throw


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throw

 (thrō)
v. threw (thro͞o), thrown (thrōn), throw·ing, throws
v.tr.
1. To propel through the air with a motion of the hand or arm.
2. To propel or discharge into the air by any means: a machine that throws tennis balls; ash that was thrown by an erupting volcano.
3. To cause to move with great force or speed; propel or displace: threw themselves on the food; jetsam that had been thrown up onto the shore.
4.
a. To force (an opponent) to the ground or floor, as in wrestling or the martial arts.
b. To cause to fall off: The horse threw its rider.
5. Informal To cause confusion or perplexity in; disconcert or nonplus: We didn't let our worries throw us.
6. To put on or off hastily or carelessly: throw on a jacket.
7.
a. To put suddenly or forcefully into a given condition, position, or activity: threw him into a fit of laughter; threw some supper together; threw her leg over the arm of the chair.
b. To devote, apply, or direct: threw all their resources into the new endeavor; threw the blame onto the others.
8. To form on a potter's wheel: throw a vase.
9. To twist (fibers) into thread.
10. Games
a. To roll (dice).
b. To roll (a particular combination) with dice.
c. To discard or play (a card).
11. To send forth; project: She threw me a look of encouragement.
12. To cause (one's voice) to seem to come from a source other than oneself.
13. To cause to fall on or over something; cast: The rising sun threw shadows across the lawn. We threw sheets over the furniture before we painted the ceiling.
14. To bear (young). Used of cows or horses, for example.
15. To arrange or give (a party, for example).
16. To move (a lever or switch) in order to activate, deactivate, or control a device.
17. Informal To lose or give up (a contest, for example) purposely.
18. To abandon oneself to; have: heard the news and threw a fit.
19. To commit (oneself), especially for leniency or support: threw himself on the mercy of the court.
20. To deliver (a punch), as in boxing: threw a left hook.
v.intr.
To cast, fling, or hurl something.
n.
1. The act or an instance of throwing.
2. The distance to which something is or can be thrown: a stone's throw away.
3. Games
a. A roll or cast of dice.
b. The combination of numbers so obtained.
4. Informal A single chance, venture, or instance: "could afford up to forty-five bucks a throw to wax sentimental over their heritage" (John Simon).
5. Sports The act of throwing or a technique used to throw an opponent in wrestling or the martial arts.
6.
a. A light coverlet, such as an afghan.
b. A scarf or shawl.
7.
a. The radius of a circle described by a crank, cam, or similar machine part.
b. The maximum displacement of a machine part moved by another part, such as a crank or cam.
8. Geology The amount of vertical displacement of a fault.
Phrasal Verbs:
throw away
1.
a. To get rid of as useless: threw away yesterday's newspaper.
b. Games To discard: threw away two aces.
2.
a. To fail to take advantage of: threw away a chance to make a fortune.
b. To waste or use in a foolish way: threw away her inheritance.
3. To utter or perform in an offhand, seemingly careless way: The play's villain throws away the news that the house has burned down.
throw back
1. To hinder the progress of; check: The troops were thrown back.
2. To revert to an earlier type or stage in one's past.
3. To cause to depend; make reliant.
throw in
1. To insert or introduce into the course of something: threw in a few snide comments while they conversed.
2. To add (an extra thing or amount) with no additional charge.
3. To engage (a clutch, for example).
throw off
1. To cast out; rid oneself of: threw off all unpleasant memories.
2. To give off; emit: exhaust pipes throwing off fumes.
3. To distract, divert, or mislead: Crossing the stream, he threw the tracking dogs off. A wrong measurement threw her estimate off.
4. To do, finish, or accomplish in a casual or offhand way; toss off: threw off a quick response to the letter.
throw open
To make more accessible, especially suddenly or dramatically: threw open the nomination.
throw out
1. To give off; emit: searchlights throwing out powerful beams.
2. To reject or discard: The committee threw out her proposal.
3. To get rid of as useless: threw out the garbage.
4. Informal To offer, as a suggestion or plan: They sat around throwing out names of people they might want to invite to the party.
5. To force to leave a place or position, especially in an abrupt or unexpected manner: The convicted judge was thrown out of office. The headwaiter threw the disorderly guest out.
6.
a. To disengage (a clutch, for example).
b. To put out of alignment: threw my back out.
7. Baseball To put out (a base runner) by throwing the ball to the player guarding the base to which the base runner is moving.
throw over
1. To overturn: threw the cart over.
2. To abandon: threw over her boyfriend of four years; threw over the company they themselves had founded.
3. To reject.
throw up
1. To vomit.
2. To abandon; relinquish: She threw up her campaign for mayor.
3. To construct hurriedly: shoddy houses that were thrown up in a few months.
4. To refer to something repeatedly: She threw up his past to him whenever they argued.
5. To project, play, or otherwise display (a slide, video, or other recorded image): threw the video of vacation highlights up on the screen.
Idioms:
throw cold water on
To express misgivings about or disapproval of; discourage.
throw in the towel/sponge
To admit defeat; give up.
throw oneself at
To make efforts to attract the interest or affection of (another).
throw (one's) weight around Slang
To use power or authority, especially in an excessive or heavy-handed way.
throw (someone) a bone
To provide (someone) with a usually small part of what has been requested, especially in an attempt to placate or mollify.
throw the baby out with the bath water Slang
To discard something valuable along with something not desired, usually unintentionally.
throw up (one's) hands
To indicate or express utter hopelessness: He threw up his hands and abandoned the argument.

