third


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third

 (thûrd)
n.
1. The ordinal number matching the number three in a series.
2. One of three equal parts.
3. Music
a. An interval of three degrees in a diatonic scale.
b. A tone separated by three degrees from a given tone, especially the third tone of a scale.
4. The transmission gear or gear ratio used to produce forward speeds next higher to those of second in a motor vehicle.
5. Baseball Third base.
6. thirds Merchandise whose quality is below the standard set for seconds.

[Middle English thridde, therdde, third, from Old English thridda; see trei- in Indo-European roots.]

third adv. & adj.
Word History: Every native speaker knows that the cardinal three and the ordinal third are closely related, but many may wonder why the r comes before the vowel in the former and after in the latter. What we have here is metathesis, the switching of the order of two sounds. This is a common occurrence in languages, and especially so in English with the consonant r. In Old English, three was thrīe, and third was thridda. Thridda would have given us thrid in Modern English except for the metathesis of r and i. This metathesis began in Old English times in Northumbria: thridda appears as thirdda in Northumbrian manuscripts. The metathesis spread south during Middle English times and also affected many other words, including bird (originally bridd in Old English and in Chaucer's Middle English), and nostril, literally "nose hole" (from Old English thyrl). Metathesis even produced the curious form throp from thorp, "village," which survives in the proper name Winthrop.

third

(θɜːd)
adj (usually prenominal)
1. (Mathematics)
a. coming after the second and preceding the fourth in numbering or counting order, position, time, etc; being the ordinal number of three: often written 3rd
b. (as noun): he arrives on the third; the third got a prize.
2. rated, graded, or ranked below the second level
3. (Automotive Engineering) denoting the third from lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle
n
4. (Mathematics)
a. one of three equal or nearly equal parts of an object, quantity, etc
b. (as modifier): a third part.
5. (Mathematics) the fraction equal to one divided by three ()
6. (Automotive Engineering) the forward ratio above second of a gearbox in a motor vehicle. In some vehicles it is the top gear
7. (Classical Music)
a. the interval between one note and another three notes away from it counting inclusively along the diatonic scale
b. one of two notes constituting such an interval in relation to the other. See also interval5, major15, minor4d
8. (Education) Brit an honours degree of the third and usually the lowest class. Full term: third class honours degree
9. (Commerce) (plural) goods of a standard lower than that of seconds
adv
Also: thirdly in the third place
sentence connector
Also: thirdly as the third point: linking what follows with the previous statements as in a speech or argument
[Old English thirda, variant of thridda; related to Old Frisian thredda, Old Saxon thriddio, Old High German drittio, Old Norse thrithi, Latin tertius]
ˈthirdly adv

third

(θɜrd)

adj.
1. next after the second; being the ordinal number for three.
2. being one of three equal parts.
3. pertaining to the gear transmission ratio at which the drive shaft speed is next greater than that of second gear.
4. graded or ranked one level below the second: third mate.
n.
5. a third part, esp. of one (?).
6. the third member of a series.
7. third gear.
8. a person or thing next after second in rank or precedence.
9.
a. a musical interval encompassing three diatonic degrees.
b. a tone at this interval.
c. the harmonic combination of two tones a third apart.
10. Usu., thirds. a product or goods below second quality.
adv.
11. in the third place; thirdly.
[before 900; Middle English thirde, Old English (north) thirda, variant of thridda, c. Old Frisian thredda, Old Saxon thriddio, Old High German dritt(i)o, Old Norse thrithi, Gothic thridja. See three]
third′ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.third - one of three equal parts of a divisible wholethird - one of three equal parts of a divisible whole; "it contains approximately a third of the minimum daily requirement"
common fraction, simple fraction - the quotient of two integers
2.third - the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed near the third of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate); "he is playing third"
position - (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player; "what position does he play?"
baseball team - a team that plays baseball
3.third - following the second position in an ordering or series; "a distant third"; "he answered the first question willingly, the second reluctantly, and the third with resentment"
rank - relative status; "his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"
4.third - the musical interval between one note and another three notes away from it; "a simple harmony written in major thirds"
musical interval, interval - the difference in pitch between two notes
5.third - the third from the lowest forward ratio gear in the gear box of a motor vehiclethird - the third from the lowest forward ratio gear in the gear box of a motor vehicle; "you shouldn't try to start in third gear"
auto, automobile, car, motorcar, machine - a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; "he needs a car to get to work"
gear mechanism, gear - a mechanism for transmitting motion for some specific purpose (as the steering gear of a vehicle)
6.third - the base that must be touched third by a base runner in baseballthird - the base that must be touched third by a base runner in baseball; "he was cut down on a close play at third"
bag, base - a place that the runner must touch before scoring; "he scrambled to get back to the bag"
Adj.1.third - coming next after the second and just before the fourth in positionthird - coming next after the second and just before the fourth in position
ordinal - being or denoting a numerical order in a series; "ordinal numbers"; "held an ordinal rank of seventh"
Adv.1.third - in the third place; "third we must consider unemployment"
Translations
الثَّالِثالثالِثثالثثالِثثالثة
třetinatřetítřetí osobatercie
tredjetredjedel
tria
kolmaskolmasosakolmannes
trećitrećina
harmadikharmad
òriîjiòriîjungursá òriîjiþriðjaþriðji
三番目三番目の
3분의 1세 번째의
tertius
trečdalistrečiatrečiastrečiasis pasaulistrečioji šalis
trešaistrešajā vietātrešdaļa
tretítretina
tretjitretjina
tredjetredjedeltrea
เศษหนึ่งส่วนสามซึ่งเป็นลำดับที่สาม
üçüncü1/33.üncüüçte biri
thứ bamột phần ba

