victual


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Related to victual: deafer

vict·ual

 (vĭt′l)
n.
1. Food fit for human consumption.
2. victuals Food supplies; provisions.
v. vict·ualed, vict·ual·ing, vict·uals or vict·ualled or vict·ual·ling
v.tr.
To provide with food.
v.intr.
1. To lay in food supplies.
2. To eat.

[Alteration (influenced by Late Latin vīctuālia, provisions) of Middle English vitaille, from Old French, from Late Latin vīctuālia, provisions, from neuter pl. of Latin vīctuālis, of nourishment, from vīctus, nourishment, from past participle of vīvere, to live; see gwei- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Victual is properly pronounced (vĭt′l), with two syllables and no (k) sound. It was borrowed in the 1300s from the Old French form vitaille, which had stress and a diphthong in the second syllable, but the word was Anglicized after that to put the stress up front in the manner of most native English words. The spelling with c (and a little later with u) has a long history too, in both French and English. This spelling is a learned one, showing off the knowledge that the word came from Late Latin victuālia, "provisions." The word is now usually spelled victual, or on occasion vittle, but the pronunciation has remained (vĭt′l).

victual

(ˈvɪtəl)
vb, -uals, -ualling or -ualled, -uals, -ualing or -ualed
1. to supply with or obtain victuals
2. (intr) rare (esp of animals) to partake of victuals
[C14: from Old French vitaille, from Late Latin victuālia provisions, from Latin victuālis concerning food, from victus sustenance, from vīvere to live]
ˈvictual-less adj

vict•ual

(ˈvɪt l)
n.
1. victuals, food supplies; provisions.
2. food or provisions for human beings.
v.t.
3. to supply with victuals.
v.i.
4. to take or obtain victuals.
5. Archaic. to eat or feed.
[1275–1325; Middle English vitaille < Old French vituaille < Late Latin victuālia provisions, n. use of neuter pl. of Latin victuālis of food =victu(s) nourishment, way of living (vic-, variant s. of vīvere to live + -tus suffix of v. action) + -ālis -al1; modern sp. < Latin]

victual


Past participle: victualled
Gerund: victualling

Imperative
victual
victual
Present
I victual
you victual
he/she/it victuals
we victual
you victual
they victual
Preterite
I victualled
you victualled
he/she/it victualled
we victualled
you victualled
they victualled
Present Continuous
I am victualling
you are victualling
he/she/it is victualling
we are victualling
you are victualling
they are victualling
Present Perfect
I have victualled
you have victualled
he/she/it has victualled
we have victualled
you have victualled
they have victualled
Past Continuous
I was victualling
you were victualling
he/she/it was victualling
we were victualling
you were victualling
they were victualling
Past Perfect
I had victualled
you had victualled
he/she/it had victualled
we had victualled
you had victualled
they had victualled
Future
I will victual
you will victual
he/she/it will victual
we will victual
you will victual
they will victual
Future Perfect
I will have victualled
you will have victualled
he/she/it will have victualled
we will have victualled
you will have victualled
they will have victualled
Future Continuous
I will be victualling
you will be victualling
he/she/it will be victualling
we will be victualling
you will be victualling
they will be victualling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been victualling
you have been victualling
he/she/it has been victualling
we have been victualling
you have been victualling
they have been victualling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been victualling
you will have been victualling
he/she/it will have been victualling
we will have been victualling
you will have been victualling
they will have been victualling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been victualling
you had been victualling
he/she/it had been victualling
we had been victualling
you had been victualling
they had been victualling
Conditional
I would victual
you would victual
he/she/it would victual
we would victual
you would victual
they would victual
Past Conditional
I would have victualled
you would have victualled
he/she/it would have victualled
we would have victualled
you would have victualled
they would have victualled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.victual - any substance that can be used as foodvictual - any substance that can be used as food
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
tuck - eatables (especially sweets)
Verb1.victual - supply with food; "The population was victualed during the war"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.victual - lay in provisions; "The vessel victualled before the long voyage"
salt away, stack away, stash away, store, hive away, lay in, put in - keep or lay aside for future use; "store grain for the winter"; "The bear stores fat for the period of hibernation when he doesn't eat"
3.victual - take in nourishmentvictual - take in nourishment      
eat - eat a meal; take a meal; "We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"; "I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"

victual

noun
Translations

victual

[ˈvɪtl]
B. VIavituallarse, abastecerse
C. NPL victualsvíveres mpl, vituallas fpl

victual

(form)
vt army, troopverpflegen, verproviantieren
References in classic literature ?
In a country of plantation, first look about, what kind of victual the country yields of itself to hand; as chestnuts, walnuts, pineapples, olives, dates, plums, cherries, wild honey, and the like; and make use of them.
Meanwhile, if ye want fresh water, or victual, or help for your sick, or that your ship needeth repair, write down your wants, and ye shall have that which belongeth to mercy.
Do you think I mean to forget your kicking me when I was a lad, and eating all the best victual away from me and my mother?
The earth bears them victual in plenty, and on the mountains the oak bears acorns upon the top and bees in the midst.
Only those very insignificant ones of Victuals and Drink.
Now, in the first place, I should be loth to wait till to-morrow when I have the means of appeasing my hunger already before me: in the second place, the solid viands of to-day are more to my taste than the dainties that are promised me; in the third place, I don't see to-morrow's banquet, and how can I tell that it is not all a fable, got up by the greasy-faced fellow that is advising me to abstain in order that he may have all the good victuals to himself?