vain


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vain

 (vān)
adj. vain·er, vain·est
1. Not yielding the desired outcome; fruitless: a vain attempt.
2. Lacking substance or worth: vain talk.
3. Having or showing excessive pride in one's appearance or accomplishments; conceited.
4. Archaic Foolish.
Idiom:
in vain
1. To no avail; without success: Our labor was in vain.
2. In an irreverent or disrespectful manner: took the Lord's name in vain.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin vānus, empty; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

vain′ly adv.
vain′ness n.
Synonyms: vain, empty, hollow, idle, otiose
These adjectives mean lacking value or substance: vain regrets; empty pleasures; hollow threats; idle dreams; otiose theoretical discussions. See Also Synonyms at futile.

vain

(veɪn)
adj
1. inordinately proud of one's appearance, possessions, or achievements
2. given to ostentatious display, esp of one's beauty
3. worthless
4. senseless or futile
n
5. in vain to no avail; fruitlessly
6. take someone's name in vain
a. to use the name of someone, esp God, without due respect or reverence
b. jocular to mention someone's name
7. (Bible) to use the name of someone, esp God, without due respect or reverence
8. jocular to mention someone's name
[C13: via Old French from Latin vānus]
ˈvainly adv
ˈvainness n

vain

(veɪn)

adj. -er, -est.
1. excessively proud of or concerned about one's own appearance, qualities, achievements, etc.
2. proceeding from or showing personal vanity.
3. futile: vain efforts.
4. without real significance.
5. Archaic. senseless or foolish.
Idioms:
in vain,
a. without effect or avail; to no purpose.
b. in an improper or irreverent manner: to take God's name in vain.
[1250–1300; < Old French < Latin vānus empty, vain]
vain′ly, adv.
vain′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.vain - characteristic of false pridevain - characteristic of false pride; having an exaggerated sense of self-importance; "a conceited fool"; "an attitude of self-conceited arrogance"; "an egotistical disregard of others"; "so swollen by victory that he was unfit for normal duty"; "growing ever more swollen-headed and arbitrary"; "vain about her clothes"
proud - feeling self-respect or pleasure in something by which you measure your self-worth; or being a reason for pride; "proud parents"; "proud of his accomplishments"; "a proud moment"; "proud to serve his country"; "a proud name"; "proud princes"
2.vain - unproductive of success; "a fruitless search"; "futile years after her artistic peak"; "a sleeveless errand"; "a vain attempt"
unproductive - not producing or capable of producing; "elimination of high-cost or unproductive industries"

vain

adjective
2. conceited, narcissistic, proud, arrogant, inflated, swaggering, stuck-up (informal), cocky, swanky (informal), ostentatious, egotistical, self-important, overweening, vainglorious, swollen-headed (informal), pleased with yourself, bigheaded (informal), peacockish She's a shallow, vain and self-centred woman.
conceited modest, humble, meek, self-deprecating, bashful
in vain
3. useless, to no avail, unsuccessfu, fruitless, useless, unsuccessful, fruitless, wasted, vain, ineffectual, without success, to no purpose, bootless All her complaints were in vain.
4. uselessly, to no avail, unsuccessfully, fruitlessly, vainly, ineffectually, without success, to no purpose, bootlessly He hammered the door, trying in vain to attract her attention.

vain

adjective
2. Lacking value, use, or substance:
3. Unduly preoccupied with one's own appearance:
Translations
باَطِلغَيْر ناجِح، باطِل، عَقيمفارِغ، باطِل، لا معْنى لهمَغْرور، مَزْهو
marnýnafoukanýprázdný
forfængeligforgævesfrugtesløs
turhamainentyhjäturha
uzaludan
hiú
árangurslaushégómlegur, sjálfumglaîurinnantómur
うぬぼれの強い
허영심이 강한
tuščiagarbis
iedomīgsneveiksmīgstukšsveltīgs
brezuspešendomišljavzaman
fåfäng
ไร้ประโยชน์
vô hiệu

vain

[veɪn] ADJ
1. (= useless) → vano, inútil
in vain [try, struggle] → en vano, inútilmente; [search] → sin éxito, en vano
all our efforts were in vaintodos nuestros esfuerzos fueron en vano or resultaron inútiles
I stayed, in the vain hope thatme quedé con la vana esperanza de que ...
to take sb's name in vainhablar con poco respeto de algn
to take the Lord's name in vaintomar el nombre de Dios en vano
2. (vainer (compar) (vainest (superl))) (= conceited) → vanidoso, presumido
she is very vain about her hairsiempre está arreglándose el pelo