third

[θɜːd]
A. ADJtercero; (before m sing noun) → tercer
third time lucky!¡a la tercera va la vencida!
B. N
1. (in series) → tercero/a m/f
2. (= fraction) → tercio m, tercera parte f
two thirds of the votesdos tercios de los votos
two thirds of those presentlas dos terceras partes de los asistentes
3. (Mus) → tercera f
4. (Brit) (Univ) → tercera clase f
5. (Aut) → tercera f velocidad, tercera f
in thirden tercera
see fifth for usage
C. ADVen tercer lugar
to finish third (in race) → llegar en tercer lugar
to travel thirdviajar en tercera clase
D. CPD third degree N
see degree A3
see also third-degree third estate Nestado m llano
third party Ntercero m, tercera persona f
third party insurance Nseguro m contra terceros, seguro m de responsabilidad social (Sp)
an insurance policy with third-party liabilityuna póliza de seguros con responsabilidad contra terceros
third person N (Ling) → tercera persona f
third way N (Pol) → tercera vía f
Third World NTercer Mundo m
see also third-world

third

[ˈθɜːrd]
adjtroisième
the third day → le troisième jour
the third time → la troisième fois
the third floor → le troisième étage
n (gen)troisième mf
(day of month) the third → le troisième
the third of March → le trois mars
(= fraction) → tiers m
a third of the population → un tiers de la population
(also third gear) → troisième f
(British) (UNIVERSITY) (also third-class degree) → licence f avec mention passable
adven troisième (position)
to come third → arriver troisièmethird-degree burns nplbrûlures fpl au troisième degréthird form nquatrième fthird-grader [ˈθɜːrdˈgreɪdər] nélève mf de CE2

third

adj
(in series) → dritte(r, s); to be thirdDritte(r, s) sein; in third place (Sport etc) → an dritter Stelle; in the third place (= thirdly)drittens; third time aroundbeim dritten Mal; she was or came third in her classsie war die Drittbeste in der Klasse; he was or came third in the raceer machte or belegte den dritten Platz beim Rennen; third time luckybeim dritten Anlauf gelingts!; the third finger (Anat) → der Ringfinger
(of fraction) a third partein Drittel nt
n
(of series)Dritte(r, s); (= fraction)Drittel nt ? also sixth
(Mus) → Terz f
(Aut: = third gear) → dritter Gang; to be in thirdim dritten Gang sein; to change/go into thirdin den dritten Gang wechseln/gehen
(Brit Univ) → Drei f; he got a thirder bestand (sein Examen) mit „Befriedigend

third

:
third-class
advdritter Klasse
adj
(lit)dritter Klasse; (fig)drittklassig; third degree (Brit Univ) → Abschluss mmit „Befriedigend
(US Post) mail, stampdritter Klasse
third degree
n to give somebody the third (lit)(beim Verhör) Stufe drei einschalten; (fig)jdn in die Zange nehmen
third-degree burn
n (Med) → Verbrennung fdritten Grades
third estate
nder dritte Stand, das Bürgertum

