under


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un·der

 (ŭn′dər)
prep.
1.
a. In a lower position or place than: a rug under a chair.
b. To or into a lower position or place than: rolled the ball under the couch.
2. Beneath the surface of: under the ground; swam under water.
3. Beneath the assumed surface or guise of: traveled under a false name.
4. Less than; smaller than: The jar's capacity is under three quarts.
5. Less than the required amount or degree of: under voting age.
6. Inferior to in status or rank: nine officers under me at headquarters.
7. Subject to the authority, rule, or control of: under a dictatorship.
8. Subject to the supervision, instruction, or influence of: under parental guidance.
9. Undergoing or receiving the effects of: under constant care.
10. Subject to the restraint or obligation of: under contract.
11. Within the group or classification of: listed under biology.
12. In the process of: under discussion.
13. In view of; because of: under these conditions.
14. With the authorization of: under the monarch's seal.
15. Sowed or planted with: an acre under oats.
16. Nautical Powered or propelled by: under sail; under steam.
17. During the time conventionally assigned to (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries.
adv.
1. In or into a place below or beneath: struggled in the water but then slipped under.
2. So as to be covered or enveloped: arranged the blankets so the kids were completely under.
3. So as to be less than the required amount or degree: 10 degrees or under.
4. So as to be rendered unconscious, as by an anesthetic: Doctors put the patient under.
5. In or into a condition of ruin or death: businesses that have gone under.
adj.
1. Located or situated on a lower level or beneath something else: the under parts of a machine.
2. Lower in rank, power, or authority; subordinate.
3. Less than is required or customary: an under dose of medication.
Idiom:
out from under Informal
Having gotten free of worries or difficulties: Credit counseling helped us get out from under.

[Middle English, from Old English; see n̥dher- in Indo-European roots.]

under

(ˈʌndə)
prep
1. directly below; on, to, or beneath the underside or base of: under one's feet.
2. less than: under forty years.
3. lower in rank than: under a corporal.
4. subject to the supervision, jurisdiction, control, or influence of
5. subject to (conditions); in (certain circumstances)
6. within a classification of: a book under theology.
7. known by: under an assumed name.
8. (Agriculture) planted with: a field under corn.
9. powered by: under sail.
10. (Astrology) astrology during the period that the sun is in (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries.
adv
below; to a position underneath something
[Old English; related to Old Saxon, Gothic undar, Old High German untar, Old Norse undir, Latin infra]

un•der

(ˈʌn dər)

prep.
1. beneath and covered by: under a tree.
2. below the surface of: under water.
3. at a point lower than: a bump just under his eye.
4. in the position of sustaining, enduring, etc.: to sink under a heavy load.
5. beneath the cover or disguise of: registered under a pseudonym.
6. beneath the heading of: Classify the books under “Fiction.”
7. below in degree, amount, etc.; less than: purchased under cost.
8. below in rank.
9. subject to the authority or influence of: a bureau under the president.
10. in accordance with: under the provisions of the law.
11. during the administration or reign of: laws passed under President Lincoln.
12. in the state or process of: under construction.
adv.
13. below or beneath something: Go over the fence, not under.
14. beneath the surface.
15. in a lower degree, amount, etc.: shirts for $25 and under.
16. in a subordinate position or condition.
17. go under,
a. to give in; succumb.
b. to fail in business.
adj.
18. located beneath or on the underside.
19. lower in position.
20. lower in degree, amount, rank, etc.
21. subject to the control, effect, etc., as of a person, drug, or force: I was under throughout the surgery.
[before 900; Middle English, Old English < Latin inferus located below]

under-

a prefixal use of under, as to indicate place or situation below or beneath (underbrush; undertow); lower in grade or dignity (undersheriff; understudy); of lesser degree, extent, or amount (undersized); or insufficiency (underfeed).
[Middle English; Old English]

under

belowbeneath
1. 'under'

Under is almost always a preposition. You use under to say that one thing is at a lower level than another, and that the other thing is directly above it. For example, you might say that an object on the floor is under a table or chair.

