tongue


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Related to tongue: Geographic tongue, Tongue twisters

tongue

 (tŭng)
n.
1.
a. The fleshy, movable, muscular organ, attached in most vertebrates to the floor of the mouth, that is the principal organ of taste, an aid in chewing and swallowing, and, in humans, an important organ of speech.
b. An analogous organ or part in invertebrate animals, as in certain insects or mollusks.
2. The tongue of an animal, such as a cow, used as food.
3. A spoken language or dialect.
4.
a. Speech; talk: If there is goodness in your heart, it will come to your tongue.
b. The act or power of speaking: She had no tongue to answer.
c. tongues Speech or vocal sounds produced in a state of religious ecstasy.
d. Style or quality of utterance: her sharp tongue.
5. The bark or baying of a hunting dog that sees game: The dog gave tongue when the fox came through the hedge.
6. Something resembling a tongue in shape or function, as:
a. The vibrating end of a reed in a wind instrument.
b. A flame.
c. The flap of material under the laces or buckles of a shoe.
d. A spit of land; a promontory.
e. A bell clapper.
f. The harnessing pole attached to the front axle of a horse-drawn vehicle.
7. A protruding strip along the edge of a board that fits into a matching groove on the edge of another board.
v. tongued, tongu·ing, tongues
v.tr.
1. Music To separate or articulate (notes played on a brass or wind instrument) by shutting off the stream of air with the tongue.
2.
a. To touch or lick with the tongue.
b. To give (someone) a French-kiss.
3.
a. To provide (a board) with a tongue.
b. To join by means of a tongue and groove.
4. Archaic To scold.
v.intr.
1. Music To articulate notes on a brass or wind instrument.
2. To project: a spit of land tonguing into the bay.
Idioms:
have/speak with a forked tongue
To speak deceitfully; prevaricate or lie.
bite/hold (one's) tongue
To be or keep silent.
loosen (someone's) tongue
To cause (someone) to speak freely or carelessly or to divulge information.
lose (one's) tongue
To lose the capacity to speak, as from shock.
on the tip of (one's) tongue
On the verge of being recalled or expressed.

[Middle English, from Old English tunge; see dn̥ghū- in Indo-European roots.]

tongue

(tʌŋ)
n
1. (Anatomy) a movable mass of muscular tissue attached to the floor of the mouth in most vertebrates. It is the organ of taste and aids the mastication and swallowing of food. In man it plays an important part in the articulation of speech sounds.
2. (Zoology) an analogous organ in invertebrates
3. (Cookery) the tongue of certain animals used as food
4. (Languages) a language, dialect, or idiom: the English tongue.
5. the ability to speak: to lose one's tongue.
6. a manner of speaking: a glib tongue.
7. utterance or voice (esp in the phrase give tongue)
8. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (plural) See gift of tongues
9. anything which resembles a tongue in shape or function: a tongue of flame; a tongue of the sea.
10. (Physical Geography) a promontory or spit of land
11. (Clothing & Fashion) a flap of leather on a shoe, either for decoration or under the laces or buckles to protect the instep
12. (Music, other) music the reed of an oboe or similar instrument
13. (Music, other) the clapper of a bell
14. the harnessing pole of a horse-drawn vehicle
15. (Mechanical Engineering) a long and narrow projection on a machine or structural part that serves as a guide for assembly or as a securing device
16. (Building) a projecting strip along an edge of a board that is made to fit a corresponding groove in the edge of another board
17. hold one's tongue to keep quiet
18. on the tip of one's tongue about to come to mind: her name was on the tip of his tongue.
19. with one's tongue in one's cheek tongue in cheek with insincere or ironical intent
vb, tongues, tonguing or tongued
20. (Music, other) to articulate (notes played on a wind instrument) by the process of tonguing
21. (tr) to lick, feel, or touch with the tongue
22. (Building) (tr) carpentry to provide (a board) with a tongue
23. (Physical Geography) (intr) (of a piece of land) to project into a body of water
24. (tr) obsolete to reproach; scold
[Old English tunge; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse tunga, Old High German zunga, Latin lingua]
ˈtongueless adj
ˈtongueˌlike adj

tongue

(tʌŋ)

