vertical


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to vertical: Vertical farming, vertigo

ver·ti·cal

 (vûr′tĭ-kəl)
adj.
1. Being or situated at right angles to the horizon; upright.
2. Situated at the vertex or highest point; directly overhead.
3. Anatomy Of or relating to the vertex of the head.
4. Business
a. Relating to or involving all stages from production to sale: vertical integration.
b. Of or relating to a business model that offers a specific product or service to a specific customer base rather than offering a wide range of products or services in a wider market.
5. Relating to or composed of elements at different levels, as of society.
6. Medicine Of or relating to transmission of a disease or condition from parent to offspring, either through genetic inheritance or through circumstances occurring between conception and birth.
n.
1. Something vertical, as a line, plane, or circle.
2. A vertical position.

[Late Latin verticālis, overhead, from Latin vertex, vertic-, highest point; see vertex.]

ver′ti·cal′i·ty (-kăl′ĭ-tē), ver′ti·cal·ness (-kəl-nĭs) n.
ver′ti·cal·ly adv.
Synonyms: vertical, upright, perpendicular, plumb
These adjectives mean being at or approximately at right angles to the horizon or to level ground. Vertical and upright are often used to signify contrast with what is horizontal: wallpaper with vertical stripes; an upright column. Perpendicular and plumb are generally used to specify an angle of precisely 90 degrees: a perpendicular escarpment; careful to make the doorjambs plumb.

vertical

(ˈvɜːtɪkəl)
adj
1. at right angles to the horizon; perpendicular; upright: a vertical wall. Compare horizontal1
2. extending in a perpendicular direction
3. at or in the vertex or zenith; directly overhead
4. (Economics) economics of or relating to associated or consecutive, though not identical, stages of industrial activity: vertical integration; vertical amalgamation.
5. of or relating to the vertex
6. (Anatomy) anatomy of, relating to, or situated at the top of the head (vertex)
n
7. (Mathematics) a vertical plane, position, or line
8. (Building) a vertical post, pillar, or other structural member
[C16: from Late Latin verticālis, from Latin vertex]
verticality n
ˈvertically adv

ver•ti•cal

(ˈvɜr tɪ kəl)

adj.
1. being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb.
2. of, pertaining to, or situated at the vertex.
3. Bot. being in the same direction as the axis; lengthwise.
4. pertaining to vertical merger.
5. pertaining to vertical integration.
6. pertaining to or noting a stratified society, nation, etc.
n.
7. something vertical, as a line or plane.
8. a vertical or upright position.
[1550–60; < Latin verticālis=vertic-, s. of vertex vertex + -ālis -al1]
ver`ti•cal′i•ty, n.
ver′ti•cal•ly, adv.

vertical

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vertical - something that is oriented vertically
orientation - position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions
2.vertical - a vertical structural member as a post or stakevertical - a vertical structural member as a post or stake; "the ball sailed between the uprights"
pillar, column - (architecture) a tall vertical cylindrical structure standing upright and used to support a structure
goalpost - one of a pair of posts (usually joined by a crossbar) that are set up as a goal at each end of a playing field
jamb - upright consisting of a vertical side member of a door or window frame
post - an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position; "he set a row of posts in the ground and strung barbwire between them"
scantling, stud - an upright in house framing
scape, shaft - (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
stile - an upright that is a member in a door or window frame
structural member - support that is a constituent part of any structure or building
Adj.1.vertical - at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base linevertical - at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line; "a vertical camera angle"; "the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab"; "measure the perpendicular height"
steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs"
straight - having no deviations; "straight lines"; "straight roads across the desert"; "straight teeth"; "straight shoulders"
horizontal - parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line; "a horizontal surface"
inclined - at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position; "an inclined plane"
2.vertical - relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution
3.vertical - upright in position or posturevertical - upright in position or posture; "an erect stature"; "erect flower stalks"; "for a dog, an erect tail indicates aggression"; "a column still vertical amid the ruins"; "he sat bolt upright"
4.vertical - of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group); "vertical social mobility"
hierarchal, hierarchic, hierarchical - classified according to various criteria into successive levels or layers; "it has been said that only a hierarchical society with a leisure class at the top can produce works of art"; "in her hierarchical set of values honesty comes first"

vertical

upright
adjective sheer, perpendicular, straight (up and down), erect, plumb, on end, precipitous, vertiginous, bolt upright The climber inched up a vertical wall of rock.
level, flat, horizontal, plane, prone

