war


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war

 (wôr)
n.
1.
a. A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties.
b. The period of such conflict.
c. The techniques and procedures of war; military science.
2.
a. A condition of active antagonism or contention: a war of words; a price war.
b. A concerted effort or campaign to combat or put an end to something considered injurious: the war against acid rain.
intr.v. warred, war·ring, wars
1. To wage or carry on warfare.
2. To be in a state of hostility or rivalry; contend.
Idiom:
at war
In an active state of conflict or contention.

[Middle English warre, from Old North French werre, of Germanic origin; see wers- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: War can be traced back to the Indo-European root *wers-, "to confuse, mix up." In the Germanic family of the Indo-European languages, this root gave rise to several words having to do with confusion or mixture of various kinds. One was the noun *werza-, "confusion," which in a later form *werra- was borrowed into Old French, probably from Frankish, a largely unrecorded Germanic language that contributed about 200 words to the vocabulary of Old French. From the Germanic stem came both the form werre in Old North French, the form borrowed into English in the 1100s, and guerre (also the source of guerrilla) in the rest of the Old French-speaking area. Both forms meant "war." Meanwhile another form derived from the same Indo-European root had developed into a word denoting a more benign kind of mixture, Old High German wurst, meaning "sausage." Modern German Wurst was borrowed into English in the 1800s.

war

(wɔː)
n
1. (Military) open armed conflict between two or more parties, nations, or states.
2. (Military) a particular armed conflict: the 1973 war in the Middle East.
3. (Military) the techniques of armed conflict as a study, science, or profession
4. any conflict or contest: a war of wits; the war against crime.
5. (Military) (modifier) of, relating to, resulting from, or characteristic of war: a war hero; war damage; a war story.
6. (Military) to have had a good war to have made the most of the opportunities presented to one during wartime
7. in the wars informal (esp of a child) hurt or knocked about, esp as a result of quarrelling and fighting
vb, wars, warring or warred
(Military) (intr) to conduct a war
[C12: from Old Northern French werre (variant of Old French guerre), of Germanic origin; related to Old High German werra]

war1

(wɔr)

n., v. warred, war•ring,
adj. n.
1. armed conflict between nations or factions within a nation; warfare.
2. a state or period of active military operations.
3. (often cap.) a particular armed conflict consisting of a series of battles or campaigns: the War of 1812.
4. armed fighting as a science or profession.
5. active hostility or contention; conflict: a war of words.
6. aggressive competition in business: a fare war among airlines.
7. a struggle to achieve a particular goal: a war against poverty.
8. Archaic. a battle.
v.i.
9. to make or carry on war.
10. to carry on active hostility or feel strong opposition.
adj.
11. of, belonging to, or resulting from war.
[before 1150; Middle English; late Old English werre < Old North French < Germanic; compare Old High German werra strife; akin to war2]

war2

(wɑr)

adj., adv. Scot.
worse.
[1150–1200; Middle English werre < Old Norse verri worse]

