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The language or speech of a particular place, such as a country, region, village, or valley, especially:
a. Any of the Sinitic languages, such as Mandarin or Cantonese.
b. Any of the regional and local varieties of one of the Sinitic languages, such one of the dialects of Mandarin.

[topo- + (dia)lect (translation of Chinese (Mandarin) fāngyán, regional speech : fāng, place + yán, language).]

top′o·lec′tal adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
6) The meaning is better captured with the term topolect, referring to language groups (Sinitic or otherwise) by topographic distribution.
The students also use contrastive analyses of different Chinese language varieties, alluding to how Fuzhouhua and other topolects preserve classical Chinese sounds better than Mandarin.
In this regard, it is instructive to observe that the romanized form of writing in Southern Min topolect is commonly called Minnan baihua, referring specifically to written language and not spoken Minnan.