understand


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un·der·stand

 (ŭn′dər-stănd′)
v. un·der·stood (-sto͝od′), un·der·stand·ing, un·der·stands
v.tr.
1.
a. To become aware of the nature and significance of; know or comprehend: She understands the difficulty involved.
b. To become aware of the intended meaning of (a person or remark, for example): We understand what they're saying; we just disagree with it. When he began describing his eccentric theories, we could no longer understand him.
c. To know and be tolerant or sympathetic toward: hoped that they would understand my complaint.
2. To know thoroughly by close contact or long experience with: That teacher understands children. I understand the basics of car repair.
3.
a. To learn indirectly or infer, as from hearsay: I understand his departure was unexpected. Am I to understand you are staying the night?
b. To assume to be or accept as agreed: It is understood that the fee will be $50.
4. To supply or add (words or a meaning, for example) mentally: A verb is understood at the end of the statement "Yes, let's."
v.intr.
1.
a. To have understanding, knowledge, or comprehension.
b. To have sympathy or tolerance: You're upset. I understand.
2. To learn something indirectly or secondhand; gather.

[Middle English understanden, from Old English understandan : under-, under- + standan, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: understand, comprehend, apprehend, grasp
These verbs denote perception of the nature and significance of something. Understand is the most general and can apply to a range of situations or degrees of perception: understood the directions; understands only a little spoken Spanish; couldn't understand what I did wrong.
It can also refer to the thorough knowledge gained by close experience: "No one who has not had the responsibility can really understand what it is like to be President" (Harry S. Truman).
Comprehend stresses wide or thorough perception: "To comprehend is to know a thing as well as that thing can be known" (John Donne).
Apprehend denotes both mental and intuitive awareness: "Intelligence is quickness to apprehend" (Alfred North Whitehead).
To grasp is to seize an idea firmly: "We have grasped the mystery of the atom and rejected the Sermon on the Mount" (Omar N. Bradley).

understand

(ˌʌndəˈstænd)
vb, -stands, -standing or -stood
1. (may take a clause as object) to know and comprehend the nature or meaning of: I understand you; I understand what you mean.
2. (may take a clause as object) to realize or grasp (something): he understands your position.
3. (tr; may take a clause as object) to assume, infer, or believe: I understand you are thinking of marrying.
4. (tr) to know how to translate or read: can you understand Spanish?.
5. (tr; may take a clause as object; often passive) to accept as a condition or proviso: it is understood that children must be kept quiet.
6. (tr) to be sympathetic to or compatible with: we understand each other.
[Old English understandan; related to Old Frisian understonda, Middle High German understān step under; see under, stand]
ˌunderˈstandable adj
ˌunderˈstandably adv

un•der•stand

(ˌʌn dərˈstænd)

v. -stood, -stand•ing. v.t.
1. to perceive the meaning of; comprehend: to understand a poem.
2. to be familiar with; have a thorough knowledge of: to understand a trade.
3. to interpret or comprehend in a specified way: She understood his suggestion as a complaint.
4. to grasp the significance or importance of: He doesn't understand responsibility.
5. to regard as agreed or settled; assume: We understand that you will repay this loan in 30 days.
6. to learn or hear: I understand you were ill.
7. to infer (something not stated).
v.i.
8. to perceive what is meant; comprehend.
9. to accept something tolerantly or sympathetically: If you can't do it, I will understand.
10. to have knowledge about a particular subject: She understands about boats.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English understondan; c. Dutch onderstaan]
appreciate, recognize, understand - The use of "appreciate" should involve valuing something or understanding it sympathetically; when there is no value or sympathy, use "recognize" or "understand"; appreciate first meant "set at a price; appraised."
See also related terms for recognize.

understand

realize
1. 'understand'

If you can understand someone or can understand what they are saying, you know what they mean.

His lecture was confusing; no one could understand the terminology.
Her accent was hard to understand.

If you say that you understand that something is true, you mean that you have been told that it is true.

