trial


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

tri·al

 (trī′əl, trīl)
n.
1. Law
a. A proceeding in which opposing parties in a dispute present evidence and make arguments on the application of the law before a judge or jury: The case is expected to go to trial.
b. An instance of such a proceeding: the trial of Socrates.
2.
a. The act or process of testing, trying, or putting to the proof: a trial of one's faith.
b. An instance of such testing, especially as part of a series of tests or experiments: a clinical trial of a drug.
3. An effort or attempt: succeeded on the third trial.
4. A state of pain or anguish that tests patience, endurance, or belief: "the fiery trial through which we pass" (Abraham Lincoln).
5. A trying, troublesome, or annoying person or thing: The child was a trial to his parents.
6. A preliminary competition or test to determine qualifications, as in a sport.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or used in a trial.
2. Attempted or advanced on a provisional or experimental basis: a married couple on a trial separation.
3. Made or done in the course of a trial or test.
Idioms:
on trial
In the process of being tried, as in a court of law.
trial by fire
A test of one's abilities, especially the ability to perform well under pressure.

[Middle English triall, a testing, from Anglo-Norman trial, from trier, to pick out, try, from Old French trier, to pick out, separate out; see try.]
Synonyms: trial, affliction, crucible, ordeal, tribulation
These nouns denote distress or suffering that severely tests resiliency and character: no consolation in their hour of trial; the affliction of a bereaved family; the crucible of revolution; the ordeal of being an innocent murder suspect; a time of relentless tribulation. See Also Synonyms at burden.

trial

(ˈtraɪəl; traɪl)
n
1.
a. the act or an instance of trying or proving; test or experiment
b. (as modifier): a trial run.
2. (Law) law
a. the judicial examination of the issues in a civil or criminal cause by a competent tribunal and the determination of these issues in accordance with the law of the land
b. the determination of an accused person's guilt or innocence after hearing evidence for the prosecution and for the accused and the judicial examination of the issues involved
c. (as modifier): trial proceedings.
3. an effort or attempt to do something: we had three trials at the climb.
4. trouble or grief
5. an annoying or frustrating person or thing
6. (often plural) a competition for individuals: sheepdog trials.
7. (Individual Sports, other than specified) a motorcycling competition in which the skills of the riders are tested over rough ground
8. (Ceramics) ceramics a piece of sample material used for testing the heat of a kiln and its effects
9. (Law) undergoing trial, esp before a court of law
10. being tested, as before a commitment to purchase
vb, trials, trialling or trialled
(tr) to test or make experimental use of (something): the idea has been trialled in several schools.
[C16: from Anglo-French, from trier to try]
ˈtrialling n

trial

(ˈtraɪəl)
n
1. (Linguistics) a grammatical number occurring in some languages for words in contexts where exactly three of their referents are described or referred to
2. (Linguistics) (modifier) relating to or inflected for this number
[C19: from tri- + -al1]

tri•al

(ˈtraɪ əl, traɪl)

n.
1.
a. the examination of a cause before a court of law, often involving issues both of law and of fact.
b. the use of due process to determine a person's guilt or innocence.
2. the act of trying, testing, or putting to the proof.
3. an attempt or effort to do something.
4. a tentative or experimental action in order to ascertain results; experiment.
5. the state or position of a person or thing being tried or tested.
6. subjection to suffering or grief; distress.
7. an affliction or trouble.
8. a troublesome, wearying, or annoying thing or person.
adj.
9. of, pertaining to, or employed in a trial.
10. done or made by way of trial, proof, or experiment.
11. used in or for testing, experimenting, sampling, etc.
[1520–30; try + -al2]

tri•al

(ˈtraɪ əl)
adj.
1. of or belonging to a grammatical category of number, as in some Papuan and Austronesian languages, used to indicate that a word denotes three persons or things.
n.
2. trial number.
3. a word or other form in the trial.
[1885–90; tri- + (du) al]

