turf


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Related to turf: surf and turf

turf

 (tûrf)
n. pl. turfs also turves (tûrvz)
1.
a. A surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its matted roots; sod.
b. An artificial substitute for such a grassy layer, as on a playing field.
2. A piece cut from a layer of earth or sod.
3. A piece of peat that is burned for use as fuel.
4. Informal
a. The range of the authority or influence of a person, group, or thing; a bailiwick: "a bureaucracy ... concerned with turf, promotions, the budget, and protecting the retirement system" (Harper's). See Synonyms at field.
b. A geographical area; a territory.
c. The area claimed by a gang, as of youths, as its personal territory.
5. Sports
a. A racetrack.
b. The sport or business of racing horses.
tr.v. turfed, turf·ing, turfs
1. To spread with turf: turfed the front yard.
2. Chiefly British Slang To throw out, as from a place or position; eject: "when Adam and Eve got turfed out of Eden" (Malachy McCourt).
3. Slang To kill: "These guys can't ... make sure nobody gets turfed" (Scott Turow).

[Middle English, from Old English.]

turf′y adj.

turf

(tɜːf)
n, pl turfs or turves (tɜːvz)
1. (Botany) the surface layer of fields and pastures, consisting of earth containing a dense growth of grasses with their roots; sod
2. (Horticulture) a piece cut from this layer, used to form lawns, verges, etc
3. (Horse Racing) the turf
a. a track, usually of grass or dirt, where horse races are run
b. horse racing as a sport or industry
4. slang US the territory or area of activity over which a person or group claims exclusive rights
5. an area of knowledge or influence: he's on home turf when it comes to music.
6. another term for peat1
7. go with the turf informal to be an unavoidable part of a particular situation or process
vb
(Horticulture) (tr) to cover with pieces of turf
[Old English; related to Old Norse torfa, Old High German zurba, Sanskrit darbha tuft of grass]

turf

(tɜrf)

n., pl. turfs, (esp. Brit.) turves; n.
1.
a. a layer of matted earth formed by grass and plant roots.
b. Chiefly Brit. a piece cut or torn from this; sod.
2. peat or a block of peat, esp. as material for fuel.
3. the turf,
a. the track over which horse races are run.
b. the practice or sport of racing horses.
4.
a. the neighborhood over which a street gang asserts its authority.
b. a familiar area, as of residence or expertise.
v.t.
5. to cover with turf or sod.
6. Brit. Informal. to remove from a desirable office or position.
[before 900; Middle English, Old English, c. Old Saxon turf, Old High German zurf, Old Norse torf]
turf′y, adj. -i•er, -i•est.

turf

(tûrf)
A surface layer of earth containing a dense growth of grass and its matted roots.