vertical

adjective
At right angles to the horizon or to level ground:
Translations
عَموديعَمُودِيّ
svislý
lodretvertikal
pystysuora
okomit
lóîréttur
垂直の
수직의
vertikaliaivertikalus
statenisksvertikāls
vertikálny
navpičen
lodrät
ซึ่งเป็นแนวดิ่ง
thẳng đứng

vertical

[ˈvɜːtɪkəl]
A. ADJvertical
B. Nvertical f
C. CPD vertical integration Nintegración f vertical
vertical section Nsección f vertical, corte m vertical

vertical

[ˈvɜːrtɪkəl]
adj [line, axis, cliff] → vertical(e)
a vertical drop of 600 metres → un à-pic de 600 mètres
nverticale f

vertical

adj
line, surfacesenkrecht, vertikal; pillarsenkrecht; (Comm, Econ) → vertikal; vertical cliffssenkrecht abfallende Klippen; vertical axisy-Achse f, → Ordinatenachse f; vertical take-off aircraftSenkrechtstarter m; vertical stripesLängsstreifen pl
(= steep) there is a vertical drop from the cliffs into the sea belowdie Klippen fallen steil or senkrecht ins Meer ab
(fig: = hierarchical) → vertikal
n (= line)Vertikale f, → Senkrechte f; to be off the or out of the verticalnicht im Lot stehen

vertical

[ˈvɜːtɪkl]
1. adj (gen) → verticale, perpendicolare; (cliff) → a picco
vertical takeoff (Aer) → decollo verticale
2. nverticale f

vertical

(ˈvəːtikəl) adjective
standing straight up at right angles to the earth's surface, or to a horizontal plane or line; upright. The hillside looked almost vertical.
ˈvertically adverb

vertical

عَمُودِيّ svislý vertikal senkrecht κατακόρυφος vertical pystysuora vertical okomit verticale 垂直の 수직의 verticaal vertikal pionowy vertical вертикальный lodrät ซึ่งเป็นแนวดิ่ง dikey thẳng đứng 垂直的

ver·ti·cal

1. a. vertical, de posición erecta;
2. rel. al vértice;
adv. verticalmente.

vertical

adj vertical
References in classic literature ?
A sentinel at each end of the bridge stood with his rifle in the position known as "support," that is to say, vertical in front of the left shoulder, the hammer resting on the forearm thrown straight across the chest -- a formal and unnatural position, enforcing an erect carriage of the body.
The horizontal diameter was fifty feet, and the vertical diameter seventy-five feet.
The burning heather had been extinguished, but the level ground towards Ottershaw was blackened as far as one could see, and still giving off vertical streamers of smoke.
It terminated in a concave breast of rock, nearly vertical and destitute of vegetation.
Towards the stern of the boat it is spirally coiled away in the tub, not like the worm-pipe of a still though, but so as to form one round, cheese-shaped mass of densely bedded sheaves, or layers of concentric spiralizations, without any hollow but the heart, or minute vertical tube formed at the axis of the cheese.
The roof is about twelve feet high, and runs to a pretty sharp angle, as if there were a regular ridge-pole there; while these ribbed, arched, hairy sides, present us with those wondrous, half vertical, scimetar-shaped slats of whale-bone, say three hundred on a side, which depending from the upper part of the head or crown bone, form those Venetian blinds which have elsewhere been cursorily mentioned.
An almost vertical streak of smoke went up from it into the sky.
You'd better lend me a hand then, my boy," he replied, "for I cannot budge her out of the vertical alone.
At the head of the bay it broke in a fearful line of white breakers, which rushed up to a height of 23 vertical feet above the highest spring-tides.
There was no water in the bared and burning bars of the river to reflect the vertical sun, but under its direct rays one or two tinned roofs and corrugated zinc cabins struck fire, a few canvas tents became dazzling to the eye, and the white wooded corral of the stage office and hotel insupportable.
Tess's mother again restlessly swept her cheek with her vertical hand, and seeing that he suffered, she at last said, is a low voice
And then the gleaming point of Norman of Torn flashed, lightning-like, in his victim's face, and above the right eye of Peter of Colfax was a thin vertical cut from which the red blood had barely started to ooze ere another swift move of that master sword hand placed a fellow to parallel the first.