The opposition of the so-called "broken syllable intonation" and "falling syllable intonation" in deep Latgallian subdialects is phonologically realized by a specific prosodic feature--sharp (usually with glottalization) or level changes of the intensity and the fundamental pitch, while this contrast is even intensified by quantitative differences as the level toneme
is longer than the sharp one.
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: emmer; emmet; emote; emoter; meet; meme; memento; memo; meno; mento; mentor; mere; mete; meteor; meter; metre; metro; METRONOME; moment; mono; monomer; MONOTREME; monte; moon; moor; moot; more; moreen; morn; moron; mort; mote; motor; neem; nome; norm; omen; remote; room; teem; term; tome; toneme
Swedish and Norwegian are tone languages, and two such tone patterns exist in each: toneme 1 and toneme 2.
Relevant examples of suprasegmentals in the Scandinavian languages include tonemes, stod, and word/sentence stress.
on the pretoneme or nucleus toneme
, with the expressive-pragmatic function of reference to known information, and with high [H.
A): The (A) toneme
is a trace of the morphophonological affix null.
1) This toneme
pitch movement is similar to the nuclear pitch accent and boundary tones in the autosegmental metrical (AM) theory of intonation.
The analysis of these properties from the standpoint of Glossematics (HJELMSLEV, I975) and of Tensive Semiotics (Z1LBERBERG, 2006) led us to the following results: (i) because music and phonological systems comprise common categories, it is possible to establish a genetic kinship between verbal and musical expressions; (ii) the characteristic meaning effect of tonal melodies is a result of a hierarchically structured syntagmatic configuration of suprasegments (chronemes, tonemes
, dynamemes); (iii) other categories of the melodic system such as tempo, dynamics, and timbre play a distinct role in the melodic hierarchy and, as our investigation shows, they are responsible, for the marks left in the text by the performer instance of the enunciation subject.
However, the tonemes
are not shown in my transcriptions.
Two basic tonemes
are distinguished, namely, a high tone (') and a low tone ('), although more detailed distinctions can be drawn.
71, is not explained, nor is the even more pressing question of what tonemes
are doing in D's adamantine anti-phonemic system ever answered.