There's a cupboard under the stairs.
A path runs under the trees.
2. 'underneath'

Underneath can be a preposition with a similar meaning to under.

We sat at a table underneath some olive trees.

Underneath can also be an adverb.

Let's pull up the carpet and see what's underneath.
3. 'below'

Below can be a preposition. You normally use it to say that one thing is at a much lower level than another.

There's a tunnel 100 metres below the surface.

Below can also be an adverb.

They stood at the top of the mountain and looked at the valley below.
4. 'beneath'

Beneath can be a preposition with a similar meaning to under or below. Beneath is more formal.

He could feel the soft ground beneath his feet.

Beneath can also be an adverb.

He stared out of the window at the courtyard beneath.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.under - located below or beneath something elseunder - located below or beneath something else; "nether garments"; "the under parts of a machine"
low - literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension; "low ceilings"; "low clouds"; "low hills"; "the sun is low"; "low furniture"; "a low bow"
2.under - lower in rank, power, or authorityunder - lower in rank, power, or authority; "an under secretary"
subordinate, low-level - lower in rank or importance
Adv.1.under - down to defeat, death, or ruinunder - down to defeat, death, or ruin; "their competitors went under"
2.under - through a range downwardunder - through a range downward; "children six and under will be admitted free"
3.under - into unconsciousnessunder - into unconsciousness; "this will put the patient under"
4.under - in or into a state of subordination or subjugationunder - in or into a state of subordination or subjugation; "we must keep our disappointment under"
5.under - below some quantity or limitunder - below some quantity or limit; "fifty dollars or under"
6.under - below the horizonunder - below the horizon; "the sun went under"
7.under - down belowunder - down below; "get under quickly!"  
8.under - further down; "see under for further discussion"

under

preposition
1. below, beneath, underneath, on the bottom of A path runs under the trees.
below up, over, above, upward
2. subject to, liable to, controlled by, bound by, under the control of, at the mercy of, constrained by I'm rarely under pressure at work.
3. subordinate to, subject to, reporting to, directed by, governed by, inferior to, secondary to, subservient to, junior to I am the new manager and you will be working under me.
4. included in, belonging to, subsumed under, comprised in under section 4 of the Family Law Reform Act
5. less than, below, not as much as jobs for those under 65
6. undergoing, receiving, in the process of the Channel tunnel now under construction
adverb
1. below, down, beneath, downward, to the bottom A hand came from behind and pushed his head under.
below up, over, above, upward
Related words
prefix sub-

under

adjective
1. Not enough to meet a demand or requirement:
2. Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
Translations
أقَل منتَحْتتـَحْتَتَحْت إمْرَتِهتَحْت البَحْث
podvdodolůméně
under
sub
allaalle
ispodpod
alatt
undirundir stjórnundir, tilí kaf/undir ákveînum aldriinnan viî
・・・の下に
...의 밑에
jaunesnis negumažiau neiper mažas
kāda vadībā/pakļautībāmazāk parzem
sub
menej ako
podmanjniže
under
ใต้ ภายใต้
altındaaşağısındabünyesinde-den/dan küçükemir komutası altında
phía dưới

