trichothecene


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trichothecene

(ˌtrɪkəʊˈθiːsiːn)
n
(Biochemistry) a member of a large family of chemically related mycotoxins

tri•cho•the•cene

(ˌtraɪ kəˈθi sɪn)

n.
any of a group of toxins derived from various imperfect fungi, as of the genera Fusarium and Trichothecium.
[1970–75; < New Latin Trichothec(ium) (tricho- tricho- + thecium < Greek thēkíon, diminutive of thḗka case) + -ene]
References in periodicals archive ?
This "toxic black mold" produces a mycotoxin called trichothecene.
Rapid, sequential activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and transcription factors precedes proinflammatory cytokine mRNA expression in spleens of mice exposed to the trichothecene vomitoxin.
Co-occurrence of type-A and type-B trichothecenes in barley from a northern region of Spain.
Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the researchers confirmed that the methods either completely silenced Myrothecium's trichothecene production or muted it to levels deemed acceptable by the U.
Biochemically, the trichothecene compounds are highly toxic to eukaryotic cells (Gerberick et al.
In a case discussed in the section on chemicals with medicinal properties, a macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxin with a phytotoxic activity is produced by the rhizosphere fungus Myrothecium spp.
Fusarium graminearum, which infects mainly corn, wheat and barley, produces trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) while Fusarium verticilliodes (recently renamed from Fusarium moniliforme) is mainly a maize (corn) pathogen, and produces compounds called fumonisins (see Figure 1).
Most prominent among these was that he die swiftly of his cancer, his lymphoma as it had been diagnosed, and for his small unholy soul to rise into an awaiting purgatory where he might lodge in eternity with all the arisen men he killed and the ones who had participated in the preparation of his own slow death by inhalation of Trichothecene mycotoxin instead of pure or poppied Laotian air, or whatever had blossomed badly inside him.
Trichothecene mycotoxins (by-products of fungal metabolism) are said to have been produced by the old Soviet Union for use in a variety of wars from Afghanistan to Laos to Kampuchea, though there are those who maintain that this was a red herring devised to confuse detractors.
Shriveled brown spots on potatoes may indicate deadly trichothecene toxins.
Croteau SM, Prelusky DB and HL Trenholm Analysis of trichothecene Mycotoxins by Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection.
The trichothecene mycotoxins are a group of toxic secondary metabolites characterized by the tetracyclic 12,13-epoxy trichothecenes, since they all have an olefinic bond at C9, 10 and the epoxy ring at C12, 13 (Bamburg et al.