trial

An attempt to jump or throw; also qualifying rounds for inclusion in, for example, an Olympic team.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trial - the act of testing somethingtrial - the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
assay - a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.
clinical test, clinical trial - a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects; in the United States it is conducted under the direction of the FDA before being made available for general clinical use
double blind - a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results
preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial - a laboratory test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on animal subjects; conducted to gather evidence justifying a clinical trial
audition, tryout - a test of the suitability of a performer
field trial - a test of young hunting dogs to determine their skill in pointing and retrieving
trying on, try-on, fitting - putting clothes on to see whether they fit
Ministry of Transportation test, MOT test, MOT - a compulsory annual test of older motor vehicles for safety and exhaust fumes
pilot program, pilot project - activity planned as a test or trial; "they funded a pilot project in six states"
Snellen test - a test of visual acuity using a Snellen chart
2.trial - trying something to find out about ittrial - trying something to find out about it; "a sample for ten days free trial"; "a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"
experimentation, experiment - the testing of an idea; "it was an experiment in living"; "not all experimentation is done in laboratories"
field test, field trial - a test of the performance of some new product under the conditions in which it will be used
alpha test - (computer science) a first test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by the developer
beta test - (computer science) a second test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by an outside organization
road test - a test to insure that a vehicle is roadworthy
trial balloon - a test of public opinion
3.trial - the act of undergoing testingtrial - the act of undergoing testing; "he survived the great test of battle"; "candidates must compete in a trial of skill"
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
4.trial - (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of lawtrial - (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law; "he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty"; "most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial"
legal proceeding, proceeding, proceedings - (law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
court-martial - a trial that is conducted by a military court
trial by ordeal, ordeal - a primitive method of determining a person's guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under divine control; escape was usually taken as a sign of innocence
Scopes trial - a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school; Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed
show trial - a trial held for show; the guilt of the accused person has been decided in advance
plea - an answer indicating why a suit should be dismissed
criminal prosecution, prosecution - the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
demurrer, denial, defence, defense - a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him; "he gave evidence for the defense"
mistrial - a trial that is invalid or inconclusive
retrial - a new trial in which issues already litigated and to which the court has already rendered a verdict or decision are reexamined by the same court; occurs when the initial trial is found to have been improper or unfair due to procedural errors
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
5.trial - (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualificationstrial - (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications; "the trials for the semifinals began yesterday"
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
contest, competition - an occasion on which a winner is selected from among two or more contestants
6.trial - an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic eventtrial - an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event; "his mother-in-law's visits were a great trial for him"; "life is full of tribulations"; "a visitation of the plague"
affliction - a cause of great suffering and distress
fire - a severe trial; "he went through fire and damnation"

trial

noun
2. test, testing, experiment, evaluation, check, examination, audition, assay, dry run (informal), assessment, proof, probation, appraisal, try-out, test-run, pilot study, dummy run They have been treated with drugs in clinical trials.
4. nuisance, drag (informal), bother, plague (informal), pest, irritation, hassle (informal), bane, pain in the neck (informal), pain in the arse (taboo informal), vexation, thorn in your flesh or side The whole affair has been a terrible trial for us all.
verb
1. test, experiment with, try out, put to the test, put through its paces, carry out trials on The drug is being trialled at a Brisbane hospital.

trial

noun
1. The examination and deciding upon evidence, charges, and claims in court:
2. A procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
3. An operation employed to resolve an uncertainty:
4. A trying to do or make something:
Informal: shot.
Slang: take.
Archaic: assay.
5. A state of pain or anguish that tests one's resiliency and character:
6. Something hard to bear physically or emotionally:
7. One that makes another totally miserable by causing sharp pain and irritation:
Informal: pain.
Idioms: pain in the neck, thorn in the flesh.
adjective
Constituting a tentative model for future experiment or development:
Translations
إخْتِبارمُحَاكَمَةمُحاكَمَهمِحْنَه
изпитаниеизпробванеопитпроба
zkouškapřelíčeníprocessoudní processtarost
retssagprøveprøvekørselprøvelse
oikeudenkäyntikoettelemus
suđenje
baikellemetlenségnehézségpróbatárgyalás
raun, mæîaréttarhaldreynsla, prófun
裁判
재판
bandomasteisiamas
izmēģinājumsnastanedienaspārbaudetiesa
poskusna dobapreskussodna razprava
försök
การไต่สวน
phiên tòa

