victual


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to victual: deafer

vict·ual

 (vĭt′l)
n.
1. Food fit for human consumption.
2. victuals Food supplies; provisions.
v. vict·ualed, vict·ual·ing, vict·uals or vict·ualled or vict·ual·ling
v.tr.
To provide with food.
v.intr.
1. To lay in food supplies.
2. To eat.

[Alteration (influenced by Late Latin vīctuālia, provisions) of Middle English vitaille, from Old French, from Late Latin vīctuālia, provisions, from neuter pl. of Latin vīctuālis, of nourishment, from vīctus, nourishment, from past participle of vīvere, to live; see gwei- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Victual is properly pronounced (vĭt′l), with two syllables and no (k) sound. It was borrowed in the 1300s from the Old French form vitaille, which had stress and a diphthong in the second syllable, but the word was Anglicized after that to put the stress up front in the manner of most native English words. The spelling with c (and a little later with u) has a long history too, in both French and English. This spelling is a learned one, showing off the knowledge that the word came from Late Latin victuālia, "provisions." The word is now usually spelled victual, or on occasion vittle, but the pronunciation has remained (vĭt′l).

victual

(ˈvɪtəl)
vb, -uals, -ualling or -ualled, -uals, -ualing or -ualed
1. to supply with or obtain victuals
2. (intr) rare (esp of animals) to partake of victuals
[C14: from Old French vitaille, from Late Latin victuālia provisions, from Latin victuālis concerning food, from victus sustenance, from vīvere to live]
ˈvictual-less adj

vict•ual

(ˈvɪt l)
n.
1. victuals, food supplies; provisions.
2. food or provisions for human beings.
v.t.
3. to supply with victuals.
v.i.
4. to take or obtain victuals.
5. Archaic. to eat or feed.
[1275–1325; Middle English vitaille < Old French vituaille < Late Latin victuālia provisions, n. use of neuter pl. of Latin victuālis of food =victu(s) nourishment, way of living (vic-, variant s. of vīvere to live + -tus suffix of v. action) + -ālis -al1; modern sp. < Latin]

victual


Past participle: victualled
Gerund: victualling

Imperative
victual
victual
Present
I victual
you victual
he/she/it victuals
we victual
you victual
they victual
Preterite
I victualled
you victualled
he/she/it victualled
we victualled
you victualled
they victualled
Present Continuous
I am victualling
you are victualling
he/she/it is victualling
we are victualling
you are victualling
they are victualling
Present Perfect
I have victualled
you have victualled
he/she/it has victualled
we have victualled
you have victualled
they have victualled
Past Continuous
I was victualling
you were victualling
he/she/it was victualling
we were victualling
you were victualling
they were victualling
Past Perfect
I had victualled
you had victualled
he/she/it had victualled
we had victualled
you had victualled
they had victualled
Future
I will victual
you will victual
he/she/it will victual
we will victual
you will victual
they will victual
Future Perfect
I will have victualled
you will have victualled
he/she/it will have victualled
we will have victualled
you will have victualled
they will have victualled
Future Continuous
I will be victualling
you will be victualling
he/she/it will be victualling
we will be victualling
you will be victualling
they will be victualling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been victualling
you have been victualling
he/she/it has been victualling
we have been victualling
you have been victualling
they have been victualling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been victualling
you will have been victualling
he/she/it will have been victualling
we will have been victualling
you will have been victualling
they will have been victualling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been victualling
you had been victualling
he/she/it had been victualling
we had been victualling
you had been victualling
they had been victualling
Conditional
I would victual
you would victual
he/she/it would victual
we would victual
you would victual
they would victual
Past Conditional
I would have victualled
you would have victualled
he/she/it would have victualled
we would have victualled
you would have victualled
they would have victualled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.victual - any substance that can be used as foodvictual - any substance that can be used as food
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
tuck - eatables (especially sweets)
Verb1.victual - supply with food; "The population was victualed during the war"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.victual - lay in provisions; "The vessel victualled before the long voyage"
salt away, stack away, stash away, store, hive away, lay in, put in - keep or lay aside for future use; "store grain for the winter"; "The bear stores fat for the period of hibernation when he doesn't eat"
3.victual - take in nourishmentvictual - take in nourishment      
eat - eat a meal; take a meal; "We did not eat until 10 P.M. because there were so many phone calls"; "I didn't eat yet, so I gladly accept your invitation"

victual

noun
Translations

victual

[ˈvɪtl]
B. VIavituallarse, abastecerse
C. NPL victualsvíveres mpl, vituallas fpl

victual

(form)
vt army, troopverpflegen, verproviantieren
References in classic literature ?
No," he answered, "I've never been used to nothing but common victual, and I can't eat that.
I don't know where there'd ha' been victual for us all then," observed Mrs.
It doesn't cost him much to give us our little handful of victual and bit of clothing; but how do we know he cares for us any more than we care for the worms and things in the garden, so as we rear our carrots and onions?
Once he stayed to meet me and hardly did he escape my onset: now, however, since I am in no mood to fight him, I will to-morrow offer sacrifice to Jove and to all the gods; I will draw my ships into the water and then victual them duly; to-morrow morning, if you care to look, you will see my ships on the Hellespont, and my men rowing out to sea with might and main.
Now,' said he, when the lama had come to an anchor in the inner courtyard of a decent Hindu house behind the cantonments, 'I go away for a while - to - to buy us victual in the bazar.
In a country of plantation, first look about, what kind of victual the country yields of itself to hand; as chestnuts, walnuts, pineapples, olives, dates, plums, cherries, wild honey, and the like; and make use of them.
There came the explicit statement of the agreement to victual the German airships, to supply the complement of explosives to replace those employed in the fight and in the destruction of the North Atlantic fleet, to pay the enormous ransom of forty million dollars, and to surrender the in the East River.
Do you think I mean to forget your kicking me when I was a lad, and eating all the best victual away from me and my mother?
Taking into account the number of animals slaughtered yearly within the bills of mortality alone; and forming a low estimate of the quantity of tripe which the carcases of those animals, reasonably well butchered, would yield; I find that the waste on that amount of tripe, if boiled, would victual a garrison of five hundred men for five months of thirty-one days each, and a February over.
The rogue got between me and the nearest French victual wain," muttered Sir Oliver, amid a fresh titter from those who were near enough to catch his words.
Meanwhile, if ye want fresh water, or victual, or help for your sick, or that your ship needeth repair, write down your wants, and ye shall have that which belongeth to mercy.
The earth bears them victual in plenty, and on the mountains the oak bears acorns upon the top and bees in the midst.