vacuum


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vac·uum

 (văk′yo͞om, -yəm, -yo͞o-əm)
n. pl. vac·uums or vac·u·a (-yo͞o-ə)
1.
a. Absence of matter.
b. A space empty of matter.
c. A space relatively empty of matter.
d. A space in which the pressure is significantly lower than atmospheric pressure.
2. A state of emptiness; a void.
3. A state of being sealed off from external or environmental influences; isolation.
4. pl. vac·uums A vacuum cleaner.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or used to create a vacuum.
2. Containing air or other gas at a reduced pressure.
3. Operating by means of suction or by maintaining a partial vacuum.
tr. & intr.v. vac·uumed, vac·uum·ing, vac·uums
To clean with or use a vacuum cleaner.

[Latin, empty space, from neuter of vacuus, empty, from vacāre, to be empty; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

vacuum

(ˈvækjʊəm)
n, pl vacuums or vacua (ˈvækjʊə)
1. (General Physics) a region containing no matter; free space. Compare plenum3
2. (General Physics) a region in which gas is present at a low pressure
3. (General Physics) the degree of exhaustion of gas within an enclosed space: a high vacuum; a perfect vacuum.
4. a sense or feeling of emptiness: his death left a vacuum in her life.
5. short for vacuum cleaner
6. (General Physics) (modifier) of, containing, measuring, producing, or operated by a low gas pressure: a vacuum tube; a vacuum brake.
vb
to clean (something) with a vacuum cleaner: to vacuum a carpet.
[C16: from Latin: an empty space, from vacuus empty]

vac•u•um

(ˈvæk yum, -yu əm, -yəm)

n., pl. -u•ums for 1,2,4-6, -u•a (-yu ə) for 1,2,4,6; n.
1. a space entirely devoid of matter.
2. an enclosed space from which matter, esp. air, has been partially removed so that the matter or gas remaining in the space exerts less pressure than the atmosphere (opposed to plenum).
3. the state or degree of exhaustion in such an enclosed space.
4. a space not filled or occupied; emptiness; void: The loss left a vacuum in his life.
adj.
6. of, pertaining to, employing, or producing a vacuum.
7. (of a hollow container) partly exhausted of gas or air.
8. noting or pertaining to canning or packaging in which air is removed from the container to prevent deterioration of the contents.
v.t.
9. to clean with a vacuum cleaner.
v.i.
10. to use a vacuum cleaner.
[1540–50; < Latin, neuter of vacuus empty]

vac·uum

(văk′yo͞om)
1. A condition in which there is no matter or very little matter.
2. An enclosed space, such as the space inside a container, in which there are far fewer gas molecules than in an equal volume of the air outside it. A vacuum has a much lower gas pressure than that of the atmosphere at sea level.

vacuum


Past participle: vacuumed
Gerund: vacuuming

Imperative
vacuum
vacuum
Present
I vacuum
you vacuum
he/she/it vacuums
we vacuum
you vacuum
they vacuum
Preterite
I vacuumed
you vacuumed
he/she/it vacuumed
we vacuumed
you vacuumed
they vacuumed
Present Continuous
I am vacuuming
you are vacuuming
he/she/it is vacuuming
we are vacuuming
you are vacuuming
they are vacuuming
Present Perfect
I have vacuumed
you have vacuumed
he/she/it has vacuumed
we have vacuumed
you have vacuumed
they have vacuumed
Past Continuous
I was vacuuming
you were vacuuming
he/she/it was vacuuming
we were vacuuming
you were vacuuming
they were vacuuming
Past Perfect
I had vacuumed
you had vacuumed
he/she/it had vacuumed
we had vacuumed
you had vacuumed
they had vacuumed
Future
I will vacuum
you will vacuum
he/she/it will vacuum
we will vacuum
you will vacuum
they will vacuum
Future Perfect
I will have vacuumed
you will have vacuumed
he/she/it will have vacuumed
we will have vacuumed
you will have vacuumed
they will have vacuumed
Future Continuous
I will be vacuuming
you will be vacuuming
he/she/it will be vacuuming
we will be vacuuming
you will be vacuuming
they will be vacuuming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been vacuuming
you have been vacuuming
he/she/it has been vacuuming
we have been vacuuming
you have been vacuuming
they have been vacuuming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been vacuuming
you will have been vacuuming
he/she/it will have been vacuuming
we will have been vacuuming
you will have been vacuuming
they will have been vacuuming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been vacuuming
you had been vacuuming
he/she/it had been vacuuming
we had been vacuuming
you had been vacuuming
they had been vacuuming
Conditional
I would vacuum
you would vacuum
he/she/it would vacuum
we would vacuum
you would vacuum
they would vacuum
Past Conditional
I would have vacuumed
you would have vacuumed
he/she/it would have vacuumed
we would have vacuumed
you would have vacuumed
they would have vacuumed

