turkey


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Turkey

Tur·key

 (tûr′kē)
A country of southwest Asia and southeast Europe between the Mediterranean and the Black Seas. The region was dominated by many ancient civilizations and peoples, among them the Hittites (1800 bc), the Greeks (8th century bc), and the Persians (6th century bc), and in ad 395 it became part of the Byzantine Empire. The area was conquered by the Ottoman Turks between the 13th and 15th centuries and remained the core of the Ottoman Empire for more than 600 years. Its modern history dates to the rise of the Young Turks (after 1908) and the collapse of the empire in 1918. Under the leadership of Kemal Atatürk, a republic was proclaimed in 1923. Ankara is the capital and Istanbul the largest city.

tur·key

 (tûr′kē)
n. pl. tur·keys
1.
a. A large North American bird (Meleagris gallopavo) that has brownish plumage and a bare wattled head and neck and is widely domesticated for food.
b. The flesh of this bird, used as food.
2. A related bird (Meleagris ocelatta syn. Agriocharis ocellata) of Mexico and Central America, brilliantly colored and having eyelike spots on its tail.
3. Informal
a. A person considered inept or undesirable.
b. A failure, especially a failed theatrical production or movie.
4. Sports Three consecutive strikes in bowling.
Idiom:
talk turkey Informal
To speak frankly about the basic facts of a matter.

[After Turkey from a confusion with the guinea fowl, once believed to have originated in Turkish territory.]

Turkey

(ˈtɜːkɪ)
n
(Placename) a republic in W Asia and SE Europe, between the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, and the Aegean: the centre of the Ottoman Empire; became a republic in 1923. The major Asian part, consisting mainly of an arid plateau, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles. Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, and Arabic minority languages. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: lira. Capital: Ankara. Pop: 80 694 485 (2013 est). Area: 780 576 sq km (301 380 sq miles)

Turkey

(ˈtɜːkɪ)
n
(Placename) a republic in W Asia and SE Europe, between the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, and the Aegean: the centre of the Ottoman Empire; became a republic in 1923. The major Asian part, consisting mainly of an arid plateau, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles. Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, and Arabic minority languages. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: lira. Capital: Ankara. Pop: 80 694 485 (2013 est). Area: 780 576 sq km (301 380 sq miles)

tur•key

(ˈtɜr ki)

n., pl. -keys, (esp. collectively) -key.
1. either of two large North American gallinaceous birds of the pheasant family, esp. Meleagris gallopavo, with brownish, iridescent plumage and a bare head and neck: domestic forms now kept in many parts of the world.
2. the flesh of this bird, used as food.
3. Slang.
a. a person or thing of little appeal; dud; loser.
b. a naive, stupid, or inept person.
c. a poor and unsuccessful theatrical production; flop.
4. a score of three successive strikes in bowling.
Idioms:
talk turkey, Informal. to talk frankly and directly, with the intent of accomplishing something.
[1545–55; short for Turkey cock and Turkey hen, first applied to domesticated guinea fowl, later confused with the New World bird]

Tur•key

(ˈtɜr ki)

n.
a republic in W Asia and SE Europe. 65,599,206; 300,948 sq. mi. (779,455 sq. km). Cap.: Ankara. Compare Ottoman Empire.

turkey

  • poult - A young domestic fowl (like a turkey) being raised for food.
  • meleagrine - The adjective form of turkey.
  • wattle - The fleshy part hanging from the neck of a turkey or other bird.
  • turkey - Originally the name for African guinea fowl, it eventually became the name for the Western hemisphere fowl with which the earlier fowl was confused; it is short for turkeycock or turkeyhen.