War


the right of a nation at war to destroy the property of a neutral, subject to indemnification.
the techniques, policies, and training of special police who deal with terrorists, especially those who take hostages. — antiterrorist, adj.
a temporary cessation of hostilities, by agreement between the belligerents, prior to the negotiation or signing of a peace treaty.
the advocacy of war. Cf. pacifism. — bellicist, n.
the state of being hostile or at war. — belligerent, n., adj.
any expression of sympathy for the Confederate cause in the American Civil War. — copperhead, n.
the process of demilitarization or removal of military activity or control from an area.
the process of being demobilized or mustered out of the military.
the reduction in size of military forces, by treaty, following defeat, etc. Also Obsolete, disarmature.
Obsolete. disarmament.
the advocacy of peace or a conciliatory national attitude, especially on the part of a public official. Cf. hawkism. — dove, n.doveish, adj.
1. a war between giants, as in mythology.
2. war between large contestants, as major powers.
the practice and philosophy of guerrilla warfare.
the advocacy of war or a belligerent national attitude, especially on the part of a public official. Cf. doveism. — hawk, n.hawkish, adj.
1. a feeling or state of antagonism.
2. an expression or act of war. — hostile, adj.
1. the state or condition of being in revolt or insurrection.
2. an uprising. — insurgent, n., adj.
an advocacy of peace and conciliation. — irenicist, n.
the branch of military science concerned with the movement and supply of troops. — logistician, n.
1. an inclination to belligerency; bellicosity.
2. the qualities of a military existence. — martialist, n.
1. the state or condition of being combative or disposed to fight.
2. the active championing of a cause or belief. — militant, n., adj.
the process of preparing for war; mobilization of troops or of an area.
single combat, or a duel. — monomachist, n.
1. a mock sea fight, as in ancient Rome.
2. the flooded arena where such fights were conducted.
the maintaining of naval interests. — navalist, n.
the state or position of being impartial or not allied with or committed to either party or viewpoint in a conflict, especially a war or armed conflict, — neutral, adj.
1. an opposition to war or violence of any kind.
2. the principle or policy of establishing and maintaining universal peace.
3. nonresistance to aggression. Cf. bellicism.pacifist, n.pacifistic, adj.
1. the act of plundering or large scale robbery, usually accompanied by violence as in wartime.
2. plundered property; booty.
the art of siegecraft. — poliorcetic, adj.
destruction of or damage to equipment, installations, etc, in an industrial context, as in a labor dispute, or in a military context, as in the action of partisan or resistance movements. — saboteur, n.
the science or craft of laying or carrying out sieges.
soldiership or military science or craft.
the process of robbing or plundering, especially in time of war and on a large scale. See also church; ships.
the art of directing an army. — stratographer, n.
a person skilled in the art of tactics, in a military or other sense.
1. the art or science of disposing or managing military forces to best advantage against the enemy.
2. a skill or resource management in other contexts.
battle between Titans, referring to the unsuccessful revolt of the family of Iapetus against Zeus.
an ancient Athenian policy allowing private citizens, as part of their civic duty, to fit out triremes for the defense of the city.
the science, art, or craft of war.

War

 

See Also: ARMY

  1. The art of war is like the art of the courtesan; indeed, they might be called sisters, since both are the slaves of desperation —Pietro Aretino
  2. The beginning of war is like the first days of peace: neither the world nor our hearts know they are there —Jane Wagner
  3. Being a soldier [in war time] was like being on a team in a sport that drew no crowds, except for the players’ own parents and friends —Dan Wakefield
  4. Great warriors, like great earthquakes, are principally remembered for the mischief they have done —Christian Nestell Bovee
  5. Marrying in wartime is like sowing among thorns —Ignazio Silone See Also: MARRIAGE
  6. Success in war, like charity in religion, covers a multitude of sins —Lord Napier
  7. War is like an aging actress; more and more dangerous, and less and less photogenic —Robert Capa
  8. War will disappear, like the dinosaur, when changes in world conditions have destroyed its survival value —Robert A. Millikan
  9. Went to war with an air, as if they went to a ball —Stephen Vincent Benét

