utilitarianism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

u·til·i·tar·i·an·ism

 (yo͞o-tĭl′ĭ-târ′ē-ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. The belief that the value of a thing or an action is determined by its utility.
2. The ethical theory proposed by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill that all action should be directed toward achieving the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
3. The quality of being utilitarian: housing of bleak utilitarianism.

utilitarianism

(juːˌtɪlɪˈtɛərɪəˌnɪzəm)
n
1. (Philosophy) the doctrine that the morally correct course of action consists in the greatest good for the greatest number, that is, in maximizing the total benefit resulting, without regard to the distribution of benefits and burdens
2. (Philosophy) the theory that the criterion of virtue is utility

u•til•i•tar•i•an•ism

(yuˌtɪl ɪˈtɛər i əˌnɪz əm)

n.
1. the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons.
2. utilitarian quality or character.
[1820–30]

utilitarianism

the ethical doctrine that virtue is based upon utility and that behavior should have as its goal the procurement of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of persons. — utilitarian, n., adj.
See also: Ethics
the philosophical tenets set forth by John Stuart Mill based on the principle of “the greatest good for the greatest number” and holding that the criterion of virtue lies in its utility. — utilitarian, n., adj.
See also: Philosophy

utilitarianism

A philosophical school of thought arguing that ethics must be based on whatever brings the greatest amount of good to the greatest number of people.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.utilitarianism - doctrine that the useful is the good; especially as elaborated by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill; the aim was said to be the greatest happiness for the greatest number
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Translations

utilitarianism

[ˌjuːtɪlɪˈtɛərɪənɪzəm] Nutilitarismo m

utilitarianism

n (Philos) → Utilitarismus m
References in classic literature ?
In the earlier series of books containing, among others, Bosanquet's "History of Aesthetic," Pfleiderer's "Rational Theology since Kant," Albee's "History of English Utilitarianism," Bonar's "Philosophy and Political Economy," Brett's "History of Psychology," Ritchie's "Natural Rights," these objects were to a large extent effected.
But knockers may be muffled for other purposes than those of mere utilitarianism, as, in the present instance, was clearly shown.
She had not, indeed, surrendered her money; in that there would have been a romantic or monkish abandon quite alien to her masterful utilitarianism.
Addressing a divisional level seminar on the utilitarianism of CPEC organized at Government Girls Degree College he said that all the provinces of Pakistan would benefit from the CPEC and approximately 0.
He endorses a utilitarian interpretation of Lincoln's conduct (or more specifically, he adopts foreseeable-outcomes utilitarianism, which weighs the cost of benefits that Lincoln could have foreseen, rather than weighing the actual outcomes).
Garcia delivered the presidential address "From Neighbor-Love to Utilitarianism, and Back: Uncovering Some Structures and Dynamics for Ethical Theory.
The politics of utilitarianism is simple: maximum welfare at the expense of others.
Eleanor (Kristen Bell) and her new classmate Jianyu (Manny Jacinto) learn about Utilitarianism in Season 1, episode 5 of "The Good Place.
The two most gripping sections of the book, however, consider these questions: did Lincoln have to go beyond utilitarianism to find slavery wrong; and what is racism, and in what sense and to what degree can Lincoln today be called a racist?
Yet despite this endorsement of Aristotle, Fisher believes that no single moral theory--Aristotelian virtue ethics, utilitarianism, deontology--adequately accounts for the complexity of our contemporary moral lives.
Australia has been characterized as a place where utilitarianism is the public philosophy which informs the political culture.