I understand he's been married before.
There was no definite evidence, I understand.
2. 'realize'

Don't use understand to say that someone becomes aware of something. Don't say, for example, 'Until he stopped working he hadn't understood how late it was'. You say 'Until he stopped working he hadn't realized how late it was'.

As soon as I saw him, I realized that I'd seen him before.

understand


Past participle: understood
Gerund: understanding

Imperative
understand
understand
Present
I understand
you understand
he/she/it understands
we understand
you understand
they understand
Preterite
I understood
you understood
he/she/it understood
we understood
you understood
they understood
Present Continuous
I am understanding
you are understanding
he/she/it is understanding
we are understanding
you are understanding
they are understanding
Present Perfect
I have understood
you have understood
he/she/it has understood
we have understood
you have understood
they have understood
Past Continuous
I was understanding
you were understanding
he/she/it was understanding
we were understanding
you were understanding
they were understanding
Past Perfect
I had understood
you had understood
he/she/it had understood
we had understood
you had understood
they had understood
Future
I will understand
you will understand
he/she/it will understand
we will understand
you will understand
they will understand
Future Perfect
I will have understood
you will have understood
he/she/it will have understood
we will have understood
you will have understood
they will have understood
Future Continuous
I will be understanding
you will be understanding
he/she/it will be understanding
we will be understanding
you will be understanding
they will be understanding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been understanding
you have been understanding
he/she/it has been understanding
we have been understanding
you have been understanding
they have been understanding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been understanding
you will have been understanding
he/she/it will have been understanding
we will have been understanding
you will have been understanding
they will have been understanding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been understanding
you had been understanding
he/she/it had been understanding
we had been understanding
you had been understanding
they had been understanding
Conditional
I would understand
you would understand
he/she/it would understand
we would understand
you would understand
they would understand
Past Conditional
I would have understood
you would have understood
he/she/it would have understood
we would have understood
you would have understood
they would have understood
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning ofunderstand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
apprehend, comprehend, get the picture, grok, savvy, grasp, compass, dig - get the meaning of something; "Do you comprehend the meaning of this letter?"
sense - comprehend; "I sensed the real meaning of his letter"
follow - grasp the meaning; "Can you follow her argument?"; "When he lectures, I cannot follow"
get, catch - grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of; "did you catch that allusion?"; "We caught something of his theory in the lecture"; "don't catch your meaning"; "did you get it?"; "She didn't get the joke"; "I just don't get him"
touch - comprehend; "He could not touch the meaning of the poem"
translate, understand, interpret, read - make sense of a language; "She understands French"; "Can you read Greek?"
read - to hear and understand; "I read you loud and clear!"
construe, interpret, see - make sense of; assign a meaning to; "What message do you see in this letter?"; "How do you interpret his behavior?"
make out - comprehend; "I cannot make out what this politician is saying"
figure out, puzzle out, solve, lick, work out, work - find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of; "did you solve the problem?"; "Work out your problems with the boss"; "this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out"; "did you get it?"; "Did you get my meaning?"; "He could not work the math problem"
fathom, penetrate, bottom - come to understand
2.understand - perceive (an idea or situation) mentallyunderstand - perceive (an idea or situation) mentally; "Now I see!"; "I just can't see your point"; "Does she realize how important this decision is?"; "I don't understand the idea"
perceive - become conscious of; "She finally perceived the futility of her protest"
take account, appreciate - be fully aware of; realize fully; "Do you appreciate the full meaning of this letter?"
envision, fancy, picture, visualize, image, visualise, figure, see, project - imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind; "I can't see him on horseback!"; "I can see what will happen"; "I can see a risk in this strategy"
see - see and understand, have a good eye; "The artist must first learn to see"
3.understand - make sense of a languageunderstand - make sense of a language; "She understands French"; "Can you read Greek?"
understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
4.understand - believe to be the caseunderstand - believe to be the case; "I understand you have no previous experience?"
believe - accept as true; take to be true; "I believed his report"; "We didn't believe his stories from the War"; "She believes in spirits"
5.understand - be understanding ofunderstand - be understanding of; "You don't need to explain--I understand!"