under

[ˈʌndəʳ]
A. ADV
1. (= beneath) (position) → debajo; (direction) → abajo
he stayed under for three minutes (= underwater) → estuvo sumergido durante tres minutos
he lifted the rope and crawled underlevantó la cuerda y se deslizó por debajo
2. (= under anaesthetic) he's been under for three hourslleva tres horas bajo los efectos de la anestesia
3. (= less) → menos
children of 15 and underniños mpl de 15 años y menores
ten degrees underdiez grados bajo cero
B. PREP
1. (= beneath) → debajo de
under the beddebajo de la cama
under the microscopebajo el microscopio
under the skybajo el cielo
under the waterbajo el agua
the train passed under the bridgeel tren pasó por debajo del puente
the tunnel goes under the Channelel túnel pasa por debajo del Canal
under thereahí debajo
what's under there?¿qué hay ahí debajo?
2. (= less than) → menos de
under 20 peoplemenos de 20 personas
in under a minuteen menos de un minuto
any number under 90cualquier número inferior a 90
aged under 21que tiene menos de 21 años
children under tenniños menores de diez años
it sells at under £20se vende a menos de 20 libras
3. (= subject to) → bajo
under this government/the Romansbajo este gobierno/los romanos
under Ferdinand VIIbajo Fernando VII, durante el reinado de Fernando VII
he has 30 workers under himtiene 30 obreros a su cargo
to study under sbestudiar con algn, tener a algn por profesor
under the command ofbajo el mando de
under constructionbajo construcción, en obras
under lock and keybajo llave
under oathbajo juramento
under pain/the pretext ofso pena/pretexto de
under full saila todo trapo, a vela llena
4. (with names) under a false namecon nombre falso
you'll find him under "plumbers" in the phone booklo encontrarás en la sección de "fontaneros" en el listín
5. (= according to, by) → de acuerdo con, según
under Article 25 of the Codeconforme al Artículo 25 del Código
his rights under the contractsus derechos según el contrato
6. (Agr) the field is under wheatel campo está sembrado de trigo

under

[ˈʌndər]
prep
(= beneath) → sous
The cat's under the table → Le chat est sous la table.
The tunnel goes under the Channel → Le tunnel passe sous la Manche.
He'd been held under water and drowned → On l'a maintenu sous l'eau et noyé.
under there → là-dessous
What's under there? → Qu'est-ce qu'il y a là-dessous?
from under sth → de sous qch
The children crawled out from under the table → Les enfants sortirent en rampant de sous la table.
(= less than) → moins de
He finished in under 2 hours → Il a fini en moins de 2 heures.
There were under 20 people → Il y avait moins de vingt personnes.
Expenditure was just under 15 million pounds → Les dépenses étaient juste sous la barre des 15 millions de livres., Les dépenses étaient très légèrement inférieures à 15 millions de livres.
(= younger than) → moins de
He's still under 18 → Il a encore moins de 18 ans.
children under 10 → les enfants de moins de dix ans
(= according to) → selon, en vertu de
Equal pay for men and women is guaranteed under English law → L'égalité des salaires entre hommes et femmes est garantie en vertu des lois britanniques.
(in a particular state or condition) under anaesthetic → sous anesthésie
under discussion → en discussion
under repair → en réparation
under the circumstances → étant donné les circonstances
(= controlled, governed, managed by) to work under sb → travailler sous les ordres de qn
to study under sb → étudier avec qn
China under Chairman Mao → La Chine sous le président Mao
(using a particular name)sous
The patient was registered under a false name → Le patient était inscrit sous un faux nom.
under the name of → sous le nom de
Some of her books were published under the name Amanda Fairchild → Certains de ses livres ont été publiés sous le nom d'Amanda Fairchild.
(found in particular section of book, list, system)sous
It's filed under C → C'est répertorié sous C.
adv
(= beneath) → dessous
We lifted the wire and crawled under → Nous avons soulevé le fil de fer et rampé dessous.
Somebody pushed him under → Quelqu'un l'a poussé dessous.
(= less) → moins
gifts for £5 and under → des cadeaux pour 5 livres et moins
(= younger) → moins
children aged 12 and under → les enfants âgés de 12 et moins, les enfants âgés de 12 ou moins

