toxin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to toxin: bacterial toxin

tox·in

 (tŏk′sĭn)
n.
1. A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
2. A poisonous or harmful nonbiological substance, such as a pollutant.

toxin

(ˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Pathology) any of various poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that stimulate the production of neutralizing substances (antitoxins) in the body. See also endotoxin, exotoxin
2. (Biology) any other poisonous substance of plant or animal origin

tox•in

(ˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
any poison produced by an organism, including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.
[1885–90; tox (ic) + -in1]
syn: See poison.

tox·in

(tŏk′sĭn)
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products of ordinary metabolism (such as lactic acid), can be produced to kill or immobilize prey (such as the toxins in snake venom), or can be produced for self-defense (such as the cyanide produced by several plants). Toxins produced by bacteria cause disease.

toxin

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal speciestoxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
ricin, ricin toxin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon; "one milligram of ricin can kill an adult"
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
animal toxin, zootoxin - a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
hepatotoxin - any toxin that affects the liver
nephrotoxin - any toxin that affects the kidneys
neurolysin, neurotoxin - any toxin that affects neural tissues
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin

toxin

noun poison, venom Tests showed increased levels of toxins in fish.

toxin

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
méreg
toxin

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] Ntoxina f

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntoxine f

toxin

nGiftstoff m, → Toxin nt

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntossina

tox·in

n. toxina, veneno, sustancia nociva de origen animal o vegetal;
bacterial ______ bacteriana.

toxin

n toxina
References in periodicals archive ?
USDA-ARS scientists have developed a simple inexpensive system for detecting biologically active Shiga toxin, a product of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7.
para]]NEW YORK, June 18, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Botulinum Toxin in US$ Million by the following Segments: Cosmetic Applications, and Therapeutic Applications.
Not every single toxin will be affected, but many toxins will," says Dmitri Kudryashov, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Ohio State University, Columbus, and senior author of the study.
Washington, Dec 02 ( ANI ): A new study has revealed that nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore-forming toxin produced by MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin.
Thirty abalone samples collected from 2 sites, Geumdang and Chungdo on the southwest coast of Korea, were submitted for toxin analysis.
The toxins are pro-inflammatory enterotoxins, but toxin B is a more potent cytotoxin.
The study was undertaken to elucidate the machanisms by which the novel toxin from V.
A damaged can could become contaminated, and, in the dark and warmth of your kitchen cupboard, the microbe could flourish--producing the deadly toxin.
Understanding the mechanisms and pathways that toxins use is "of fundamental importance," comments Giampietro Schiavo, of Cancer Research UK in London, who studies a related toxin that causes tetanus and also travels in the body via nerve cells.
This strain is classified as ribotype 027, toxinotype III, and possesses genes encoding toxins A, B, and CDT (binary toxin) as well as a deletion in the tcdC gene, which is believed to increase virulence (2).
To study airborne toxin exposure in a more controlled setting, the research team used a sheep model of asthma.
Attached to these films are toxin or antitoxin antibody molecules.