n., v. tongued, tongu•ing. n.
1. a movable organ in the floor of the mouth, functioning in tasting, eating, and, in humans, speaking.
2. the tongue of an animal, as an ox or sheep, used for food, often prepared by smoking or pickling.
3. the faculty or power of speech.
4. manner or character of speech: a flattering tongue.
5. the language of a particular people, region, or nation.
6. (in the Bible) a people or nation distinguished by its language.
7. tongues, speech, often incomprehensible, typically uttered during moments of religious ecstasy.
8. a strip of leather or other material under the lacing or fastening of a shoe.
9. a piece of metal suspended inside a bell that strikes against the side, producing a sound; clapper.
10. a vibrating reed or similar structure in a musical instrument.
11. the pole extending from a carriage or other vehicle between the animals drawing it.
12. a projecting strip along the center of the edge of a board, for fitting into a groove in another board.
13. a narrow strip of land extending into a body of water; cape.
14. the pin of a buckle, brooch, etc.
v.t.
15. to articulate (tones played on a clarinet, trumpet, etc.) by strokes of the tongue.
16.
a. to cut a tongue on (a board).
b. to join or fit together by a tongue-and-groove joint.
17. to touch with the tongue.
18. to articulate or pronounce.
19. Archaic.
a. to reproach or scold.
b. to speak or utter.
v.i.
20. to tongue tones played on a clarinet, trumpet, etc.
21. to project like a tongue.
Idioms:
1. at or on the tip of one's or the tongue,
a. on the verge of being said.
b. eluding the memory but about to be recalled: The answer is on the tip of my tongue.
2. give tongue, (of a hound in fox hunting) to bay while following a scent.
3. give tongue to, to utter; speak.
4. hold one's tongue, to remain silent; refrain from speaking.
5. (with) tongue in cheek, as a joke; ironically.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English tunge, Old English, c. Old Frisian tunge, Old Saxon, Old Norse tunga, Old High German zunga, Gothic tuggo]
tongue′less, adj.
tongue′like`, adj.

tongue

(tŭng)
1. A muscular organ in most vertebrate animals that is usually attached to the bottom of the mouth. In some reptiles, such as snakes, the tongue is mainly used as a sense organ, while in some other animals, such as frogs, chameleons, and anteaters, it is used to capture prey. The tongue is the main organ of taste in mammals, and it is used to aid in chewing and swallowing. In humans, it is also used to produce speech sounds.
2. A similar organ in certain invertebrate animals.

Tongue

 

See Also: MOUTH, SHARPNESS

  1. Her tongue felt like a freshly painted shingle —Edwin L. Sabin
  2. Her tongue hung out like a yard of red hall carpet —Wilson Mizener
  3. Her tongue [as she kissed him] was like a kitten’s, soft and rough, tasting of milk —Shirley W. Schoonover
  4. His tongue darted in and out when he talked, as if he were keeping count of the words —Shelby Hearon
  5. (A large dog lay panting,) his tongue unrolled like a carpet —Peter Meinke
  6. My tongue is big as a liverwurst —Marge Piercy
  7. The tongue is like a race horse: the less weight it carries, the faster it runs —Joseph Addison

    This has been modernized from the original. “The tongue is like a race-horse, which runs the faster the lesser weight it carries.”

  8. Tongue like a pink dart —Joseph Conrad
  9. The tongue … like a stream, could run smooth music from the roughest stone —Elizabeth Barrett Browning
  10. Your tongue curls up in your mouth like a cat lapping up cream —R. Wright Campbell

tongue


Past participle: tongued
Gerund: tonguing

Imperative
tongue
tongue
Present
I tongue
you tongue
he/she/it tongues
we tongue
you tongue
they tongue
Preterite
I tongued
you tongued
he/she/it tongued
we tongued
you tongued
they tongued
Present Continuous
I am tonguing
you are tonguing
he/she/it is tonguing
we are tonguing
you are tonguing
they are tonguing
Present Perfect
I have tongued
you have tongued
he/she/it has tongued
we have tongued
you have tongued
they have tongued
Past Continuous
I was tonguing
you were tonguing
he/she/it was tonguing
we were tonguing
you were tonguing
they were tonguing
Past Perfect
I had tongued
you had tongued
he/she/it had tongued
we had tongued
you had tongued
they had tongued
Future
I will tongue
you will tongue
he/she/it will tongue
we will tongue
you will tongue
they will tongue
Future Perfect
I will have tongued
you will have tongued
he/she/it will have tongued
we will have tongued
you will have tongued
they will have tongued
Future Continuous
I will be tonguing
you will be tonguing
he/she/it will be tonguing
we will be tonguing
you will be tonguing
they will be tonguing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been tonguing
you have been tonguing
he/she/it has been tonguing
we have been tonguing
you have been tonguing
they have been tonguing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been tonguing
you will have been tonguing
he/she/it will have been tonguing
we will have been tonguing
you will have been tonguing
they will have been tonguing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been tonguing
you had been tonguing
he/she/it had been tonguing
we had been tonguing
you had been tonguing
they had been tonguing
Conditional
I would tongue
you would tongue
he/she/it would tongue
we would tongue
you would tongue
they would tongue
Past Conditional
I would have tongued
you would have tongued
he/she/it would have tongued
we would have tongued
you would have tongued
they would have tongued

