thought


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Related to thought: Thought disorder

thought

 (thôt)
v.
Past tense and past participle of think.
n.
1. The process of thinking; cogitation: sitting deep in thought at the computer.
2. A product of thinking or other mental activity: What are your thoughts on this matter? See Synonyms at idea.
3. The faculty of thinking or reasoning: Why not use thought instead of emotion to solve the problem?
4. The intellectual activity or production of a particular time or group: ancient Greek thought; deconstructionist thought.
5. Consideration; attention: didn't give much thought to what she said.
6.
a. Intention; purpose: My thought is to live in a house on a lake.
b. Expectation or conception: She had no thought that anything was wrong.
Idiom:
a thought
To a small degree; somewhat: You could be a thought more considerate.

[Middle English, from Old English gethōht, thōht; see tong- in Indo-European roots.]

thought

(θɔːt)
vb
the past tense and past participle of think
n
1. the act or process of thinking; deliberation, meditation, or reflection
2. a concept, opinion, or idea
3. philosophical or intellectual ideas typical of a particular time or place: German thought in the 19th century.
4. application of mental attention; consideration: he gave the matter some thought.
5. purpose or intention: I have no thought of giving up.
6. expectation: no thought of reward.
7. a small amount; trifle: you could be a thought more enthusiastic.
8. kindness or regard: he has no thought for his widowed mother.
[Old English thōht; related to Old Frisian thochta, Old Saxon, Old High German githācht]

thought1

(θɔt)

n.
1. the product of mental activity; that which one thinks: a body of thought.
2. a single act or product of thinking; idea or notion: to collect one's thoughts.
3. the act or process of thinking; mental activity; reflection or cogitation.
4. the capacity or faculty of thinking, reasoning, imagining, etc.
5. meditation, contemplation, or recollection: deep in thought.
6. intention, design, or purpose: We had some thought of going.
7. anticipation or expectation: I had no thought of seeing you here.
8. consideration, attention, care, or regard: to take no thought of one's appearance.
9. a judgment, opinion, or belief: According to his thought, all violence is evil.
10. the intellectual activity or the ideas, opinions, etc., characteristic of a place, group, or time: Greek thought.
[before 900; Middle English thoght, Old English (ge)thōht, c. Old Saxon githāht, Old High German gidāht]
syn: See idea.

thought2

(θɔt)

v.
pt. and pp. of think.

Thought

 

brainstorm A sudden and powerful thought; a good idea. The concept of forcefulness contained in the storm element seems to be losing ground to that of disorder and chaos, so that brainstorm is now most often used ironically to mean a whimsical or ill-considered notion, a stupid idea.

brown study Absorption in thought; a pensive mood; absent-mindedness. This phrase dates from the early 16th century; the brown of the expression apparently stemmed from brown ‘gloomy.’ Citations indicate that the phrase varies in meaning: it may be used for serious thought; for apparent pensiveness masking actual absent-mindedness; or for simple idle daydreaming. John Crowe Ransom uses the phrase poignantly in “Bells for John Whiteside’s Daughter”:

There was such speed in her little body,
Ana such lightness in her footfall,
It is no wonder that her brown study
Astonishes us all.

a horseback opinion A guess, an offhand impression, a hasty opinion or judgment delivered without “stopping to think,” as though from horseback. Use of this U.S. colloquialism dates from the late 19th century.

I am not here as a judicial authority or oracle. I can only give horseback opinion. (Congressional Record, April 23, 1879)

on the carpet Under consideration or up for discussion. This expression, in use since 1726, comes from the earlier on or upon the tapis (since 1690), a partial translation of the French sur le tapis On the tablecloth.’ The tablecloth in question is the one covering the council table around which the members meet to discuss items of business.

put on one’s thinking cap To think about or consider; to ponder; to reflect or concentrate. Although “thinking caps”have been mentioned in children’s literature and various legends for hundreds of years, the most likely allusion is to the official headgear which a British magistrate would wear when considering the disposition of a case and when passing sentence. In its figurative use, put on one’s thinking cap clearly implies that the matter at hand merits serious thought.

