through


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through

 (thro͞o)
prep.
1. In one side and out the opposite or another side of: went through the tunnel.
2. Among or between; in the midst of: a walk through the flowers.
3. By way of: climbed in through the window.
4.
a. By the means or agency of: bought the antique vase through a dealer.
b. Into and out of the handling, care, processing, modification, or consideration of: Her application went through our office. Run the figures through the computer.
5. Here and there in; around: a tour through France.
6. From the beginning to the end of: stayed up through the night.
7. At or to the end of; done or finished with, especially successfully: We are through the initial testing period.
8. Up to and including: a play that runs through December; a volume that covers A through D.
9. Past and without stopping for: drove through a red light.
10. Because of; on account of: She succeeded through hard work. He declined the honor through modesty.
adv.
1. From one end or side to another or an opposite end or side: opened the door and went through.
2. From beginning to end; completely: I read the article once through.
3. Throughout the whole extent or thickness; thoroughly: warmed the leftovers clear through; got soaked through in the rain; a letter that was shot through with the writer's personality.
4. Over the total distance; all the way: drove through to their final destination.
5. To a conclusion or an accomplishment: see a matter through.
adj.
1. Allowing continuous passage; unobstructed: a through street.
2.
a. Affording transportation to a destination with few or no stops and no transfers: a through bus; a through ticket.
b. Continuing on a highway without exiting: through traffic; through lanes.
3. Passing or extending from one end, side, or surface to another: a through beam.
4. Having finished; at completion: She was through with the project.
5. Having no further concern, dealings, or connection: I'm through with him.
6.
a. Having no more use, value, or potential; washed-up: That swimmer is through as an athlete.
b. Doomed to death or destruction.
Idiom:
through and through
1. In every part; throughout: wet through and through.
2. In every aspect; completely: a success through and through.

[Middle English thurh, through, from Old English thurh; see terə- in Indo-European roots.]

through

(θruː)
prep
1. going in or starting at one side and coming out or stopping at the other side of: a path through the wood.
2. occupying or visiting several points scattered around in (an area)
3. as a result of; by means of: the thieves were captured through his vigilance.
4. chiefly US up to and including: Monday through Friday.
5. during: through the night.
6. at the end of; having (esp successfully) completed
7. through with having finished with (esp when dissatisfied with)
adj
8. (postpositive) having successfully completed some specified activity
9. (Telecommunications) (on a telephone line) connected
10. (postpositive) no longer able to function successfully in some specified capacity: as a journalist, you're through.
11. (prenominal) (of a route, journey, etc) continuous or unbroken: a through train.
adv
12. through some specified thing, place, or period of time
13. thoroughly; completely
Also: thro' (informal or poetic), thro (informal or poetic) or thru (chiefly US)
[Old English thurh; related to Old Frisian thruch, Old Saxon thuru, Old High German duruh]

through

(θru)

