whence


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whence

 (wĕns, hwĕns)
adv.
1. From where; from what place: Whence came this traveler?
2. From what origin or source: Whence comes this splendid feast?
conj.
1. Out of which place; from or out of which.
2. By reason of which; from which: The dog was coal black from nose to tail, whence the name Shadow.

[Middle English whennes : whenne, whence (from Old English hwanon; see kwo- in Indo-European roots) + -es, genitive sing. suff.; see -s3.]
Usage Note: The construction from whence has been criticized as redundant since the 1700s. It is true that whence incorporates the sense of from: a remote village, whence little news reached the wider world. But from whence has been used steadily by reputable writers since the 1300s, among them Shakespeare, John Milton, Jane Austen, and the translators of the King James Bible: "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help" (Psalms). Such a respectable precedent makes it difficult to label the construction, which is fairly rare and very formal in any case, as incorrect.

whence

(wɛns)
adv
from what place, cause, or origin?
pron
(subordinating) from what place, cause, or origin
[C13 whannes, adverbial genitive of Old English hwanon; related to Old Frisian hwana, Old High German hwanan]
Usage: The expression from whence should be avoided, since whence already means from which place: the tradition whence (not from whence) such ideas flowed

whence

(ʰwɛns, wɛns)
adv.
1. from what place?: Whence comest thou?
2. from what source, origin, or cause?: Whence has he wisdom?
conj.
3. from what place, source, cause, etc.: He told whence he came.
[1250–1300; Middle English whennes, whannes=whanne (by syncope from Old English hwanone whence) + -s -s1]
usage: Although sometimes criticized as redundant on the grounds that “from” is included in the meaning of whence, the idiom from whence is old in the language, well established, and standard: She finally settled in Paris, from whence she bombarded us with letters and postcards. Among its users are the King James Bible, Shakespeare, Dryden, and Dickens. The parallel construction from thence occurs infrequently. Both are easy to avoid if desired.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.whence - from what place, source, or cause
Translations
من أيْن؟
hvorfra
d’où
honnan?
hvaîan
ne yüzdennereden

whence

[wens] ADV
1. (poet) (= from where) → de donde; (interrog) → ¿de dónde?
2. (frm) (= from which) → por lo cual; (= therefore) → y por consiguiente
whence I conclude thatpor lo cual concluyo que ...

whence

hwɛns] (literary)
pron
from whence → d'où
conj (= from where) → d'où

whence

adv
(old, form)woher, von wannen (old, liter)
(form) whence I conclude …woraus ich schließe, …

whence

[wɛns] adv (liter) (from where) → da dove

when

(wen) adverb
at what time(?). When did you arrive?; When will you see her again?; I asked him when the incident had occurred; Tell me when to jump.
(wən, wen) conjunction
1. (at or during) the time at which. It happened when I was abroad; When you see her, give her this message; When I've finished, I'll telephone you.
2. in spite of the fact that; considering that. Why do you walk when you have a car?
whence (wens) adverb
from what place or circumstance (?); from where (?).
whenˈever adverb, conjunction
1. at any time that. Come and see me whenever you want to.
2. at every time that. I go to the theatre whenever I get the chance.
References in classic literature ?
Here an ancient monastery, whence the solemn chanting of the monks came down to them.
But the increasing lights, and the attacks made by the Indians and the white travelers turned the tide of battle, and, with silent flappings of their soft, velvety wings, the bats flew back to the jungle whence they had emerged.
I see Leonce isn't coming back," she said, with a glance in the direction whence her husband had disappeared.
While the husbandman shrank back from the dangerous passes, within the safer boundaries of the more ancient settlements, armies larger than those that had often disposed of the scepters of the mother countries, were seen to bury themselves in these forests, whence they rarely returned but in skeleton bands, that were haggard with care or dejected by defeat.
He therefore dug his cellar, and laid the deep foundations of his mansion, on the square of earth whence Matthew Maule, forty years before, had first swept away the fallen leaves.
Yonder woman, Sir, you must know, was the wife of a certain learned man, English by birth, but who had long ago dwelt in Amsterdam, whence some good time agone he was minded to cross over and cast in his lot with us of the Massachusetts.
Sleek unwieldy porkers were grunting in the repose and abundance of their pens, from whence sallied forth, now and then, troops of sucking pigs, as if to snuff the air.
Many are as green as the Green Mountains whence they came.
With a grating rush, the three lines flew round the loggerheads with such a force as to gouge deep grooves in them; while so fearful were the harpooneers that this rapid sounding would soon exhaust the lines, that using all their dexterous might, they caught repeated smoking turns with the rope to hold on; till at last --owing to the perpendicular strain from the lead-lined chocks of the boats, whence the three ropes went straight down into the blue --the gunwales of the bows were almost even with the water, while the three sterns tilted high in the air.
with all his lore, Wherefore he sang, or whence the mandate sped.
I laugh, when those who at the Spear are bold And vent'rous, if that fail them, shrink and fear What yet they know must follow, to endure Exile, or ignominy, or bonds, or pain, The sentence of thir Conquerour: This is now Our doom; which if we can sustain and bear, Our Supream Foe in time may much remit His anger, and perhaps thus farr remov'd Not mind us not offending, satisfi'd With what is punish't; whence these raging fires Will slack'n, if his breath stir not thir flames.
I could plainly discover whence one family derives a long chin; why a second has abounded with knaves for two generations, and fools for two more; why a third happened to be crack-brained, and a fourth to be sharpers; whence it came, what Polydore Virgil says of a certain great house, NEC VIR FORTIS, NEC FOEMINA CASTA; how cruelty, falsehood, and cowardice, grew to be characteristics by which certain families are distinguished as much as by their coats of arms; who first brought the pox into a noble house, which has lineally descended scrofulous tumours to their posterity.