tongue

A mobile, muscular organ in the mouth, involved in tasting, chewing, swallowing, and speech.

Tongue

A long pole attached to the front wheels of an implement and held between two horses by the horses’ Harness. As the horses turned, they moved the tongue and changed the direction of travel of the front wheels.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tongue - a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavitytongue - a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
articulator - a movable speech organ
mouth, oral cavity, oral fissure, rima oris - the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge; "he stuffed his mouth with candy"
gustatory organ, taste bud, tastebud - an oval sensory end organ on the surface of the tongue
pharynx, throat - the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
2.tongue - a human written or spoken language used by a communitytongue - a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
first language, maternal language, mother tongue - one's native language; the language learned by children and passed from one generation to the next
tonal language, tone language - a language in which different tones distinguish different meanings
creole - a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, American Indian, Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo-Aleut language - the family of languages that includes Eskimo and Aleut
Chukchi language, Chukchi - an indigenous and isolated language of unknown origin spoken by the Chukchi that is pronounced differently by men and women
Sino-Tibetan, Sino-Tibetan language - the family of tonal languages spoken in eastern Asia
Austro-Asiatic, Austro-Asiatic language, Munda-Mon-Khmer - a family of languages spoken in southern and southeastern Asia
Hmong language, Miao, Hmong - a language of uncertain affiliation spoken by the Hmong
Austronesian language, Austronesian - the family of languages spoken in Australia and Formosa and Malaysia and Polynesia
Papuan language, Papuan - any of the indigenous languages spoken in Papua New Guinea or New Britain or the Solomon Islands that are not Malayo-Polynesian languages
Khoisan, Khoisan language - a family of languages spoken in southern Africa
Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European - the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
Ural-Altaic - a (postulated) group of languages including many of the indigenous languages of Russia (but not Russian)
Basque - the language of the Basque people; of no known relation to any other language
Elamitic, Susian, Elamite - an extinct ancient language of unknown affinities; spoken by the Elamites
Cassite, Kassite - an ancient language spoken by the Kassites
Caucasian language, Caucasian - a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that are unrelated to languages spoken elsewhere
Dravidian language, Dravidic, Dravidian - a large family of languages spoken in south and central India and Sri Lanka
Afrasian, Afrasian language, Afroasiatic, Afro-Asiatic, Afroasiatic language, Hamito-Semitic - a large family of related languages spoken both in Asia and Africa
Niger-Kordofanian, Niger-Kordofanian language - the family of languages that includes most of the languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara; the majority of them are tonal languages but there are important exceptions (e.g., Swahili or Fula)
Nilo-Saharan, Nilo-Saharan language - a family of East African languages spoken by Nilotic peoples from the Sahara south to Kenya and Tanzania
3.tongue - any long thin projection that is transienttongue - any long thin projection that is transient; "tongues of flame licked at the walls"; "rifles exploded quick knives of fire into the dark"
projection - any solid convex shape that juts out from something
4.tongue - a manner of speakingtongue - a manner of speaking; "he spoke with a thick tongue"; "she has a glib tongue"
manner of speaking, delivery, speech - your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally; "his manner of speaking was quite abrupt"; "her speech was barren of southernisms"; "I detected a slight accent in his speech"
sharp tongue - a bitter or critical manner of speaking
5.tongue - a narrow strip of land that juts out into the seatongue - a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea
cape, ness - a strip of land projecting into a body of water
sand - a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
6.tongue - the tongue of certain animals used as meattongue - the tongue of certain animals used as meat
organs, variety meat - edible viscera of a butchered animal
beef tongue - the tongue of a cow eaten as meat
calf's tongue - the tongue of a calf eaten as meat
7.tongue - the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boottongue - the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot
boot - footwear that covers the whole foot and lower leg
flap - any broad thin and limber covering attached at one edge; hangs loose or projects freely; "he wrote on the flap of the envelope"
shoe - footwear shaped to fit the foot (below the ankle) with a flexible upper of leather or plastic and a sole and heel of heavier material
8.tongue - metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the sidetongue - metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side
bell - a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck
striker - the part of a mechanical device that strikes something
Verb1.tongue - articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instrumentstongue - articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments
music - musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); "his music was his central interest"
music - (music) the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments (or reproductions of such sounds)
spiel, play - replay (as a melody); "Play it again, Sam"; "She played the third movement very beautifully"
double tongue, triple-tongue - play fast notes on a wind instrument
2.tongue - lick or explore with the tonguetongue - lick or explore with the tongue  
lap, lick - pass the tongue over; "the dog licked her hand"

