer to unique objects etc, especially in titles and names. the Duke of Edinburgh; the Atlantic (Ocean).
4. used after a preposition with words referring to a unit of quantity, time etc. In this job we are paid by the hour.
5. used with superlative adjectives and adverbs to denote a person, thing etc which is or shows more of something than any other. He is the kindest man I know; We like him (the) best of all.
6. (often with all) used with comparative adjectives to show that a person, thing etc is better, worse etc. He has had a week's holiday and looks (all) the better for it.
the … the …
(with comparative adjective or adverb) used to show the connection or relationship between two actions, states, processes etc. The harder you work, the more you earn.


...ال, ال... ten, to den der ο, το el määräinen artikkeli le taj il, il, lo, la, i, gli, le その, 一般的な物について話すときに使われる, 일반적인 것 de, de (het) den rodzajnik określony, nie tłumaczy się na język polski o, o/os, o, os этот den คำนำหน้านามชี้เฉพาะ, สิ่งนั้น n/a, no translation đó, này 用于名词前表示代指同一类事物,