town


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Related to town: Towngas

town

 (toun)
n.
1.
a. A population center that is larger than a village and smaller than a city.
b. A territorial and political unit governed by a town meeting, especially in New England.
c. Informal A city: New York is a big town.
d. Chiefly British A rural village that has a market or fair periodically.
e. The residents of a town: The whole town was upset at the news.
2. An area that is more densely populated or developed than the surrounding area: going into town to shop.
3. The residents of a community in which a university or college is located, as opposed to the students and faculty: a dispute pitting town against gown.
4. A group of prairie dog burrows.
Idiom:
on the town Informal
In spirited pursuit of the entertainment offered by a town or city.

[Middle English, from Old English tūn, enclosed place, village; see dheuə- in Indo-European roots.]

town

(taʊn)
n
1. (Human Geography)
a. a densely populated urban area, typically smaller than a city and larger than a village, having some local powers of government and a fixed boundary
b. (as modifier): town life. urban
2. (Human Geography) a city, borough, or other urban area
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the US) a territorial unit of local government that is smaller than a county; township
4. (Human Geography) the nearest town or commercial district
5. (Human Geography) London or the chief city of an area
6. (Human Geography) the inhabitants of a town
7. the permanent residents of a university town as opposed to the university staff and students. Compare gown3
8. go to town
a. to make a supreme or unrestricted effort; go all out
b. Austral and NZ informal to lose one's temper
9. on the town seeking out entertainments and amusements
[Old English tūn village; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse tūn, Old High German zūn fence, Old Irish dūn]
ˈtownish adj
ˈtownless adj

town

(taʊn)

n.
1. a thickly populated area, usu. smaller than a city and larger than a village, having fixed boundaries and certain local powers of government.
2. a densely populated area of considerable size, as a city or borough.
3. (esp. in New England) a municipal corporation with less elaborate organization and powers than a city.
4. (in most U.S. states except those of New England) a township.
5. the inhabitants of a town; townspeople; citizenry.
6. the particular town or city in mind or referred to: to be out of town.
7. the main business or shopping area in a town or city; downtown.
8. Brit. a village or hamlet in which a periodic market or fair is held.
adj.
9. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a town.
Idioms:
1. go to town, Informal.
a. to accomplish something with great speed and efficiency.
b. to indulge oneself in a fling or binge.
2. on the town, Informal. in quest of entertainment in a city's nightclubs, bars, etc.; out to have a good time.
[before 900; Middle English toun, tun, Old English tūn enclosure, farmstead, village, c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Old Norse tūn, Old High German zūn enclosure, fence, Old Irish dún fort]

Town

 the inhabitants of a town; a nest of penguins, 1839; a group of burrows of the prairie dog, 1808.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.town - an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a citytown - an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city; "they drive through town on their way to work"
city limit, city limits - the limits of the area occupied by a city or town
municipality - an urban district having corporate status and powers of self-government
burg - colloquial American term for a town; "I've lived in this burg all my life"
boom town - a town enjoying sudden prosperity
cow town, cowtown - a small town in a cattle-raising area of western North America
ghost town - a deserted settlement (especially in western United States)
hometown - the town (or city) where you grew up or where you have your principal residence; "he never went back to his hometown again"
Main Street - any small town (or the people who inhabit it); generally used to represent parochialism and materialism (after a novel by Sinclair Lewis); "Main Street will never vote for a liberal politician"
market town - a (usually small) town where a public market is held at stated times
2.town - the people living in a municipality smaller than a citytown - the people living in a municipality smaller than a city; "the whole town cheered the team"
municipality - people living in a town or city having local self-government
borough - an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament
3.town - an administrative division of a countytown - an administrative division of a county; "the town is responsible for snow removal"
administrative district, administrative division, territorial division - a district defined for administrative purposes
4.Town - United States architect who was noted for his design and construction of truss bridges (1784-1844)
architect, designer - someone who creates plans to be used in making something (such as buildings)