Turkey


1. the political doctrines and achievements of Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938), Turkish general and statesman.
2. support of or adherence to Ataturk. — Kemalist, n., adj.
an obsession with Turkey and things Turkish.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.turkey - large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tailturkey - large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely domesticated for food
domestic fowl, fowl, poultry - a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
genus Meleagris, Meleagris - type genus of the Meleagrididae: wild and domestic turkeys
2.turkey - a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the BalkansTurkey - a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
Dardanelles campaign, Dardanelles - the unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French to open a passage for aid to Russia; defeated by the Turks
Aga, Agha - title for a civil or military leader (especially in Turkey)
bulghur, bulgur, bulgur wheat - parched crushed wheat
IBDA-C, Islamic Great Eastern Raiders-Front - a Turkish terrorist organization that claimed responsibility for bombing a British consulate and bank in Istanbul; a violent opponent of Turkey's secular government and its ties to the European Union and NATO
Jerusalem Warriors - ethnic Turkish Sunni terrorists who are linked with the Turkish Hizballah; killed a United States Air Force sergeant in 1991
Kurdistan Labor Pary, Kurdistan Workers Party, Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan, PPK - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist group of Kurds trying to establish an independent Kurdish state in eastern Turkey
Revolutionary People's Liberation Front, Revolutionary People's Liberation Party - an extreme Marxist terrorist organization in Turkey that is opposed to NATO and the United States; attacks Turkish security and military officials
Turkish Hizballah - an ethnic Kurdish group of Sunni extremists formed in the late 1980s in southeastern Turkey; seeks to replace Turkey's secular regime with an Islamic state and strict shariah law; responsible for bombings and the torture and murder of Turkish and Kurdish journalists and businessmen; receives support from Iran
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Anatolia, Asia Minor - a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey
Balkan Peninsula, Balkans - a large peninsula in southeastern Europe containing the Balkan Mountain Range
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Adrianople, Adrianopolis, Edirne - a city in northwestern Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian
Kurdistan - an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus
Abydos - an ancient Greek colony on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles; scene of the legend of Hero and Leander
Adana, Seyhan - a city in southern Turkey on the Seyhan River
Angora, Ankara, capital of Turkey, Turkish capital - the capital of Turkey; located in west-central Turkey; it was formerly known as Angora and is the home of Angora goats
Adalia, Antalya - a port city in southwestern Turkey on the Gulf of Antalya
Antakiya, Antakya, Antioch - a town in southern Turkey; ancient commercial center and capital of Syria; an early center of Christianity
Canakkale Bogazi, Dardanelles, Hellespont - the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey
Halicarnassus - an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Constantinople, Istanbul, Stamboul, Stambul - the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Brusa, Bursa - a city in northwestern Turkey
Izmir, Smyrna - a port city in western Turkey
Pergamum - an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; the technique of preparing sheepskins as parchment was developed here
Sardis - an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; as the capital of Lydia it was the cultural center of Asia Minor; destroyed by Tamerlane in 1402
Aegospotami, Aegospotamos - a creek emptying into the Hellespont in present-day Turkey; at its mouth in 405 BC the Spartan fleet under Lysander defeated the Athenians and ended the Peloponnesian War
Ararat, Mount Ararat, Mt. Ararat - the mountain peak that Noah's ark landed on as the waters of the great flood receded
Aras, Araxes - a river that rises in northeastern Turkey (near the source of the Euphrates) and flows generally eastward through Armenia to the Caspian Sea; ancient name was Araxes
Bosporus - a strait connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea; separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey; an important shipping route
Euphrates, Euphrates River - a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
3.turkey - a person who does something thoughtless or annoyingturkey - a person who does something thoughtless or annoying; "some joker is blocking the driveway"
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
4.turkey - flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roastedturkey - flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted
poultry - flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food
white meat, breast - meat carved from the breast of a fowl
turkey wing - the wing of a turkey
5.turkey - an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectualturkey - an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; "the first experiment was a real turkey"; "the meeting was a dud as far as new business was concerned"
bust, fizzle, flop - a complete failure; "the play was a dismal flop"

turkey

noun
Slang. One deficient in judgment and good sense:
Informal: dope, gander, goose.
Translations
تُرْكِيَاديك روميدِيكٌ رُومِيّلَحْم ديك رومي
глупакпровалпуйка
krocankrůtaTurecko
kalkunTyrkiet
meleagroTurkioTurkujo
kalkunTürgi
kalkkunaTurkkityperyshölmöidiootti
Turskapuranpurica
pulykaTörökország
kalkúnnTyrkland
トルコ七面鳥
칠면조터키
kalakutaskalakutienakvailysTurkija
tītara gaļatītars
indykTurcjaindyczka
blázonmoriakmorkaTurecko
puranTurčijapura
kalkonTurkiet
bata mzinga
ไก่งวงประเทศตุรกี
hindiTürkiyehindi eti
gà tâyThổ Nhĩ Kỳ