prep.
1. in at one end, side, or surface and out at the other: to pass through a tunnel.
2. past; beyond: went through a red light.
3. from one to the other of: swinging through the trees.
4. across the extent of: traveled through several countries.
5. during the whole period of; throughout: worked through the night.
6. done with: What time are you through work?
7. to and including: from 1900 through 1950.
8. by the means of: I found out through him.
9. by reason of: He ran away through fear.
10. from the first to final stage of: to get through a performance on time.
adv.
11. in at one end, side, or surface and out at the other: to push a needle through.
12. all the way: This train goes through to Boston.
13. throughout: soaking wet through.
14. from beginning to end: to read a letter through.
15. to completion: to carry a matter through.
adj.
16. at a point or in a state of completion of an action, process, etc.; finished: Please be quiet until I'm through.
17. at the end of all relations or dealings: She's through with her boyfriend.
18. extending from one end, side, etc., to the other.
19. proceeding to a destination, goal, etc., without a change, break, or deviation: a through flight; the through line of a story.
20. (of a road, route, etc.) permitting continuous or uninterrupted passage.
21. of no further use or value; washed-up: Critics say he's through as a writer.
Idioms:
through and through,
a. throughout every part; thoroughly: cold through and through.
b. in all respects: an aristocrat through and through.
[before 900; Middle English, metathetic variant of thourgh, Old English thurh, c. Old Frisian thruch, Old Saxon thurh, thuru, Old High German duruh; akin to Old English therh, Gothic thairh through. compare thirl]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.through - having finished or arrived at completion; "certain to make history before he's done"; "it's a done deed"; "after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up"; "almost through with his studies"
finished - ended or brought to an end; "are you finished?"; "gave me the finished manuscript"
2.through - (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes; "a through street"; "a through bus"; "through traffic"
direct - direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short; "a direct route"; "a direct flight"; "a direct hit"
Adv.1.through - from beginning to end; "read this book through"
2.through - over the whole distance; "this bus goes through to New York"
3.through - to completion; "think this through very carefully!"
4.through - in diameter; "this cylinder measures 15 inches through"
5.through - throughout the entire extent; "got soaked through in the rain"; "I'm frozen through"; "a letter shot through with the writer's personality"; "knew him through and through"; "boards rotten through and through"

through

preposition
1. via, by way of, by, between, past, in and out of, from end to end of, from one side to the other of The path continues through a tunnel of trees.
2. because of, by way of, by means of, by virtue of, with the assistance of, as a consequence or result of the thought of someone suffering through a mistake of mine
3. using, via, by way of, by means of, by virtue of, with the assistance of I got it cheap through a friend in the trade.
4. during, throughout, in the middle of, for the duration of, in trips at home and abroad all through the year
5. (U.S.) to, up to and including open Monday through Sunday from 7 till 10
adverb
1. from one side to the other, past, from one end to the other, in and out the other end She stood back to allow him to pass through.
2. the whole time, throughout, continuously, non-stop, constantly, all the time, from start to finish, without a break, without an interruption He worked right through.
adjective
1. (often with with) finished with, done with, having had enough of I'm through with women.
2. completed, done, finished, ended, terminated It would guarantee employment once her schooling was through.
3. non-stop, direct, express a through train
through and through completely, totally, fully, thoroughly, entirely, altogether, wholly, utterly, to the core, unreservedly People assume they know me through and through as soon as we meet.

through

adverb
1. From one end to the other:
2. To an end or conclusion:
adjective
1. Proceeding or lying in an uninterrupted line or course:
2. Having reached completion:
3. Having no further relationship:
4. No longer effective, capable, or valuable:
Informal: kaput.
Idioms: at the end of the line, over the hill, past one's prime.
Translations
بِسَبَب، من خِلالبواسِطَةخِلالخِلَالخِلال، مِن جِهَة إلى أخْرى
skrzsrzvinouz jednoho konce na druhýaž do
gennemigennempå grund afdirektefærdig
enlaŭpertra
läpikautta
kroz
átkeresztülrévén
búinnfrá ... tilfrá upphafi til endagegn umí gegn
・・・を通って
...을 통과하여
baigęskiaurai permirkęsnuo pradžios iki galonuo... iki …pabaigęs
ar palīdzībucaurcauridēļlīdz galam
prin
napriečod začiatku do koncaz jedného konca na druhý
prekskozizaradi
genom
ผ่านไป
- den/arasındanaktarmasızbir uçtan diğer ucabir uçtan öbür ucabir yandan diğer yana
xuyên qua