It is satisfactory to know that the Post Office Department has its thinking cap on. (Daily Chronicle, January, 1903)

sleep on it To contemplate and reflect upon an important proposal, plan, or other matter without making a hasty decision; to consider something overnight before making up one’s mind. This expression, in popular use for centuries, implies that some decisions, particularly portentous ones, merit at least one night of conscious and, while sleeping, subconscious thought.

His Grace … said that he would sleep and dream upon the matter, and give me an answer [in] the morning. (State Papers of Henry VIII, 1519)

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.thought - the content of cognitionthought - the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about; "it was not a good idea"; "the thought never entered my mind"
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
inspiration - arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity
cogitation - a carefully considered thought about something; "his cogitations were dutifully recorded in his daybook"
concept, conception, construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
preoccupation - an idea that preoccupies the mind and holds the attention
misconception - an incorrect conception
plan, program, programme - a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished; "they drew up a six-step plan"; "they discussed plans for a new bond issue"
figment - a contrived or fantastic idea; "a figment of the imagination"
generalisation, generality, generalization - an idea or conclusion having general application; "he spoke in broad generalities"
suggestion - an idea that is suggested; "the picnic was her suggestion"
impression, notion, belief, feeling, opinion - a vague idea in which some confidence is placed; "his impression of her was favorable"; "what are your feelings about the crisis?"; "it strengthened my belief in his sincerity"; "I had a feeling that she was lying"
reaction - an idea evoked by some experience; "his reaction to the news was to start planning what to do"
theorem - an idea accepted as a demonstrable truth
whimsey, whimsy, whim, notion - an odd or fanciful or capricious idea; "the theatrical notion of disguise is associated with disaster in his stories"; "he had a whimsy about flying to the moon"; "whimsy can be humorous to someone with time to enjoy it"
meaning, substance - the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
burden - the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
theme, motif - a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work; "it was the usual `boy gets girl' theme"
ideal - the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain
idealisation, idealization - something that exists only as an idea
keynote - a fundamental or central idea
kink - an eccentric idea
2.thought - the process of using your mind to consider something carefullythought - the process of using your mind to consider something carefully; "thinking always made him frown"; "she paused for thought"
higher cognitive process - cognitive processes that presuppose the availability of knowledge and put it to use
free association - a thought process in which ideas (words or images) suggest other ideas in a sequence
mental synthesis, construction - the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought
abstract thought, logical thinking, reasoning - thinking that is coherent and logical
line of thought - a particular way of thinking that is characteristic of some individual or group
train of thought, thread - the connections that link the various parts of an event or argument together; "I couldn't follow his train of thought"; "he lost the thread of his argument"
mysticism - obscure or irrational thought
ideation - the process of forming and relating ideas
consideration - the process of giving careful thought to something
excogitation - thinking something out with care in order to achieve complete understanding of it
explanation - thought that makes something comprehensible
planning, preparation, provision - the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening; "his planning for retirement was hindered by several uncertainties"
problem solving - the thought processes involved in solving a problem
convergent thinking - thinking that brings together information focussed on solving a problem (especially solving problems that have a single correct solution)
divergent thinking, out-of-the-box thinking - thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions; associated with creativity
3.thought - the organized beliefs of a period or group or individual; "19th century thought"; "Darwinian thought"
belief - any cognitive content held as true
mainstream - the prevailing current of thought; "his thinking was in the American mainstream"
4.thought - a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certaintythought - a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty; "my opinion differs from yours"; "I am not of your persuasion"; "what are your thoughts on Haiti?"
idea - a personal view; "he has an idea that we don't like him"
judgment, judgement, mind - an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
belief - any cognitive content held as true
eyes - opinion or judgment; "in the eyes of the law"; "I was wrong in her eyes"
parti pris, preconceived idea, preconceived notion, preconceived opinion, preconception, prepossession - an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence; "he did not even try to confirm his preconceptions"
pole - one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions; "they are at opposite poles"; "they are poles apart"
political sympathies, politics - the opinion you hold with respect to political questions

