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 (vā-kā′shən, və-)
1. A period of time devoted to pleasure, rest, or relaxation, especially one with pay granted to an employee.
a. A holiday.
b. A fixed period of holidays, especially one during which a school, court, or business suspends activities.
3. The act or an instance of vacating.
intr.v. va·ca·tioned, va·ca·tion·ing, va·ca·tions
To take or spend a vacation.

[Middle English vacacioun, from Old French vacation, from Latin vacātiō, vacātiōn-, freedom from occupation, from vacātus, past participle of vacāre, to be empty, at leisure; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

va·ca′tion·er, va·ca′tion·eer′ (-shə-nîr′) n.


(vəˈkeɪʃən; veɪˈkeɪʃən)
1. (Law) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
2. (Education) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
3. chiefly US and Canadian a period in which a break is taken from work or studies for rest, travel, or recreation. Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) holiday
4. the act of departing from or abandoning property, etc
(intr) US and Canadian to take a vacation; holiday
[C14: from Latin vacātiō freedom, from vacāre to be empty]
vaˈcationless adj


(veɪˈkeɪ ʃən, və-)
1. a period of suspension of regular work, study, or other activity, usu. used for rest, recreation, or travel.
2. freedom or release from duty, business, or activity.
3. an act or instance of vacating.
4. to take or have a vacation.
[1350–1400; Middle English vacacioun < Anglo-French < Latin vacātiō exemption from duty, vacation; see vacate, -tion]
va•ca′tion•er, va•ca′tion•ist, n.


- Coming from Latin vacation/vacatio, from vacare, "to be free, empty; to be at leisure," around 1395, this term entered Old English, meaning "rest and freedom from any activity."
See also related terms for leisure.


1. 'holiday'

In British English, you refer to a period of time that you are allowed to spend away from work or school as the holiday or the holidays.

The school had undergone repairs during the holiday.
One day after the Christmas holidays I rang her up.

You refer to a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself as a holiday.

He thought that Vita needed a holiday.
I went to Marrakesh for a holiday.

When you spend a long period of time like this each year, you refer to it as your holidays.

Where are you going for your holidays?

Be Careful!
You usually use a determiner or a possessive in front of holiday or holidays. Don't say, for example, 'I went to Marrakesh for holidays.'

If you are on holiday, you are spending a period of time away from work or school, or you are spending some time away from home enjoying yourself.

Remember to turn off the gas when you go on holiday.

In American English, a holiday is a single day or group of days when people do not work, often to commemorate an important event.

In British English, a day like this is called a bank holiday or a public holiday.

When Americans talk about the holidays, they mean the period at the end of the year that includes Christmas and the New Year; sometimes Thanksgiving (at the end of November) is also included in this.

Now that the holidays are over, we should take down our Christmas tree.
2. 'vacation'

The usual American word for a longer period of time spent away from work or school, or for a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself, is vacation.

Harold used to take a vacation at that time.


Past participle: vacationed
Gerund: vacationing

I vacation
you vacation
he/she/it vacations
we vacation
you vacation
they vacation
I vacationed
you vacationed
he/she/it vacationed
we vacationed
you vacationed
they vacationed
Present Continuous
I am vacationing
you are vacationing
he/she/it is vacationing
we are vacationing
you are vacationing
they are vacationing
Present Perfect
I have vacationed
you have vacationed
he/she/it has vacationed
we have vacationed
you have vacationed
they have vacationed
Past Continuous
I was vacationing
you were vacationing
he/she/it was vacationing
we were vacationing
you were vacationing
they were vacationing
Past Perfect
I had vacationed
you had vacationed
he/she/it had vacationed
we had vacationed
you had vacationed
they had vacationed
I will vacation
you will vacation
he/she/it will vacation
we will vacation
you will vacation
they will vacation
Future Perfect
I will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
he/she/it will have vacationed
we will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
they will have vacationed
Future Continuous
I will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
he/she/it will be vacationing
we will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
they will be vacationing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
he/she/it has been vacationing
we have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
they have been vacationing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
he/she/it will have been vacationing
we will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
they will have been vacationing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
he/she/it had been vacationing
we had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
they had been vacationing
I would vacation
you would vacation
he/she/it would vacation
we would vacation
you would vacation
they would vacation
Past Conditional
I would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
he/she/it would have vacationed
we would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
they would have vacationed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasurevacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; "we get two weeks of vacation every summer"; "we took a short holiday in Puerto Rico"
leisure, leisure time - time available for ease and relaxation; "his job left him little leisure"
half-term - a short vacation about halfway through a school term; "he came to visit at half-term"
vac - informal term for vacation
picnic, outing, field day - a day devoted to an outdoor social gathering
honeymoon - a holiday taken by a newly married couple
paid vacation - a vacation from work by an employee with pay granted
2.vacation - the act of making something legally void
abrogation, repeal, annulment - the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation
Verb1.vacation - spend or take a vacationvacation - spend or take a vacation    
spend, pass - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?"
honeymoon - spend a holiday after one's marriage; "they plan to honeymoon in Hawai'i"


1. holiday(s), leave, break, rest, tour, trip, time off, recess, hols (informal), leave of absence, furlough, mini-break, awayday During his vacation he visited Russia.
1. (U.S. & Canad.) holiday, visit, travel, tour, stay, be on holiday, take a break, sojourn, take a holiday, stop over He was vacationing in Jamaica and could not be reached.