turf


Past participle: turfed
Gerund: turfing

Imperative
turf
turf
Present
I turf
you turf
he/she/it turfs
we turf
you turf
they turf
Preterite
I turfed
you turfed
he/she/it turfed
we turfed
you turfed
they turfed
Present Continuous
I am turfing
you are turfing
he/she/it is turfing
we are turfing
you are turfing
they are turfing
Present Perfect
I have turfed
you have turfed
he/she/it has turfed
we have turfed
you have turfed
they have turfed
Past Continuous
I was turfing
you were turfing
he/she/it was turfing
we were turfing
you were turfing
they were turfing
Past Perfect
I had turfed
you had turfed
he/she/it had turfed
we had turfed
you had turfed
they had turfed
Future
I will turf
you will turf
he/she/it will turf
we will turf
you will turf
they will turf
Future Perfect
I will have turfed
you will have turfed
he/she/it will have turfed
we will have turfed
you will have turfed
they will have turfed
Future Continuous
I will be turfing
you will be turfing
he/she/it will be turfing
we will be turfing
you will be turfing
they will be turfing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been turfing
you have been turfing
he/she/it has been turfing
we have been turfing
you have been turfing
they have been turfing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been turfing
you will have been turfing
he/she/it will have been turfing
we will have been turfing
you will have been turfing
they will have been turfing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been turfing
you had been turfing
he/she/it had been turfing
we had been turfing
you had been turfing
they had been turfing
Conditional
I would turf
you would turf
he/she/it would turf
we would turf
you would turf
they would turf
Past Conditional
I would have turfed
you would have turfed
he/she/it would have turfed
we would have turfed
you would have turfed
they would have turfed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.turf - surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass rootsturf - surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots
divot - a piece of turf dug out of a lawn or fairway (by an animals hooves or a golf club)
land, soil, ground - material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil"
2.turf - the territory claimed by a juvenile gang as its ownturf - the territory claimed by a juvenile gang as its own
city district - a district of a town or city
3.turf - range of jurisdiction or influenceturf - range of jurisdiction or influence; "a bureaucracy...chiefly concerned with turf...and protecting the retirement system"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
jurisdiction - in law; the territory within which power can be exercised
Verb1.turf - cover (the ground) with a surface layer of grass or grass rootsturf - cover (the ground) with a surface layer of grass or grass roots
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"

turf

noun
1. grass, green, sward They shuffled slowly down the turf towards the cliff's edge.
2. sod, divot, clod Lift the turfs carefully - they can be re-used elsewhere.
3. area or sphere of influence, territory, province, preserve, patch (Brit. informal), domain, manor (Brit. informal), home ground, stamping ground, bailiwick (informal) Their turf was Paris: its streets, theatres, homes and parks.
the turf horse-racing, the flat, racecourse, racetrack, racing He has sent out only three winners on the turf this year.
turf someone out (Brit. informal) throw someone out, evict, cast out, kick out (informal), fire (informal), dismiss, sack (informal), bounce (slang), discharge, expel, oust, relegate, banish, eject, dispossess, chuck out (informal), fling out, kiss off (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), show someone the door, give someone the sack (informal), give someone the bum's rush (slang), give someone his or her P45 (informal) stories of people being turfed out and ending up on the streets

turf

noun
Slang. A particular area used for or associated with a specific individual or activity:
Translations
طبقَه من التُّرْبَة وأعشابُهامَخْضَرَه، أرْض مَكْسُوَّه بالعُشْبيَرْمي، يُلْقييَكْسو بالعُشْب
trávníkvyhoditdrnpokrýt drnyrašelina
græstørvgrønsværlægge græstørvsmide ud
gyepgyeptéglagyeptégláz
kasta, fleygjasvörîurtorf, òakatyrfa, òekja
iškloti velėnavelėna
izmestnoklāt ar velēnuvelēna
torvferdigplengressmattegresstorvlegge ferdigplen
mačinapokryť mačinou
torv
çimçim döşemekçimendehlemekkesek

turf

[tɜːf]
A. N (turfs or turves (pl)) [tɜːvz]
1. (= grass) → césped m; (= clod) → tepe m; (in turfing) → pan m de hierba; (= peat) → turba f
2. (Horse racing) the Turfel turf, el hipódromo
3. [of gang etc] → territorio m, zona f de influencia
B. VT (also turf over) → cubrir con césped
C. CPD turf accountant N (Brit) → corredor(a) m/f de apuestas
turf out VT + ADV (Brit) → echar (de la casa), plantar en la calle

turf

[ˈtɜːrf] [turfs] (pl) [turves] [ˈtɜːrvz] (pl)
n
(= grass) → gazon m
(= clod of grass) → motte f de gazon
the turf (= horseracing) → le turf, les courses fpl
(= territory) → domaine m
vtgazonner
turf out
vt (British) (= throw out) → virer turf accountant n (British)bookmaker mturf war nguerre f de clans