[Middle English throwen, to turn, twist, hurl, from Old English thrāwan; see terə- in Indo-European roots.]

throw′er n.
Synonyms: throw, cast, hurl, fling, pitch2, toss
These verbs mean to propel something through the air with a motion of the hand or arm. Throw is the least specific: throwing a ball; threw the life preserver to the struggling swimmer. Cast usually refers to throwing something light, often in discarding it: "She cast the unpleasant, pricking garments from her" (Kate Chopin).
Hurl and fling mean to throw with great force: "Him the Almighty Power / Hurl'd headlong flaming from th' Ethereal Sky" (John Milton). "He flung the magazine across the room, knocking a picture frame from the bookcase and surprising himself with this sudden burst of anger" (Yiyun Li).
Pitch often means to throw with careful aim: "He pitched the canteen to the man behind him" (Cormac McCarthy).
Toss usually means to throw lightly or casually: "Campton tossed the card away" (Edith Wharton).

throw

(θrəʊ)
vb (mainly tr) , throws, throwing, threw or thrown
1. (also intr) to project or cast (something) through the air, esp with a rapid motion of the arm and wrist
2. (foll by: in, on, onto, etc) to put or move suddenly, carelessly, or violently: she threw her clothes onto the bed.
3. to bring to or cause to be in a specified state or condition, esp suddenly or unexpectedly: the news threw the family into a panic.
4. to direct or cast (a shadow, light, etc)
5. to project (the voice) so as to make it appear to come from other than its source
6. to give or hold (a party)
7. to cause to fall or be upset; dislodge: the horse soon threw his rider.
8.
a. to tip (dice) out onto a flat surface
b. to obtain (a specified number) in this way
9. (Ceramics) to shape (clay) on a potter's wheel
10. to move (a switch or lever) to engage or disengage a mechanism
11. to be subjected to (a fit)
12. to turn (wood, etc) on a lathe
13. informal to baffle or astonish; confuse: the last question on the test paper threw me.
14. (Boxing) boxing to deliver (a punch)
15. (Wrestling) wrestling to hurl (an opponent) to the ground
16. (Boxing) informal to lose (a contest, fight, etc) deliberately, esp in boxing
17. (Card Games)
a. to play (a card)
b. to discard (a card)
18. (Zoology) (of a female animal, esp a cow) to give birth to (young)
19. (Textiles) to twist or spin (filaments) into thread
20. throw cold water on something informal to be unenthusiastic about or discourage something
21. throw oneself at to strive actively to attract the attention or affection of
22. throw oneself into to involve oneself enthusiastically in
23. throw oneself on to rely entirely upon: he threw himself on the mercy of the police.
n
24. the act or an instance of throwing
25. the distance or extent over which anything may be thrown: a stone's throw.
26. informal a chance, venture, or try
27. (Games, other than specified) an act or result of throwing dice
28. (Mechanical Engineering)
a. the eccentricity of a cam
b. the radial distance between the central axis of a crankshaft and the axis of a crankpin forming part of the shaft
29. (Furniture) a decorative light blanket or cover, as thrown over a chair
30. (Art Terms) a sheet of fabric used for draping over an easel or unfinished painting, etc, to keep the dust off
31. (Geological Science) geology the vertical displacement of rock strata at a fault
32. (General Physics) physics the deflection of a measuring instrument as a result of a sudden fluctuation
[Old English thrāwan to turn, torment; related to Old High German drāen to twist, Latin terere to rub]
ˈthrower n

throw

(θroʊ)

v. threw, thrown, throw•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to propel from the hand by a sudden forward motion: to throw a ball.
2. to hurl or project (a missile), as a gun does.
3. to project or cast (light, a shadow, etc.).
4. to project (the voice).
5. to direct (one's voice) so as to appear to come from a different source, as in ventriloquism.
6. to direct or send forth (words, a glance, etc.).
7. to put into some place, condition, etc., as if by hurling: to throw someone into prison.
8.
a. to move (a lever or the like) in order to turn on, disconnect, etc., an apparatus or mechanism: to throw the switch.
b. to connect, engage, disconnect, or disengage by such a procedure: to throw the current.
9. to shape on a potter's wheel.
10. to deliver (a blow or punch.)
11. (in wrestling) to hurl (an opponent) to the ground.
12. to play (a card).
13. to lose (a game, race, or other contest) intentionally, as for a bribe.
14.
a. to cast (dice).
b. to make (a cast) at dice.
15. (of an animal, as a horse) to cause (someone) to fall off; unseat.
16. to give or host: to throw a lavish party.
17. (of domestic animals) to bring forth (young).
18. to twist (filaments) without attenuation in the production of yarn or thread.
19. to amaze or confuse: The dark glasses really threw me.
v.i.
20. to cast, fling, or hurl a missile or the like.
21. throw away,
a. to dispose of; discard.
b. to employ wastefully; squander.
c. to fail to use; miss (a chance, opportunity, etc.).
d. (of an actor) to speak (lines, a joke, etc.) casually or indifferently.
22. throw in,
a. to add as a bonus or gratuity.
b. to interject, as a comment.
c. to abandon (a hand) in a card game.
23. throw off,
a. to free oneself of; cast aside.
b. to escape from or delay, as a pursuer.
c. to give off; discharge.
d. to perform or produce with ease: to throw off a few jokes.
e. to confuse; fluster.
f. Australian Slang. to criticize or ridicule (usu. fol. by at).
24. throw out,
a. to cast away; discard; reject.
b. to cause (a runner in baseball) to be out by throwing the ball to a teammate who prevents the runner from reaching base safely.
c. to eject from a place, esp. forcibly.
d. to expel, as from membership in a club.
25. throw over, to forsake; abandon.
26. throw together,
a. to make hurriedly and haphazardly.
b. to cause to associate: bitter enemies thrown together by circumstance.
27. throw up,
a. to give up; relinquish.
b. to build hastily.
c. to vomit.
d. to point out, as an error.
e. (of a hawk) to fly suddenly upward.
n.
28. an act or instance of throwing or casting; cast; fling.
29. the distance to which something can be thrown: a stone's throw.
30.
a. the distance between the center of a crankshaft and the center of the crankpins, equal to one half of the piston stroke.
b. the distance between the center of a crankshaft and the center of an eccentric.
c. the movement of a reciprocating part in one direction.
31. the length of a beam of light: a spotlight with a throw of 500 feet.
32. a scarf, boa, shawl, or the like.
33. a lightweight blanket; afghan.
34. a cast of dice or the number thrown.
35. the act, method, or an instance of throwing an opponent in wrestling.
Idioms:
1. a throw, each: ordered four suits at $300 a throw.
2. throw in the sponge or towel, to concede defeat; give up.
3. throw oneself at, to strive to attract the interest or affections of.
4. throw oneself into, to engage in with energy and enthusiasm.
[before 1000; Middle English throwen, thrawen, Old English thrāwan to twist, turn, c. Old Saxon thrāian, Old High German drā(j)en, drāwen]
throw′er, n.