through

[θruː]
When through is an element in a phrasal verb, eg break through, fall through, look up the verb.
A. PREP
1. (place) → por
to look through a telescopemirar por un telescopio
to walk through the woodspasear por el bosque
he shot her through the headle pegó un tiro en la cabeza
I saw him through the crowdlo vi entre la multitud
to go through sth to go through a tunnelatravesar un túnel
the bullet went through three layersla bala penetró tres capas
it went right through the wallatravesó por toda la pared
to go through sb's pockets/belongings/papershurgar en los bolsillos/entre las cosas/entre los papeles de algn
to post a letter through the letterboxechar una carta al buzón
2. (time, process) we're staying through till Tuesdaynos quedamos hasta el martes
(from) Monday through Friday (US) → de lunes a viernes
to go through a bad/good periodpasar una mala/buena racha
we've been through a lot togetherhemos pasado mucho juntos
to be halfway through a bookir por la mitad de un libro
halfway through the filma la mitad de la película
all or right through the nightdurante toda la noche
right through the yeardurante el año entero or todo el año
3. (means) → por
through lack of resourcespor falta de recursos
through him I found out thatpor or a través de él supe que ...
it was through you that we were latefue por tu culpa que llegamos tarde
to act through fearobrar movido por el miedo
he got the job through friendsconsiguió el trabajo por mediación de or a través de unos amigos
4. (having completed) he's through the examha aprobado el examen
B. ADV
1. (place)
it's frozen (right) throughestá completamente helado
does this train go through to London?¿este tren va directamente a Londres?
he went straight through to the dining roompasó directamente al comedor
the nail went right throughel clavo penetró de parte a parte
can you put me through to sales, please? (Telec) → ¿puede ponerme or pasarme con el departamento de ventas, por favor?
the wood has rotted throughla madera se ha podrido completamente
the window was dirty and I couldn't see throughla ventana estaba sucia y no podía ver nada
wet through [person] → mojado hasta los huesos, empapado; [object] → empapado
2. (time, process)
I read the book right throughleí el libro entero
to sleep the whole night throughdormir la noche entera
did you stay right through to the end?¿te quedaste hasta el final?
we're staying through till Tuesdaynos quedamos hasta el martes
he is through to the finals of the competitionpasó a la final del concurso
3. through and through [be something] → hasta la médula, completamente; [know something] → de pe a pa
C. ADJ
1. [road, train] → directo; [traffic] → de paso
"no through road"calle sin salida
2. (= finished) → terminado
we'll be through at seventerminaremos a las siete
you're through!¡se acabó (para ti)!
are you through criticizing?¿has terminado or acabado de criticarme?
she told him they were throughella le dijo que todo había acabado entre ellos
I'm through with my girlfriendhe roto or terminado con mi novia
are you through with that book?¿has terminado de leer ese libro?
I'm through with bridgerenuncio al bridge, ya no vuelvo a jugar al bridge
I'm not through with you yettodavía no he terminado contigo
when I'm through with himcuando haya terminado con él
3. (Telec) you're through!¡ya puede hablar!, ¡hable!

through

[ˈθruː]
prep
(= to the other side of sth) → à travers
through the window → par la fenêtre
through the mist → à travers la brume
through the crowd → à travers la foule
to go through Birmingham → passer par Birmingham
to go through a tunnel → traverser un tunnel
to pour through sth [water, rain] → s'écouler par qch
The rain poured through a hole in the roof → La pluie s'écoulait par un trou dans le toit.
to go through a door → passer une porte
(= throughout) (time)pendant, durant
through the year → toute l'année
all through → pendant tout(e) le(la)
She kept quiet all through breakfast → Elle est resté silencieuse pendant tout le petit déjeuner.
(= by means of) → par
I know her through my sister → Je la connais par ma sœur.
(= owing to) → à cause de
adj
[ticket, train, passage] → direct(e)
a through train → un train direct
"no through traffic" (US)"passage interdit"
"no through way" (British)"impasse"
(= finished) to be through → finir
What time will you be through? → À quelle heure tu finis?
to be through with sth (= finished using) → en avoir terminé avec qch (= had enough of) → en avoir assez de qch
adv
(= to the other side) → à travers
The window was dirty and I couldn't see through → La fenêtre était sale et je ne voyais pas à travers.
to let sb through → laisser passer qn
straight through
We decided to drive straight through to Birmingham → Nous avons décidé d'aller directement à Birmingham.
(= without a break) → sans s'arrêter
He worked straight through until morning → Il a travaillé sans s'arrêter jusqu'au matin.
I'll be there right through to the summer → Je serai là en permanence jusqu'à l'été.
Monday through Friday (US)du lundi au vendredi
(on telephone) to be through to sb/sth → être en communication avec qn/qch
to put sb through to sb → passer qn à qn, mettre qn en communication avec qn
through and through (= completely) → jusqu'à la moelle
My feet were wet and I felt frozen through and through → Mes pieds étaient mouillés et je me sentais gelé jusqu'à la moelle.

