trauma

(redirected from traumas)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to traumas: traumatic

trau·ma

 (trô′mə, trou′-)
n. pl. trau·mas or trau·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
1.
a. Serious injury to the body, as from physical violence or an accident: abdominal trauma.
b. Severe emotional or mental distress caused by an experience: He experienced trauma for years after his divorce.
2.
a. An experience that causes severe anxiety or emotional distress, such as rape or combat: memories that persist after a trauma occurs.
b. An event or situation that causes great disruption or suffering: the economic trauma of the recession.

[Greek; see terə- in Indo-European roots.]

trau·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.
trau·mat′i·cal·ly adv.

trauma

(ˈtrɔːmə)
n, pl -mata (-mətə) or -mas
1. (Psychology) psychol a powerful shock that may have long-lasting effects
2. (Pathology) pathol any bodily injury or wound
[C18: from Greek: a wound]
traumatic adj
trauˈmatically adv

trau•ma

(ˈtraʊ mə, ˈtrɔ-)

n., pl. -mas, -ma•ta (-mə tə)
1.
a. a body wound or shock produced by physical injury, as from an accident.
b. the condition produced by this.
2. Psychiatry. psychological shock or severe distress from experiencing a disastrous event outside the range of usual experience, as rape or military combat.
3. any wrenching or distressing experience, esp. one causing a disturbance in normal functioning.
[1685–95; < Greek traûma wound]
trau•mat•ic (trəˈmæt ɪk, trɔ-, traʊ-) adj.
trau•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness - a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
brain damage - injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.
birth trauma - physical injury to an infant during the birth process
blast trauma - injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)
bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage - the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
blunt trauma - injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car)
bruise, contusion - an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
bump - a lump on the body caused by a blow
burn - an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
dislocation - a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
electric shock - trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
fracture, break - breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
cryopathy, frostbite - destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
intravasation - entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
penetrating injury, penetrating trauma - injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
pinch - an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed
rupture - state of being torn or burst open
insect bite, sting, bite - a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
strain - injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
whiplash, whiplash injury - an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)
wale, weal, welt, wheal - a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
wound, lesion - an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
wrench, pull, twist - a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments; "the wrench to his knee occurred as he fell"; "he was sidelined with a hamstring pull"
2.trauma - an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effectstrauma - an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects
birth trauma - emotional injury inflicted on an infant by events incident to birth that is alleged to appear in symbolic form in patients with mental illness
mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state - (psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic; "a manic state"

trauma

noun
1. shock, suffering, worry, pain, stress, upset, strain, torture, distress, misery, disturbance, ordeal, anguish, upheaval, jolt I'd been through the trauma of losing a house.
2. injury, damage, hurt, wound, agony spinal trauma

trauma

noun
1. Marked tissue damage, especially when produced by physical injury:
2. Psychiatry. Something that jars the mind or emotions:
Translations
traumavamma

trauma

[ˈtrɔːmə]
A. N (traumas, traumata (pl)) [ˈtrɔːmətə]
1. (Psych) → trauma m
2. (Med) → traumatismo m, trauma m
B. CPD trauma centre, trauma center (US) Ndepartamento m (hospitalario) de urgencias

trauma

[ˈtrɔːmə] ntraumatisme m

trauma

n (Psych) → Trauma nt, → seelischer Schock

trauma

[ˈtrɔːmə] ntrauma m

trau·ma

1. n. trauma, estado psicológico;
2. traumatismo, si se refiere a una condición física.

trauma

n (physical) trauma m, traumatismo; (psych) trauma m
References in periodicals archive ?
Many believe that, in addition to the cumulative and serious nature of repetitive interpersonal traumas themselves, this betrayal of trust will result in irreparable psychological damage.
She challenges the idea that clients with posttraumatic stress disorder must revisit and process their memories to recover from their traumas and details expanded methods for healing, then discusses the autonomous nervous system and its regulation, sensory stabilization, trauma treatment planning, and tools and interventions for stabilizing and healing trauma, utilizing good memories, making the processing of trauma memories easier and safer, and using mindfulness, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and yoga.
7% were exposed to one or more Criterion A traumas.
Single-incident trauma does not cover the complex, continuing, and multiple traumas an individual might experience (Cohen, Mannarino, Kliethermes, & Murray 2012; Kira, 2010).
Craps contradicts Eaglestone's view that the future of trauma theory can be found by investigating it through its deconstructive history and instead sees "breaking with Eurocentrism" by "acknowledging the traumas of non-Westem or minority populations for their own sake" and "on their own terms" as central (48).
Major traumas are the biggest cause of death in children and adults under the age of 40.
In addition to the personal traumas people experience in their own lives (child abuse, domestic abuse, etc.
He rightly argues that for certain traumas, a surgeon may not be needed immediately.
Divided into three major sections covering Adult Traumas, Childhood Traumas, and Trauma in the Mentally Ill, Emotional First Aid Manual is equally valuable to lay citizens and to individuals considering fields of work that involve regular interaction with aggrieved individuals (such as the funerary business or credit counseling).
To be responsible is to realize how little we know, to be willing to disrupt political fantasies about our 9/11 trauma being so much more dramatic and meaningful than other ongoing traumas, to inquire as to alternatives to industries of trauma.
During traumas, people's brains respond with a survival mechanism of "fight or flight," which hinders higher-order reasoning (Schwarz & Perry, 1994).
4) Most often, a combination of these symptoms emerges--frequently worsening and compounding as multiple traumas occur over time.