throw

- Its original sense was "twist, turn," as in throwing a pot on a potter's wheel; it is not known how it evolved into "hurl, project."
See also related terms for throwing.

throw


Past participle: thrown
Gerund: throwing

Imperative
throw
throw
Present
I throw
you throw
he/she/it throws
we throw
you throw
they throw
Preterite
I threw
you threw
he/she/it threw
we threw
you threw
they threw
Present Continuous
I am throwing
you are throwing
he/she/it is throwing
we are throwing
you are throwing
they are throwing
Present Perfect
I have thrown
you have thrown
he/she/it has thrown
we have thrown
you have thrown
they have thrown
Past Continuous
I was throwing
you were throwing
he/she/it was throwing
we were throwing
you were throwing
they were throwing
Past Perfect
I had thrown
you had thrown
he/she/it had thrown
we had thrown
you had thrown
they had thrown
Future
I will throw
you will throw
he/she/it will throw
we will throw
you will throw
they will throw
Future Perfect
I will have thrown
you will have thrown
he/she/it will have thrown
we will have thrown
you will have thrown
they will have thrown
Future Continuous
I will be throwing
you will be throwing
he/she/it will be throwing
we will be throwing
you will be throwing
they will be throwing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been throwing
you have been throwing
he/she/it has been throwing
we have been throwing
you have been throwing
they have been throwing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been throwing
you will have been throwing
he/she/it will have been throwing
we will have been throwing
you will have been throwing
they will have been throwing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been throwing
you had been throwing
he/she/it had been throwing
we had been throwing
you had been throwing
they had been throwing
Conditional
I would throw
you would throw
he/she/it would throw
we would throw
you would throw
they would throw
Past Conditional
I would have thrown
you would have thrown
he/she/it would have thrown
we would have thrown
you would have thrown
they would have thrown