through

, (US) thru
prep
(place) → durch; he couldn’t get through the hedgeer konnte nicht durch die Hecke durchkommen or (hin)durchschlüpfen; to listen through the doordurch die (geschlossene) Tür mithören, lauschen; he was shot through the header bekam einen Kopfschuss; he went right through the red lighter ist bei Rot einfach durchgefahren; he has come through many hardshipser hat viel Schweres durchgemacht; we’re through that stage nowwir sind jetzt durch dieses Stadium hindurch; to be halfway through a bookein Buch halb or zur Hälfte durchhaben (inf); that happens halfway/three-quarters of the way through the bookdas passiert in der Mitte/im letzten Viertel des Buches
(time) all through his lifesein ganzes Leben lang; he won’t live through the nighter wird die Nacht nicht überleben; he worked through the nighter hat die Nacht durchgearbeitet; he lives there through the weeker wohnt da während or unter (dial)der Woche or die Woche über; he slept through the filmer hat den ganzen Film über or hindurch or lang geschlafen; all through the autumnden ganzen Herbst über or hindurch
(US: = up to and including) → bis (einschließlich); Monday through Fridayvon Montag bis (einschließlich) Freitag
(= means, agency)durch; through the post (Brit) or mail (US) → mit der Post®, per Post®; it happened through no fault of mine or my ownes geschah nicht durch meine Schuld; absent through illnessabwesend wegen Krankheit; through neglectdurch Nachlässigkeit; to act through fearaus Angst handeln; he spoke through an interpreterer wurde gedolmetscht
adv (time, place) → durch; he’s a liar/gentleman through and througher ist durch und durch verlogen/ein Gentleman; to sleep all night throughdie ganze Nacht durchschlafen; did you stay right through? (Brit) → sind Sie bis zum Schluss geblieben?; they stayed through until Thursday (Brit) → sie blieben bis Donnerstag (da); he knew all through what I was getting ater wusste die ganze Zeit (über), worauf ich hinauswollte; to let somebody throughjdn durchlassen; to be wet throughdurch und durch or bis auf die Haut nass sein; to read something throughetw durchlesen; he’s through in the other officeer ist (drüben) im anderen Büro; the train goes through to Berlinder Zug fährt bis nach Berlin durch
adj pred
(= finished) to be through with somebody/somethingmit jdm/etw fertig sein (inf); we’re through (= have finished relationship)es ist (alles) aus zwischen uns; (= have finished job)wir sind fertig; I’m through with himder ist für mich gestorben or erledigt, ich bin fertig mit ihm (all inf); I’m through with that kind of workich habe genug von dieser Arbeit; you’re through, Kowalski, firedwir sind mit Ihnen fertig, Kowalski, Sie fliegen!; are you through?sind Sie fertig?
(Brit Telec) to be through (to somebody/London)mit jdm/London verbunden sein; to get through (to somebody/London)zu jdm/nach London durchkommen; you’re through, callerIhre Verbindung!, Ihr Gespräch!