trial

[ˈtraɪəl]
n
(LAW)procès m
to await trial for sth
He was awaiting trial for murder → Il allait être jugé pour meurtre.
to be on trial (LAW)passer en jugement
to stand trial, to go on trial → passer en jugement
to be sent for trial → être traduit(e) en justice
trial by jury → jugement m par jury
(= test) [machine, vehicle, new product, system] → essai m; [new drug] → test m
to have sth on trial [+ machine, product, vehicle] → avoir qch à l'essai
by trial and error → par tâtonnements
[employee] → essai m
to be on trial (for job)être à l'essai
(= hardship) → épreuve f
the trials of sth → les vicissitudes de qch trials
npl
(SPORT) (= try-out) → match m de sélection
(= show) horse trials → concours m hippique
sheepdog trials → concours m de chiens de berger
modif
(LAW) [jury, date, hearing, verdict] → du procès
[offer, scheme, subscription] → d'essai
(SPORT) [match, game] → de sélectiontrial balance n (COMMERCE)balance f de vérificationtrial basis n
on a trial basis → à titre d'essaitrial judge njuge mf du procèstrial period npériode f d'essaitrial run n
[machine, vehicle, service] → essai m
(for performance, speech)galop m d'essaitrial separation nséparation f à l'essai

trial

n
(Jur) → (Gerichts)verfahren nt, → Prozess m; (= actual hearing)(Gerichts)verhandlung f; to be on trialangeklagt sein, unter Anklage stehen; he goes on trial tomorrowseine Verhandlung ist morgen; to be on trial for theftdes Diebstahls angeklagt sein, wegen Diebstahls unter Anklage stehen; to be on trial for one’s lifewegen eines mit Todesstrafe bedrohten Verbrechens angeklagt sein; to stand trial (for something)(wegen etw) vor Gericht stehen; at the trialbei or während der Verhandlung; to bring somebody to trialjdn vor Gericht stellen, jdm den Prozess machen; the case comes up for trial next monthder Fall wird nächsten Monat verhandelt; trial by jurySchwurgerichtsverfahren nt; trial by television/the media (fig)Vorverurteilung fdurch das Fernsehen/die Medien
(= test)Versuch m, → Probe f, → Erprobung f; trials (of machine, aeroplane)Test(s) m(pl), → (Über)prüfung f; (Sport) → Qualifikationsspiel nt; horse trialsQuerfeldeinrennen nt; to give something a trialetw ausprobieren; the manager has promised to give me a trial as a clerkder Betriebsleiter hat versprochen, mir eine Chance als Büroangestellter zu geben; to take somebody/something on trialjdn/etw zur Probe nehmen, jdn/etw probeweise nehmen; to put somebody/something to the trialjdn/etw testen or auf die Probe stellen; to be on trial (new product etc)getestet werden; the new clerk is on trialder neue Büroangestellte ist auf Probe eingestellt; trial of strengthKraftprobe f; by trial and errordurch Ausprobieren; a system of trial and errorein System der empirischen Lösung
(= hardship)Widrigkeit f, → Unannehmlichkeit f; (= nuisance)Plage f, → Problem nt(to für); he’s a trial to his motherer macht seiner Mutter sehr viel Kummer; trials and tribulationsAufregungen pl, → Schwierigkeiten pl, → Drangsale pl (liter)

trial

:
trial-and-error method
nTrial-and-Error-Methode f, → empirische Methode
trial balance
nSaldenbilanz f, → Probebilanz f
trial basis
n to employ somebody on a trialjdn auf Probe einstellen
trial flight
nTestflug m
trial judge
nRichter(in) m(f)der ersten Instanz, Hauptverhandlungsrichter(in) m(f)
trial lawyer
n (US Jur) → Prozessanwalt m, → Prozessanwältin f
trial marriage
nEhe fauf Probe
trial offer
nEinführungsangebot nt
trial order
nProbeauftrag m
trial package
nProbepackung f
trial period
n (for people) → Probezeit f; (for goods) Zeit, die man etw zur Probe oder Prüfung hat
trial program
n (Comput) → Evaluationsprogramm nt
trial run
nGeneralprobe f; (with car etc) → Versuchsfahrt f, → Probefahrt f; (of machine)Probelauf m; give the new method a trialprobieren Sie diese neue Methode einmal aus or durch