understand

verb
1. comprehend, get, take in, perceive, grasp, know, see, follow, realize, recognize, appreciate, be aware of, penetrate, make out, discern, twig (Brit. informal), fathom, savvy (slang), apprehend, conceive of, suss (Brit. informal), get to the bottom of, get the hang of (informal), tumble to (informal), catch on to (informal), cotton on to (informal), make head or tail of (informal), get your head round I think you understand my meaning.
2. sympathize with, appreciate, be aware of, be able to see, take on board (informal), empathize with, commiserate with, show compassion for Trish had not exactly understood his feelings.
3. believe, hear, learn, gather, think, see, suppose, notice, assume, take it, conclude, fancy, presume, be informed, infer, surmise, hear tell, draw the inference I understand you've heard about David.
Quotations
"In the long course of history, having people who understand your thought is much greater security than another submarine" [J. William Fulbright speaking of the Fulbright scholarship programme]

understand

verb
1. To perceive directly with the intellect:
Scots: ken.
2. To perceive and recognize the meaning of:
Informal: savvy.
Slang: dig.
Chiefly British: twig.
Scots: ken.
3. To arrive at (a conclusion) from evidence or reasoning:
Translations
يَتَفَهَّميُدْرِكيَفْهَميَفْهَمُ
разбирам
rozumětvyrozumětdovědět semít pochopení
forståmene
kompreni
aru saamamõistma
ymmärtääkäsittääosatatajutauskoa
razumijeti
alaposan ismerértértesülfelfogmegért
paham
gera sér grein fyrir, skiljastskilja
理解する信じる分かる
이해하다
credo
atjaučiantisnusimanyti apiepasakyti suprantamaisuprasti
saprastsaprastiesdomātizprastnoprast
intelege
mať pochopenieporozumieť
razumetiuvideti
förstå
เข้าใจ
hiểu

understand

[ˌʌndəˈstænd] (understood (pt, pp))
A. VT
1. (= comprehend) (gen) → entender; (more formal, esp complex issues) → comprender
I can't understand it!¡no lo entiendo!
I can't understand your writingno entiendo tu letra
that's what I can't understandeso es lo que no logro entender or comprender
that is easily understoodeso se entiende fácilmente
I don't want to hear another word about it, (is that) understood?no quiero que se hable más del tema, ¿entendido or comprendido?
the process is still not fully understoodel proceso todavía no se comprende or entiende del todo
doctors are still trying to understand the diseaselos médicos siguen intentando comprender la enfermedad
it must be understood thatdebe entenderse que ...
you must understand that we're very busydebes entender or comprender que estamos muy ocupados
to understand how/whyentender or comprender cómo/por qué
2. (= follow, interpret) → entender
did I understand you correctly?¿te entendí bien?
to make o.s. understoodhacerse entender
he was trying to make himself understoodestaba intentando hacerse entender
do I make myself understood?¿queda claro?
3. (= empathize with) [+ person, point of view, attitude] → comprender, entender
his wife doesn't understand himsu mujer no le comprende or entiende
she understands childrencomprende or entiende a los niños
we understand one anothernos comprendemos or entendemos
I (fully) understand your positioncomprendo or entiendo (totalmente) su posición
I quite understand that you don't want to comeme hago cargo de que no quieres venir
4. (= know) [+ language] → entender
he can't understand a word of Spanishno entiende ni una palabra de español
5. (= believe) → tener entendido
I understand you have been absenttengo entendido que usted ha estado ausente
as I understand it, he's trying to set up a meetingsegún tengo entendido or según creo está intentando convocar una reunión
it's understood that he had a heart attackse piensa or cree que sufrió un infarto
am I to understand that ...?¿debo entender que ...?
we confirm our reservation and we understand (that) the rental will be 500 eurosconfirmamos nuestra reserva y entendemos que el alquiler será de 500 euros
to give sb to understand thatdar a algn a entender que
we were given to understand thatse nos dio a entender que ...
it was understood that he would pay for itse dio por sentado que él lo pagaría
he let it be understood thatdio a entender que ...
B. VI
1. (= comprehend) → entender; (more emphatic) → comprender
do you understand?¿entiendes or comprendes?
now I understand!¡ahora entiendo!, ¡ahora comprendo!
there's to be no noise, (do you) understand?que no haya ruido, ¿entiendes or comprendes?
2. (= believe) she was, I understand, a Catholicsegún tengo entendido era católica
3. (= accept sb's position) → entender; (esp in more complex situation) → comprender
he'll understandlo entenderá or comprenderá
don't worry, I quite understandno te preocupes, lo entiendo or comprendo perfectamente

