voluntary


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Related to voluntary: voluntary movement, Voluntary migration

vol·un·tar·y

 (vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Done or undertaken of one's own free will: a voluntary decision to leave the job.
2. Acting or done willingly and without constraint or expectation of reward: a voluntary hostage; voluntary community work.
3. Normally controlled by or subject to individual volition: voluntary muscle contractions.
4. Capable of making choices; having the faculty of will: "This law of happiness ... resides in the exercise of the active capacities of a voluntary agent" (John Dewey).
5. Supported by contributions or charitable donations rather than by government appropriations: voluntary hospitals.
6. Law
a. Without legal obligation or consideration: a voluntary conveyance of property.
b. Done intentionally but without premeditation or deliberation, as when under the influence of an intense emotional reaction: voluntary manslaughter.
n. pl. vol·un·tar·ies
1. Music
a. A short piece of music, often improvised on a solo instrument, played as an introduction to a larger work.
b. A piece for solo organ, often improvised, played before, during, or after a religious service.
2. A volunteer.

[Middle English, from Latin voluntārius, from voluntās, choice, from velle, vol-, to wish; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
vol′un·tar′i·ness n.
Synonyms: voluntary, intentional, deliberate, willful, willing
These adjectives mean being or resulting from one's own free will. Voluntary implies the operation of unforced choice: "Ignorance, when it is voluntary, is criminal" (Samuel Johnson).
Intentional applies to something undertaken to further a plan or realize an aim: "I will abstain from all intentional wrongdoing and harm" (Hippocratic Oath).
Deliberate stresses premeditation and full awareness of the character and consequences of one's acts: taking deliberate and decisive action. Willful implies deliberate, headstrong persistence in a self-determined course of action: a willful waste of time. Willing suggests ready or cheerful acquiescence in the proposals or requirements of another: "The first requisite of a good citizen ... is that he shall be able and willing to pull his weight" (Theodore Roosevelt).

voluntary

(ˈvɒləntərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. performed, undertaken, or brought about by free choice, willingly, or without being asked: a voluntary donation.
2. (of persons) serving or acting in a specified function of one's own accord and without compulsion or promise of remuneration: a voluntary social worker.
3. done by, composed of, or functioning with the aid of volunteers: a voluntary association.
4. endowed with, exercising, or having the faculty of willing: a voluntary agent.
5. arising from natural impulse; spontaneous: voluntary laughter.
6. (Law) law
a. acting or done without legal obligation, compulsion, or persuasion
b. made without payment or recompense in any form: a voluntary conveyance.
7. (Physiology) (of the muscles of the limbs, neck, etc) having their action controlled by the will
8. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) maintained or provided by the voluntary actions or contributions of individuals and not by the state: voluntary schools; the voluntary system.
n, pl -taries
9. (Music, other) music a composition or improvisation, usually for organ, played at the beginning or end of a church service
10. work done without compulsion
11. (Military) obsolete a volunteer, esp in an army
[C14: from Latin voluntārius, from voluntās will, from velle to wish]
volunˈtarily adv
ˈvoluntariness n

vol•un•tar•y

(ˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i)

adj., n., pl. -tar•ies. adj.
1. done, made, brought about, or undertaken of one's own accord or by free choice: a voluntary contribution.
2. of, pertaining to, or acting in accord with the will.
3. of, pertaining to, or depending on voluntary action: voluntary hospitals.
4. done by or composed of volunteers.
5. Law.
a. acting or done without compulsion or obligation.
b. done by intention, and not by accident: voluntary manslaughter.
c. made without valuable consideration: a voluntary settlement.
6. subject to or controlled by the will.
7. having the power of willing or choosing: a voluntary agent.
8. proceeding from a natural impulse; spontaneous.
n.
9. someone or something voluntary.
10. a piece of music performed as a prelude to a larger work, esp. an organ piece performed before, during, or after a church service.
[1350–1400; < Latin voluntārius, derivative of volunt(ās) willingness, inclination, derivative of velle to want, wish; see will1, -ent)]
vol•un•tar•i•ly (ˌvɒl ənˈtɛər ə li, ˈvɒl ənˌtɛr-) adv.
vol′un•tar`i•ness, n.
syn: See deliberate.

