vitamin B


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to vitamin B: vitamin B complex, vitamin B1, vitamin D, Vitamin b deficiency

vitamin B

n.
1. Vitamin B complex.
2. A member of the vitamin B complex, especially thiamine.

vitamin B1

n.

vitamin B2


vitamin B5


vitamin B6

n.
Any of several water-soluble pyridine derivatives, including pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and their phosphate esters, found in fish, poultry, potatoes, legumes, whole grains, and enriched foods, and serving as coenzymes in many biochemical processes, especially amino acid synthesis and the formation of neurotransmitters.

vitamin B9

n.
Folate or folic acid.

vitamin B12

n.
A water-soluble, cobalt-containing compound that occurs in several forms, is important for nerve cell function, red blood cell formation, and DNA synthesis, and is found in meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, and fortified foods. Deficiency can result in pernicious anemia. Also called cobalamin, cyanocobalamin.

vitamin Bc

n.
Folate or folic acid.

vitamin B

n, pl B vitamins
(Elements & Compounds) any of the vitamins in the vitamin B complex

vitamin B1


n.
[1920–25]

vitamin B2


n.
[1925–30]

vitamin B3


n.
[1975–80]

vitamin B6


n.
[1930–35]

vitamin B12


n.
a complex water-soluble solid, C63H88N14O14PCo, obtained from liver, milk, eggs, fish, oysters, and clams: a deficiency causes pernicious anemia and disorders of the nervous system. Also called cyanocobalamin, cobalamin, extrinsic factor.
[1945–50]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vitamin B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitaminsvitamin B - originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
choline - a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
inositol - an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
pantothen, pantothenic acid - a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids; occurs in many foods
water-soluble vitamin - any vitamin that is soluble in water
aneurin, antiberiberi factor, thiamin, thiamine, vitamin B1 - a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
antipernicious anemia factor, cobalamin, cyanocobalamin, vitamin B12 - a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
hepatoflavin, lactoflavin, ovoflavin, riboflavin, vitamin B2, vitamin G - a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
adermin, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, pyridoxine, vitamin B6 - a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
folacin, folate, folic acid, pteroylglutamic acid, pteroylmonoglutamic acid, vitamin Bc, vitamin M - a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
niacin, nicotinic acid - a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
biotin, vitamin H - a B vitamin that aids in body growth