vacuum

A space without matter.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vacuum - the absence of matter
emptiness - the state of containing nothing
2.vacuum - an empty area or spacevacuum - an empty area or space; "the huge desert voids"; "the emptiness of outer space"; "without their support he'll be ruling in a vacuum"
space - an empty area (usually bounded in some way between things); "the architect left space in front of the building"; "they stopped at an open space in the jungle"; "the space between his teeth"
3.vacuum - a region that is devoid of matter
region, part - the extended spatial location of something; "the farming regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world"; "regions of outer space"
4.vacuum - an electrical home appliance that cleans by suctionvacuum - an electrical home appliance that cleans by suction
dust bag, vacuum bag - a bag into which dirt is sucked by a vacuum cleaner
home appliance, household appliance - an appliance that does a particular job in the home
Hoover - a kind of vacuum cleaner
Verb1.vacuum - clean with a vacuum cleanervacuum - clean with a vacuum cleaner; "vacuum the carpets"
clean, make clean - make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from; "Clean the stove!"; "The dentist cleaned my teeth"

vacuum

noun
1. gap, lack, absence, space, deficiency, void The collapse of the army left a vacuum in the area.
2. emptiness, space, void, gap, empty space, nothingness, vacuity The spinning turbine creates a vacuum.
3. vacuum cleaner, Hoover (trademark), vac (Brit. informal) Get the breakfast and take the vacuum round the house before the boys wake.
verb
1. vacuum-clean, hoover I vacuumed the carpets today.
Quotations
"Nature abhors a vacuum" [François Rabelais Gargantua]

vacuum

noun
1. Total absence of matter:
2. Empty, unfilled space:
3. A desolate sense of loss:
Translations
خَواء، فَراغيُنَظِّفُ بـِمِكْنَسَةٍ كَهْرَبَائِيَّةيُنَظِّف بالمِكنَسَه الكَهرُبائِيَّه
вакуум
luxovatvysátvysavačvzduchoprázdnovakuum
støvsugestøvsugertomrumvakuumlufttomt rum
imuroidapölynimurityhjiötyhjövakuumi
usisatiusisavativakumvakuum
vákuumporszívó
lofttæmilofttómryksuga
掃除機で掃除する電気掃除機で掃除する
진공 청소기로 청소하다진공청소기로 청소하다
dulkių siurblysišvalyti dulkių siurbliuvakuumasvalyti dulkių siurbliu
iztīrīt ar putekļu sūcējuputekļu sūcējsvakuums
aspiratorvid
vákuumvysávačvzduchoprázdno
vakuum
dammsugavakuum
ดูดฝุ่น
vakumboşlukelektrik süpürgesielektrik süpürgesiyle süpürmeksüpürmek
hút bụi

vacuum

[ˈvækjʊm]
A. N (vacuums or (frm) vacua (pl))
1. (gen) → vacío m
it can't exist in a vacuumno puede existir en el vacío
2. (= hoover) to give a room a vacuumlimpiar un cuarto con aspiradora
B. VTpasar la aspiradora por
D. CPD vacuum bottle N (US) = vacuum flask vacuum cleaner Naspiradora f
vacuum flask Ntermo m
vacuum pump Nbomba f de vacío

vacuum

[ˈvækjʊəm ˈvækjʊm]
n
(PHYSICS)vide m
(fig)vide m
to leave a vacuum → laisser un vide
to live in a vacuum → vivre dans une bulle, vivre coupé(e) du monde
vt [+ room] → passer l'aspirateur dans; [+ carpet] → passer l'aspirateur sur
He vacuumed the hall → Il a passé l'aspirateur dans le couloir.vacuum bottle n (US)bouteille f thermos®vacuum cleaner naspirateur mvacuum flask n (British)bouteille f thermos®vacuum-packed [ˌvækjʊəmˈpækt] adjemballé(e) sous vide