through

:
through coach
n (Rail) → Kurswagen m(for nach); (= bus)direkte Busverbindung
through flight
nDirektflug m
through freight
nDurchgangsfracht f
through-hole
adj (Comput) → durchkontaktiert

through

:
throughput
n (Ind, Comput) → Durchsatz m
through ticket
n can I get a through to London?kann ich bis London durchlösen?
through traffic
through train
throughway
n (US) → Schnellstraße f

through

[θruː]
1. prep
a. (place) → attraverso
to look through a telescope → guardare attraverso un telescopio
to look through the window (look out) → guardare dalla finestra (look in) → guardare dentro
to walk through the woods → camminare per or attraversare i boschi
he shot her through the head → le ha sparato in testa
to go through (house, garden, wood) → attraversare
to go through one's pockets → frugarsi le tasche
to go through sb's papers → scartabellare le carte di qn
b. (time, process) → per, durante
all or right through the night → per tutta la notte
he won't live through the night → non supererà la notte
(from) Monday through Friday (Am) → da lunedì a venerdì
to go through a bad/good period → attraversare un brutto momento/periodo felice
I am halfway through the book → sono a metà libro
c. (owing to) → a causa di; (by means of) → per, per mezzo di; (thanks to) → grazie a
through lack of resources → per mancanza di mezzi
through the post → per posta
he got the job through them → ha avuto quel posto grazie a loro
it was through you that we were late → è colpa tua se siamo arrivati tardi
I heard it through my sister → l'ho saputo da mia sorella
2. adv
a. (place) to let sb throughlasciar passare qn
the soldiers didn't let us through → i soldati non ci hanno lasciato passare
please go through into the dining room → prego, entrate in sala da pranzo
does this train go through to London? → va direttamente a Londra questo treno?
the nail went right through → il chiodo è passato da parte a parte
I am wet through → sono bagnato fino al midollo
my coat is wet through → ho il cappotto inzuppato
he is through to the finals → ce l'ha fatta a entrare in finale
the wood has rotted through → il legno è completamente marcio
b. (Brit) (Telec) to get throughottenere la comunicazione
to put sb through → passare la linea a qn
to put sb through to sb → passare qn a qn
you're through! → è in linea!
c. (time, process) the party lasted right through until morningla festa è andata avanti fino al mattino
I read the book right through → ho letto il libro da cima a fondo
d. through and throughfino in fondo
3. adj
a. (attr, traffic) → di passaggio; (ticket, train, passage) → diretto/a
"no through road" (sign) (Brit) → "strada senza uscita"
"no through traffic" (sign) (Am) → "divieto d'accesso"
b. (finished) to be throughavere finito
we'll be through at 7 → avremo finito per le sette
I'm through with my girlfriend → ho chiuso con la mia ragazza
I'm not through with you yet → con te non ho ancora finito
you're through! → sei finito!

through

(θruː) preposition
1. into from one direction and out of in the other. The water flows through a pipe.
2. from side to side or end to end of. He walked (right) through the town.
3. from the beginning to the end of. She read through the magazine.
4. because of. He lost his job through his own stupidity.
5. by way of. He got the job through a friend.
6. (American) from ... to (inclusive). I work Monday through Friday.
adverb
into and out of; from one side or end to the other; from beginning to end. He went straight/right through.
adjective
1. (of a bus or train) that goes all the way to one's destination, so that one doesn't have to change (buses or trains). There isn't a through train – you'll have to change.
2. finished. Are you through yet?
throughˈout preposition
1. in all parts of. They searched throughout the house.
2. from start to finish of. She complained throughout the journey.
adverb
in every part. The house was furnished throughout.
all through
1. from beginning to end of. The baby cried all through the night.
2. in every part of. Road conditions are bad all through the country.
soaked/wet through
very wet. His coat was wet through.
through and through
completely. He was a gentleman through and through.
through with
finished with. Are you through with the newspaper yet?

through

خِلَال přes gennem durch διαμέσου por läpi à travers kroz attraverso ・・・を通って ...을 통과하여 door gjennom przez através de через genom ผ่านไป içinden xuyên qua 通过
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