turbine


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Related to turbine: impulse turbine, gas turbine, wind turbine, steam turbine, Pelton turbine, Water turbine
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turbine
top: impulse turbine
bottom: reaction turbine

tur·bine

 (tûr′bĭn, -bīn′)
n.
Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted to mechanical power by the impulse or reaction of the fluid with a series of buckets, paddles, or blades arrayed about the circumference of a wheel or cylinder.

[French, from Latin turbō, turbin-, spinning top, perhaps from Greek turbē, turmoil.]

turbine

(ˈtɜːbɪn; -baɪn)
n
(Mechanical Engineering) any of various types of machine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate. The moving fluid may be water, steam, air, or combustion products of a fuel. See also reaction turbine, impulse turbine, gas turbine
[C19: from French, from Latin turbō whirlwind, from turbāre to throw into confusion]

tur•bine

(ˈtɜr bɪn, -baɪn)

n.
any of various machines having a rotor, usu. with vanes or blades, driven by the pressure or thrust of a moving fluid, as steam, water, hot gases, or air, either in the form of free jets or as a fluid filling a housing around the rotor.
[1815–25; < French < Latin turbin-, s. of turbō top, spindle, whirlwind; akin to turbid]
click for a larger image
turbine
An impulse turbine (top) rotates when the force of a stream of water hits cup-shaped buckets that are mounted around the perimeter of a rotor. In a reaction turbine (bottom), the pressure of the water being discharged from the nozzle forces the turbine to rotate in the direction opposite to the water's motion.

tur·bine

(tûr′bĭn, tûr′bīn′)
Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid, such as water, steam, or gas, is converted to rotary motion.

turbine

- Came from Latin turbo, "whirl, whirling thing."
See also related terms for whirl.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.turbine - rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotateturbine - rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate
vane, blade - flat surface that rotates and pushes against air or water
gas turbine - turbine that converts the chemical energy of a liquid fuel into mechanical energy by internal combustion; gaseous products of the fuel (which is burned in compressed air) are expanded through a turbine
hydroelectric turbine - turbine consisting of a large and efficient version of a water wheel used to drive an electric generator
impulse turbine - a turbine that is driven by jets direct against the blades
reaction turbine - a turbine with blades arranged to develop torque from gradual decrease of steam pressure from inlet to exhaust
rotary engine - an internal-combustion engine in which power is transmitted directly to rotating components
rotor, rotor coil - the rotating armature of a motor or generator
stator, stator coil - mechanical device consisting of the stationary part of a motor or generator in or around which the rotor revolves
steam turbine - turbine in which steam strikes blades and makes them turn
wind turbine - a turbine that is driven by the wind
Translations
مُحَرِّك بُخاري أو مائي
turbína
turbine
turbiini
turbina
túrbína, hverfill
タービン
turbina
turbīna
turbína

turbine

[ˈtɜːbaɪn] Nturbina f

turbine

[ˈtɜːrbaɪn] nturbine f

turbine

nTurbine f

turbine

[ˈtɜːbaɪn] nturbina

turbine

(ˈtəːbain) noun
a type of motor, operated by the action of water, steam, gas etc. a steam turbine.
References in classic literature ?
And it is as much a world's wonder, to men and women of imagination, as the steel mills of Homestead or the turbine leviathans that curve across the Atlantic Ocean in four and a half days.
The midships engine, generally used as a reinforce, is not running; so the port and starboard turbine vacuum-chambers draw direct into the return-mains.
The hum of the turbines and the boom of the air on our skin is no more than a cotton-wool wrapping to the universal stillness.
We have made eight thousand feet since we pithed the tramp and our turbines are giving us an honest two hundred and ten knots.
Our turbines scream shrilly; the propellers cannot bite on the thin air; Tim shunts the lift out of five tanks at once and by sheer weight drives her bullet wise through the maelstrom till she cushions with jar on an up-gust, three thousand feet below.
In ten seconds the coach with its clerks clashed down to the receiving-caisson; the hostlers displaced the engineers at the idle turbines, and Tim, prouder of this than all, introduced me to the maiden of the photograph on the shelf.
There was some talk about turbine engines, direct application of steam, and the absence of pistons, rods, and cranks,--all of which was beyond me, for I was familiar only with sailing craft; but I did understand the last words of the engineer.
The Global Steam Turbine Market 2015-2019 research report says that worldwide, the steam turbine industry is reaching the maturity stage.
While the energy generated from the turbine is not directly used to power the college, it does flow directly into the electrical grid of Northfield, Minn.
It has been realized for some time, however, that air turbine handpieces have significant disadvantages.
In her office in downtown Copenhagen, decorated by a scale model of a Vestas turbine, Hanne Jersild of the Danish Wind Energy Association shakes her head when asked about declining property values.
Hofbauer noted that the city filed a lawsuit last year in unsuccessful opposition to the Palmdale Water District's plan to erect a 230-foot-tall wind turbine at its water treatment plant.