tongue

noun
1. language, speech, vernacular, talk, dialect, idiom, parlance, lingo (informal), patois, argot They feel passionately about their native tongue.
2. utterance, voice, speech, articulation, verbal expression her sharp wit and quick tongue
Related words
technical name lingua
adjectives lingual, glottal

tongue

noun
A system of terms used by a people sharing a history and culture:
Linguistics: langue.
Translations
شَيْء على شَكْل لِسانلسانلِسانلِسَانلُغَه
език
jazyk
tungemodersmålsprog
lango
keel
زبان
kieliiltti
jezik
nyelv
lidah
tungatungumál
lingua
liežuvis
mēlevaloda
limbă
jazyk
jezik
tungaplös
ลิ้น
cái lưỡilưỡi

tongue

[tʌŋ]
A. N
1. (Anat, Culin) → lengua f
to put or stick one's tongue out (at sb)sacar la lengua (a algn)
she has a quick/nasty tongue (fig) → tiene mucha labia/una lengua viperina
with (one's) tongue in (one's) cheekirónicamente, burla burlando
to say sth tongue in cheekdecir algo en tono de burla
to keep a civil tongue in one's headmoderar las palabras or el lenguaje
to get one's tongue around sth I can't get my tongue round these Latin namesestos nombres latinos resultan impronunciables
to find one's tongue so you've found your tongue?¿así que estás dispuesto por fin a hablar?
to give tongue [hounds] → empezar a ladrar
to hold one's tonguecallarse
hold your tongue!¡cállate la boca!
to loosen sb's tonguehacer hablar a algn
wine loosens the tongueel vino suelta la lengua
to lose one's tongue have you lost your tongue?¿te has tragado la lengua?
to trip or roll off the tongue the formula came tripping or rolling off his/her tonguepronunció la fórmula con la mayor facilidad
it doesn't exactly trip off the tongueno se puede decir que sea fácil de pronunciar
2. [of shoe] → lengüeta f; [of bell] → badajo m (fig) [of flame, land] → lengua f
3. (= language) → lengua f, idioma m
in the German tongueen alemán, en la lengua alemana
to speak in tongues (Rel) → hablar en lenguas desconocidas
B. CPD tongue twister Ntrabalenguas m inv

tongue

[ˈtʌŋ]
n
(= part of body) → langue f
to stick out one's tongue → tirer sa langue
(= language) → langue f
English is not her native tongue → L'anglais n'est pas sa langue natale.
to say sth tongue in cheek → dire qch sur un ton pince-sans-rire
Were they written tongue-in-cheek? → Ont-ils été écrits sur le ton de l'ironie?
to hold your tongue → tenir sa langue
a slip of the tongue → un lapsustongue-in-cheek [ˈtʌŋˈɪnˈtʃiːk] adj [humour] → pince-sans-rire invtongue-lashing tongue lashing [ˈtʌŋlæʃɪŋ] n
to give sb a tongue-lashing → houspiller qntongue-tied [ˈtʌŋtaɪd] adj (= shy) → muet(te)tongue twister nvirelangue m, vire-langue m

