weaken


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weak·en

 (wē′kən)
tr. & intr.v. weak·ened, weak·en·ing, weak·ens
To make or become weak or weaker.

weak′en·er n.

weaken

(ˈwiːkən)
vb
to become or cause to become weak or weaker
ˈweakener n

weak•en

(ˈwi kən)

v.t., v.i.
to make or become weak or weaker; lessen; diminish.
[1520–30]
weak′en•er, n.

weaken


Past participle: weakened
Gerund: weakening

Imperative
weaken
weaken
Present
I weaken
you weaken
he/she/it weakens
we weaken
you weaken
they weaken
Preterite
I weakened
you weakened
he/she/it weakened
we weakened
you weakened
they weakened
Present Continuous
I am weakening
you are weakening
he/she/it is weakening
we are weakening
you are weakening
they are weakening
Present Perfect
I have weakened
you have weakened
he/she/it has weakened
we have weakened
you have weakened
they have weakened
Past Continuous
I was weakening
you were weakening
he/she/it was weakening
we were weakening
you were weakening
they were weakening
Past Perfect
I had weakened
you had weakened
he/she/it had weakened
we had weakened
you had weakened
they had weakened
Future
I will weaken
you will weaken
he/she/it will weaken
we will weaken
you will weaken
they will weaken
Future Perfect
I will have weakened
you will have weakened
he/she/it will have weakened
we will have weakened
you will have weakened
they will have weakened
Future Continuous
I will be weakening
you will be weakening
he/she/it will be weakening
we will be weakening
you will be weakening
they will be weakening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been weakening
you have been weakening
he/she/it has been weakening
we have been weakening
you have been weakening
they have been weakening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been weakening
you will have been weakening
he/she/it will have been weakening
we will have been weakening
you will have been weakening
they will have been weakening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been weakening
you had been weakening
he/she/it had been weakening
we had been weakening
you had been weakening
they had been weakening
Conditional
I would weaken
you would weaken
he/she/it would weaken
we would weaken
you would weaken
they would weaken
Past Conditional
I would have weakened
you would have weakened
he/she/it would have weakened
we would have weakened
you would have weakened
they would have weakened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
de-energise, de-energize - deprive of energy
break - weaken or destroy in spirit or body; "His resistance was broken"; "a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
devitalise, devitalize - sap of life or energy; "The recession devitalized the economy"
shake - undermine or cause to waver; "my faith has been shaken"; "The bad news shook her hopes"
depress - lessen the activity or force of; "The rising inflation depressed the economy"
unbrace - remove a brace or braces from
etiolate - make weak by stunting the growth or development of
cripple, stultify - deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless; "This measure crippled our efforts"; "Their behavior stultified the boss's hard work"
dilute, thin, thin out, reduce, cut - lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; "cut bourbon"
attenuate, rarefy - weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
blunt - make less intense; "blunted emotions"
mollify, season, temper - make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate; "she tempered her criticism"
debilitate, enfeeble, drain - make weak; "Life in the camp drained him"
enervate - weaken mentally or morally
dampen - reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
neutralize, nullify, neutralise, negate - make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of; "Her optimism neutralizes his gloom"; "This action will negate the effect of my efforts"
castrate, emasculate - deprive of strength or vigor; "The Senate emasculated the law"
wash out - deplete of strength or vitality; "The illness washed her out"
beef up, fortify, strengthen - make strong or stronger; "This exercise will strengthen your upper body"; "strengthen the relations between the two countries"
2.weaken - become weaker; "The prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
attenuate - become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
disappear, evaporate, melt - become less intense and fade away gradually; "her resistance melted under his charm"; "her hopes evaporated after years of waiting for her fiance"
die down - become progressively weaker; "the laughter died down"
collapse - lose significance, effectiveness, or value; "The school system is collapsing"; "The stock market collapsed"
fade, melt - become less clearly visible or distinguishable; disappear gradually or seemingly; "The scene begins to fade"; "The tree trunks are melting into the forest at dusk"
subside, lessen - wear off or die down; "The pain subsided"
slur, dim, blur - become vague or indistinct; "The distinction between the two theories blurred"
languish, pine away, waste - lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief; "After her husband died, she just pined away"
dull - make less lively or vigorous; "Middle age dulled her appetite for travel"
pall - lose strength or effectiveness; become or appear boring, insipid, or tiresome (to); "the course palled on her"
relax, loose, loosen - become loose or looser or less tight; "The noose loosened"; "the rope relaxed"
slacken - become looser or slack; "the rope slackened"
slacken, slow up, slow, slow down, slack - become slow or slower; "Production slowed"
wilt - lose strength; "My opponent was wilting"
strengthen - gain strength; "His body strengthened"
3.weaken - destroy property or hinder normal operationsweaken - destroy property or hinder normal operations; "The Resistance sabotaged railroad operations during the war"
derail - cause to run off the tracks; "they had planned to derail the trains that carried atomic waste"
disobey - refuse to go along with; refuse to follow; be disobedient; "He disobeyed his supervisor and was fired"
4.weaken - reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of; "de-escalate a crisis"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
5.weaken - lessen in force or effect; "soften a shock"; "break a fall"
blunt, deaden - make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; "Terror blunted her feelings"; "deaden a sound"
deafen - make soundproof; "deafen a room"
deaden, damp, dampen - make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible; "muffle the message"