thought

noun
2. opinion, view, belief, idea, thinking, concept, conclusion, assessment, notion, conviction, judgment, conception, conjecture, estimation It is my thought that the situation will be resolved.
3. consideration, study, attention, care, regard, scrutiny, heed He had given some thought to what she had told him.
4. intention, plan, idea, design, aim, purpose, object, notion They had no thought of surrendering.
5. hope, expectation, dream, prospect, aspiration, anticipation He had now banished all thought of retirement.
6. concern, care, regard, anxiety, sympathy, compassion, thoughtfulness, solicitude, attentiveness They had no thought for others who might get hurt.
Quotations
"Thought flies and words go on foot" [Julien Green Journal]
"Learning without thought is labour lost; thought without learning is perilous" [Confucius Analects]

thought

noun
2. That which exists in the mind as the product of careful mental activity:
Translations
تَفْكيررأي، فِكْرفِكْرَةفِكْرَه
идеямисълразмисъл
myšlenkanápadnázoruvažovánímínění
tanketankegangidéovervejelse
penso
اندیشه
ajatteluajatusidea
misao
gondolatgondolkodás
hugmyndhugsunhugsunarhátturhugleiîing, íhugun
思考思考力意図意見考え
생각
malonumąstymasmintis
domaidejapārdomasuzskatsapsvēršana
myšlienka
miselmnenje
tankeidé
ความคิด
düşüncefikirgörüşciddî ciddî düşünüp taşınma
sự suy nghĩ

thought

[θɔːt]
A. PT & PP of think
B. N
1. (= mental activity) → pensamiento m
see also line A11
see also train A3
2. (= philosophy) → pensamiento m
Western thoughtel pensamiento occidental
see also school 1 A5
3. (= cogitation) → pensamiento m
you need to free your mind of negative thoughtstienes que despejar los malos pensamientos de tu mente
to collect one's thoughtsordenar sus pensamientos or ideas
to be deep in thoughtestar ensimismado, estar absorto en sus pensamientos
my thoughts were elsewhereestaba pensando en otra cosa
to gather one's thoughtsordenar sus pensamientos or ideas
he was always in her thoughtslo tenía or llevaba siempre en el pensamiento
to be lost in thoughtestar ensimismado, estar absorto en sus pensamientos
he pushed the thought from his mindse obligó a dejar de pensar en ello, borró la idea de su mente
see also penny, read A3
4. (= consideration) after much thoughtdespués de mucho pensarlo or pensarlo mucho
a lot of thought went into the workse dedicó mucho tiempo a pensar en el trabajo
I'll give it some thought over the next few dayslo pensaré durante los próximos días
I've given it a lot of thoughtlo he pensado mucho
I didn't give it another thoughtno volví a pensar en ello
don't give it another thoughtno te preocupes, no lo pienses más
spare a thought for the homeless at Christmasacuérdese de la gente sin hogar en Navidad
see also food, pause, second A1
5. (= concern)
his first thought was always for other peoplesiempre pensaba primero en los demás
with no thought for o.ssin pensar en sí mismo
with no thought of rewardsin pensar en una recompensa
6. (= intention) → intención f
they had no thought of surrenderno tenían ninguna intención de rendirse
he gave up all thought(s) of marrying herrenunció a la idea de casarse con ella
it's the thought that countsla intención es lo que cuenta
7. (= idea) → idea f
what a frightening thought!¡qué idea más aterradora!
what a lovely thought!¡qué detalle!
the thought crossed my mind thatse me ocurrió que ...
the thought had crossed my mindla idea se me llegó a pasar por la cabeza
to have a thought I've just had a thoughtse me acaba de ocurrir una idea
he hasn't a thought in his headno tiene ni idea de nada
never mind, it was just a thoughtno importa, no era más que una idea
that's a thought!¡no es mala idea!, ¡qué buena idea!
"she might still be there" - "that's a thought"-puede que todavía esté allí -es una posibilidad
the very or mere thought of him made her nervousse ponía nerviosa sólo de pensar en él
8. thoughts (= opinion) do you have any thoughts on that?¿tiene alguna opinión al respecto?
he keeps his thoughts to himselfse reserva su opinión
9. (= little) it is a thought too largees un poquito grande
that was a thought unwise, wasn't it?eso fue un tanto imprudente, ¿no?
C. CPD thought police Npolicía f política
thought process Nproceso m mental
thought reader Nadivino/a m/f
I'm not a thought readerno soy adivino, no leo el pensamiento
thought reading Nadivinación f de pensamientos
thought transference Ntransmisión f de pensamientos