war


Past participle: warred
Gerund: warring

Imperative
war
war
Present
I war
you war
he/she/it wars
we war
you war
they war
Preterite
I warred
you warred
he/she/it warred
we warred
you warred
they warred
Present Continuous
I am warring
you are warring
he/she/it is warring
we are warring
you are warring
they are warring
Present Perfect
I have warred
you have warred
he/she/it has warred
we have warred
you have warred
they have warred
Past Continuous
I was warring
you were warring
he/she/it was warring
we were warring
you were warring
they were warring
Past Perfect
I had warred
you had warred
he/she/it had warred
we had warred
you had warred
they had warred
Future
I will war
you will war
he/she/it will war
we will war
you will war
they will war
Future Perfect
I will have warred
you will have warred
he/she/it will have warred
we will have warred
you will have warred
they will have warred
Future Continuous
I will be warring
you will be warring
he/she/it will be warring
we will be warring
you will be warring
they will be warring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been warring
you have been warring
he/she/it has been warring
we have been warring
you have been warring
they have been warring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been warring
you will have been warring
he/she/it will have been warring
we will have been warring
you will have been warring
they will have been warring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been warring
you had been warring
he/she/it had been warring
we had been warring
you had been warring
they had been warring
Conditional
I would war
you would war
he/she/it would war
we would war
you would war
they would war
Past Conditional
I would have warred
you would have warred
he/she/it would have warred
we would have warred
you would have warred
they would have warred
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.war - the waging of armed conflict against an enemywar - the waging of armed conflict against an enemy; "thousands of people were killed in the war"
de-escalation - (war) a reduction in intensity (of a crisis or a war)
military action, action - a military engagement; "he saw action in Korea"
limited war - a war whose objective is less than the unconditional defeat of the enemy
psychological warfare, war of nerves - the use of psychological tactics to destroy the opponents' morale
battle, engagement, fight, conflict - a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war; "Grant won a decisive victory in the battle of Chickamauga"; "he lost his romantic ideas about war when he got into a real engagement"
civil war - a war between factions in the same country
armed combat, combat - an engagement fought between two military forces
chemical operations, chemical warfare - warfare using chemical agents to kill or injure or incapacitate the enemy
bioattack, biologic attack, biological attack, biological warfare, BW - the use of bacteria or viruses or toxins to destroy men and animals or food
information warfare, IW - the use of information or information technology during a time of crisis or conflict to achieve or promote specific objectives over a specific adversary or adversaries; "not everyone agrees that information warfare is limited to the realm of traditional warfare"
international jihad, jehad, jihad - a holy war waged by Muslims against infidels
world war - a war in which the major nations of the world are involved
aggression - the act of initiating hostilities
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
side - one of two or more contesting groups; "the Confederate side was prepared to attack"
despoiler, freebooter, looter, pillager, plunderer, raider, spoiler - someone who takes spoils or plunder (as in war)
state of war, war - a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply; "war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring"
hot war - actual fighting between the warring parties
2.war - a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war applywar - a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply; "war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring"
war, warfare - the waging of armed conflict against an enemy; "thousands of people were killed in the war"
antagonism, enmity, hostility - a state of deep-seated ill-will
proxy war - a war instigated by a major power that does not itself participate
peace - the state prevailing during the absence of war
3.war - an active struggle between competing entities; "a price war"; "a war of wits"; "diplomatic warfare"
conflict, struggle, battle - an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine; "police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs"
drug war - conflict between law enforcement and those who deal in illegal drugs
trench warfare - a struggle (usually prolonged) between competing entities in which neither side is able to win; "the hope that his superior campaigning skills would make a difference evaporated in the realization that electioneering had become a form of trench warfare"
4.war - a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious; "the war on poverty"; "the war against crime"
crusade, campaign, cause, drive, effort, movement - a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end; "he supported populist campaigns"; "they worked in the cause of world peace"; "the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant"; "the movement to end slavery"; "contributed to the war effort"
Verb1.war - make or wage warwar - make or wage war      
fight, struggle, contend - be engaged in a fight; carry on a fight; "the tribesmen fought each other"; "Siblings are always fighting"; "Militant groups are contending for control of the country"
blitzkrieg - fight a quick and surprising war
go to war, take arms, take up arms - commence hostilities
make peace - end hostilities; "The brothers who had been fighting over their inheritance finally made peace"