weaken

verb
1. reduce, undermine, moderate, diminish, temper, impair, lessen, sap, mitigate, invalidate, soften up, take the edge off, disempower Her opponents believe that her authority has been fatally weakened.
reduce increase, improve, boost, strengthen, enhance, revitalize
2. wane, fail, diminish, dwindle, lower, flag, fade, give way, lessen, abate, droop, ease up Family structures are weakening and breaking up. The storm was finally beginning to weaken
wane increase, grow, improve, strengthen
3. sap the strength of, tire, exhaust, debilitate, depress, disable, cripple, incapacitate, enfeeble, enervate Malnutrition weakens the patient.
sap the strength of strengthen, revitalize, invigorate
4. dilute, cut, thin, water down, debase, thin out, adulterate a glass of whisky weakened with soda

weaken

verb
1. To lose strength or power:
Informal: fizzle (out).
2. To lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of:
3. To lessen the strength of by or as if by admixture:
4. To moderate or change a position or course of action as a result of pressure:
Idiom: give way.
Translations
يُضْعِف
oslabit
blive svaggøre svag
heikentääheikentyäheiketä
legyengítlegyengül
veikja, draga mátt úr
labefacto
zoslabnúť
oslabiti
zayıfla mak

weaken

[ˈwiːkən]
A. VT [+ person, heart, structure, economy] → debilitar; [+ power, influence, resolve] → menguar, debilitar; [+ case, argument] → quitar fuerza a; [+ solution, mixture] → diluir
he weakened his grip on her armdejó de apretarle el brazo con tanta fuerza
he doesn't want to do anything that might weaken his grip on powerno quiere hacer nada que pueda menguar el control que tiene sobre el país
B. VI
1. (= grow weaker) [person, muscle, structure, economy] → debilitarse; [power, influence, resolve] → menguarse, debilitarse
the pound weakened against the dollar todayhoy la libra ha bajado frente al dólar
2. (= give way) → flaquear
we must not weaken nowno debemos flaquear, ahora menos que nunca

weaken

[ˈwiːkən]
vifaiblir
vtaffaiblir

weaken

vt (lit, fig)schwächen; influence also, control, suspicion etcverringern; argument alsoentkräften; walls, foundationsangreifen; holdlockern; he weakened his grip on my armer hielt meinen Arm nicht mehr ganz so fest
vi (lit, fig)schwächer werden, nachlassen; (person)schwach or weich werden; (foundations)nachgeben; (defence, strength)erlahmen; (dollar)nachlassen; his grip on my arm weakeneder hielt meinen Arm nicht mehr ganz so fest

weaken

[ˈwiːkn]
1. vt (gen) → indebolire; (grip) → allentare; (influence) → diminuire; (solution, mixture) → diluire
this fact weakens your case → questo fatto sminuisce il tuo argomento
2. vi (gen) → indebolirsi; (grip) → allentarsi; (influence) → diminuire; (give way) → cedere
we must not weaken now → non dobbiamo cedere proprio ora

weak

(wiːk) adjective
1. lacking in physical strength. Her illness has made her very weak.
2. not strong in character. I'm very weak when it comes to giving up cigarettes.
3. (of a liquid) diluted; not strong. weak tea.
4. (of an explanation etc) not convincing.
5. (of a joke) not particularly funny.
ˈweakly adverb
ˈweaken verb
to (cause to) become weak, especially in physical strength or character. The patient has weakened; The strain of the last few days has weakened him.
ˈweakling (-liŋ) noun
a weak person, animal, or plant. She married a weakling.
ˈweakness noun
1. the state of being weak.
2. something weak or faulty; a defect. weaknesses of character; Smoking is one of my weaknesses.
have a weakness for
to have a liking for. She has a weakness for chocolate biscuits.

weaken

v. debilitar; desfallecer; debilitarse; deteriorarse.

weaken

vt, vi debilitar(se)
References in classic literature ?
I can well believe two or three of them, attacking a steer or mule at once, could soon weaken it so the animal would die.
said the disappointed Hawkeye, ceasing to rake the leaves with the breech of his rifle; "'tis a certain sign of age, when the sight begins to weaken.
This old reprobate was one of the sufferers when Cotton Mather, and his brother ministers, and the learned judges, and other wise men, and Sir William Phipps, the sagacious governor, made such laudable efforts to weaken the great enemy of souls, by sending a multitude of his adherents up the rocky pathway of Gallows Hill.
And he said if a man owned a beehive and that man died, the bees must be told about it before sun-up next morning, or else the bees would all weaken down and quit work and die.
asked Tom, his incredulity beginning to weaken a little.
Elinor had often wished for an opportunity of attempting to weaken her mother's dependence on the attachment of Edward and herself, that the shock might be less when the whole truth were revealed, and now on this attack, though almost hopeless of success, she forced herself to begin her design by saying, as calmly as she could, "I like Edward Ferrars very much, and shall always be glad to see him; but as to the rest of the family, it is a matter of perfect indifference to me, whether I am ever known to them or not.
I believe your intention is to perpetuate, and not to weaken, the ties between me and my other and far dearer self.
You are going out, Micawber, to this distant clime, to strengthen, not to weaken, the connexion between yourself and Albion.
The royal policy had long been to weaken, by every means, legal or illegal, the strength of a part of the population which was justly considered as nourishing the most inveterate antipathy to their victor.
The inhabitants of territories, often the theatre of war, are unavoidably subjected to frequent infringements on their rights, which serve to weaken their sense of those rights; and by degrees the people are brought to consider the soldiery not only as their protectors, but as their superiors.
Although, in most of these examples, the system has been so dissimilar from that under consideration as greatly to weaken any inference concerning the latter from the fate of the former, yet, as the States will retain, under the proposed Constitution, a very extensive portion of active sovereignty, the inference ought not to be wholly disregarded.
I agree with you with all my heart," I answered earnestly, for I did not want him to weaken in this matter.