trapezium


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trapezium

tra·pe·zi·um

 (trə-pē′zē-əm)
n. pl. tra·pe·zi·ums or tra·pe·zi·a (-zē-ə)
1. Mathematics
a. A quadrilateral having no parallel sides.
b. Chiefly British A trapezoid.
2. Anatomy A bone in the wrist at the base of the thumb.

[Originally, a quadrilateral with two parallel sides (later confused with trapezoid, originally, a quadrilateral having no parallel sides), from Modern Latin trapezium, a quadrilateral with two parallel sides, from Late Greek trapezion, from Greek, diminutive of trapeza, table : tra-, four; see kwetwer- in Indo-European roots + peza, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

trapezium

(trəˈpiːzɪəm)
n, pl -ziums or -zia (-zɪə)
1. (Mathematics) chiefly Brit a quadrilateral having two parallel sides of unequal length. Usual US and Canadian name: trapezoid
2. (Mathematics) chiefly US and Canadian a quadrilateral having neither pair of sides parallel
3. (Anatomy) a small bone of the wrist near the base of the thumb
[C16: via Late Latin from Greek trapezion, from trapeza table]
traˈpezial adj

tra•pe•zi•um

(trəˈpi zi əm)

n., pl. -zi•ums, -zi•a (-zi ə)
1.
a. (in Euclidean geometry) any rectilinear quadrilateral plane figure not a parallelogram.
b. a quadrilateral plane figure of which no two sides are parallel.
2. the mammalian wrist bone that articulates with the metacarpal of the first digit or thumb.
[1545–55; < New Latin < Greek trapézion kind of quadrilateral, literally, small table, diminutive of trápeza table, shortening of *tetrapeza=tetra- four + -peza foot, akin to poús; see tetra-, foot]
tra•pe′zi•al, adj.

tra·pe·zi·um

(trə-pē′zē-əm)
A four-sided figure having no parallel sides.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trapezium - a quadrilateral with no parallel sidestrapezium - a quadrilateral with no parallel sides
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
quadrangle, quadrilateral, tetragon - a four-sided polygon
parallelogram - a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are both parallel and equal in length
2.trapezium - a multiple star in the constellation of OrionTrapezium - a multiple star in the constellation of Orion
multiple star - a system of three or more stars associated by gravity
3.trapezium - the wrist bone on the thumb side of the hand that articulates with the 1st and 2nd metacarpalstrapezium - the wrist bone on the thumb side of the hand that articulates with the 1st and 2nd metacarpals
carpal, carpal bone, wrist bone - any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
Translations

trapezium

[trəˈpiːzɪəm] N (trapeziums, trapezia (pl)) [trəˈpiːzɪə] (Math) → trapecio m

trapezium

n (Brit) → Trapez nt; (US) → Trapezoid nt

trapezium

[trəˈpiːzɪəm] n (Geom) → trapezio
References in classic literature ?
Let the reader picture to himself a series of visages presenting successively all geometrical forms, from the triangle to the trapezium, from the cone to the polyhedron; all human expressions, from wrath to lewdness; all ages, from the wrinkles of the new-born babe to the wrinkles of the aged and dying; all religious phantasmagories, from Faun to Beelzebub; all animal profiles, from the maw to the beak, from the jowl to the muzzle.
In which joint of the human body would you find the trapezium bone?
Our first use of Kerto LVL was made up of large trapezium profiles, which we cut into pieces to let light into the building.
Dist, Area, Volume, Min/Max, Smart Horizontal Mode, Triangle Function, High Profile, Height Tracking, Height Profile Measurement, Pythagoras Function, Trapezium Function, Smart Mobile App, Ip65 Protection.
Pole production process: A full-automated line starts from de-coiling cut to length, trapezium shearing, CNC bending, automatic submerge arc welding lines with thanks to the robotic handling system, which assures the high accuracy and the optimum production efficiency.
A The miner's safety lamp B The penny-farthing bicycle C The dry dock D The method of making bone china QUESTION 11 - for 11 points: Where in the human body is the trapezium bone?
The use of the word trapezium further confuses the situation.
The Supreme Court in December 1996 had put a ban on use of coal and coke in the Taj Trapezium Zone which comprises of 40 protected monuments, including the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
9) Typical areas include the scaphoid, the tubercle of trapezium (radial-sided pain), the hook of the hamate (ulnar/volarsided pain) and the distal radius.
For transmission electron microscopy (TEM), samples from the plane perpendicular to the injection flow direction were trimmed into trapezium shape and then cut at thickness of 40-50 nm at room temperature, using a Ultracut UCT ultramicrotome, Leica, equipped with a diamond knife.
A Anun B A horse C A knight in armour D A falconer QUESTION 9 - for 9 points: How many sides does a trapezium have?
The testers come standard with the firm's Trapezium X or Trapezium Lite X software to gather and display data for users in real time.