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n. pl. tri·um·virs or tri·um·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of three men sharing public administration or civil authority in ancient Rome.
2. One of three people sharing public administration or civil authority.

[Middle English, from Latin, back-formation from triumvirī, board of three, from trium virum, of three men : trium, genitive pl. of trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + virum, archaic genitive pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

tri·um′vi·ral adj.


n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
(Historical Terms) (esp in ancient Rome) a member of a triumvirate
[C16: from Latin: one of three administrators, from trium virōrum of three men, from trēs three + vir man]
triˈumviral adj


(traɪˈʌm vər)

n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. one of three officers or magistrates of ancient Rome jointly exercising the same public function.
2. one of three persons associated in any office or position of authority.
[1570–80; < Latin, back formation from trium virōrum of three men]
tri•um′vi•ral, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.triumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rometriumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rome
administrator, executive - someone who manages a government agency or department


n (Hist) → Triumvir m
References in periodicals archive ?
In the case of the 44-33 BC triumvirate of Octavian, Marcus Lepidus, and Mark Antony, each of the triumvirs enjoyed identical dictatorial authority that was restrained only by a term limit.
Actually, his real intention is to persuade Pompey to let him kill the triumvirs of Rome.
42BC: First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
According to the balance-of-power theory (Hume 1956; Tullock 1974, 129-38), any two of the triumvirs could defeat the third.
1) Josephus says Herod received his kingship from two of the three triumvirs, Marcus Antonius (Antony) and Gaius Octavius (the future Caesar Augustus) in the year Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus (for the second time) and Gaius Asinius Pollio were consuls, which was 40 BC; (15) from this date he counts 37 years to Herod's death.
It fell apart after Crassus died and the other two triumvirs fought a civil war, during which Pompey was killed and Caesar established his famous sole rule.
5), as if the human demarcation of Europe, Africa, and Asia determined its shape, and Menas calls the triumvirs "world-sharers" (2.
In addition, stray policy initiatives such as the embargo, and those of Congress's appropriations for road construction to which the Virginian triumvirs (Jefferson, Madison, and James Monroe) agreed, provided precedents to which later, more systematic usurpers could point.
57) In a letter to the Triumvirs and Senate of his patria, Cirta (Ad Am.