town

noun city, settlement, municipality, dorp (S. African) The town is under indefinite curfew.
Related words
adjectives oppidan, urban
Quotations
"God made the country, and man made the town" [William Cowper The Task]

town

noun
Informal. A large and important town:
Informal: burg.
Translations
المَدينَهبَلْدَةسُكّان المَدينَهمَدينَه
град
ciutat
město
bybyen
urbo
linn
kaupunkikuntapikkukaupunki
grad
városvárosi lakosság
bærbær, bæjarbúarkaupstaîur, bær
まち
도시
oppidum
miesto centrasmiesto gyventojainertis iš kailionieko negailėti
pilsētapilsētas iedzīvotāji
oraş
mesto
mesto
варошград
stadtätort
mji
เขตเมือง
thị trấntỉnh

town

[taʊn]
A. Nciudad f; (smaller) → pueblo m, población f
town and gown (Univ) → ciudadanos mpl y universitarios, ciudad f y universidad
to live in a townvivir en una ciudad
Jake's back in town!¡ha vuelto Jake!
to be out of town [place] → estar fuera de la ciudad; [person] → estar de viaje
he's from out of town (US) → es forastero, no es de aquí
to go into townir al centro
to go out on the townsalir de juerga or de parranda
to go to town (on sth)dedicarse con entusiasmo (a algo), no cortarse nada (con algo); (spending) → no reparar en gastos (con algo)
see also paint B2
B. CPD town centre, town center (US) Ncentro m urbano
town clerk Nsecretario/a m/f del ayuntamiento
town council Nayuntamiento m
town councillor Nconcejal(a) m/f
town crier Npregonero m público
town dweller Nhabitante mf de la ciudad
town hall Nayuntamiento m, municipalidad f
town house Ncasa f adosada; (= not country) → residencia f urbana
town meeting N (US) → pleno m municipal
town plan Nplan m de desarrollo urbano
town planner N (Brit) → urbanista mf
town planning N (Brit) → urbanismo m

town

[ˈtaʊn]
nville f
to go to town, to go into town → aller en ville
in town → en ville
I had lunch in town → J'ai déjeuné en ville.
They're new in town
BUT Ce sont de nouveaux arrivants.
to be out of town [person] → être en déplacement
to leave town → quitter la ville
to go to town (fig) (= do enthusiastically) → y aller de bon cœur
a man about town → un homme du monde
a woman about town → une femme du monde
to go out on the town → faire une virée en ville
a night out on the town → une virée en villetown centre ncentre-ville mtown clerk nsecrétaire mf de mairietown council nconseil m municipaltown councillor n (British)conseiller/ère m/f municipal(e)town crier n (British)crieur m publictown hall nmairie f, hôtel m de villetown house n
(= tall house) → maison f en rangée
(= person's city residence) → maison f de ville

town

n
Stadt f; the town of Brighton(die Stadt) Brighton; to go into or down townin die Stadt gehen; to live in townin der Stadt wohnen; guess who’s in town?raten Sie mal, wer zurzeit hier (in der Stadt) ist?; he’s out of towner ist nicht in der Stadt, er ist außerhalb; town and gown (Univ) → (die) Bevölkerung und (die) Studenten; to have a night on the town (inf)die Nacht durchmachen; you didn’t know? but it’s all over towndu hattest keine Ahnung? das ist doch stadtbekannt; it’s all over town now that he has …es hat sich herumgesprochen, dass er …; to go to town on something (fig inf: = go to great trouble with) → sich (dat)bei etw einen abbrechen (inf); (to please) → sich bei etw ins Zeug legen; (= exaggerate)etw übertreiben; you’ve really gone to town on this essaybei diesem Aufsatz sind Sie wirklich ins Detail gegangen; John’s really gone to town on his new houseJohn hat bei seinem neuen Haus wirklich keine Kosten gescheut
(Brit: = London) → London nt; to go up to townnach London gehen or fahren; he is out of towner ist nicht in London

