The following examples show how a present participle (barking) can be part of a verb or serve as a verbal adjective
or a verbal noun.
1,2) the verbal adjective
'unbrothered' is used to describe (accurately enough) Vaughan's loss of his younger brother William.
palimpsest Greek palimpseston, from neuter of palimpsestos scraped again, from palinagain + -psestos, verbal adjective
of psen to rub, scrape
As in the case of jagmi-, the locative is probably to be analyzed as an event-delimiting adverbial rather than a real argument, but it is instructive that the verbal adjective preserves the event structure of the verbal root it is derived from.
We can therefore conclude that the reduplicated i-adjectives are syntactically participial formations in both Vedic and Avestan that can assign structural case to the internal argument of the underlying verb and take adverbial modifiers, unlike true agent nominalizations or typical verbal adjectives.
jaymi- with other verbal adjectives taking accusative objects, acknowledging that there is a structural difference between their arguments and those of gam.
The main theme of this volume is the study of the "transition of a verbal adjective
from one syntactical category to another" (p.
After an introductory section ([section]71) and a brief section providing counts of verbal forms in the entire Ugaritic corpus and in the poetic corpus ([section]72), the finite and nonfinite forms of the G stem are presented ([section]73): imperative, prefix-conjugation(s), suffix-conjugation, verbal adjectives (active and passive participles), verbal nouns, and verbs with the energic ending.
The syntax of some parts of speech, such as numerals, verbal adjectives, and verbal nouns, is included in the sections covering their morphology.
First, while the quasi-participles such as assiyawant- beloved indubitably arose by the process described by Oettinger, once the pattern was established it is almost certain that some examples came to be formed productively directly to the verbal stem, and thus analyzing them synchronically as verbal adjectives
is quite reasonable (contra p.