Certain mannerisms recurred - icy harmonics, juddering sul ponticello tremolandi
- but more striking was the way the small form intensified each composer's individuality.
Those special effects of pizzicato, tremolandi
, harmonics and an array of others were present and correct.
The music gradually accelerates, climaxing in a furious outburst of sixteenth notes and tremolandi
, before subsiding and returning to the opening material.
Spontaneously, Elgar set these words to music, a dramatic phrase involving a descending minor ninth over excitable tremolandi
in the accompaniment, with i a crashing downward flourish.
For the experimental textures of the three sonatas of the Opus 31 set, Schiff plumped for the perfectly proportioned dynamics and pedal colours of a BUsendorfer, an ideal vehicle to reveal how, with their cross-hand techniques, use of tremolandi
and recourse to operatic devices, these powerful works push the resources of Beethoven's contemporary piano to their limits and beyond.