In avian species, acute hematogenous osteomyelitis was experimentally induced in 29-day-old broiler chickens by intravenous injection of S aureus, (25) This avian model closely mimicked human disease by affecting mainly the distal femur and proximal tibiotarsus
Forty experimental arrays with femur and tibiotarsus
bones of adult vs.
Many studies are done on chicken with special aspects of leg skeletal development, like knee joint development [24, 25] or development of a certain bone, for example tibiotarsus
or tarsometatarsus [9, 28], with only a now-and-then mentioning of other parts of the skeletal system.
Upper phase NISP duck suzzard eagle sand /kite grouse Coracoid 1 2 1 Scapula 2 1 4 Sternum Humerus 2 Ulna 1 Radius Carpometacarpus Synsacrum Femur Tibiotarsus
1 Tarsometatarsus Phalanges 1 7 All elements 2 4 16 1 Middle phase NISP duck buzzard eagle sand /kite grouse Coracoid 3 13 Scapula 2 5 Sternum 1 Humerus 1 4 14 7 Ulna 1 Radius Carpometacarpus 1 Synsacrum 3 Femur 8 10 Tibiotarsus
3 1 Tarsometatarsus 1 Phalanges 3 All elements 1 19 52 9 Mixed phase NISP buzzard eagle sand /kite grouse Coracoid 1 3 1 Scapula 3 Sternum Humerus 13 Ulna Radius Carpometacarpus Synsacrum Femur 1 3 Tibiotarsus
1 Tarsometatarsus Phalanges All elements 3 22 1 Table 5.
11); pregonopodial legs lacking femoral processes; tibiotarsus
of gonopod divided into one short basal and two longer, slender appendages (Fig.
Dr Fitzgerald said the bone was from the lower half of one of the leg bones, "a tibiotarsus
, which corresponds to the shin and ankle in humans".
The Rancho del Oro material is identical to living coots, except that the ulna and tibiotarsus
are slightly more slender.
Response of broilers to feeding low-calcium and total phosphorus wheat-soybean based diets plus phytase: Performance, digestibility, mineral retention and tibiotarsus
auritus include the distal end of a left tibiotarsus
, the distal and of a left humerus, a complete tarsometatarsus, the mid-shaft of a right ulna, and tentatively an acetabulum, a cervical vertebra, and a phalanx.
Axis 3 is heavily weighted to skull length and tibiotarsus
length (measurements of total size); negative values are bigger species.
Of these, 47% (16/34) had injuries to the central nervous system and the remaining cases included fracture of the radius, ulna or tibiotarsus
Additional affected areas were the caudal dorsum in the region of the pelvis, the ventrum extending caudally to the tail (Fig IB), the ventral aspect of both wings extending from the distal brachium to the proximal antebrachium, and the hind limbs extending from the proximal tibiotarsus
to the distal tarsometatarsus (Fig 1C).