understand

[ˌʌndərˈstænd] [understood] (pt, pp)
vt
(= perceive meaning of) [+ person, words, language] → comprendre
I don't understand this word → Je ne comprends pas ce mot.
Do you understand German? → Vous comprenez l'allemand?
Is that understood? → C'est compris?
to make o.s. understood → se faire comprendre
[+ events, situation, process] → comprendre
They are too young to understand what is going on → Ils sont trop jeunes pour comprendre ce qui se passe.
[+ person, feelings] → comprendre
His wife doesn't understand him → Sa femme ne le comprend pas.
My husband and I understand each other very well → Nous nous comprenons très bien mon mari et moi
(= believe) → croire comprendre
I understand that she has several aunts → Je crois comprendre qu'elle a plusieurs tantes.
it is understood that ... → il est entendu que ...
he is understood to be in Italy → il serait apparemment en Italie
to give sb to understand that → laisser entendre à qn que
I was given to understand that ... → on m'a laissé entendre que ...
to be understood (= be agreed tacitly) → être entendu
I thought it was understood you wouldn't come after midnight → Je croyais qu'il était entendu que vous ne viendriez pas après minuit.
No names were mentioned, everything was understood
BUT Aucun nom n'a été mentionné, tout s'est dit à mots couverts.
vicomprendre
Do you understand? → Vous comprenez?

understand

pret, ptp <understood>
vt
language, painting, statement, speakerverstehen; action, event, person, difficulty alsobegreifen; I don’t understand Russianich verstehe or kann kein Russisch; that’s what I can’t understanddas kann ich eben nicht verstehen or begreifen; I can’t understand his agreeing to do itich kann nicht verstehen or es ist mir unbegreiflich, warum er sich dazu bereit erklärt hat; but understand this!aber eins sollte klar sein; what do you understand by “pragmatism”?was verstehen Sie unter „Pragmatismus“?
(= comprehend sympathetically) children, people, animals, doubts, fearsverstehen; to understand one anothersich verstehen
(= believe) I understand that you are going to Australiaich höre, Sie gehen nach Australien; I understand that you’ve already met herSie haben sich, soviel ich weiß, schon kennengelernt; I understood (that) he was abroad/we were to have been consultedich dachte, er sei im Ausland/wir sollten dazu befragt werden; am I/are we to understand that …?soll das etwa heißen, dass …?; as I understand it, …soweit ich weiß, …; did I understand him to say that …?habe ich richtig verstanden, dass er sagte, …?; but I understood her to say that she agreedaber soweit ich sie verstanden habe, hat sie zugestimmt; to give somebody to understand that …jdm zu verstehen geben, dass …; I was given to understand that …man hat mir bedeutet, dass …; I understood from his speech that …ich schloss aus seiner Rede, dass …; what do you understand from his remarks?wie verstehen Sie seine Bemerkungen?
(Gram: = supply) wordsich (dat)denken, (im Stillen) ergänzen ? also understood
vi
(= comprehend)verstehen; (do you) understand?(hast du/haben Sie das) verstanden?; you don’t understand!du verstehst mich nicht!; but you don’t understand, I must have the money nowaber verstehen Sie doch, ich brauche das Geld jetzt!; I quite understandich verstehe schon
(= believe) so I understandes scheint so; he was, I understand, a widowerwie ich hörte, war er Witwer

