While it appeared like the rats were using the infrared detector like a new visual modality
, Thomson was unsure whether that was actually the case.
In such situations, large amounts of information processing is necessary, which is much more than the brain can reliably process and interpret using tactile modality (despite neuroplasticity phenomena taking place), compared to a much greater capacity of visual modality
Following the steps learned via an aural and visual modality
in the CBI, the students apply the proper hand washing steps by participating in an interactive, Adobe Flash-based practical application.
Study 2 introduces another modality--visual cues conveyed by the profile picture of a communication partner--to explore how visual modality
combined with either text chat or audio chat affect collaboration outcomes.
Therefore the 1 back version would involve the articulatory loop in the verbal modality and the visuospatial sketchpad in the visual modality
The central visual modality
was simulated by projecting the text as a "HUD" on to the focus area of the tracking task (Figure 2), with difficulty being manipulated by setting text character spacing to 1pt for low difficulty and 4pt for high difficulty.
Research on adults' identification of emotions when cues were presented either auditorily or visually indicated that the visual modality
always yielded superior identification compared to the auditory modality.
For further information about the types of visual modality
and modality makers, see Kress and van Leeuwen (2006: 161-63, 165-66) and Machin (2007: 57-59).
6) Jeong tests the persuasive effects of visual metaphors in advertising: advertisements containing visual metaphors deliver persuasive arguments in visual modality
and metaphorical style of rhetoric.
Ewing and Yong (1992) compared learning style preferences among ethnically diverse groups of gifted students and found many significant differences among gifted Black, Mexican American, and American-born Chinese students concerning their preferences for noise, light, visual modality
, studying in afternoon, and persistence.
Individuals with a visual modality
prefer to learn information that is presented in charts, graphs, and symbols, rather than words) An auditory/aural preference indicates that the individual prefers to receive information that is communicated orally.
The visual modality
procedure was identical to that used in the tactile modality, but for this task the participants were required to explore the matrices visually, not tactilely.