under

prep
(= beneath, place) → unter (+dat); (direction) → unter (+acc); under itdarunter; to come out from under the bedunter dem Bett hervorkommen; it’s under therees ist da drunter (inf); they held his head under the watersie hielten seinen Kopf unter Wasser; under barleymit Gerste bebaut
(= less than)unter (+dat); it took under an houres dauerte weniger als eine Stunde; there were under 50 of themes waren weniger als 50, es waren unter 50
(= subordinate to, under influence of etc)unter (+dat); he had 50 men under himer hatte 50 Männer unter sich; to study under somebodybei jdm studieren; who were you under? (Univ) → bei wem haben Sie studiert?; (Mil) → unter wem haben Sie gedient?; he was born under Virgo (Astrol) → er wurde im Zeichen der Jungfrau geboren; he died under the anaesthetic (Brit) or anesthetic (US) → er starb in der Narkose; you’re under a misapprehensionSie befinden sich im Irrtum; under constructionim Bau; the matter under discussionder Diskussionsgegenstand; to be under treatment (Med) → in Behandlung sein; to be under the doctorin (ärztlicher) Behandlung sein; which doctor are you under?bei welchem Arzt sind Sie?; it’s classified under historyes ist unter „Geschichteeingeordnet; you’ll find the number under “garages”Sie finden die Nummer unter „Werkstätten; under sentence of deathzum Tode verurteilt; under penalty of deathunter Androhung der Todesstrafe; under an assumed nameunter falschem Namen; the house is under threat of demolitiondas Haus ist vom Abbruch bedroht
(= according to)nach (+dat), → gemäß (+dat), → laut (+dat); under his willin seinem Testament; under the terms of the contractnach or gemäß den Vertragsbedingungen
adv
(= beneath)unten; (= unconscious)bewusstlos; he came to the fence and crawled underer kam zum Zaun und kroch darunter durch; to go underuntergehen; to get out from under (fig inf)wieder Licht sehen (inf)
(= less)darunter

under

:
underachieve
vihinter den Erwartungen zurückbleiben
underachievement
underachiever
n Johnny is an underJohnnys Leistungen bleiben hinter den Erwartungen zurück
underact
underage
adj attrminderjährig
underappreciation
underarm
adj
Unterarm-; under hairUnterarmbehaarung f; under deodorantAchselhöhlen-Deodorant nt
throwvon unten; under serve (Tennis) → Aufschlag mvon unten
adv throw, servevon unten
underbelly
n (Zool, fig, of plane) → Bauch m; the soft under of Europe/democracydie Achillesferse Europas/der Demokratie
underbid pret, ptp <underbid>
vt (Comm) → unterbieten
vi (Cards) → nicht hoch genug reizen
underbody
n (of vehicle)Unterboden m
underbrush
underbuy pret, ptp <underbought>
vizu wenig kaufen
undercapitalized
adj (Fin) → unterkapitalisiert
undercarriage
n (Aviat) → Fahrwerk nt, → Fahrgestell nt
undercharge
vizu wenig berechnen
vt to under somebodyjdm zu wenig berechnen; he underd me by 50per berechnete mir 50 Pence zu wenig
underclass
nUnterklasse f
underclothes
pl, underclothing
nUnterwäsche f
undercoat
n (= paint)Grundierfarbe f; (= coat)Grundierung f; (US Aut) → Unterbodenschutz m
undercook
vtnicht durchgaren; (accidentally also) → nicht lange genug kochen
undercover
adjgeheim; under agentGeheimagent(in) m(f); (= investigator)verdeckter Ermittler, verdeckte Ermittlerin; he did under work for the policeer arbeitete für die Polizei als verdeckter Ermittler
adv to work underundercover arbeiten; (with police) → als verdeckter Ermittler/verdeckte Ermittlerin arbeiten
undercroft
n (Archit) → unterirdisches Gewölbe f, → Gruft f; (of church)Krypta f
undercurrent
n (lit, fig)Unterströmung f; (in speech, attitude) → Unterton m
undercut pret, ptp <undercut>
vt competitor, fare(im Preis) unterbieten; (fig) efforts etcuntergraben
underdeveloped
adjunterentwickelt; resourcesungenutzt
underdog
n (in society) → Schwächere(r) mf, → Benachteiligte(r) mf, → Underdog m; (in game also) → sicherer Verlierer, sichere Verliererin
underdone
adjnicht gar; (deliberately) steaknicht durchgebraten
underdressed
adj to be under (= too lightly)zu leicht angezogen sein; (= not formally enough)zu einfach angezogen sein
underemphasize
vtnicht genügend or nicht ausreichend betonen; I don’t want to under her roleich möchte ihre Rolle nicht herunterspielen; to deliberately under somethingetw bewusst herunterspielen
underemployed
adjnicht ausgelastet; person alsounterbeschäftigt; plant, equipment alsonicht voll (aus)genutzt
underemployment
nUnterbeschäftigung f; (of person, plant also)mangelnde Auslastung; (of abilities, plant also)mangelnde Ausnutzung
underestimate
underestimation
underexpose
vt (Phot) → unterbelichten
underexposed
adj (Phot) → unterbelichtet
underexposure
n (Phot) → Unterbelichtung f; (fig)Mangel man Publizität
underfed
underfeed pret, ptp <underfed>
vtzu wenig zu essen geben (+dat); animalszu wenig füttern
underfeeding
n (of animals)Unterernährung f
underfelt
underfinanced
underfloor heating
underfoot
advam Boden; it is wet underder Boden ist nass; to trample somebody/something under (lit, fig)auf jdm/etw herumtrampeln
underfund
vtunterfinanzieren
underfunded
underfunding
undergarment
nUnterkleid nt; undersUnterkleidung f
undergo pret <underwent>, ptp <undergone>
vt sufferingdurchmachen, mitmachen; processdurchmachen, durchlaufen; trainingmitmachen; change alsoerleben; test, treatment, operationsich unterziehen (+dat); (machine) testunterzogen werden (+dat); to under repairsin Reparatur sein
undergrad (inf), undergraduate
nStudent(in) m(f)
attr class, coursefür nichtgraduierte or nicht graduierte Studenten; underuate studentStudent(in) m(f)

