toxin


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Related to toxin: bacterial toxin

tox·in

 (tŏk′sĭn)
n.
1. A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
2. A poisonous or harmful nonbiological substance, such as a pollutant.

toxin

(ˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Pathology) any of various poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that stimulate the production of neutralizing substances (antitoxins) in the body. See also endotoxin, exotoxin
2. (Biology) any other poisonous substance of plant or animal origin

tox•in

(ˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
any poison produced by an organism, including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.
[1885–90; tox (ic) + -in1]
syn: See poison.

tox·in

(tŏk′sĭn)
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products of ordinary metabolism (such as lactic acid), can be produced to kill or immobilize prey (such as the toxins in snake venom), or can be produced for self-defense (such as the cyanide produced by several plants). Toxins produced by bacteria cause disease.

toxin

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal speciestoxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
ricin, ricin toxin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon; "one milligram of ricin can kill an adult"
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
animal toxin, zootoxin - a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
hepatotoxin - any toxin that affects the liver
nephrotoxin - any toxin that affects the kidneys
neurolysin, neurotoxin - any toxin that affects neural tissues
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin

toxin

noun poison, venom Tests showed increased levels of toxins in fish.

toxin

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
méreg
toxin

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] Ntoxina f

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntoxine f

toxin

nGiftstoff m, → Toxin nt

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntossina

tox·in

n. toxina, veneno, sustancia nociva de origen animal o vegetal;
bacterial ______ bacteriana.

toxin

n toxina
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A toxin much like the one that causes botulism has unexpectedly turned up in a completely different type of bacteria - Enterococcus.
The section on botulism toxin contains serious errors.
Toxin detection may help identify patients who would benefit from antibiotic treatment and could lower the unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Other tests are available, but they can't distinguish between active toxin, which poses a threat to public health, and inactive toxin, which does not do so.
Summary: The reaction dynamics of Cry1Ab toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis with sodium, calcium and lead ions was studied by fluorescence quenching technique.
For 2016, Darton is introducing a whole new TOXIN series of crossbows, each featuring Darton's compact, bullpup tactical stock, an off-hand guard, a dry-fire prevention system, a trackless aluminum barrel and patented barrel dampener and suppressor.
USDA-ARS scientists have developed a simple inexpensive system for detecting biologically active Shiga toxin, a product of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7.
Not every single toxin will be affected, but many toxins will," says Dmitri Kudryashov, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Ohio State University, Columbus, and senior author of the study.
Cytotoxins are deadly to all cells, but since the late 1990s, researchers have been able to tag toxins in such a way that they only enter cancer cells with specific surface molecules; making it possible to get a toxin into a cancer cell without posing a risk to normal cells.
Shah's stem cells escape this fate because they arc made with a mutation that doesn't allow the toxin to act inside the cell.
Washington, Dec 02 ( ANI ): A new study has revealed that nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore-forming toxin produced by MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin.
Thirty abalone samples collected from 2 sites, Geumdang and Chungdo on the southwest coast of Korea, were submitted for toxin analysis.