town

:
town centre, (US) town center
nStadtmitte f, → (Stadt)zentrum nt, → Stadtinnere(s) nt
town clerk
nStadtdirektor(in) m(f), → Stadtschreiber(in) m(f) (old, Sw); (of bigger town)Oberstadtdirektor(in) m(f)
town council
nStadtrat m
town councillor, (US) town councilor
nStadtrat m, → Stadträtin f
town crier
n (Hist) → Ausrufer(in) m(f)
town dweller
n (Brit) → Städter(in) m(f), → Stadtbewohner(in) m(f)

town

:
town gas
nStadtgas nt
town hall
nRathaus nt
town house
nStadthaus nt, → Haus ntin der Stadt; (= type of house)Reihenhaus nt

town

:
town life
nStadtleben nt, → Leben ntin der Stadt
town meeting
n (US Pol) → Gemeindeversammlung f
town planner
nStadt- or Städteplaner(in) m(f)
town planning
townscape
nStadtbild nt, → Stadtlandschaft f; (Art) → Stadtansicht f

town

[taʊn]
1. ncittà f inv
to live in a town → vivere in città
to be out of town → essere fuori città
in (the) town → in città
to go (in) to town → andare in città or in centro
to go out on the town (fam) → uscire a far baldoria
to go to town on sth (fig) (fam) → fare qc in grande
2. adj (centre) → della città; (life) → di città; (house) → in città

town

(taun) noun
1. a group of houses, shops, schools etc, that is bigger than a village but smaller than a city. I'm going into town to buy a dress; He's in town doing some shopping.
2. the people who live in such a group of houses etc. The whole town turned out to greet the heroes.
3. towns in general as opposed to the countryside. Do you live in the country or the town?
town centre
the main shopping and business area of a town. You can get a bus from the town centre.
town hall
the building in which the official business of a town is done.
ˈtownsfolk, ˈtownspeople noun plural
the people living in a town.
go to town
to do something very thoroughly or with great enthusiasm or expense. He really went to town on (preparing) the meal.

town

بَلْدَة město by Stadt πόλη población pikkukaupunki ville grad città 도시 stad by miasto cidade город stad เขตเมือง şehir thị trấn 城镇
References in classic literature ?
Once there, she composed herself, hailed a passing omnibus, and rolled away to town, looking very merry and mysterious.
UPON THE HALF decayed veranda of a small frame house that stood near the edge of a ravine near the town of Winesburg, Ohio, a fat little old man walked nervously up and down.
Damon, living in a neighboring town, was a frequent visitor in the Swift home.
We agreed that no one who had not grown up in a little prairie town could know anything about it.
If I had been astonished at first catching a glimpse of so outlandish an individual as Queequeg circulating among the polite society of a civilized town, that astonishment soon departed upon taking my first daylight stroll through the streets of New Bedford.
He enjoyed the feeling which he was exciting, and paraded the town serene and happy all day; but the young fellows set a tailor to work that night, and when Tom started out on his parade next morning, he found the old deformed Negro bell ringer straddling along in his wake tricked out in a flamboyant curtain-calico exaggeration of his finery, and imitating his fancy Eastern graces as well as he could.
It came from town, and is merely a letter of business.
To my old country--to the town where I was born--up Lantern Yard.
So I was up and out of the town while as yet most of the inhabitants were in the throes of getting up.
He lived in a little town called, Puddleby- on-the-Marsh.
We passed through one of the town gates, and went about three miles into the country, where I saw many labourers working with several sorts of tools in the ground, but was not able to conjecture what they were about: neither did observe any expectation either of corn or grass, although the soil appeared to be excellent.
To which Sancho replied, "Senor, there's nothing to stick at in that, for maybe the regidors who brayed then came to he alcaldes of their town afterwards, and so they may go by both titles; moreover, it has nothing to do with the truth of the story whether the brayers were alcaldes or regidors, provided at any rate they did bray; for an alcalde is just as likely to bray as a regidor.