Throw

Before the use of squeeze chutes, it was sometimes necessary to “throw” horses and cattle before some veterinary treatments. Throwing consisted of causing the animal to lose its footing and lay on its side on the ground.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.throw - the act of throwing (propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist)throw - the act of throwing (propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist); "the catcher made a good throw to second base"
actuation, propulsion - the act of propelling
bowling - (cricket) the act of delivering a cricket ball to the batsman
fling - the act of flinging
heaving, heave - throwing something heavy (with great effort); "he gave it a mighty heave"; "he was not good at heaving passes"
hurl, cast - a violent throw
leaner - (horseshoes) the throw of a horseshoe so as to lean against (but not encircle) the stake
toss, flip, pass - (sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of your team; "the pass was fumbled"
pitch - the action or manner of throwing something; "his pitch fell short and his hat landed on the floor"
pitch, delivery - (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter
ringer - (horseshoes) the successful throw of a horseshoe or quoit so as to encircle a stake or peg
shy - a quick throw; "he gave the ball a shy to the first baseman"
slinging - throwing with a wide motion (as if with a sling)
throw-in - (rugby) an act or instance of throwing a ball in to put it into play
flip - a sudden, quick movement; "with a flip of the wrist"; "the fish flipped over"
2.throw - a single chance or instance; "he couldn't afford $50 a throw"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
chance, opportunity - a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances; "the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington"; "now is your chance"
3.throw - the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
motion, movement - a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
instroke - the stroke of an engine piston moving away from the crankshaft
outstroke - the stroke of an engine piston moving toward the crankshaft
4.throw - bedclothes consisting of a lightweight cloth covering (an afghan or bedspread) that is casually thrown over something
bed clothing, bedclothes, bedding - coverings that are used on a bed
5.throw - casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly; "he risked his fortune on a throw of the dice"
gambling, gaming, play - the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize); "his gambling cost him a fortune"; "there was heavy play at the blackjack table"
cast, roll - the act of throwing dice
toss, flip - the act of flipping a coin
Verb1.throw - propel through the air; "throw a frisbee"
flap down, slam - throw violently; "He slammed the book on the table"
ground - throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
prostrate - throw down flat, as on the ground; "She prostrated herself with frustration"
hurl, hurtle, cast - throw forcefully
heave - throw with great effort
bombard, pelt - cast, hurl, or throw repeatedly with some missile; "They pelted each other with snowballs"
defenestrate - throw through or out of the window; "The rebels stormed the palace and defenestrated the President"
pitch, deliver - throw or hurl from the mound to the batter, as in baseball; "The pitcher delivered the ball"
shy - throw quickly
drive - cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force; "drive the ball far out into the field"
deep-six, throw overboard - throw from a boat
ridge - throw soil toward (a crop row) from both sides; "He ridged his corn"
jettison - throw as from an airplane
propel, impel - cause to move forward with force; "Steam propels this ship"
fling - throw with force or recklessness; "fling the frisbee"
lob - propel in a high arc; "lob the tennis ball"
chuck, toss - throw carelessly; "chuck the ball"
skitter, skim, skip - cause to skip over a surface; "Skip a stone across the pond"
juggle - throw, catch, and keep in the air several things simultaneously
flick, flip - cause to move with a flick; "he flicked his Bic"
pass - throw (a ball) to another player; "Smith passed"
2.throw - move violently, energetically, or carelessly; "She threw herself forwards"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
3.throw - get rid of; "he shed his image as a pushy boss"; "shed your clothes"
exuviate, molt, moult, slough, shed - cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers; "our dog sheds every Spring"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
abscise - shed flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of a scar tissue
exfoliate - cast off in scales, laminae, or splinters
autotomise, autotomize - cause a body part to undergo autotomy
4.throw - place or put with great energy; "She threw the blanket around the child"; "thrust the money in the hands of the beggar"
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
pop - put or thrust suddenly and forcefully; "pop the pizza into the microwave oven"; "He popped the petit-four into his mouth"
5.throw - convey or communicate; of a smile, a look, a physical gesture; "Throw a glance"; "She gave me a dirty look"
communicate, intercommunicate - transmit thoughts or feelings; "He communicated his anxieties to the psychiatrist"
6.throw - cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation; "switch on the light"; "throw the lever"
switch on, turn on - cause to operate by flipping a switch; "switch on the light"; "turn on the stereo"
switch off, turn off, turn out, cut - cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; "Turn off the stereo, please"; "cut the engine"; "turn out the lights"
mesh, lock, operate, engage - keep engaged; "engaged the gears"
7.throw - put or send forth; "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner"; "The setting sun threw long shadows"; "cast a spell"; "cast a warm light"
send, direct - cause to go somewhere; "The explosion sent the car flying in the air"; "She sent her children to camp"; "He directed all his energies into his dissertation"
shoot - send forth suddenly, intensely, swiftly; "shoot a glance"
8.throw - to put into a state or activity hastily, suddenly, or carelessly; "Jane threw dinner together"; "throw the car into reverse"
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
9.throw - cause to be confused emotionallythrow - cause to be confused emotionally  
discomfit, discompose, untune, upset, disconcert - cause to lose one's composure
10.throw - utter with force; utter vehemently; "hurl insults"; "throw accusations at someone"
give tongue to, utter, express, verbalise, verbalize - articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise; "She expressed her anger"; "He uttered a curse"
11.throw - organize or be responsible for; "hold a reception"; "have, throw, or make a party"; "give a course"
direct - be in charge of
12.throw - make on a potter's wheel; "she threw a beautiful teapot"
shape, mould, mold, form, forge, work - make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded the rice balls carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough"; "shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword"
13.throw - cause to fall off; "The horse threw its inexperienced rider"
dislodge, bump - remove or force from a position of dwelling previously occupied; "The new employee dislodged her by moving into her office space"
14.throw - throw (a die) out onto a flat surface; "Throw a six"
release, turn - let (something) fall or spill from a container; "turn the flour onto a plate"
shoot - throw dice, as in a crap game
15.throw - be confusing or perplexing tothrow - be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; "These questions confuse even the experts"; "This question completely threw me"; "This question befuddled even the teacher"
demoralize - confuse or put into disorder; "the boss's behavior demoralized everyone in the office"
bewilder, dumbfound, flummox, baffle, mystify, nonplus, perplex, puzzle, stupefy, amaze, gravel, vex, pose, stick, beat, get - be a mystery or bewildering to; "This beats me!"; "Got me--I don't know the answer!"; "a vexing problem"; "This question really stuck me"
disconcert, flurry, confuse, put off - cause to feel embarrassment; "The constant attention of the young man confused her"
disorient, disorientate - cause to be lost or disoriented
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"

throw

verb
1. To send through the air with a motion of the hand or arm:
Informal: fire.
2. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
3. Informal. To cause to be unclear in mind or intent:
Idiom: make one's head reel.
4. Informal. To make incapable of finding something to think, do, or say:
Informal: flummox, stick, stump.
Slang: beat.
Idiom: put someone at a loss.
5. To bring to bear steadily or forcefully:
6. To send out heat, light, or energy:
7. To release or move (a switch, for example) in order to activate, deactivate, or control a device:
phrasal verb
throw away
1. To let go or get rid of as being useless or defective, for example:
Informal: chuck, jettison, shuck (off).
Slang: ditch.
2. To spend (money) excessively and usually foolishly:
Slang: blow.
phrasal verb
throw off
1. To free from or cast out something objectionable or undesirable:
Slang: shake.
2. To cast off by a natural process:
3. To discharge material, as vapor or fumes, usually suddenly and violently:
4. To get away from (a pursuer):
Slang: shake.
Idiom: give someone the shake.
phrasal verb
throw out
1. To let go or get rid of as being useless or defective, for example:
Informal: chuck, jettison, shuck (off).
Slang: ditch.
2. To put out by force:
Informal: chuck.
Slang: boot (out), bounce, kick out.
Idioms: give someone the boot, give someone the heave-ho, send packing, show someone the door, throw out on one's ear.
3. To displace (a bone) from a socket or joint:
Idiom: throw out of joint.
phrasal verb
throw over
To give up or leave without intending to return or claim again:
phrasal verb
throw up
To eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth:
Slang: puke.
noun
An act of throwing:
Translations
رمىصبطَرْح، إلْقاء، رَمْيمُرْتَبِكيَرْمي
házethodhoditpovalitpřivést do rozpaků
kastekaste afkaste over endeforvirrekast
heittääheittokääntääkappalenakata
bacati
levisz
fella/glíma í gólfiîkast, sendingkastarugla, slá út af laginu
投げる投じる手を抜く投げ
(...을) 던지다
atlapotikalbėti lyg iš pilvokalbėti nejudinant lūpųkibti įparmesti
apmulsinātmestmetiensnoguldītnosviest
vrečibruhatimet
kastaöverkastkast
kutupa
โยน
ném