under

:
undergrowth
nGestrüpp nt, → Gebüsch nt; (under trees) → Unterholz nt
underhand
adj
(= sly)hinterhältig
(Sport) = underarm
underhanded
adj = underhand a
underhandedly
advhinterhältigerweise
underhung
adj jawvorgeschoben; meatungenügend or nicht genug abgehangen
underinsured
underinvestment
nmangelnde or unzureichende Investitionen pl; industry is suffering from underdie Industrie leidet unter Investitionsmangel
underlay
n (Brit) → Unterlage f
underlie pret <underlay>, ptp <underlain>
vt (lit)liegen unter (+dat); (fig: = be basis for or cause of) → zugrunde or zu Grunde liegen (+dat)
underline
vt (lit, fig)unterstreichen
n (Typ) → Unterstrich m, → tiefgestellter Bindestrich

under

:
underlining
nUnterstreichung f; with red underrot unterstrichen; why all this under?warum ist so viel unterstrichen?
underlying
adj
soil, rockstiefer liegend
causeeigentlich; (= deeper)tiefer; problem, message, themezugrunde or zu Grunde liegend; honesty, strengthgrundlegend; tensionunterschwellig; the under cause of all thiswas all dem zugrunde or zu Grunde liegt; a certain under sense of tragedyeine gewisse unterschwellige Tragik
(Econ) under rate of inflationBasis-Inflationsrate f
undermanned
adjunterbesetzt
undermanning
nPersonalmangel m, → Personalknappheit f; (deliberate) → Unterbesetzung f; (Mil, of police force etc) → Unterbemannung f
undermentioned
undermine
vt
(= tunnel under)unterhöhlen; (Mil) → unterminieren; (= weaken)schwächen; (sea) cliffsunterspülen, unterhöhlen
(fig: = weaken) → unterminieren, untergraben; healthangreifen
undermost
adjunterste(r, s)