A regularly scheduled period spent away from work or duty, often in recreation:
Chiefly British: holiday.
عُطْلَةعُطْلَهيَقْضي العُطْلَه
dovolenáprázdninytrávit dovolenou
ferieholde ferie=-ferie
szabadságszabadságra megyvakáció
fara í frísumarfrí
atostogautiatostogųper atostogas
atvaļinājumsbrīvdienaspavadīt brīvdienas/ atvaļinājumu
tráviť dovolenku
tatiltatile çıkmak/gitmek
ngày nghỉ


A. N
1. (esp Brit) (Jur) → receso m vacacional (frm), periodo m vacacional
2. (Univ) the long vacationlas vacaciones de verano
3. (US) (= holiday) → vacaciones fpl
to be on vacationestar de vacaciones
to take a vacationtomarse unas vacaciones
4. (= vacating) [of premises] → desalojo m
B. VI (US) → pasar las vacaciones
C. CPD vacation course Ncurso m extracurricular (durante las vacaciones); (in summer) → curso m de verano
vacation job Nempleo m de verano
vacation pay Npaga f de las vacaciones
vacation resort Ncentro m turístico
vacation season Ntemporada f de las vacaciones


(US)vacances fpl
to take a vacation → prendre des vacances
to be on vacation → être en vacances
to go on vacation → partir en vacances
(UNIVERSITY)vacances fpl
modif (US) [home, plans] → de vacances
a vacation package → un forfait vacances
vi (US)être en vacances
Myles vacationed in Jamaica → Myles passait ses vacances en Jamaïque.vacation course ncours mpl de vacances


(Univ) → Semesterferien pl; (Jur) → Gerichtsferien pl ? long vacation
(US) → Ferien pl, → Urlaub m; on vacationim or auf Urlaub; to take a vacationUrlaub machen; where are you going for your vacation?wohin fahren Sie in Urlaub?, wo machen Sie Urlaub?; to go on vacationauf Urlaub or in die Ferien gehen; vacation trip(Ferien)reise f
(of post)Aufgabe f; (of presidency etc)Niederlegung f; (of house)Räumung f
vi (US) → Urlaub or Ferien machen


[vəˈkeɪʃn] n (esp Am) → vacanza, ferie fpl (Univ) → vacanze fpl
on vacation → in vacanza, in ferie
to take a vacation → prendere una vacanza, prendere le ferie


(vəˈkeiʃən) , ((American) vei-) noun
a holiday. a summer vacation.
(American) to take a holiday. He vacationed in Paris last year.
on vacation
not working; having a holiday. She has gone to Italy on vacation.


عُطْلَة dovolená ferie Urlaub διακοπές vacaciones loma vacances odmor vacanza 休暇 휴일 vakantie ferie urlop férias отдых semester วันหยุด tatil ngày nghỉ 假日


n. vacaciones.
References in classic literature ?
Yes, you can have a vacation from school, but I want you to study a little every day with Beth," said Mrs.
I need a vacation, and maybe a good baseball game "
I did not go home for my first summer vacation, but stayed in Lincoln, working off a year's Greek, which had been my only condition on entering the freshman class.
He was spending his summer vacation, as he always did, with his mother at Grand Isle.
Because, an interval of three hundred and sixty-five days and nights was before him; an interval which, instead of impatiently enduring ashore, he would spend in a miscellaneous hunt; if by chance the White Whale, spending his vacation in seas far remote from his periodical feeding-grounds, should turn up his wrinkled brow off the Persian Gulf, or in the Bengal Bay, or China Seas, or in any other waters haunted by his race.
Young Barker the bellows-mender is home again, and looks much improved by his vacation round-up among the out- lying smithies.
Girdlestone had had his usual summer holiday in the Alps, and had spent it in his usual way, hunting for unique chances to break his neck; his vacation was over, and his luggage packed for England, but all of a sudden a hunger had come upon him to climb the tremendous Weisshorn once more, for he had heard of a new and utterly impossible route up it.
Rebecca had studied during the summer vacation, and had passed, on her return in the autumn, certain examinations which would enable her, if she carried out the same programme the next season, to complete the course in three instead of four years.
Till this year, every long vacation since their marriage had been divided between Hartfield and Donwell Abbey; but all the holidays of this autumn had been given to seabathing for the children, and it was therefore many months since they had been seen in a regular way by their Surry connexions, or seen at all by Mr.
I had nothing else to do, because it was the vacation, and I sat at them from morning till noon, and from noon till night: the length of the midsummer days favoured my inclination to apply.
Stryver's papers before the setting in of the long vacation.
In my dread of the end of the vacation and their coming back, I could not read a boy's name, without inquiring in what tone and with what emphasis HE would read, 'Take care of him.