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n. pl. tri·um·virs or tri·um·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of three men sharing public administration or civil authority in ancient Rome.
2. One of three people sharing public administration or civil authority.

[Middle English, from Latin, back-formation from triumvirī, board of three, from trium virum, of three men : trium, genitive pl. of trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + virum, archaic genitive pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

tri·um′vi·ral adj.


n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
(Historical Terms) (esp in ancient Rome) a member of a triumvirate
[C16: from Latin: one of three administrators, from trium virōrum of three men, from trēs three + vir man]
triˈumviral adj


(traɪˈʌm vər)

n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. one of three officers or magistrates of ancient Rome jointly exercising the same public function.
2. one of three persons associated in any office or position of authority.
[1570–80; < Latin, back formation from trium virōrum of three men]
tri•um′vi•ral, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.triumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rometriumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rome
administrator, executive - someone who manages a government agency or department


n (Hist) → Triumvir m
References in periodicals archive ?
Antony and the other Triumvirs refer to Rome, both in itself and as the centre of the empire, as "the world" (e.
The interpretation of archaeological field survey data points to the fact that these peasants were poor hence the importance of the agrarian settlement schemes carried by the Gracchi and the triumvirs (ibid).
Actually, his real intention is to persuade Pompey to let him kill the triumvirs of Rome.
In the case of the 44-33 BC triumvirate of Octavian, Marcus Lepidus, and Mark Antony, each of the triumvirs enjoyed identical dictatorial authority that was restrained only by a term limit.
Sur l'importance des prerogatives consulaires mises a mal par Cesar et les triumvirs, voir deja Grenade 1961, 338 ; Roddaz 1984, 202-207.
42BC: First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
According to the balance-of-power theory (Hume 1956; Tullock 1974, 129-38), any two of the triumvirs could defeat the third.
1) Josephus says Herod received his kingship from two of the three triumvirs, Marcus Antonius (Antony) and Gaius Octavius (the future Caesar Augustus) in the year Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus (for the second time) and Gaius Asinius Pollio were consuls, which was 40 BC; (15) from this date he counts 37 years to Herod's death.
As Roman senator Marcus sat through triumph after triumph by his fellow Triumvirs, Caesar and Pompey, he wished for nothing better than a victory to match any of theirs.
67) The dalliance of the Bolsheviks with the Ottoman triumvirs remains to be fully explored, but see Kamoludin Abdullaev, Ot Sin 'tsziania do Khorasana: Iz istorii sredneaziatskoi emigratsii XX veka (Dushanbe: Irfon, 2009), 198-232; V.
It fell apart after Crassus died and the other two triumvirs fought a civil war, during which Pompey was killed and Caesar established his famous sole rule.
5), as if the human demarcation of Europe, Africa, and Asia determined its shape, and Menas calls the triumvirs "world-sharers" (2.