under

:
undernourished
undernourishment
underoccupied
adj hostel, hospital etcunterbelegt
underpaid
adjunterbezahlt
underpants
plUnterhose(n) f(pl); a pair of undereine Unterhose, ein Paar ntUnterhosen
underpart
nUnterteil nt
underpass
underpay pret, ptp <underpaid>
underpayment
nzu geringe Bezahlung, Unterbezahlung f; because of under of tax …weil zu wenig Steuer gezahlt wurde; there was an under of £5 in your salarySie bekamen £ 5 zu wenig Gehalt ausbezahlt
underpin
vt (Archit) wall, buildinguntermauern; (fig) argument, claimuntermauern; economy, market, shares etc(ab)stützen
underpinning
n (Archit) → Untermauerung f
underplay
vt
(Cards) handnicht voll ausspielen; to under one’s hand (fig)nicht alle Trümpfe ausspielen
(Theat) rolezurückhaltend spielen
significance, role, extentherunterspielen
underplot
n (of novel etc)Nebenhandlung f
underpopulated
adjunterbevölkert
underprice
vtzu billig or unter Preis anbieten; to be underdzu billig gehandelt werden; at £10 it is underdmit £ 10 ist es zu billig
underpricing
nFestlegung fzu niedriger Preise
underprivileged
n the under pldie Unterprivilegierten pl
underproduce
vizu wenig produzieren
underproduction
underproof
adj spiritsunterprozentig
underqualified
adjunterqualifiziert
underrate
vt (= underestimate) danger, chance, opponent, personunterschätzen; (= undervalue) qualitiesunterbewerten
underrated
adjunterschätzt; he is probably the most under songwriter in the businesser ist vielleicht der am meisten unterschätzte Songwriter der ganzen Branche
underrepresented
underripe
adj fruitunreif; slightly under(noch) nicht ganz reif
underscore
vt, n = underline
undersea
adjUnterwasser-; under explorerUnterwasserforscher(in) m(f)
underseal (Brit Aut)
vtmit Unterbodenschutz versehen; is it undered?hat es Unterbodenschutz?; I must have my car underedich muss Unterbodenschutz machen lassen
underseas
adjUnterwasser-, untermeerisch
undersecretary (Brit)
n
(also Parliamentary Undersecretary)(parlamentarischer) Staatssekretär
Permanent UndersecretaryStändiger Unterstaatssekretär
undersell pret, ptp <undersold>
vt
competitorunterbieten; (= sell at lower price) goodsunter Preis verkaufen, verschleudern
(= not publicize)nicht gut verkaufen; (as advertising technique) → nicht anpreisen; he tends to under himself/his ideaser kann sich/seine Ideen normalerweise nicht verkaufen
undersexed
adj to be undereinen unterentwickelten Geschlechtstrieb haben (form), → nicht viel für Sex übrighaben; he’s not exactly underer ist der reinste Lustmolch (inf)
undershirt
n (US) → Unterhemd nt
undershoot pret, ptp <undershot>
vi (Aviat, missile) → zu früh landen
vt to under the runwayvor der Landebahn aufsetzen; to under the targetdas Ziel nicht erreichen
undershorts
pl (US) → Unterhose(n) f(pl)
underside
nUnterseite f
undersign
undersigned
adj (form)unterzeichnet
n we the underwir, die Unterzeichneten
undersized
adjklein; (= less than proper size)zu klein; clothesin einer zu kleinen Größe; (pej) person alsozu kurz geraten (hum)
underskirt
nUnterrock m
undersold pret, ptp of undersell
underspend pret, ptp <underspent>
vizu wenig ausgeben (on für); we have underspent by £1000wir haben £ 1000 weniger ausgegeben als geplant
understaffed
adj officeunterbesetzt; prison, hospitalmit zu wenig Personal; we are very under at the momentwir haben momentan zu wenig Leute