thought

[ˈθɔːt]
pt
pp of think
n
(= idea) → pensée f, idée f
The thought never crossed my mind → L'idée ne m'est jamais passée par la tête., Cette pensée ne m'est jamais passée par la tête.
I've just had a thought
BUT Je viens de penser à quelque chose.
Just the thought of eggs makes me shiver
BUT Rien que de penser à des œufs me donne la chair de poule.
It was a nice thought, thank you
BUT C'est gentil de ta part, merci.
(= act of thinking) → pensée f
to be deep in thought → être plongé(e) dans ses pensées, être absorbé(e) dans ses pensées
to be lost in thought → être plongé(e) dans ses pensées, être absorbé(e) dans ses pensées
after much thought → après mûre réflexion
to give sth some thought → réfléchir à qch
(= act of kindness) what a kind thought! → comme c'est gentil!
(= intention) → idée f
Her one thought was to get back with Derek → Sa seule idée était de retourner avec Derek.
(= way of thinking) → pensée f
Western thought → la pensée occidentale
thoughts npl
(= opinions) → opinion f
What are your thoughts on that? → Quelle est votre opinion?
BUT Quel est votre avis là-dessus?.
(= mind) → pensées fpl
My thoughts started to wander → Je commençais à partir dans des rêveries., Je commençais à avoir l'esprit ailleurs.
Our thoughts were on Christmas → Nos pensées allaient vers Noël.
to have suicidal thoughts → avoir des idées de suicide

thought

pret, ptp of think
n
no pl (= act or process of thinking)Denken nt; to spend hours in thoughtstundenlang in Gedanken (vertieft) sein; to be lost in thoughtganz in Gedanken sein, gedankenverloren sein (geh); to take thought (old)denken; logical thoughtlogisches Denken; in thoughtin Gedanken
(= idea, opinion)Gedanke m; (sudden) → Einfall m; she hasn’t a thought in her headsie hat nichts im Hirn or Kopf; the thoughts of Chairman Maodie Gedanken des Vorsitzenden Mao; he didn’t express any thoughts on the matterer hat keine Ansichten zu diesem Thema geäußert; that’s a thought! (= amazing)man stelle sich das mal vor!; (= problem to be considered)das ist wahr!; (= good idea)das ist eine (gute) Idee or ein guter Gedanke or Einfall; what a thought!was für ein Gedanke or eine Vorstellung!; a thought has just occurred to me, I’ve just had a thought (inf)mir ist gerade ein Gedanke gekommen, mir ist gerade etwas eingefallen; don’t give it another thoughtmachen Sie sich (dat)keine Gedanken darüber; (= forget it)denken Sie nicht mehr daran; his one thought was …sein einziger Gedanke war …; to have no thought of doing somethinggar nicht vorhaben or gar nicht daran denken, etw zu tun; it’s a shame it doesn’t fit, but it’s the thought that countses ist ein Jammer, dass es nicht passt, aber es war gut gemeint; it’s the thought that counts, not how much you spendes kommt nur auf die Idee an, nicht auf den Preis; to collect one’s thoughtssich sammeln, seine Gedanken zusammennehmen; her thoughts were elsewheresie war in Gedanken woanders; the mere or very thought of itder bloße Gedanke (daran), die bloße Vorstellung
no pl (= body of ideas)Denken nt; modern thoughtdas moderne Denken, das Denken der Moderne
no pl (= care, consideration)Nachdenken nt, → Überlegung f; to give some thought to somethingsich (dat)Gedanken über etw (acc)machen, etw bedenken or überlegen; after much thoughtnach langer Überlegung or langem Überlegen; to act without thoughtgedankenlos or ohne Überlegung handeln; without thought for somebody/oneself/somethingohne an jdn/sich selbst/etw zu denken, ohne Rücksicht auf jdn/sich selbst/etw; he has no thought for his parents’ feelingser nimmt keine Rücksicht auf die Gefühle seiner Eltern; I never gave it a moment’s thoughtich habe mir nie darüber Gedanken gemacht
a thought (= a little)eine Idee, ein Ideechen nt (inf); with a thought more tactmit einer Idee or einer Spur mehr Takt

