He isolated notes from Arnold Schonberg's Verklarte Nacht (Transfigured Night, 1899), reshuffled them according to the Austrian composer's twelve-tone system
(which this late-Romantic-era piece predates), and played the notes individually through separate speakers in the gallery space, arranged so that it sounds as if each tone is darting laterally overhead across the room.
Eisler was the first student of Arnold Schoenberg to master his teacher's revolutionary twelve-tone system
, but almost immediately Eisler found his musical imagination taking wing in other directions, including jazz and cabaret music.
The twelve-tone system
of music may not be every music-lover's idea of pleasant sound, but it was a revolutionary form of musical expression that has not been rejected by musicians.
1 in a twelve-tone system
(but not "twelve-tone" in the sense of Arnold Schonberg's dodecaphony) from 1931, and Nonet no.
Webern is the most refined, the most complex, the most rewarding of twentieth-century composers, whose short pieces encapsulate the whole history of music in under three minutes, despite being written entirely within Schoenberg's twelve-tone system
This edition, which is a reprint from 1964, has discussion of developments of newer musical techniques such as neoclassicism and the twelve-tone system
, and an expanded bibliography and chronology.
His adoption of Schonberg's twelve-tone system
ensures that all the notes are equal in value, and removes the need for a final resolution, guaranteeing the open-endedness of the system.
Rorem is not shy about stating his opinions: he tries the twelve-tone system
"for about a week," and he questions the praise heaped on 1970's icons Sweeney Todd, Woody Allen movies, and Beverley Sills, describing all three as "okay, but not that okay.
Bradley is famous for having used the twelve-tone system
on occasion in his scores.
Ingenious as it is, Schoenberg's twelve-tone system
today seems like the musical equivalent of the Georges Perec novel written without using the letter "e"; you marvel at the execution and accomplishment, while wondering why so much ingenuity was put at the expense of such an awkward and self-defeating exercise.
Novak wrote his dozen Inventions in the twelve-tone system
in 1960 for the Brno harpsichord player Hana Slapetova--with explanatory and also almost onomatopoeic and witty subtitles in Latin (the composer was famous for being an ardent Latinist).
Arnold Schoenberg's Journey does not dwell on the procedures of the twelve-tone system
, although it provides a clear explanation of how it came about in Schoenberg's development and how it works.