voluntarism

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vol·un·ta·rism

 (vŏl′ən-tə-rĭz′əm)
n.
1. The use of or reliance on voluntary action to maintain an institution, carry out a policy, or achieve an end.
2. A theory or doctrine that regards the will as the fundamental principle of the individual or of the universe.

vol′un·ta·rist n.
vol′un·ta·ris′tic adj.

voluntarism

(ˈvɒləntəˌrɪzəm)
n
1. (Philosophy) philosophy the theory that the will rather than the intellect is the ultimate principle of reality
2. a doctrine or system based on voluntary participation in a course of action
3. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) the belief that the state, government, and the law should not interfere with the procedures of collective bargaining and of trade union organization
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) another name for voluntaryism
ˈvoluntarist n, adj
ˌvoluntaˈristic adj

vol•un•ta•rism

(ˈvɒl ən təˌrɪz əm)

n.
1. any theory that regards will as the fundamental agency or principle, in metaphysics, epistemology, or psychology.
2. the principle or practice of supporting schools, hospitals, churches, etc., by voluntary contributions or aid instead of relying on government assistance.
3. any policy based on voluntary action.
[1830–40]
vol′un•ta•rist, n., adj.
vol`un•ta•ris′tic, adj.

voluntarism

any theory that regards the will rather than the intellect as the fundamental agency or principle in human activities and experience, as Nietzscheism. — voluntarist, n.voluntaristic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
Translations

voluntarism

[ˈvɒləntərɪzəm] Nvoluntariado m

voluntarism

n no plVoluntarismus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus desertion did not necessarily indicate a lack of commitment to the nation, and may instead have reflected the voluntaristic, republican, and localist character of American troops.
In short, Pan's 'millennialism', like that of Khruba Siwichai and Khruba Khao Pi, is essentially a voluntaristic philosophy of moral regeneration, a philosophy that I have elsewhere called 'active utopianism'.
This compromises the strong voluntaristic language of "choice" considerably, to be sure, but the point I want to make, and which Elster fails to appreciate, is that the emotions are not simply "passively undergone," even if what he calls "protoemotions" may be.
In the absence of aristocrats, functions exercised by them or governmental authorities in Europe were replaced by voluntaristic efforts, communitarian and largely local.
However, it resolves a contradiction about the effect of marketing intensity, and it suggests a new emphasis on demand factors and voluntaristic innovation.
On the other hand, a voluntaristic field is one in which the organizational form has not been determined in order for the organization to be selected for survival.
Kahan and Nussbaum argue that the voluntaristic and utilitarian theories of responsibility fail both as descriptive accounts of the existing system of criminal law and as normative standards by which such systems may be assessed.
However, some scholars familiar with civil resistance in authoritarian settings have argued that Sharp's theory of power relies too heavily on individual and voluntaristic behavior (Burrowes 1996; Martin 1989).
Netscape has recently made its source code available, in tacit recognition of the Linux success story and the fact that the best software development takes place in an environment of voluntaristic intellectual interest and collaboration, outside the environment of a stable of corporate coders.
Such a voluntaristic approach to racism is unsatisfactory for exactly the same reason that Marx and Engels found Utopian Socialism to be inadequate.
And, referring to the presidential election of 1800, John Adams admitted that an antiestablishment sentiment among these popular, voluntaristic sects "had an immense effect, and turned [voters] in such numbers as decided the election.
Thus, leaders should assume that the more individualistic and voluntaristic views today's young Catholics have developed in their formative years will persist well into their middle and later years.