those


Also found in: Legal, Idioms.

those

 (thōz)
pron. & adj.
Plural of that.

[Middle English thos, from Old English thās, these; see these.]

those

(ðəʊz)
determiner
the form of that used before a plural noun
[Old English thās, plural of this]

that

(ðæt; unstressed ðət)

pron.andadj., pl. those;
adv. ; conj. pron.
1. (used to indicate a person or thing as pointed out or present, mentioned before, supposed to be understood, or by way of emphasis): That is her mother.
2. (used to indicate one of two or more persons or things already mentioned, referring to the one more remote in place, time, or thought; opposed to this): This is my sister and that's my cousin.
3. (used to indicate one of two or more persons or things already mentioned, implying a contrast or contradistinction; opposed to this): This suit fits better than that.
4. (used as the subject or object of a relative clause, esp. one defining or restricting the antecedent, sometimes replaceable by who, whom, or which): the horse that he bought.
5. (used as the object of a preposition, the preposition standing at the end of a relative clause): the farm that I spoke of.
6. (used in various special or elliptical constructions): fool that he is.
adj.
7. (used to indicate a person, place, thing, or degree as indicated, mentioned before, present, or as well-known or characteristic): That woman is her mother.
8. (used to indicate the more remote in time, place, or thought of two persons or things already mentioned; opposed to this): This room is his and that one is mine.
9. (used to imply mere contradistinction; opposed to this): not this house, but that one.
adv.
10. (used with adjectives and adverbs of quantity or extent) to the extent or degree indicated: Don't take that much.
11. to a great extent or degree: It's not that important.
12. Dial. (used to modify an adjective or another adverb) to such an extent: He was that weak he could hardly stand.
conj.
13. (used to introduce a subordinate clause as the subject or object of the principal verb or as the necessary complement to a statement made, or a clause expressing cause or reason, purpose or aim, result or consequence, etc.): I'm sure that you'll like it. That he will come is certain.
14. (used elliptically to introduce an exclamation expressing desire, indignation, or other strong feeling): Oh, that I had never been born!
Idioms:
1. at that,
a. nevertheless.
b. in addition; besides.
2. that is, to be more accurate: I read the book, that is, I read most of it.
3. that's that, Informal. there is no more to be said or done: I'm not going, and that's that!
4. with that, following that; thereupon.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English thæt (pronoun, adj., adv. and conjunction), orig., neuter of the, c. Old Frisian thet, Old Saxon, Old Norse that, Old High German daz, Greek tó, Skt tad]
usage: When that introduces a relative clause, the clause is usu. restrictive, that is, essential to the complete meaning of the sentence. In The keys that I lost last month have been found, the keys referred to are a particular set. Without the that clause, the sentence The keys have been found would be vague and probably puzzling. that is used to refer to animate and inanimate nouns and thus can substitute in most uses for who(m) and which: Many of the workers that (or who) built the pyramids died while working. The negotiator made an offer that (or which) was very attractive to the union.―The relative pronoun that is sometimes omitted. Its omission as a subject is usu. considered nonstandard, but the construction is heard occasionally even from educated speakers: A fellow (that) lives near here takes people rafting. Most often it is as an object that the relative pronoun is omitted. The omission almost always occurs when the dependent clause begins with a personal pronoun or a proper name; the usage in the following examples is standard in all varieties of speech and writing: The mechanic (that) we take our car to is very reliable. The films (that) Chaplin made have become classics.―The conjunction that is sometimes omitted, often after verbs of thinking, saying, believing, etc.: She said (that) they would come in separate cars. This omission almost always occurs when the dependent clause begins with a personal pronoun or a proper name and is most frequent in informal speech and writing. See also which.

that

those

That and those are used in different ways when you are referring to people, things, events, or periods of time. They can both be determiners or pronouns. In this use, that is pronounced /ðæt/. Those is the plural form of that.

1. referring back

You can use that or those to refer to people, things, or events that have already been mentioned or that are already known about.

I knew that meeting would be difficult.
'Did you see him?' – 'No.' – 'That's a pity.'
Not all crimes are committed for those reasons.
There are still a few problems with the software, but we're working hard to remove those.
2. things you can see

You can also use that or those to refer to people or things that you can see but that are not close to you.

Look at that bird!
Don't be afraid of those people.
3. 'that', referring to a person

However, you don't usually use that as a pronoun to refer to a person. You only use it when you are identifying someone or asking about their identity.

'Who's the woman in the red dress?' – 'That's my wife.'
Who's that?
4. saying when something happened

When you have been describing an event, you can use that with a word like day, morning, or afternoon to say that something else happened during the same day.

There were no classes that day.
Paula had been shopping that morning.

You can also use that with week, month, or year to show that something happened during the same week, month, or year.

There was a lot of extra work to do that week.
Later that month they attended another party at Maidenhead.
5. 'this' and 'these'

This and these are used in some similar ways to that and those.

Translations
tamty
de
nuo
titihto
あのそれらそれらの
그것들그것들의
tisti
de därdessa
เหล่านั้น
đónhững người/vật đó

those

[ðəʊz]
A. DEM ADJesos/esas; (further away) → aquellos/aquellas
ask those childrenpregúntales a esos niños
those ones over thereaquéllos de allí, aquéllos que están allí
it's not these chocolates but those ones I likeno son estos bombones los que me gustan sino aquéllos
B. DEM PRONésos/ésas; (further away) → aquéllos/aquéllas
those whichlos que, las que
those wholos que, las que, quienes
those of you/us wholos/las que ...
I prefer these to thoseprefiero éstos a aquéllos
see also that

those

pl of that
dem prondas (da) sing; what are those?was ist das (denn) da?, was sind das für Dinger? (inf); whose are those?wem gehören diese da?; those are my suggestionsdas or dies sind meine Vorschläge; on top of thosedarauf; (= moreover)darüber hinaus; above thosedarüber; after thosedanach; (place) → dahinter; those are the ones I wantich möchte diese dort; those who want to go, maywer möchte, kann gehen, diejenigen, die gehen möchten, können das tun (form); one of those who …einer/eine von denen or denjenigen, die …; there are those who say …einige sagen
dem adjdiese or die (da), jene (old, liter); what are those men doing?was machen diese Männer da?; on those two occasionsbei diesen beiden Gelegenheiten; it was just one of those days/thingsdas war wieder so ein Tag/so eine Sache; he is one of those people who …er ist einer von den Leuten or von denjenigen, die …; those dogs!also, diese Hunde!; those sons of yours!also, deine Söhne!

those

[ðəʊz] (that (pl of))
1. dem adjquei (quegli) mpl, quelle fpl; (as opposed to "these") → quelli/e (là)
2. dem pronquelli/e; (as opposed to 'these') → quelli/e (là)
those of you who were here yesterday → quelli di voi che erano qua ieri
those of us who fought in the war → noi che abbiamo combattuto la guerra

those

أُولَئِكَ, هَؤُلَاءِ tamty de diese, jene εκείνοι esos, ésos nuo ces, ceux-là ti, tih, to quelli あの, それら, それらの 그것들, 그것들의 dat, die de tamci, tamte, te aqueles те de där, dessa เหล่านั้น şunlar, şunları đó, những người/vật đó 那些