trial

[ˈtraɪl]
1. n
a. (gen) → giudizio; (proceedings) → processo
trial by jury → processo penale con giuria
to be on trial (for a crime) → essere sotto processo (per un reato)
to bring sb to trial (for a crime) → portare qn in giudizio (per un reato)
to go on trial, to stand trial → essere processato/a
to be sent for trial → essere rinviato/a a giudizio
b. (test, gen) → prova; (of drugs) → sperimentazione f; (of machine) → collaudo trials npl (Athletics) → prove fpl di qualificazione (Ftbl) → prova di selezione
horse trials → concorso ippico
a trial of strength → una prova di forza
by trial and error → per tentativi
to be on trial (drug) → essere in via di sperimentazione (machine) → essere al collaudo
to give sb a trial (for job) → far fare una prova a qn
c. (hardship) → prova, difficoltà f inv; (worry) → cruccio
it was a great trial → è stata una dura prova
that child is a great trial to them → quel bambino è una continua preoccupazione per loro
the trials and tribulations of life → le tribolazioni della vita
2. adj (flight, order, period) → di prova
trial offer → offerta di lancio
on a trial basis → in prova

trial

(ˈtraiəl) noun
1. an act of testing or trying; a test. Give the new car a trial; The disaster was a trial of his courage.
2. a legal process by which a person is judged in a court of law. Their trial will be held next week.
3. a (source of) trouble or anxiety. My son is a great trial (to me).
trial run
a rehearsal, first test etc of anything, eg a play, car, piece of machinery etc.
on trial
1. the subject of a legal action in court. She's on trial for murder.
2. undergoing tests or examination. We've had a new television installed, but it's only on trial.
trial and error
the trying of various methods, alternatives etc until the right one happens to appear or be found. They didn't know how to put in a central-heating system, but they managed it by trial and error.

trial

مُحَاكَمَة soudní proces retssag Gerichtsverfahren δίκη juicio oikeudenkäynti procès suđenje processo 裁判 재판 rechtzaak rettssak proces julgamento испытание försök การไต่สวน duruşma phiên tòa 审理

tri·al

n. prueba, ensayo;
___ treatmenttratamiento de ___;
clinical ___ -sestudios clínicos.

trial

n ensayo, prueba; clinical — ensayo clínico; — and error ensayo y error, prueba y error
References in classic literature ?
If anybody had asked Amy what the greatest trial of her life was, she would have answered at once, "My nose.
What I took to be a trial of my soul was only a preparation for a new and more beautiful fervor of the spirit.
will you get down to brass tacks and strike a trial balance?
It must have been a trial for our mothers,' said Lena,
And then she made Edna promise to go to her when her hour of trial overtook her.
Although his alarming communication was not received without much secret terror by the listeners, his earnest and impressive manner, aided perhaps by the nature of the danger, succeeded in bracing their nerves to undergo some unlooked-for and unusual trial.
And inaudible, too, by mortal ear, but heard with all-comprehending love and pity in the farthest heaven, that almost agony of prayer --now whispered, now a groan, now a struggling silence--wherewith she besought the Divine assistance through the day Evidently, this is to be a day of more than ordinary trial to Miss Hepzibah, who, for above a quarter of a century gone by, has dwelt in strict seclusion, taking no part in the business of life, and just as little in its intercourse and pleasures.
Tomorrow would bring its own trial with it; so would the next day, and so would the next: each its own trial, and yet the very same that was now so unutterably grievous to be borne.
But no doubt the first man that ever murdered an ox was regarded as a murderer; perhaps he was hung; and if he had been put on his trial by oxen, he certainly would have been; and he certainly deserved it if any murderer does.
He averred, that upon first thrusting in for him, a leg was presented; but well knowing that that was not as it ought to be, and might occasion great trouble; -- he had thrust back the leg, and by a dexterous heave and toss, had wrought a somerset upon the Indian; so that with the next trial, he came forth in the good old way --head foremost.
We heard afterward that he had given his evidence so clearly, and the horses were in such an exhausted state, bearing marks of such brutal usage, that the carter was committed to take his trial, and might possibly be sentenced to two or three months in prison.
Haley here forced his way into the group, walked up to the old man, pulled his mouth open and looked in, felt of his teeth, made him stand and straighten himself, bend his back, and perform various evolutions to show his muscles; and then passed on to the next, and put him through the same trial.