vol·un·tar·y

(vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
Under conscious control. The muscles attached to the skeleton are voluntary muscles because they can be moved at will.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.voluntary - (military) a person who freely enlists for servicevoluntary - (military) a person who freely enlists for service
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
military man, serviceman, man, military personnel - someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force; "two men stood sentry duty"
2.voluntary - composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious service or musical performance
solo - a musical composition for one voice or instrument (with or without accompaniment)
postlude - a voluntary played at the end of a religious service
Adj.1.voluntary - of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
conscious - knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts; "remained conscious during the operation"; "conscious of his faults"; "became conscious that he was being followed"
intended - resulting from one's intentions; "your intended trip abroad"; "an intended insult"
willing - disposed or inclined toward; "a willing participant"; "willing helpers"
involuntary, nonvoluntary, unvoluntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
2.voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"

voluntary

adjective
1. intentional, intended, deliberate, planned, studied, purposed, calculated, wilful, done on purpose a voluntary act undertaken in full knowledge of the consequences
intentional involuntary, unintentional, instinctive, automatic
2. optional, discretionary, up to the individual, open, unforced, unconstrained, unenforced, at your discretion, discretional, open to choice, uncompelled The extra course in Commercial French is voluntary.
optional forced, obligatory, enforced, mandatory, conscripted
3. unpaid, volunteer, free, willing, honorary, gratuitous, pro bono (Law) In her spare time she does voluntary work for the homeless.

voluntary

adjective
1. Of or relating to free exercise of the will:
2. Done by one's own choice:
3. Contributing one's time without pay:
4. Done or said on purpose:
noun
Someone who offers his or her services freely:
Translations
تَطَوُّعيطَوْعيطَوْعِيّ
dobrovolný
frivilligfrivillig hjælpe-
vapaaehtoinen
dobrovoljan
alapítványi
sjálfboîaliîs-sjálfviljugur
自発的な
자발적인
savanoriškaisavanoriškas
brīvprātīgs
prostovoljen
frivillig
โดยสมัครใจ
gönüllüistekle yapılanistemliücretsiz
tình nguyện

voluntary

[ˈvɒləntərɪ]
A. ADJ
1. (= not compulsory) [contribution, attendance, scheme] → voluntario
attendance is on a voluntary basisla asistencia es voluntaria
2. (= unpaid) [work, helper] → voluntario
he does voluntary work in his spare timetrabaja de voluntario en su tiempo libre
he works at the school on a voluntary basistrabaja en el colegio como voluntario
3. (= charitable) [organization] → benéfico
B. N (Mus) → solo m musical
an organ/trumpet voluntaryun solo de órgano/trompeta
C. CPD voluntary euthanasia Neutanasia f voluntaria
voluntary hospital N (US) → hospital m benéfico
voluntary liquidation N (Comm, Fin) → liquidación f voluntaria, disolución f
to go into voluntary liquidationentrar en liquidación voluntaria, disolverse voluntariamente
voluntary manslaughter N (US) (Jur) → homicidio m con circunstancias atenuantes
voluntary redundancy Nretiro m voluntario, baja f voluntaria (Sp)
to take voluntary redundancytomar el retiro voluntario, coger la baja voluntaria (Sp)
voluntary repatriation Nrepatriación f voluntaria
the voluntary sector Nel voluntariado
Voluntary Service Overseas N (Brit) → Servicio m de Voluntarios en el Extranjero
voluntary worker Nvoluntario/a m/f

voluntary

[ˈvɒləntəri] adj
(= not compulsory) [scheme, attendance, course, donation, support, agreement] → volontaire
(= unpaid) [agency, body] → bénévole voluntary helpervoluntary euthanasia neuthanasie f volontairevoluntary helper nbénévole mfvoluntary liquidation ndépôt m de bilanvoluntary organization norganisation f bénévolevoluntary redundancy n (British)départ m volontairevoluntary school n (British)école f librevoluntary sector n
the voluntary sector → le secteur associatifvoluntary work nbénévolat m
to do voluntary work → faire du bénévolatvoluntary worker nbénévole mf

