Bolivar, and the related Nocaracris Uvarov, 1928 (Paranocaracris Mistshenko, 1951 was synonymized with Nocaracris by Unal 2016), are ancient relicts, remnants of a thermophilous
Tertiary fauna and have restricted ranges (Popov 2007).
deforestation and formation of a "cultural steppe") are traditionally mentioned as a reason for the colonisation of the Czech territory by apochoric thermophilous
species of open habitats which are not known from glacial assemblages.
However, in Europe it has been shown that the disappearance of thermophilous
elements of East Asian affinity (e.
Oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) in casts and burrows of an endemic earthworm Dendrobaena mrazeki and in litter of thermophilous
Temperature modulates the response of the thermophilous
sea urchin Arbacia lixula early life stages to C[0.
claparedeianus, as well as the moderate presence of the thermophilous
species Branchiura sowerbyi, render the oligochaete community of this wetland similar to those of southern Europe.
Traditional farming practices, particularly livestock grazing and meadow mowing, have led to the development of unique plant communities xerothermic grasslands and thermophilous
grasslands (Habitats Directive code: 6210) supporting some 300 plant species, as well as juniper thickets growing on heather moors and calcareous grasslands (code: 5130).
4%), in the habitat of potential vegetation of thermophilous
oak-hornbeam forest (37.
Floristically it is included in the Holarctic Kingdom and is shared between the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal Region (Polunin & Walters 1989), where the beech forests are dominant above 1000 m, with different vegetation series related to the substrate, and the Adriatic province of the Mediterranean Region with xerothermic evergreen vegetation dominated by Pinus halepensis and Quercus ilex close to the sea level, and substituted by deciduous and thermophilous
oaks when the sea influence decreases (Trinajstic 1995).
Influence of the size and density of Carpinus betulus on the spatial distribution and rate of deletion of forest-floor species in thermophilous
Seasonal variation in the niche, habitat availability and population fluctuations of a bivoltine thermophilous
insect near its range margin.
In LPAZ-4 pollen of Picea and thermophilous
taxa, especially Corylus (Fig.