thought

:
thought blocking
n (Psych) → Denkhemmung f
thought experiment
nGedankenexperiment nt

thought

:
thought process
nGedankengang m
thought-provoking
adj film, book, article, ideazum Nachdenken anregend
thought-reader
nGedankenleser(in) m(f)
thought-reading
nGedankenlesen nt
thought transference

thought

[θɔːt]
1. pt, pp of think
2. n (reflection, mental activity) → pensiero; (idea) → idea; (opinion) → opinione f; (intention) → intenzione f
to be lost or deep in thought → essere assorto/a or perso/a nei propri pensieri
after much thought → dopo molti ripensamenti
I've just had a thought → mi è appena venuta un'idea
that's a thought! → che bell'idea!
I shudder at the very thought of it → rabbrividisco solo al pensiero
to collect one's thoughts → raccogliere le proprie idee
my thoughts were elsewhere → avevo la testa altrove
with no thought for o.s. → senza pensare a se stesso
to give sth some thought → prendere qc in considerazione, riflettere su qc
it's the thought that counts → è il pensiero che conta

thought

(ˈθoːt) verb
see think.
noun
1. something that one thinks; an idea. I had a sudden thought.
2. the act of thinking; consideration. After a great deal of thought we decided to emigrate to America.
3. general opinion. scientific thought.
ˈthoughtful adjective
1. (appearing to be) thinking deeply. You look thoughtful; a thoughtful mood.
2. thinking of other people; consideration. It was very thoughtful of you to do that.
ˈthoughtfully adverb
ˈthoughtfulness noun
ˈthoughtless adjective
not thinking about other people; showing no thought, care or consideration; inconsiderate. thoughtless words.
ˈthoughtlessly adverb
ˈthoughtlessness noun

thought

فِكْرَة myšlenka tanke Gedanke σκέψη pensamiento ajattelu pensée misao pensiero 思考 생각 gedachte tanke myśl pensamento мысль tanke ความคิด düşünce sự suy nghĩ 思想

thought

n. pensamiento, concepto, idea;
a. pp. de to think, pensado.

thought

(pret & pp de think) n pensamiento
References in classic literature ?
And Meg shook her head, as she thought regretfully of all the pretty things she wanted.
The idea had got into his mind that he would some time die unexpectedly and always when he got into bed he thought of that.
seeing he wasn't going to stop saying over his "wise Stubb, wise Stubb," I thought I might as well fall to kicking the pyramid again.
Tom, Tom, I would be the thankfullest soul in this world if I could believe you ever had as good a thought as that, but you know you never did -- and I know it, Tom.
To let a sad thought or a bad one get into your mind is as dangerous as letting a scarlet fever germ get into your body.
No," he said; "I never have thought, I never can think, unjustly or unworthily of you.
You are a worthy fellow; and I had already thought of your interests in the event of poor Edmond having become captain of the Pharaon.
I do not think it is very pretty; but I thought I might as well buy it as not.
He told me himself he meant nothing by his kissing and presents, and he wanted to make me believe as you thought light of 'em too.
A day, and a very early day, was actually fixed for the Crawfords' departure; and Sir Thomas thought it might be as well to make one more effort for the young man before he left Mansfield, that all his professions and vows of unshaken attachment might have as much hope to sustain them as possible.
I went up to her to ask her the day before yesterday; I thought that was the best way.
She and Martin had less than ever to say to each other, though in his own grim way he was more thoughtful, giving her to understand that there were no longer any restrictions laid upon her purchasing, and even suggesting that they remodel the house; as if, she thought impassively, at this late day, it could matter what she bought or in what she lived.