under

:
undertax
vtunterbesteuern, zu niedrig besteuern
undertenant
nUntermieter(in) m(f); (of land)Unterpächter(in) m(f)
under-the-counter
adj ? counter
undertone
n
(of voice) in an undermit gedämpfter Stimme
(fig, of criticism, discontent) → Unterton m; (of colour) → Tönung f; an under of racismein rassistischer Unterton
undertook pret of undertake
undertow
n (lit, fig)Unterströmung f; there is a lot of underes gibt viele Unterströmungen
underused
adj land, musclesnicht voll genutzt; resources, facilities alsounausgeschöpft
underutilization
underutilized
adjunzureichend or nicht voll genutzt
undervalue
vt antique, artistunterbewerten, unterschätzen; (= price too low) company, assets, shareszu niedrig schätzen or veranschlagen; personzu wenig schätzen
underwater
adjUnterwasser-; under photographyUnterwasserfotografie f
advunter Wasser
underway
adj (esp US) → unterwegs; (= in progress)im Gang ? also way
underwear
nUnterwäsche f
underweight
adjuntergewichtig; to be (2 kg) under(2 kg) Untergewicht haben
underwent pret of undergo
underwhelm
vt (hum) the critics were undered by his second novelsein zweiter Roman hat die Kritiker nicht gerade umgehauen (inf)
underworld
n (= criminals, Myth) → Unterwelt f
underwrite pret <underwrote>, ptp <underwritten>
vt (= finance) company, loss, projecttragen, garantieren; (= guarantee) insurance policygarantieren, bürgen für; (= insure) shipping, riskversichern; (St Ex) shares, issuezeichnen; (fig: = agree to) policies etcbilligen
underwriter
n (Insur: = company) → Versicherer m, → Versicherungsgeber m

under

[ˈʌndəʳ]
1. prep
a. (beneath) → sotto
under the table → sotto il tavolo
from under the bed → da sotto il letto
it's under there → sta lì sotto
under water → sott'acqua
b. (less than) → meno di; (in rank, scale) → al di sotto di
in under 2 hours → in meno di 2 ore
people under 50 (years old) → gente al di sotto dei 50 (anni)
c. (fig) (sb's leadership, sign of zodiac, letter in catalogue) → sotto
under anaesthetic → sotto anestesia
under discussion/repair/construction → in discussione/riparazione/costruzione
to study under sb → studiare con qn or sotto la guida di qn
under the circumstances → date le circostanze
under the Romans → sotto i Romani
under a false name → sotto falso nome
he has 30 workers under him → ha 30 operai sotto di sé
d. (according to) → secondo
under the new law → secondo quanto previsto dalla nuova legge
2. adv
a. (beneath, position) → sotto; (direction) → sotto, di sotto
to be under (under anaesthetic) → essere sotto anestesia
b. (less) → al di sotto, meno
girls of 14 and under → ragazze dai 14 anni in giù

under

(ˈandə) preposition
1. in or to a position lower than, or covered by. Your pencil is under the chair; Strange plants grow under the sea.
2. less than, or lower in rank than. Children under five should not cross the street alone; You can do the job in under an hour.
3. subject to the authority of. As a foreman, he has about fifty workers under him.
4. used to express various states. The fort was under attack; The business improved under the new management; The matter is under consideration/discussion.
adverb
in or to a lower position, rank etc. The swimmer surfaced and went under again; children aged seven and under.
under-
1. beneath, as in underline.
2. too little, as in underpay.
3. lower in rank. the under-manager.
4. less in age than. a nursery for under-fives (= children aged four and under).

under

تـَحْتَ pod under unter κάτω από debajo de alla sous ispod sotto ・・・の下に ...의 밑에 onder under pod sob под under ใต้ ภายใต้ altında phía dưới 在...之下

under

a. inferior;
prep., adv. debajo, menos, menos que; bajo;
___observationbajo observación;
___treatmentbajo tratamiento.