It is a model of health and fitness education developed by Maori for Maori, using Te Ao Maori concepts and working holistically to balance the tinana, hinengaro, wairua
and whanau," Roberts said.
The model is underpinned by four dimensions representing the basic beliefs of life: te taha hinengaro (psychological health); te taha wairua
(spiritual health); te taha tinana (physical health); and te taha whanau (family health).
The Hikurangi Catchment which covers about 55,000 hectares is a catchment of the Wairua
River that flows into the Kaipara Harbour.
This finding regarding the role of spirituality may have particular relevance in the New Zealand context and in particular for Maori who have had a SCI given spirituality, or taha wairua
, is identified as one of four core dimensions of Maori well-being in the now well-known Maori health model, Te Whare Tapa Wha (Durie, 1998).
This amazing Maori man with an awesome wairua
has experience of
Simply put: body, mind, spirit; or in Maori: tinana, hinengaro, wairua
These are Taha Wairua
(spiritual); Taha Hinengaro (mental); Taha Tinana (physical); Taha Whanau (extended family).
It may be helpful from the perspective of medicine to consider wairua
and whanau as health determinants.
Another artist working from the Maori world view, Elizabeth Halford, searches for the wairua
(spirit), in the material to make the artifacts of life and spiritual sustenance (anchor stones and drums).
Maori psychiatrists and health workers fully recognise te taha wairua
, the spiritual quality that is the most basic and essential requirement for health; they also recognise that when whakama--an illness of the spiritual dimension--goes untreated, it can lead to breakdown, to what Western medicine diagnoses as 'psychiatric disorder' but which Maori know and perceive to be mate Maori, Maori sickness.
Maori were encouraged to develop awareness and understanding of wairua
and other spiritual concepts.
This is just one example of how 'Service to God through spiritual activity mandated by the wairua
[spirits] was seen as an appropriate method of combating governmental plans.