throw

[θrəʊ] (threw (vb: pt) (thrown (pp)))
A. VT
1. (= toss) [+ ball, stone] → tirar, echar; (violently) → tirar, arrojar, lanzar; [+ dice] → echar, tirar; [+ javelin, discus, grenade] → lanzar
the crowd began throwing stonesla multitud empezó a tirar or arrojar or lanzar piedras
he threw a double sixsacó dos seises
to throw sb sth; throw sth to sbtirar or echar algo a algn
he threw Brian a ropele tiró or echó una cuerda a Brian
to throw sth at sbtirar or arrojar algo a algn
on one occasion he threw a radio at this motheren una ocasión le tiró or arrojó una radio a su madre
they think they can solve problems by throwing money at them (fig) → piensan que metiendo dinero pueden solucionar cualquier problema
she threw the letters in the bintiró or echó las cartas a la basura
he threw a glass of water over her headle echó or vació un vaso de agua en la cabeza
to throw one's hat or cap into the ringecharse or lanzarse al ruedo
see also book A1
see also caution, cold A1
see also glass, spanner
2. (= hurl to the ground) [+ person] (in fight, wrestling) → derribar; [horse] → desmontar
3. (= send, hurl) the blast threw her across the roomla explosión la lanzó or arrojó al otro lado de la sala
to throw o.s. at sb (lit) → abalanzarse sobre algn, echarse encima de algn (fig) (= flirt) → insinuarse descaradamente a algn, tirar los tejos a algn
to throw o.s. at sb's feetecharse a los pies de algn
he was thrown clear of the carsalió despedido del coche
she threw herself into the riverse tiró al rió
the kidnap threw the family into panicel secuestro infundió pánico or hizo que cundiera el pánico en la familia
the country was thrown into turmoilel país se sumió en el caos
to throw sb into jail or prisonmeter a algn en la cárcel
he threw himself into his workse metió de lleno en el trabajo
to throw o.s. on sb's mercyponerse a merced de algn
she threw herself onto the bedse tiró en la cama
she was thrown out of her seatsalió despedida de su asiento
the recession has thrown millions out of workla recesión ha dejado a millones de personas sin trabajo
he threw me to the groundme arrojó al suelo
see also scent, track A1
4. (= direct) [+ light, shadow] → proyectar; [+ look, smile] → lanzar
this new information throws doubt on their choiceesta nueva información pone en duda su elección
this question has been thrown at me many timesme han hecho esta pregunta or me han preguntado esto muchas veces
he was throwing random suggestions at herle estaba sugiriendo cosas al azar
she didn't attempt to throw any suspicion on youno intentó hacer que las sospechas recayeran sobre ti
to throw one's voice [actor, public speaker] → proyectar la voz
see also light 1 A1
see also punch 1 A2
5. (= disconcert) → desconcertar
this answer seemed to throw himesta respuesta pareció desconcertarle
he was thrown by her questionsu pregunta lo desconcertó or lo dejó desconcertado
6. (= put)
she threw her arms around his neckle echó los brazos al cuello, le abrazó por el cuello
to throw a coat round one's shouldersecharse un abrigo por los hombros
a police cordon was thrown around the areala policía acordonó la zona, se cercó la zona con un cordón policial
to throw open [+ doors, windows] → abrir de par en par; [+ house, gardens] → abrir al público; [+ competition, race] → abrir a todos
7. (= have)
she threw a fit (of hysterics)le dio un ataque (de histeria)
to throw a partydar or hacer una fiesta
she threw a tantrumle dio una rabieta or un berrinche
8. (= move) [+ lever, switch] → dar a
9. (Pottery) to throw a pottornear un tiesto, hacer un tiesto con el torno
10. (= lose on purpose) [+ contest, game] → perder a posta
11. (Zool) (= give birth to) → parir
B. N
1. (lit) [of ball, stone] → tiro m; [of javelin, discus] → lanzamiento m; [of dice] → tirada f; (in judo, wrestling) → derribo m
it's your throwte toca tirar (a ti)
I needed a throw of four to winnecesitaba sacar un cuatro para ganar
see also stone
2. (= each one) "how much are they?" - "50 quid a throw"-¿cuánto cuestan? -50 libras cada uno
3. (= cover) (for sofa) → cubresofá m; (for bed) → cubrecama m, colcha f
throw about throw around VT + ADV
1. (lit) they were throwing a ball aboutjugaban con una pelota
don't throw it about or it might breakno lo manosees para arriba y para abajo, que se puede romper
they were thrown about in the back of the lorryse zarandeaban de un lado para otro en la parte trasera del camión
2. (fig) [+ ideas] → intercambiar
let's have a meeting and throw a few ideas aboutvamos a reunirnos para intercambiar ideas
occasionally he throws fancy words aboutde vez en cuando se deja caer con alguna palabreja or suelta alguna palabreja