war

verb
1. fight, battle, clash, wage war, campaign, struggle, combat, contend, go to war, do battle, make war, take up arms, bear arms, cross swords, conduct a war, engage in hostilities, carry on hostilities The two tribes warred to gain new territory.
fight co-operate, make peace, co-exist, call a ceasefire
Related words
adjectives belligerent, martial
Quotations
"War is nothing but the continuation of politics by other means" [Karl von Clausewitz On War]
"Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed" [Mao Zedong On Protracted War]
"There was never a good war, or a bad peace" [Benjamin Franklin]
"War makes rattling good history; but Peace is poor reading" [Thomas Hardy The Dynasts]
"He that makes a good war makes a good peace" [George Herbert Outlandish Proverbs]
"O I know they make war because they want peace; they hate so that they may live; and they destroy the present to make the world safe for the future. When have they not done and said they did it for that?" [Elizabeth Smart Necessary Secrets]
"For what can war but endless war still breed?" [John Milton Sonnet, On the Lord General Fairfax]
"Above all, this book is not concerned with Poetry,"
"The subject of it is War, and the Pity of War."
"The Poetry is in the Pity" [Wilfred Owen Poems, Preface]
"As long as war is regarded as wicked, it will always have its fascination. When it is looked upon as vulgar, it will cease to be popular" [Oscar Wilde The Critic as Artist]
"In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losers" [Neville Chamberlain]
"War is too serious a matter to entrust to military men" [Georges Clemenceau]
"War is like love, it always finds a way" [Bertolt Brecht Mother Courage and Her Children]
"During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that condition which is called war; and such a war as is of every man against every man" [Thomas Hobbes Leviathan]
"History is littered with the wars which everybody knew would never happen" [Enoch Powell speech to the Conservative Party Conference]
"Let slip the dogs of war" [William Shakespeare Julius Caesar]
"War is the trade of kings" [John Dryden King Arthur]
"The quickest way of ending a war is to lose it" [George Orwell Shooting an Elephant]
"Sometime they'll give a war and nobody will come" [Carl Sandburg `The People, Yes']
"Since war begins in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed" Constitution of UNESCO
"The next war will be fought with atom bombs and the one after that with spears" [Harold Urey]
"War will cease when men refuse to fight" pacifist slogan
"After each war there is a little less democracy to save" [Brooks Atkinson Once Around the Sun]
"What if someone gave a war and Nobody came?"
"Life would ring the bells of Ecstasy and Forever be Itself again" [Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America]
"In the fall the war was always there but we did not go to it any more" [Ernest Hemingway Men Without Women]
Proverbs
"All is fair in love and war"

war

noun
1. A vying with others for victory or supremacy:
2. A state of open, prolonged fighting:
verb
To strive in opposition:
Translations
حَرْبيَتَحارَب، يُقاتِل، يُحارِب
válka
krigkrigs-
milito
sotasotiakina
rat
háborúháborúskodik
perang
heyja stríî, berjaststríðstríîstyrjöld
戦争
전쟁
bellum
kariautikariavimaskaro korespondentaskaro kurstytojaskaro laivas
kara-karotkarš
viesť vojnuvojna
vojna
krig
สงคราม
savaşsavaşmakharpharp etmek
chiến tranh

war

[wɔːʳ]
A. Nguerra f (fig) → lucha f
the war against inflationla lucha contra la inflación
to be at war (with)estar en guerra (con)
the period between the warsel período de entreguerras
to declare war (on)declarar la guerra (a)
to go to war (with sb) (over sth)entrar en guerra (con algn) (por algo)
they went off to war singingfueron a la guerra cantando
the Great Warla Primera Guerra Mundial
war to the knifeguerra f a muerte
to make war (on)hacer la guerra (a)
war of nervesguerra f de nervios
to wage war with sbhacer la guerra a algn
war of wordsguerra de palabras
the First/Second World Warla Primera/Segunda Guerra Mundial
you've been in the wars! (hum) → ¡parece que vienes de la guerra!
B. VI (lit) → combatir, luchar (with con) revulsion and guilt warred within him (liter) → la repugnancia y el sentimiento de culpabilidad luchaban en su interior
C. CPDde guerra
war chest N (esp US) dinero destinado a apoyar una causa
war clouds NPLnubes fpl de guerra
war correspondent Ncorresponsal mf de guerra
war crime Ncrimen m de guerra
war criminal Ncriminal mf de guerra
war cry Ngrito m de guerra
war dance Ndanza f guerrera
the war dead NPLlos muertos en campaña
war debt Ndeuda f de guerra
war effort Nesfuerzo m bélico
war fever Npsicosis f inv de guerra
war footing N on a war footingen pie de guerra
war game N (Mil) → simulacro m de guerra; (= game) → juego m de guerra
war hero Nhéroe m de guerra
war loan Nempréstito m de guerra
war material Nmaterial m bélico
war memorial Nmonumento m a los caídos
War Office N (Hist) → Ministerio m de Guerra
war paint Npintura f de guerra (hum) (= make-up) → maquillaje m
war widow Nviuda f de guerra
the war wounded NPLlos heridos de guerra
war zone Nzona f de guerra
see also record A5.4