vacuum

n pl <-s or vacua> (form)
n
(Phys, fig) → (luft)leerer Raum, Vakuum nt; cultural vacuumkulturelles Vakuum; this left a vacuum in my lifedas hinterließ eine Lücke in meinem Leben
(= vacuum cleaner)Staubsauger m
vt carpet, living room(staub)saugen

vacuum

:
vacuum bottle
n (US) = vacuum flask
vacuum brake
vacuum cleaner
nStaubsauger m
vacuum flask
n (Brit) → Thermosflasche f
vacuum pack
nVakuumpackung f
vacuum-packed
vacuum pump
nVakuum- or Aussaugepumpe f
vacuum-sealed
adjvakuumdicht, vakuumversiegelt
vacuum tube
nVakuumröhre f

vacuum

[ˈvækjʊm] n (also) (fig) → vuoto
in a vacuum (fig) → in assoluto isolamento

vacuum

(ˈvӕkjuəm) noun
1. a space from which (almost) all air or other gas has been removed.
2. short for vacuum cleaner.
verb
to clean (something) using a vacuum cleaner. She vacuumed the carpet.
vacuum cleaner
a machine that cleans carpets etc by sucking dust etc into itself.
ˈvacuum flask noun
a container with double walls that have a vacuum between them to keep the contents from losing or gaining heat. a (vacuum-)flask of hot coffee.

vacuum

يَكْنُسُ بِالـمِكْنَسَةِ الكَهْرُبَائِيَّة, يُنَظِّفُ بـِمِكْنَسَةٍ كَهْرَبَائِيَّة luxovat, vysát støvsuge, tomrum staubsaugen σκουπίζω με ηλεκτρική σκούπα aspirar, pasar la aspiradora imuroida passer l’aspirateur usisati, usisavati passare l’aspirapolvere 掃除機で掃除する, 電気掃除機で掃除する 진공 청소기로 청소하다, 진공청소기로 청소하다 stofzuigen, vacuüm støvsuge odkurzacz, próżnia aspirar, aspirar o pó вакуум, пылесосить dammsuga, vakuum ดูดฝุ่น süpürmek, vakum hút bụi 吸尘, 真空吸尘

vac·u·um

n. L. vacuum, vacío, espacio desprovisto de materia o aire;
vt. extraer el polvo con una aspiradora;
___ packedenvasado-a al vacío.
References in classic literature ?
And for years afterwards, perhaps, ships shun the place; leaping over it as silly sheep leap over a vacuum, because their leader originally leaped there when a stick was held.
No stomach could hold all that quantity at one time, of course--but there are ways of frequently creating a vacuum, which those who have been much at sea will understand.
As we approached, methought there issued from it a slight humming noise as from one of your Spaceland bluebottles, only less resonant by far, so slight indeed that even in the perfect stillness of the Vacuum through which we soared, the sound reached not our ears till we checked our flight at a distance from it of something under twenty human diagonals.
This vacuum economised the graphite points between which the luminous arc was developed--an important point of economy for Captain Nemo, who could not easily have replaced them; and under these conditions their waste was imperceptible.
The cost had materially exceeded her expectations, and she could not return home without disposing of some article she had in her reticule, to supply the vacuum left in her purse.
Do not believe them: it only creates a vacuum for eager thought to rush in.
In every instance the veteran landlord was requested to imitate the custom of the cupbearers to kings, and taste the liquor he presented, by the invitation of “After you is manners,” with which request he ordinarily complied by wetting his lips, first expressing the wish of “Here’s hoping,” leaving it to the imagination of the hearers to fill the vacuum by whatever good each thought most desirable.
3000 to the Limit--that is to say, up to the point when the blades make the air "bell"--cut out a vacuum for themselves precisely as over-driven marine propellers used to do.
A vacuum is created below, and it attracts the gas in the lower parts; this becomes heated in its turn, and is continually replaced; thus, an extremely rapid current of gas is established in the pipes and in the spiral, which issues from the balloon and then returns to it, and is heated over again, incessantly.
Captain Phoebus's heart, like the physics of that day, abhorred a vacuum.
He pointed out particularly the lightness of everything, the use of exhausted aluminium tubing, of springy cushions inflated with compressed hydrogen; the partitions were hydrogen bags covered with light imitation leather, the very crockery was a light biscuit glazed in a vacuum, and weighed next to nothing.
But never before had I come into such close contact with a child; the most I had ever done was, when they were held up to me, to shut my eyes and kiss a vacuum.