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top to bottom: barrel, groin, and rib vaults

vault 1

a. An arched structure, usually of masonry or concrete, serving to cover a space.
b. An arched overhead covering, such as the sky, that resembles the architectural structure in form.
2. A room or space, such as a cellar or storeroom, with an arched ceiling, especially when underground.
3. A room or compartment, often built of steel, for the safekeeping of valuables: a bank vault.
4. A burial chamber, especially when underground.
5. Anatomy An arched part of the body, especially the top part of the skull.
tr.v. vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults
1. To construct or supply with an arched ceiling; cover with a vault.
2. To build or make in the shape of a vault; arch.

[Middle English vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *volvita, volta, from feminine of *volvitus, arched, alteration of Latin volūtus, past participle of volvere, to roll; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

vault 2

v. vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults
To jump or leap over, especially with the aid of a support such as the hands or a pole.
1. To jump or leap, especially with the use of the hands or a pole.
2. To accomplish something suddenly or vigorously: vaulted into a position of wealth.
1. The act of vaulting; a jump.
2. A piece of gymnastic equipment with an upholstered body used especially for vaulting. Also called vaulting horse.

[Obsolete French volter, from Old French, from Old Italian voltare, from Vulgar Latin *volvitāre, frequentative of Latin volvere, to turn, roll; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

vault′er n.


1. (Architecture) furnished with or as if with an arched roof
2. (Building) constructed in the shape of a vault
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.vaulted - having a hemispherical vault or domevaulted - having a hemispherical vault or dome
rounded - curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged; "low rounded hills"; "rounded shoulders"


adjective arched, domed, cavernous, hemispheric the pillars soaring to the vaulted ceiling high above them
ذو سَقْفٍ مَعْقودمُقَبَّب، مُقَنْطَر
hvelfdur, meî hvelfingu
kemer çatılıkemerli


[ˈvɔːltɪd] ADJabovedado


adj (Archit) → gewölbt


[ˈvɔːltɪd] adja volta


(voːlt) noun
1. (a room, especially a cellar, with) an arched roof or ceiling. the castle vaults.
2. an underground room, especially for storing valuables. The thieves broke into the bank vaults.
3. a burial chamber, often for all the members of a family. He was buried in the family vault.
ˈvaulted adjective
1. (of a roof or ceiling) arched.
2. (of a building etc) having an arched roof or ceiling.
References in classic literature ?
Right on behind they came; and, nerved with strength such as God gives only to the desperate, with one wild cry and flying leap, she vaulted sheer over the turbid current by the shore, on to the raft of ice beyond.
In the middle of this groined and vaulted public square was an oaken table which they called the Table Round.
High vaulted rooms with cool uncarpeted floors, great dogs upon the hearths for the burning of wood in winter time, and all luxuries befitting the state of a marquis in a luxurious age and country.
At this the challenger with fierce defy His trumpet sounds; the challenged makes reply: With clangour rings the field, resounds the vaulted sky.