war

[ˈwɔːr] n
(military)guerre f
to be at war → être en guerre
to be at war with sb → être en guerre avec qn
to go to war → entrer en guerre
to make war on sb/sth → faire la guerre à qn/qch
war and peace → guerre et paix
(commercial, political)guerre f
a trade war → une guerre commerciale
a price war → une guerre des prix
a war on drugs → un guerre contre la drogue
a war of words → une guerre des mots
to have been in the wars → avoir fait la guerre

war

nKrieg m; the art of wardie Kriegskunst; this is war! (fig)das bedeutet Krieg!; the war against poverty/diseaseder Kampf gegen die Armut/Krankheit; war of nervesNervenkrieg m; war of wordsWortgefecht nt; to be at warsich im Krieg(szustand) befinden; to declare warden Krieg erklären (→ on +dat); (fig also)den Kampf ansagen (→ on +dat); to go to war (= start)(einen) Krieg anfangen (against mit); (= declare)den Krieg erklären (→ against +dat); (person) → in den Krieg ziehen; to make or wage warKrieg führen (on, against gegen); he/this car has been in the wars a bit (inf)er/dieses Auto sieht ziemlich ramponiert (inf)or mitgenommen aus; I hear you’ve been in the wars recently (inf)ich höre, dass du zur Zeit ganz schön angeschlagen bist (inf)
visich bekriegen; (fig)ringen (geh)(for um)

war

:
war bond
nKriegsanleihe f
war bride
nKriegsbraut f
war cabinet
n (Pol) → Kriegskabinett nt

war

:
war clouds
pl the war are gatheringKriegsgefahr droht
war correspondent
nKriegsberichterstatter(in) m(f), → Kriegskorrespondent(in) m(f)
war crime
war criminal
nKriegsverbrecher(in) m(f)
war cry
nKriegsruf m; (fig)Schlachtruf m; the war cries of the Red Indiansdas Kriegsgeheul or Kriegsgeschrei der Indianer

war

:
war fever
nKriegsbegeisterung f
war game
nKriegsspiel nt
war grave
nKriegsgrab nt
warhead
nSprengkopf m
war hero
nKriegsheld m
warhorse
n (lit, fig)Schlachtross nt

war

:
warlike
adjkriegerisch; tone, speechmilitant
warlock
nHexer m
warlord
nKriegsherr m

war

:
warmonger
nKriegshetzer(in) m(f)
warmongering
adjkriegshetzerisch
nKriegshetze f

war

:
War Office
n (old Brit) → Kriegsministerium nt (old)
war orphan
nKriegswaise f

war

:
war paint
n (lit, fig inf)Kriegsbemalung f
warpath
nKriegspfad m; on the warauf dem Kriegspfad

war

:
war toy
war-weary
adjkriegsmüde
war widow
nKriegswitwe f
war-wounded
pl the wardie Kriegsversehrten pl

war

[wɔːʳ]
1. nguerra (fig) war (on or against)lotta (contro)
to be at/go to war (with) → essere/entrare in guerra (con)
to make war (on) → fare guerra (a)
a war of words → una guerra verbale
to have been in the wars (fig) (hum) → essere malridotto/a
2. vi to war (with)guerreggiare (con), far guerra (a)
3. adj (wound, crime, bride) → di guerra