understand

[ˌʌndəˈstænd] (understood (pt, pp))
1. vt
a. (gen) → capire
to make o.s. understood → farsi capire
I can't understand a word of it → non ci capisco un'acca
I don't understand why ... → non capisco perché...
she understands children → capisce i bambini
we understand one another → ci capiamo (tra di noi)
he doesn't understand how I feel → non mi capisce quello che provo
I can understand his wanting to go → posso ben capire il suo desiderio di andarsene
is that understood? → è chiaro?
I wish it to be understood that ... → vorrei che fosse chiaro che...
understood! (agreed) → intesi!
b. (believe) → credere
we understood we were to be paid → a quanto avevamo capito dovevamo essere pagati
I understand you have been absent → mi risulta che lei è stato assente
it's understood that ... → resta inteso che...
he let it be understood that he was leaving → ha dato a intendere che stava per partire
she is understood to be ill → pare che stia poco bene
2. vicapire
I quite understand → capisco benissimo, s'immagini
she was, I understand, a Catholic → era, se non sbaglio, cattolica

understand

(andəˈstӕnd) verbpast tense, past participle ˌunderˈstood (-ˈstud)
1. to see or know the meaning of (something). I can't understand his absence; Speak slowly to foreigners so that they'll understand you.
2. to know (eg a person) thoroughly. She understands children/dogs.
3. to learn or realize (something), eg from information received. At first I didn't understand how ill she was; I understood that you were planning to leave today.
ˌunderˈstandable adjective
that can be understood. His anger is quite understandable.
ˌunderˈstanding adjective
(of a person) good at knowing how other people feel; sympathetic. an understanding person; Try to be more understanding!
noun
1. the power of thinking clearly. a man of great understanding.
2. the ability to sympathize with another person's feelings. His kindness and understanding were a great comfort to her.
3. a (state of) informal agreement. The two men have come to / reached an understanding after their disagreement.
make (oneself) understood
to make one's meaning or intentions clear. He tried speaking German to them, but couldn't make himself understood.

understand

يَفْهَمُ rozumět forstå verstehen καταλαβαίνω comprender ymmärtää comprendre razumijeti comprendere 理解する 이해하다 begrijpen forstå zrozumieć entender понимать förstå เข้าใจ anlamak hiểu 理解

understand

vt. comprender, entender.
References in classic literature ?
I'll help you with the hard words, and they'' explain things if we don't understand," whispered Beth, very much impressed by the pretty books and her sisters, example.
The girls meantime spread the table, set the children round the fire, and fed them like so many hungry birds, laughing, talking, and trying to understand the funny broken English.
By re- membering it I have been able to understand many people and things that I was never able to under- stand before.
Of course if it's true it means a big thing, I can understand that.
I'd have interfered about the horses--the old man can understand some German--if I'd I a' thought it would do any good.
Shimerda understand the friendly intention of our visit, and the Bohemian woman handled the loaves of bread and even smelled them, and examined the pies with lively curiosity, exclaiming, `Much good, much thank
I guarantee they're successful because of what they understand, be it in a business, marriage, or any other relationship," Wall said.
When I was in college, I thought it was funny, but now, as a fairly accomplished architect, I understand the meaning of the pun to be true.
Because of the unique nature of the field of project and program management and the sometimes confusing interchanging of the two terms, it is necessary to define them clearly to understand the responsibilities that fall within each category.
My brother Doug--father of the niece and nephews who were confirmed in second grade--says, "Confirmation was hard for my second graders to understand.
As a result, it is much easier to understand whether the control system is performing optimally, i.
Similarly, investigators used this approach to understand the role of aflatoxin in the biological changes that lead to the development of liver cancer.