third

:
third party
nDritte(r) mf, → dritte Person
third-party (Brit)
adj attrHaftpflicht-; third insuranceHaftpflichtversicherung f; third, fire and theft (insurance)˜ Teilkaskoversicherung f
adv insured thirdin einer Haftpflichtversicherung, haftpflichtversichert
third person
adjin der dritten Person
n the third singular/plural (Gram) → die dritte Person Singular/Plural
third-rate
third reading
n (Parl) → dritte Lesung
Third World
attrder Dritten Welt

third

[θɜːd]
1. adjterzo/a
third time lucky! → questa è la volta buona!
2. n
a. (in series) → terzo/a; (fraction) → terzo, terza parte f
for usage see fifth
b. (Brit) (Scol) (degree) laurea col minimo dei voti

third

(θəːd) noun
1. one of three equal parts.
2. (also adjective) the last of three (people, things etc); the next after the second.
adverb
in the third position. John came first in the race, and I came third.
ˈthirdly adverb
in the third place. Firstly, I haven't enough money; secondly, I'm too old; and thirdly it's raining.
ˌthird-ˈclass adjective, adverb
of or in the class next after or below the second.
third degree
a severe method of questioning people, sometimes using torture etc. The police gave him the third degree.
third party
a third person who is not directly involved in an action, contract etc. Was there a third party present when you and she agreed to the sale?
ˌthird-ˈrate adjective
of very bad quality. a third-rate performance.
the Third World
the developing countries, those not part of or aligned with the two main powers. the needs of the Third World.

third

الثَّالِث, ثُلْث třetí, třetina tredje, tredjedel dritter τρίτο, τρίτος tercero, tercio kolmas, kolmasosa tiers, troisième treći, trećina terzo 三番目, 三番目の 3분의 1, 세 번째의 derde tredje, tredjedel trzeci, trzecia terceiro третий, треть tredje, tredjedel เศษหนึ่งส่วนสาม, ซึ่งเป็นลำดับที่สาม üçüncü một phần ba, thứ ba 三分之一, 第三

third

n tercio, tercera parte; two thirds of a dose..dos tercios de una dosis
References in classic literature ?
Act third was the castle hall, and here Hagar appeared, having come to free the lovers and finish Hugo.
They went together from there through the rain-washed streets to the older man's room on the third floor of the Heffner Block.
As for inside baseball, or outside, for that matter, I hardly believe I'd be able to tell third base from the second base, it's so long since I went to a game," proceeded Tom.
The bucket travelled across a box canon three hundred feet deep, and about a third full of water.
Two of them clung about her white skirts, the third she took from its nurse and with a thousand endearments bore it along in her own fond, encircling arms.
It was in this scene of strife and bloodshed that the incidents we shall attempt to relate occurred, during the third year of the war which England and France last waged for the possession of a country that neither was destined to retain.
Without demanding a surrender, they furiously assaulted the garrison, which was happily prepared to oppose them; and, after they had expended much ammunition in vain, and killed the cattle round the fort, not being likely to make themselves masters of this place, they raised the siege, and departed in the morning of the third day after they came, with the loss of about thirty killed, and the number of wounded uncertain.
The many lattices, with their small, diamond-shaped panes, admitted the sunlight into hall and chamber, while, nevertheless, the second story, projecting far over the base, and itself retiring beneath the third, threw a shadowy and thoughtful gloom into the lower rooms.
Furthermore, on the left hand as you enter the front door, is a certain room or office, about fifteen feet square, and of a lofty height, with two of its arched windows commanding a view of the aforesaid dilapidated wharf, and the third looking across a narrow lane, and along a portion of Derby Street.
Poor Douglas, before his death--when it was in sight--committed to me the manuscript that reached him on the third of these days and that, on the same spot, with immense effect, he began to read to our hushed little circle on the night of the fourth.
But there was no help for it, so up stairs I went to my little room in the third floor, undressed myself as slowly as possible so as to kill time, and with a bitter sigh got between the sheets.
I inclose, as you desire, a copy of the Will executed by your late husband on the third of this month.