his name is thrown about a lotsu nombre no para de sonar por ahí
to throw one's arms aboutagitar mucho los brazos
to throw (one's) money aboutderrochar or despilfarrar el dinero, tirar el dinero
see also weight A3
throw aside VT + ADV (lit) [+ object] → echar a un lado (fig) → dejar
I've been thrown aside for a younger womanme han dejado por una mujer más joven
throw away VT + ADV
1. (= discard) [+ rubbish] → tirar, botar (LAm) (Cards) → echar
2. (= waste) [+ chance, opportunity] → desperdiciar; [+ one's life, health, happiness] → echar a perder; [+ money] → tirar, derrochar, despilfarrar
don't throw your money away on thatno malgastes el dinero en eso
we should have won - we just threw it awaydeberíamos haber ganado, y no hicimos más que echarlo (todo) a perder
3. (= say casually) [+ line, remark] → soltar
throw back VT + ADV
1. (lit) (= return) [+ ball] → devolver; [+ fish] → devolver al agua; (= move backwards) [+ head, shoulders, hair] → echar para atrás, echar hacia atrás
2. (fig) (= reject) [+ offer, suggestion] → rechazar (con desprecio); (= drive back) [+ enemy] → rechazar, repeler
they threw his generosity back in his facele devolvieron su generosidad con una patada
I should never have told you that, I knew you'd throw it back at menunca debería habértelo dicho, sabía que me lo echarías en cara
he was thrown back on his own resourcestuvo que depender de sus propios recursos
throw down VT + ADV [+ object] → tirar; [+ challenge] → lanzar
throw in VT + ADV
1. (Sport) [+ ball] → sacar
to throw in the towel (lit, fig) → tirar la toalla
see also deep A1
see also lot 6
2. (= include) → incluir
a cruise round the Caribbean with Cuba thrown in for good measureun crucero por el Caribe en el que además se incluye Cuba para que no falte de nada
pay for extra prints and they throw in a photo albumpague copias extra y le regalan un álbum de fotos
3. (= interpose) [+ remark, question] → soltar
"she's done this before," Joan threw in-esto ya lo ha hecho antes -añadió Joan
throw off VT + ADV
1. (= remove) [+ clothes, shoes, disguise] → quitarse a toda prisa
2. (= get rid of) [+ depression] → salir de; [+ cold, infection, habit] → quitarse; [+ burden, yoke] → librarse de, quitarse de encima
I can't seem to throw off this coldno consigo quitarme este resfriado
3. (= escape) [+ pursuers] → zafarse de, dar esquinazo a
4. (= make wrong) [+ calculations, timing] → desbaratar, dar al traste con
5. (= emit) [+ heat] → despedir, emitir; [+ sparks] → echar
6. (= write quickly) [+ poem, composition] → improvisar
throw on VT + ADV
1. (lit) [+ coal, fuel] → echar
2. (fig) (= put on quickly) [+ clothes, make-up] → ponerse a toda prisa
he threw his clothes onse puso la ropa a toda prisa
throw out VT + ADV
1. (= throw away) [+ rubbish, old clothes] → tirar, botar (LAm)
see also baby
2. (= expel) [+ person] (from organization, team) → echar; (from country) → expulsar, echar
he was thrown out of the teamlo echaron del equipo
3. (= reject) [+ proposal] → rechazar (Jur) [+ case, claim] → desestimar, rechazar (Parl) [+ bill] → rechazar
4. (= make) [+ idea, suggestion, remark] → soltar
5. (= emit) [+ heat] → despedir, emitir; [+ smoke, lava] → arrojar
6. (= disconcert) [+ person] → desconcertar, dejar totalmente confundido
7. (= make wrong) [+ calculation, prediction] → desbaratar, dar al traste con
8. to throw out one's chestsacar pecho
throw over VT + ADV [+ friend, lover] → dejar, abandonar
throw together VT + ADV
1. (= make hastily) [+ costume, plan, essay] → hacer a la carrera, pergeñar; [+ meal] → preparar a la carrera, improvisar
2. (= gather together) [+ clothes] → juntar rápidamente; [+ people] → juntar
he threw a few things together and dashed out of the housejuntó rápidamente unas cuantas cosas y salió disparado de la casa
fate had thrown them togetherel destino les había juntado
people whom circumstances have thrown togetherpersonas a las que han juntado or unido las circunstancias
we were thrown together a good deal, working in the same officecomo trabajábamos en la misma oficina nos veíamos mucho
throw up
A. VI + ADV (= vomit) → devolver, vomitar
it makes me want to throw up (lit) → me da ganas de devolver (fig) → me da asco
B. VT + ADV
1. (lit) [+ object] → lanzar or echar al aire; [+ dust] → levantar; [+ sparks] → echar
to throw up one's hands in horrorllevarse las manos a la cabeza horrorizado
2. (esp Brit) (= produce, bring to light) [+ result] → dar, producir; [+ idea, dilemma] → producir; [+ problem] → crear
3. (= give up) [+ job, task, studies] → dejar
4. (= make quickly) [+ building] → construir rápidamente
5. (= vomit) → devolver, vomitar