Turkey

[ˈtɜːkɪ] NTurquía f

turkey

[ˈtɜːkɪ]
A. N (turkey, turkeys (pl))
1. (= bird) → pavo m, guajolote m (Mex), jolote m (CAm), chompipe m (CAm)
to talk turkey (US) → hablar en serio
see also cold
2. (esp US) (Cine, Theat) (= flop) → fiasco m, fracaso m
3. (US) (= person) → patoso/a m/f, pato m mareado
B. CPD turkey buzzard N (US) → buitre m, zopilote m (CAm, Mex), aura f (Carib), gallinazo m (Col, Andes), zamuro m (Ven)
turkey cock N (lit, fig) → pavo m
turkey shoot N (US) to be (like) a turkey shoot (fig) → ser coser y cantar, ser pan comido

Turkey

[ˈtɜːrki] nTurquie f
in Turkey → en Turquie
to Turkey → en Turquie

turkey

[ˈtɜːrki]
n
(= animal) → dindon m, dinde f
(= meat) → dinde f
modif [breast, leg, sandwich] → de dinde; [dinner] → à base de dinde

Turkey

ndie Türkei

turkey

n
Truthahn m/-henne f; (esp Cook) → Puter m, → Pute f; it would be like turkeys voting for Christmas (esp Brit) → das wäre ja, als wenn die Gänse für Weihnachten stimmten
to talk turkey (dated US inf) → Tacheles reden (inf)
(esp US inf: Film, Theat: = flop) → Reinfall m (inf)

turkey

:
turkey buzzard
nTruthahngeier m
turkey cock
nTruthahn m; (esp Cook) → Puter m
turkey shoot
n (esp US fig) → Abschlachten nt

Turkey

[ˈtɜːkɪ] nla Turchia

turkey

[ˈtɜːkɪ] ntacchino

turkey

(ˈtəːki) noun
1. a kind of large farmyard bird.
2. its flesh used as food, eaten especially at Christmas or (in the United States) Thanksgiving. We had turkey for dinner.

turkey

تُرْكِيَا, دِيكٌ رُومِيّ krocan, Turecko kalkun, Tyrkiet Truthahn, Türkei γαλοπούλα, Τουρκία pavo, Turquía kalkkuna, Turkki dinde, Turquie purica, Turska tacchino, Turchia トルコ, 七面鳥 칠면조, 터키 kalkoen, Turkije kalkun, Tyrkia indyk, Turcja peru, Turquia индюк, Турция kalkon, Turkiet ไก่งวง, ประเทศตุรกี hindi, Türkiye gà tây, Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ 土耳其, 火鸡
References in classic literature ?
It was not at all romantic, but a hearty laugh set everybody straight again, for Hannah was discovered behind the door, sobbing over the fat turkey, which she had forgotten to put down when she rushed up from the kitchen.
The dead man was frozen through, `just as stiff as a dressed turkey you hang out to freeze,' Jake said.
Turtle, salmon, tautog, woodcock, boiled turkey, South-Down mutton, pig, roast-beef, have vanished, or exist only in fragments, with lukewarm potatoes, and gravies crusted over with cold fat.
His reminiscences of good cheer, however ancient the date of the actual banquet, seemed to bring the savour of pig or turkey under one's very nostrils.
In the porkers he saw carved out the future sleek side of bacon, and juicy relishing ham; not a turkey but he beheld daintily trussed up, with its gizzard under its wing, and, peradventure, a necklace of savory sausages; and even bright chanticleer himself lay sprawling on his back, in a side dish, with uplifted claws, as if craving that quarter which his chivalrous spirit disdained to ask while living.
For a carpet to the organ we have a rug of the softest Turkey --the tongue, which is glued, as it were, to the floor of the mouth.
Not a chicken or turkey or duck in the barn-yard but looked grave when they saw her approaching, and seemed evidently to be reflecting on their latter end; and certain it was that she was always meditating on trussing, stuffing and roasting, to a degree that was calculated to inspire terror in any reflecting fowl living.
A man may grow rich in Turkey even, if he will be in all respects a good subject of the Turkish government.
Now a vast roast turkey, stretched on the broad of his back, with his heels in the air and the rich juices oozing from his fat sides .
It was a large, stately apartment, with purple chairs and curtains, a Turkey carpet, walnut-panelled walls, one vast window rich in slanted glass, and a lofty ceiling, nobly moulded.
Lorry, picking his way over the well-worn Turkey carpet, supposed Miss Manette to be, for the moment, in some adjacent room, until, having got past the two tall candles, he saw standing to receive him by the table between them and the fire, a young lady of not more than seventeen, in a riding-cloak, and still holding her straw travelling- hat by its ribbon in her hand.
The terrible announcement that the baby had been taken in the act of putting a doll's frying-pan into his mouth, and was more than suspected of having swallowed a fictitious turkey, glued on a wooden platter.