turf

n pl <-s or turves>
(no pl: = lawn) → Rasen m; (no pl: = squares of grass) → Soden pl; (= square of grass)Sode f
(no pl, = peat) → Torf m; (= square of peat)Torfsode f; to cut turfTorf(soden) stechen
(Sport) the Turfdie (Pferde)rennbahn; all his life he was a devotee of the Turfsein Leben galt dem Pferderennsport
vt
he turfed the lawner verlegte (Gras)soden or Fertigrasen im Garten
(inf) to turf somebody down the stairsjdn die Treppe hinunterscheuchen (inf); to turf something into the corneretw in die Ecke werfen

turf

[tɜːf]
1. n (turfs or turves (pl)) (grass) → tappeto erboso; (one piece) → zolla erbosa
the turf (horse racing) → l'ippica, le corse ippiche (racetrack) → l'ippodromo
2. vt (also turf over) → ricoprire di zolle erbose
turf out vt + adv (Brit) (fam) → buttar fuori

turf

(təːf) plural turfs (-fs) turves (-vz) noun
1. rough grass and the earth it grows out of. He walked across the springy turf.
2. (a usually square piece of) grass and earth. We laid turf in our garden to make a lawn.
verb
1. to cover with turf(s). We are going to turf that part of the garden.
2. to throw. We turfed him out of the house.
References in classic literature ?
The other day he took hold of my frock (that green one you thought so nice at Homburg) and told me that it reminded him of the texture of the Devonshire turf.
The scenery is very uninteresting; there is scarcely a house, an enclosed piece of ground, or even a tree, to give it an air of cheerfulness Yet, after being imprisoned for some time in a ship, there is a charm in the unconfined feeling of walking over boundless plains of turf.
I came upon them suddenly in the leafy June, and threw myself upon the turf, beneath the branches of an unknown odorous shrub, that I might doze as I contemplated the scene.
Some of them would catch the Shetland pony who was turned out in the field, and get two or three together on his back, and the little rogue, enjoying the fun, would gallop off for fifty yards, and then turn round, or stop short and shoot them on to the turf, and then graze quietly on till he felt another load; others played at peg-top or marbles, while a few of the bigger ones stood up for a bout at wrestling.
They entered upon the turf, and, impelled by a force that seemed to overrule their will, suddenly stood still, turned, and waited in paralyzed suspense beside the stone.
But now they had come to their destination, and Tarzan of the Apes with Jane in his strong arms, swung lightly to the turf of the arena where the great apes held their councils and danced the wild orgy of the Dum-Dum.
There was in this part of the isle a little hut of a house like a pig's hut, where fishers used to sleep when they came there upon their business; but the turf roof of it had fallen entirely in; so that the hut was of no use to me, and gave me less shelter than my rocks.
On an afternoon in October, or the beginning of November - a fresh watery afternoon, when the turf and paths were rustling with moist, withered leaves, and the cold blue sky was half hidden by clouds - dark grey streamers, rapidly mounting from the west, and boding abundant rain - I requested my young lady to forego her ramble, because I was certain of showers.
I thought my quest had brought me into a strange old haunted forest, and that I had thrown myself down to rest at the gnarled mossy root of a great oak-tree, while all about me was nought but fantastic shapes and capricious groups of gold-green bole and bough, wondrous alleys ending in mysterious coverts, and green lanes of exquisite turf that seemed to have been laid down in expectation of some milk-white queen or goddess passing that way.
The turf and gravel about it seemed charred as if by a sudden explosion.
If turf which has long been mown, and the case would be the same with turf closely browsed by quadrupeds, be let to grow, the more vigorous plants gradually kill the less vigorous, though fully grown, plants: thus out of twenty species growing on a little plot of turf (three feet by four) nine species perished from the other species being allowed to grow up freely.
You see, I have been about horses ever since I was twelve years old, in hunting stables, and racing stables; and being small, ye see, I was jockey for several years; but at the Goodwood, ye see, the turf was very slippery and my poor Larkspur got a fall, and I broke my knee, and so of course I was of no more use there.