23) By tracing all effects back to an all-encompassing uncaused
cause, substance, or necessary being, Spinoza reduces all particular things to what he calls modifications or 'modes' of the general 'attributes' of substance's essence.
29) On the other hand, if there is something nonphysical about our conscious selves, such as a soul, then that could be the uncaused
, unfixed source of the decisionmaking process.
Accordingly, Thomas is able to conclude that there must be an Uncaused
Cause of the existence of all beings.
So, God provides meaning and that is the end of the story (a bit like having a cause of all causes, an uncaused
cause, about which one no longer is supposed to ask: well, what caused it?
While usually "[a]gents are seen as first causes or uncaused
causes, origins of actions to which authorship can be ascribed" (Wegner and Sparrow 1202), Caroline's belief in the power of the transdimensional author means that she cannot trust that she is really the first, uncaused
cause of her own actions.
9) Significantly, self-determination is here presented as a "transcendental Idea of freedom" that consists in the uncaused
cause providing the unconditioned ground for the causal chain of natural events, each of which is determined by some antecedent state of affairs according to a law indifferent to the specific nature of the objects in question.
The topics include the prime mover removed: a contemporary critique of Aquinas' prime mover argument, the relevance of Aquinas' uncaused
cause argument, from contingency to necessary being, not so superlative: the fourth way as comparatively problematic, and science and nature without God.
Nope, our causality bubble keeps us from seeing anything uncaused
God is uncaused
, being pure actuality, non-composite, non-contingent, etc.
Hart points to what it means to speak of God in a manner that is "consonant with the teachings of orthodox Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Hinduism, Baha'i, [and] a great deal of antique paganism," to mean "the one infinite source of all that is: eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent, uncreated, uncaused
, perfectly transcendent of all things and for that very reason absolutely immanent to all things" (30).
Alternatively, one could compare "Vioxx-induced MI" with some specific alternative, such as "diet-induced MI", "totally uncaused
MI", or "no MI".
Religion," John Updike remarked, "is our persistence," in the face of material evidence "that we are insignificant accidents within a vast uncaused
churning, in feeling that our life is a story, with a pattern and a moral and an inevitability" (239).