vain

[ˈveɪn] adj
(= conceited) → vaniteux/euse
He's so vain! → Il est si vaniteux!
(= useless) [attempt, hope] → vain(e) often before n
in a vain attempt to do sth → dans une vaine tentative pour faire qch
in the vain hope that → dans le vain espoir que
in vain → en vain
to die in vain → mourir en vain

vain

adj
(+er) (about looks) → eitel; (about qualities) → eingebildet; he’s very vain about his musical abilitieser bildet sich (dat)auf sein musikalisches Können viel ein; he is vain about his appearanceer ist eitel
(= useless, empty)eitel (liter); attempt alsovergeblich; pleasures, promises, words also, threatleer; hope alsotöricht; he had vain hopes of getting the jober machte sich vergeblich Hoffnung auf den Posten; in the vain hope that …in der vergeblichen Hoffnung, dass …; in vainumsonst, vergeblich, vergebens; it was all in vaindas war alles umsonst or vergeblich or vergebens; in a vain attempt to do somethingin einem vergeblichen Versuch, etw zu tun
to take God’s name in vainden Namen Gottes missbrauchen, Gott lästern; was someone taking my name in vain? (hum)hat da wieder jemand von mir geredet?
(liter, = worthless) display, ceremonyeitel (liter)

vain

[veɪn] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (attempt, hope) → vano/a, inutile
in vain → invano, inutilmente
all our efforts were in vain → tutti i nostri sforzi sono stati inutili
b. (person) → vanitoso/a

vain

(vein) adjective
1. having too much pride in one's appearance, achievements etc; conceited. She's very vain about her good looks.
2. unsuccessful. He made a vain attempt to reach the drowning woman.
3. empty; meaningless. vain threats; vain promises.
ˈvainly adverb
unsuccessfully. He searched vainly for the treasure.
vanity (ˈvӕnəti) noun
1. excessive admiration of oneself; conceit. Vanity is her chief fault.
2. worthlessness or pointlessness. the vanity of human ambition.
in vain
with no success. He tried in vain to open the locked door.

vain

باَطِل marný frugtesløs eitel μάταιος vanidoso, vano turhamainen vaniteux uzaludan vano うぬぼれの強い 허영심이 강한 vergeefs forfengelig próżny vaidoso тщетный fåfäng ไร้ประโยชน์ kendini beğenmiş vô hiệu 徒然的

vain

a. vano-a, vanidoso-a;
adv. vanamente, en vano.
References in classic literature ?
Margaret, the eldest of the four, was sixteen, and very pretty, being plump and fair, with large eyes, plenty of soft brown hair, a sweet mouth, and white hands, of which she was rather vain.
He and his men had had days of weary sailing and had sought in vain for shallow water in which they might come to an anchorage.
As Antonia said, the whole world was changed by the snow; we kept looking in vain for familiar landmarks.
They accepted without murmuring what she chose to give them, each holding out two chubby hands scoop-like, in the vain hope that they might be filled; and then away they went.
As the psalms of David exceed all other language, so does the psalmody that has been fitted to them by the divines and sages of the land, surpass all vain poetry.
How unhappy such a situation for a man tormented with fear, which is vain if no danger comes, and if it does, only augments the pain.
She looked in vain for the settlement, for the rugged ditches, the scattered cabins, and the unsightly heaps of gravel.
From the look of unutterable woe upon his face, it appeared to be his doom to spend eternity in a vain effort to make his accounts balance.
In vain, oh whale, dost thou seek intercedings with yon all-quickening sun, that only calls forth life, but gives it not again.
Not a soul knew to whom it belonged, he said; and his money and time being both limited, he thought it better to take it home with him at once, than run into vain expenses there: because he was determined he would not leave it as he found it.
So, I say, I plied my brains in vain for that becoming fault.
High on a Throne of Royal State, which far Outshon the wealth of ORMUS and of IND, Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand Showrs on her Kings BARBARIC Pearl & Gold, Satan exalted sat, by merit rais'd To that bad eminence; and from despair Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue Vain Warr with Heav'n, and by success untaught His proud imaginations thus displaid.