war

(woː) noun
(an) armed struggle, especially between nations. Their leader has declared war on Britain; The larger army will win the war; the horrors of war; (also adjective) He is guilty of war crimes.
verbpast tense, past participle warred
to fight. The two countries have been warring constantly for generations.
ˈwarlike adjective
(negative unwarlike) fond of, or likely to begin, war. a warlike nation.
ˈwarrior (ˈwo-) noun
a soldier or skilled fighting man, especially in primitive societies. The chief of the tribe called his warriors together; (also adjective) a warrior prince.
war correspondent
a newspaper reporter who writes articles on a war especially from the scene of fighting.
ˈwar-cryplural ˈwar-cries noun
a shout used in battle as an encouragement to the soldiers. `For king and country' was the war-cry of the troops as they faced the enemy.
ˈwar-dance noun
a dance performed by the people of some primitive societies before going to war.
ˈwarfare noun
fighting, as in a war. He refused to fight, because he has religious objections to warfare.
ˈwarhead noun
the explosive section of a missile, torpedo etc. nuclear warheads.
ˈwarhorse noun
a horse used in battle.
ˈwarlord noun
a very powerful military leader.
ˈwarmonger noun
a person who encourages war(s), often for personal reasons.
ˈwarpaint noun
paint applied to the face etc by the people of some primitive societies before going into battle.
ˈwarship noun
a ship used in war or defence.
ˈwartime noun
the time during which a country, a people etc is at war. There is a great deal of hardship and misery in wartime; (also adjective) a wartime economy.
war of nerves
a war, contest etc in which each side tries to win by making the other nervous, eg by bluff, rather than by actually fighting. That game of chess was a war of nerves.

war

حَرْب válka krig Krieg πόλεμος guerra sota guerre rat guerra 戦争 전쟁 oorlog krig wojna guerra война krig สงคราม savaş chiến tranh 战争

war

n. guerra.

war

n guerra; nuclear — guerra nuclear
References in classic literature ?
We used to be faithful about it, but since Father went away and all this war trouble unsettled us, we have neglected many things.
The car- penter, who had been a soldier in the Civil War, came into the writer's room and sat down to talk of building a platform for the purpose of raising the bed.
You see the European war has called for the use of a large number of aeroplanes, and as the pilots of them frequently have to fight, and so can not give their whole attention to the machines, some form of automatic stabilizer is needed to prevent them turning turtle, or going off at a wrong tangent.
He was a mild, flurried old man, a Civil War veteran, with one sleeve hanging empty.
When the war began, there stood on Cote Joyeuse an imposing mansion of red brick, shaped like the Pantheon.
In war, he is daring, boastful, cunning, ruthless, self-denying, and self-devoted; in peace, just, generous, hospitable, revengeful, superstitious, modest, and commonly chaste.
Thus we behold Kentucke, lately an howling wilderness, the habitation of savages and wild beasts, become a fruitful field; this region, so favourably distinguished by nature, now become the habitation of civilization, at a period unparalleled in history, in the midst of a raging war, and under all the disadvantages of emigration to a country so remote from the inhabited parts of the continent.
Such occasions might remind the elderly citizen of that period, before the last war with England, when Salem was a port by itself; not scorned, as she is now, by her own merchants and ship-owners, who permit her wharves to crumble to ruin while their ventures go to swell, needlessly and imperceptibly, the mighty flood of commerce at New York or Boston.
In obedience, therefore, to his honour's commands, I related to him the Revolution under the Prince of Orange; the long war with France, entered into by the said prince, and renewed by his successor, the present queen, wherein the greatest powers of Christendom were engaged, and which still continued: I computed, at his request, "that about a million of YAHOOS might have been killed in the whole progress of it; and perhaps a hundred or more cities taken, and five times as many ships burnt or sunk.
Both parties deprecated war; but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish.
The same man, stimulated by private pique against the MEGARENSIANS,[2] another nation of Greece, or to avoid a prosecution with which he was threatened as an accomplice of a supposed theft of the statuary Phidias,[3] or to get rid of the accusations prepared to be brought against him for dissipating the funds of the state in the purchase of popularity,[4] or from a combination of all these causes, was the primitive author of that famous and fatal war, distinguished in the Grecian annals by the name of the PELOPONNESIAN war; which, after various vicissitudes, intermissions, and renewals, terminated in the ruin of the Athenian commonwealth.
If this remark be just, it becomes useful to inquire whether so many JUST causes of war are likely to be given by UNITED AMERICA as by DISUNITED America; for if it should turn out that United America will probably give the fewest, then it will follow that in this respect the Union tends most to preserve the people in a state of peace with other nations.