Thus the archaea and viroid
induced Warburg phenotype can contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, autism and primary seizure disorder.
Grasmick ME and SA Slack Detection of potato spindle tuber viroid
in true potato seed by bioassay on Rutgers tomato.
section] 7702(14) (2006) (defining plant pests as "any living stage of any of the following that can directly or indirectly injure, cause damage to, or cause disease in any plant or plant product: (A) A protozoan (B) A nonhuman animal (C) A parasitic plant (D) A bacterium (E) A fungus (F) A virus or viroid
(G) An infectious agent or other pathogen (H) Airy article similar to or allied with any of the articles specified in the preceding subparagraphs"); id.
Botanists and agricultural scientists examine virus, viroid
, and phytoplasma diseases of both the apple family and the peach family of fruits, because many of the diseases affect both groups.
3-5) There was an increase in free RNA indicating self replicating RNA viroids
and free DNA indicating generation of viroid
complementary DNA strands by archaeal reverse transcriptase activity.
Among the terms he defines are crop rotation, habitat, low-temperature acclimatisation, quantitative genetics, translocation tester set, and viroid
The researchers have developed an experimental system to identity specific structural parts of a viroid
that are responsible for its multiplication and spread of the disease.
There is also a complex selection of horticultural pests and diseases, including the tobacco or sweet potato whitefly, bemisia tabaci and other glasshouse insects, the pepino mosaic virus - which hits tomatoes - potato spindle tuber viroid
and angular leaf spot on strawberries.
A serious viroid
disease, cadang cadang, which devastates coconut palms, was found be transmitted between them by bolo knives.
However, despite the impressive studies, Bigornia (1977) was of the opinion that "until in-effectivity of the RNAs is conclusively demonstrated through experimental transmission, the characterization of the ccRNA-1 and ccRNA-2 and their more or less constant association with diseased condition can only be regarded as indirect supporting evidence for the viroid
hypothesis of cadang-cadang.
Because researchers are unsure about how to classify them, various names have been ascribed for them, such as slow virus, virino, viroid
, virion and prion, or proteinaceous infectious particle.
Another USDA scientist found the first viroid
ever identified by scientists when studying potato spindle tuber disease, which is transmitted in tubers and seed.