voluntary

adj
(= not obligatory)freiwillig; to go into voluntary liquidationin die freiwillige Liquidation gehen
(= unpaid) help, service, workfreiwillig; voluntary workerfreiwilliger Helfer, freiwillige Helferin; (overseas) → Entwicklungshelfer(in) m(f); on a voluntary basisauf freiwilliger Basis, freiwillig
(= supported by charity, charitable) body, agencykaritativ; a voluntary organization for social workein freiwilliger Wohlfahrtsverband
(= having will) movementswillkürlich, willentlich; crimevorsätzlich; man is a voluntary agentder Mensch handelt aus freiem Willen
(Physiol) voluntary muscleswillkürliche Muskeln pl
n (Eccl, Mus) → Solo nt

voluntary

:
voluntary euthanasia
voluntary manslaughter
n (US Jur) → vorsätzliche Tötung
voluntary redundancy
nfreiwilliges Ausscheiden; to take voluntarysich abfinden lassen

voluntary

[ˈvɒləntrɪ] adj (statement, confession) → spontaneo/a; (attendance) → facoltativo/a; (unpaid, contribution, work, worker) → volontario/a

voluntary

(ˈvoləntəri) , ((American) volənˈteri) adjective
1. done, given etc by choice, not by accident or because of being forced (often without pay). Their action was completely voluntary – nobody asked them to do that.
2. run, financed etc by such actions, contributions etc. He does a lot of work for a voluntary organization.
voluntarily (ˈvoləntərəli (American) volənˈterili) adverb

voluntary

طَوْعِيّ dobrovolný frivillig freiwillig εθελοντικός voluntario vapaaehtoinen volontaire dobrovoljan volonario 自発的な 자발적인 vrijwillig frivillig dobrowolny voluntário добровольный frivillig โดยสมัครใจ gönüllü tình nguyện 自愿的

vol·un·tar·y

a. voluntario-a;
___ musclemúsculo ___.

voluntary

adj voluntario
References in classic literature ?
Thus it happened, that when Phoebe heard a certain noise in Judge Pyncheon's throat, --rather habitual with him, not altogether voluntary, yet indicative of nothing, unless it were a slight bronchial complaint, or, as some people hinted, an apoplectic symptom,--when the girl heard this queer and awkward ingurgitation(which the writer never did hear, and therefore cannot describe), she very foolishly started, and clasped her hands.
It had been her habit, from an almost immemorial date, to go about the country as a kind of voluntary nurse, and doing whatever miscellaneous good she might; taking upon herself, likewise, to give advice in all matters, especially those of the heart, by which means -- as a person of such propensities inevitably must -- she gained from many people the reverence due to an angel, but, I should imagine, was looked upon by others as an intruder and a nuisance.
And when these things unite in a man of greatly superior natural force, with a globular brain and a ponderous heart; who has also by the stillness and seclusion of many long night-watches in the remotest waters, and beneath constellations never seen here at the north, been led to think untraditionally and independently; receiving all nature's sweet or savage impressions fresh from her own virgin voluntary and confiding breast, and thereby chiefly, but with some help from accidental advantages, to learn a bold and nervous lofty language --that man makes one in a whole nation's census --a mighty pageant creature, formed for noble tragedies.
I did not see why the schoolmaster should be taxed to support the priest, and not the priest the schoolmaster; for I was not the State's schoolmaster, but I supported myself by voluntary subscription.
The slave was made to say some very smart as well as impressive things in reply to his master-- things which had the desired though unexpected ef- fect; for the conversation resulted in the voluntary emancipation of the slave on the part of the master.
He began speaking of Harriet, and speaking of her with more voluntary praise than Emma had ever heard before.
Their man-servant had been sent one morning to Exeter on business; and when, as he waited at table, he had satisfied the inquiries of his mistress as to the event of his errand, this was his voluntary communication--
Like you, a voluntary exile from France; like you, driven from it by its distractions, oppressions, and miseries; like you, striving to live away from it by my own exertions, and trusting in a happier future; I look only to sharing your fortunes, sharing your life and home, and being faithful to you to the death.
My son's great capacity was tempted on, there, by a feeling of voluntary emulation and conscious pride,' the fond lady went on to say.
Nobody will ever believe now that the entries are voluntary.
He could not really expect Christine ever to consent to become his voluntary prey
The instrument of voluntary association executed on board the "Mayflower" testifies that the parties to it had anticipated the improvement of their nation.