throw

[ˈθrəʊ]
n
[ball] (in sport)lancer m
That was a good throw → C'était un beau lancer.
£5 a throw → 5 livres pièce
(= light blanket, cover) (for bed)jeté m de lit; (for sofa)jeté m de canapé
, throw around vt [threw] [ˈθruː] (pt) [thrown] [ˈθrəʊn] (pp)
[+ ball, object] → lancer, jeter; (in sport)lancer
to throw sth to sb, to throw sb sth → jeter qch à qn, lancer qch à qn
He threw the ball to me → Il m'a lancé le ballon.
to throw sth at sb → jeter qch sur qn
(= push, propel) to throw sb to the ground → jeter qn au sol
He threw me to the ground → Il m'a jeté au sol.
to throw sb from a car [explosion, impact] → propulser qn hors d'une voiture
to throw up one's hands → lever les bras au ciel
(= put carelessly) → jeter
She threw her bag onto a chair → Elle jeta son sac sur une chaise.
to throw o.s. into sth, to throw o.s. somewhere → se jeter quelque part
[horse] [+ rider] → désarçonner
(= surprise, confuse) → désarçonner
That really threw him → Cela l'a vraiment désarçonné.
(= devote) to throw one's energy into sth → jeter toute son énergie dans qch
to throw o.s. into sth → se lancer dans qch
to throw sb in jail → jeter qn en prison
to be thrown in jail → être jeté(e) en prison
to throw sth open [+ door, window] → ouvrir qch à la volée; [+ debate, discussion] → ouvrir qch
The discussion was thrown open to all present → On a ouvert le débat à tous ceux qui étaient présents.
to be thrown into turmoil → être plongé(e) dans la confusion
to throw a party → donner une réception
to throw o.s. at sb → se jeter au cou de qn
to throw a fit → piquer une crise
[+ pottery] → tourner
throw about
vt
[+ litter, objects] → éparpiller
(= spend a lot) [+ money] → dépenser sans compter
throw away
vt
(= discard) [+ rubbish, possessions] → jeter
I never throw anything away → Je ne jette jamais rien.
(= waste) [+ opportunity] → gâcher
throw in
vt (= add as an extra) → offrir
If you order enlargements they throw in a free photo album → Si vous commandez des agrandissements, ils offrent un album photo.
with sth thrown in → avec qch offert(e)
throw off
vt (= rid o.s. of) → se débarrasser de
throw out
vt
(of house) [+ person] → jeter dehors, mettre à la porte
I threw him out → Je l'ai mis à la porte., Je l'ai jeté dehors.
(= reject) [+ proposal, claim] → rejeter
throw together
vt
[+ meal] → assembler à la hâte
[+ essay] → bâcler
throw up
vivomir

throw

vb: pret <threw>, ptp <thrown>
n
(of ball, javelin, dice)Wurf m; it’s your throwdu bist dran; have another throwwerfen Sie noch einmal; to lose the throw (dice) → den Wurf verlieren; a 30-metre throwein Wurf von 30 Metern; the first throw went to the German (Wrestling) → der Deutsche brachte seinen Gegner als erster zu Boden; at 10 dollars a throwzu 10 Dollar das Stück
(for covering furniture) → Überwurf m
vt
ball, stonewerfen; waterschütten; to throw the dicewürfeln; to throw a sixeine Sechs würfeln; to throw something to somebodyjdm etw zuwerfen; throw me those keyswerfen Sie mir die Schlüssel herüber; to throw something at somebodyetw nach jdm werfen; mud, paint etcjdn mit etw bewerfen; to throw a ball 20 metreseinen Ball 20 Meter weit werfen; to throw something across the roometw (quer) durchs Zimmer werfen; to throw somebody across the ringjdn durch den Ring schleudern; he threw himself to the floorer warf sich auf den Boden or zu Boden; to throw oneself at somebody (physically) → sich auf jdn werfen or stürzen; (fig)sich jdm an den Hals werfen or schmeißen (inf); to throw oneself into the jobsich in die Arbeit stürzen; to throw one’s voiceseine Stimme zum Tragen bringen; to throw money at somethingetw mit Geld überhäufen; to throw one’s hat or cap into the ring (fig)sich anbieten
(= send to ground) riderabwerfen; opponentzu Boden werfen or bringen; to be thrown from the saddleaus dem Sattel geworfen werden
(= put hastily)werfen; to throw a coat over somebodyjdm einen Mantel überwerfen
(fig: = cast) → werfen; to throw a glance at somebody/somethingeinen Blick auf jdn/etw werfen; to throw an angry look at somebody/somethingjdm/einer Sache einen wütenden Blick zuwerfen; to throw lightLicht geben; to throw somebody off the scent or trailjdn von der Spur abbringen; to throw somebody into prisonjdn ins Gefängnis werfen; to throw the blame on somebodyjdm die Schuld zuschieben or in die Schuhe schieben; to throw doubt on somethingetw in Zweifel ziehen; he threw his troops into actioner warf seine Truppen ins Gefecht
switch, leverbetätigen
(inf: = disconcert) → aus dem Konzept bringen
partygeben, schmeißen (inf)
fitbekommen, kriegen (inf)
(inf: = deliberately lose) match, gameabsichtlich verlieren
vasetöpfern, drehen; silkzwirnen
(snake) to throw its skinsich häuten
(animal: = give birth to) → werfen
viwerfen; (= throw dice)würfeln

throw

:
throwaway
adj
(= casual) remarkachtlos gemacht; styleunaufdringlich, leger; a throw lineeine hingeworfene Bemerkung
(= disposable)Wegwerf-, zum Wegwerfen; throw wrappingWegwerf- or Einwegverpackung f; throw societyWegwerfgesellschaft f; throw cultureWegwerfkultur f
(= cheap) throw pricesSchleuderpreise pl
n throwaways
plEinwegprodukte pl
throwback
n
he’s a throw to his Irish ancestorsbei ihm kommen seine irischen Vorfahren wieder durch
(fig: = return) → Rückkehr f(to zu); (= revival)Neubelebung f(to gen)