tongue

n
Zunge f; to put or stick one’s tongue out at somebodyjdm die Zunge herausstrecken; to lose/find one’s tongue (fig)die Sprache verlieren/wiederfinden; to hold one’s tongueden Mund halten; to have a ready tongueschlagfertig sein, nicht auf den Mund gefallen sein; to have a sharp tongueeine scharfe Zunge haben; keep a civil tongue in your head!werden Sie nicht ausfallend!; I can’t get my tongue round itdabei breche ich mir fast die Zunge ab ? slip, tip, tongue-in-cheek
(liter: = language) → Sprache f; (old Bibl) → Zunge f; the gift of tongues (Bibl) → die Gabe, in fremden Zungen zu reden
(of shoe)Zunge f, → Lasche f; (of bell)Klöppel m; (of land)(Land)zunge f; (of wood)Spund m, → Zapfen m; a tongue of fire licked the buildingeine Flamme züngelte an dem Gebäude empor
vt (Mus) note(mit der Zunge) stoßen

tongue

:
tongue-and-groove joint
nAnschlitzzunge f, → Spundung f
tongue-in-cheek
adj attr, tongue in cheek1 adj pred humour, approachironisch; remarkironisch gemeint
tongue in cheek2
tongue-lashing
n to give somebody a tonguejdm gehörig die Meinung sagen; to get a tonguegehörig die Meinung gesagt bekommen
tongue-tied
adj to be tonguekeinen Ton herausbringen; she sat there tonguesie saß da und brachte keinen Ton heraus
tongue twister

tongue

[tʌŋ] n
a. (gen) → lingua; (of shoe) → linguetta; (of bell) → battaglio
have you lost your tongue? → hai perso la lingua?
hold your tongue! → chiudi quella bocca!
to put out one's tongue (at sb) → mostrare la lingua (a qn)
to say sth tongue in cheek (fig) → dire qc ironicamente
I can't get my tongue round it (fig) → non riesco a pronunziarlo
b. (frm, liter) (language) → lingua

tongue

(taŋ) noun
1. the fleshy organ inside the mouth, used in tasting, swallowing, speaking etc. The doctor looked at her tongue.
2. the tongue of an animal used as food.
3. something with the same shape as a tongue. a tongue of flame.
4. a language. English is his mother-tongue / native tongue; a foreign tongue.

tongue

لِسَان jazyk tunge Zunge γλώσσα lengua kieli langue jezik lingua tong tunge język língua язык tunga ลิ้น dil cái lưỡi 舌头

tongue

n. lengua;
black hairy ______ negra velluda, lengua infectada de hongos parásitos;
dry ______ seca;
geographic ______ geográfica;
red ______ roja o enrojecida;
sticky ______ pegajosa;
___ depressordepresor de ___.

tongue

n lengua; — depressor o blade depresor m (de lengua), bajalenguas m, abatelenguas m (Mex), paleta (fam)
References in classic literature ?
It was on the tip of Jo's tongue to ask, but she checked herself in time and, with unusual tact, tried to find out in a round-about way.
She had few friends and bore a reputation of having a sharp tongue.
Alligator," explained Jacinto succinctly, in their tongue.
I pricked up my ears, for it was positively the first time I had ever heard a foreign tongue.
Even your traditions make the case in my favor, Chingachgook," he said, speaking in the tongue which was known to all the natives who formerly inhabited the country between the Hudson and the Potomac, and of which we shall give a free translation for the benefit of the reader; endeavoring, at the same time, to preserve some of the peculiarities, both of the individual and of the language.
One voyager in Purchas calls them the wondrous whiskers inside of the whale's mouth; another, hogs' bristles; a third old gentleman in Hackluyt uses the following elegant language: There are about two hundred and fifty fins growing on each side of his upper chop, which arch over his tongue on each side of his mouth.
My dear Brother-in-Law, - Please let me write again in Spanish, I cannot trust my English, and I am aware, from what your brother used to say, that army officers educated at the Military Academy of the United States are taught our tongue.
Very well; if you tell a German to send your trunk to you by "slow freight," he takes you at your word; he sends it by "slow freight," and you cannot imagine how long you will go on enlarging your admiration of the expressiveness of that phrase in the German tongue, before you get that trunk.
The fear of losing Joe's confidence, and of thenceforth sitting in the chimney-corner at night staring drearily at my for ever lost companion and friend, tied up my tongue.
And then she would sit on my knee, and we would translate Catullus together,--into English kisses; for she was curiously interested in the learned tongue.
yea,' and a culprit is well off when life or death with him depends on his own tongue and not on that of witnesses or evidence; and to my thinking they are not very far out.
You believe in a palace of crystal that can never be destroyed--a palace at which one will not be able to put out one's tongue or make a long nose on the sly.