throw

[θrəʊ] (threw (vb: pt) (thrown (pp)))
1. n (gen) → tiro (Sport) → lancio; (in judo, wrestling) → atterramento
2. vt (gen) (fig) → lanciare, tirare, gettare; (ball, javelin, hammer) → lanciare; (dice) → gettare; (horserider) → disarcionare, gettare a terra; (judo opponent) → atterrare, mettere al tappeto; (pottery) → tornire, formare al tornio (fig) (fam) (disconcert) → sconcertare, disorientare
to throw a ball 200 metres → lanciare una palla a duecento metri
to throw a coat round one's shoulders → buttarsi un cappotto sulle spalle
to throw a switch (Elec) → azionare una leva
he was thrown from his horse → fu disarcionato
to throw a party → dare una festa
to throw open (doors, windows) → spalancare (house, gardens) → aprire al pubblico (competition, race) → aprire a tutti
to throw o.s. off a cliff/into a river → gettarsi da una scogliera/in un fiume
to throw o.s. at sb (rush at) → gettarsi or scagliarsi su qn (fig) → buttarsi su qn
to throw o.s. into one's work → buttarsi a capofitto nel lavoro
to throw o.s. at sb's feet → gettarsi ai piedi di qn
to throw o.s. on sb's mercy → rimettersi alla pietà di qn
throw about throw around vt + adv (litter) → spargere
to throw money about or around → sperperare il denaro
to throw one's weight about or around → far pesare la propria presenza
throw away vt + adv (rubbish, old things) → gettare or buttare via; (chance, money, time) → sprecare, gettare or buttare via
throw back vt + adv
a. (return, ball) → rinviare
b. (head, hair) → buttare all'indietro; (shoulders) → raddrizzare
she was thrown back on her own resources (fig) → se l'è dovuta cavare da sola
throw down vt + adv (object) → gettare giù; (weapons) → deporre
to throw o.s. down → gettarsi a terra
to throw down the gauntlet (fig) → gettare il guanto
throw in vt + adv (Sport) (ball) → rimettere in gioco; (add, include) → aggiungere; (say casually, remark) → buttar lì
throw on vt + adv (clothes) → buttarsi addosso; (coal) → aggiungere
throw off
1. vt + adv (get rid of) → sbarazzarsi di, liberarsi di; (escape, pursuers, dogs) → sbarazzarsi di, seminare
2. vt + prep to throw sb off the trailmettere qn fuori pista
throw out vt + adv
a. (rubbish, person) → buttar fuori (fig) (proposal) → respingere
b. (offer, idea, suggestion) → lanciare
c. (calculation, prediction) → far sballare
throw over vt + adv (person) → piantare
throw together vt + adv (clothes) → raccattare; (meal) → raffazzonare; (essay) → buttar giù; (people) → fare incontrare
throw up
1. vi + adv (fam) (vomit) → vomitare
2. vt + adv (ball) → lanciare in aria
she threw up her hands in despair → ha alzato le braccia al cielo per la disperazione

throw

(θrəu) past tense threw (θruː) : past participle thrown verb
1. to send through the air with force; to hurl or fling. He threw the ball to her / threw her the ball.
2. (of a horse) to make its rider fall off. My horse threw me.
3. to puzzle or confuse. He was completely thrown by her question.
4. (in wrestling, judo etc) to wrestle (one's opponent) to the ground.
noun
an act of throwing. That was a good throw!
throw away
1. to get rid of. He always throws away his old clothes.
2. to lose through lack of care, concern etc. Don't throw your chance of promotion away by being careless.
throw doubt on
to suggest or hint that (something) is not true. The latest scientific discoveries throw doubt on the original theory.
throw in
to include or add as a gift or as part of a bargain. When I bought his car he threw in the radio and a box of tools.
throw light on
to help to solve or give information on (a mystery, puzzle, problem etc). Can anyone throw any light on the problem?
throw oneself into
to begin (doing something) with great energy. She threw herself into her work with enthusiasm.
throw off
1. to get rid of. She finally managed to throw off her cold; They were following us but we threw them off.
2. to take off very quickly. He threw off his coat and sat down.
throw open
to open suddenly and wide. He threw open the door and walked in.
throw out
to get rid of by throwing or by force. He was thrown out of the meeting; The committee threw out the proposal.
throw a party
to hold, organize etc a party. They threw a party for her birthday.
throw up
1. a slang expression for to vomit. She had too much to eat, and threw up on the way home.
2. to give up or abandon. He threw up his job.
3. to build hurriedly. They threw up a temporary building.
throw one's voice
to make one's voice appear to come from somewhere else, eg the mouth of a ventriloquist's dummy.
ˈthrowaway adjective
disposable; that can be thrown away after being used once or twice. a throwaway cup; throwaway razors.

throw

يَرْمِي házet kaste werfen εξακοντίζω lanzar heittää lancer bacati lanciare 投げる (...을) 던지다 gooien kaste rzucić arremessar бросать kasta โยน atmak ném

throw

vt (pret threw; pp thrown) to — one's back out (fam) lastimarse la espalda (se refiere al concepto popular de que el dolor repentino de espalda se debe a una dislocación de una vertebra); vi to — up (fam) V. vomit.
References in classic literature ?
Yes, he surely has the inside edge on me, and if he gets her to throw me over Well, I won't give up without a fight
It is something to squander and throw to the four winds, for the fun of seeing the golden specks fly.
Nay, throw aside that frown, Heyward, and in pity to my longing ears, suffer him to journey in our train.
Or throw ourselves into those new clothes, so as to be ready," added the younger Kearney, looking down at his ragged trousers.
But seeing that our host sets us the good example of forgetting ceremony, I shall likewise throw it aside, and make free to intrude on his privacy.
There is one other feature, very essential to be noticed, but which, we greatly fear, may damage any picturesque and romantic impression which we have been willing to throw over our sketch of this respectable edifice.
Could I have preserved the picturesque force of his style, and the humourous colouring which nature taught him how to throw over his descriptions, the result, I honestly believe, would have been something new in literature.
It throws its unobtrusive tinge throughout the room, with a faint ruddiness upon the walls and ceiling, and a reflected gleam upon the polish of the furniture.
And Douglas, with this, made a pause that, for the benefit of the company, moved me to throw in--
And where but from Nantucket, too, did that first adventurous little sloop put forth, partly laden with imported cobble-stones --so goes the story --to throw at the whales, in order to discover when they were nigh enough to risk a harpoon from the bowsprit?
Throw wants to help people connect with others in a way that is easy to use, integrates with existing technology, is richly interactive and that evolves with their needs.
When he'd throw his fastball, he'd hold his glove here (close to body).