while


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while

 (wīl, hwīl)
n.
1. A period of time: stay for a while; sang all the while. See Usage Note at awhile.
2. The time, effort, or trouble taken in doing something: The project wasn't worth my while.
conj.
1. As long as; during the time that: It was lovely while it lasted.
2. In spite of the fact that; although: While that guitar may look nice, it's not a very good instrument.
3. And on the contrary: The soles are leather, while the uppers are canvas.
tr.v. whiled, whil·ing, whiles
To spend (time) idly or pleasantly: while the hours away.

[Middle English, from Old English hwīl; see kweiə- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: As a conjunction, while is used to indicate that two events are happening at the same time (While I was preparing the hamburger patties, she sliced the onions and tomatoes), but it can also be used to contrast two clauses in a nontemporal way (While the "h" is silent in the word "honest," it is pronounced in the word "hostile"). While has been used in this nontemporal sense for hundreds of years, and the latter sentence was judged acceptable by 75 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2012 survey. The Panel was somewhat less accepting, however, of this use of while in a sentence where it could potentially be misread as having a temporal meaning (31 percent disapproved of the sentence She said she wanted to go to a movie, while he proposed seeing a play). And 43 percent disapproved of a sentence in which the two contrasting clauses are explicitly not simultaneous: While the Tigers beat the Cubs last week, this week the Cubs beat the Tigers. To avoid ambiguity or an unintended suggestion of simultaneity, choose a different conjunction, such as although or whereas.

while

(waɪl)
conj
1. (subordinating) at the same time that: please light the fire while I'm cooking.
2. (subordinating) all the time that: I stay inside while it's raining.
3. (subordinating) in spite of the fact that: while I agree about his brilliance I still think he's rude.
4. (coordinating) whereas; and in contrast: flats are expensive, while houses are cheap.
5. (subordinating; used with a gerund) during the activity of: while walking I often whistle.
prep, conj
dialect Scot and Northern English another word for until: you'll have to wait while Monday for these sheets; you'll never make any progress while you listen to me.
n
6. (usually used in adverbial phrases) a period or interval of time: once in a long while.
7. trouble or time (esp in the phrase worth one's while): it's hardly worth your while to begin work today.
8. the while at that time: he was working the while.
[Old English hwīl; related to Old High German hwīla (German Weile), Gothic hveila, Latin quiēs peace, tranquīlus tranquil]
Usage: It was formerly considered incorrect to use while to mean in spite of the fact that or whereas, but these uses have now become acceptable

while

(ʰwaɪl, waɪl)

n., conj., prep., v. whiled, whil•ing. n.
1. an interval of time: a long while ago.
conj.
2. during or in the time that: He ate ice cream while he waited.
3. throughout the time that; as long as.
4. even though; although: While they are related, they don't get along.
5. at the same time that: She exercises while he grows fat.
prep.
6. Archaic. until.
v.t.
7. to cause (time) to pass, esp. in some pleasant manner: to while away the hours.
Idioms:
worth one's while, worth one's time, trouble, or expense.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English hwīl, c. Old Saxon, Old High German hwīla, Gothic hweila while, time, Old Norse hvīla place of rest]

while

1. used in time clauses

If one thing happens while another thing is happening, the two things happen at the same time.

He stayed with me while he was looking for a new house.
While I was out she was trying to reach me on the phone.
2. 'while' in concessive clauses

While has a special use which is not related to time. You use it to introduce a clause that contrasts with something else that you are saying.

Miguel loved sports while Julio preferred to read a book.
While I have some sympathy for these people, I think they went too far.
3. 'a while'

A while is a period of time.

After a while, my eyes got used to the darkness.
Let's just sit down for a while.

while


Past participle: whiling
Gerund: whiled

Imperative
while
while
Present
I while
you while
he/she/it whiles
we while
you while
they while
Preterite
I whiling
you whiling
he/she/it whiling
we whiling
you whiling
they whiling
Present Continuous
I am whiled
you are whiled
he/she/it is whiled
we are whiled
you are whiled
they are whiled
Present Perfect
I have whiling
you have whiling
he/she/it has whiling
we have whiling
you have whiling
they have whiling
Past Continuous
I was whiled
you were whiled
he/she/it was whiled
we were whiled
you were whiled
they were whiled
Past Perfect
I had whiling
you had whiling
he/she/it had whiling
we had whiling
you had whiling
they had whiling
Future
I will while
you will while
he/she/it will while
we will while
you will while
they will while
Future Perfect
I will have whiling
you will have whiling
he/she/it will have whiling
we will have whiling
you will have whiling
they will have whiling
Future Continuous
I will be whiled
you will be whiled
he/she/it will be whiled
we will be whiled
you will be whiled
they will be whiled
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been whiled
you have been whiled
he/she/it has been whiled
we have been whiled
you have been whiled
they have been whiled
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been whiled
you will have been whiled
he/she/it will have been whiled
we will have been whiled
you will have been whiled
they will have been whiled
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been whiled
you had been whiled
he/she/it had been whiled
we had been whiled
you had been whiled
they had been whiled
Conditional
I would while
you would while
he/she/it would while
we would while
you would while
they would while
Past Conditional
I would have whiling
you would have whiling
he/she/it would have whiling
we would have whiling
you would have whiling
they would have whiling
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.while - a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition; "he was here for a little while"; "I need to rest for a piece"; "a spell of good weather"; "a patch of bad weather"
time - an indefinite period (usually marked by specific attributes or activities); "he waited a long time"; "the time of year for planting"; "he was a great actor in his time"
cold snap, cold spell - a spell of cold weather
hot spell - a spell of hot weather
snap - a spell of cold weather; "a cold snap in the middle of May"

while

conjunction
1. at the same time as, during the time that, for the period that Her parents look after her daughter while she works.
noun
1. time, period, stretch, spell, patch (Brit. informal), interval, period of time, stint They walked on in silence for a while.
while something away (with time as object) pass, spend, kill, occupy, use up, beguile She whiled away the hours watching old movies on TV.

while

noun
1. A rather short period:
2. The use of energy to do something:
Informal: elbow grease.
verb
To pass (time) without working or in avoiding work.Also used with away:
dawdle (away), fiddle away, idle (away), kill, trifle away, waste, wile (away).
Translations
بَيْنَمابينَمافَتْرَةفَتْرَه، بُرْهَهمع أنَّ
byťchvílekdyžzatímco
mensselvomstykke tidtid
dumkvankam
ajanjaksosillä aikaa kun
dokneko vrijeme
ellenbenmialatt
sementara
á meîanenda òótttími, stund
・・・する間
...하는 동안에잠시
dum
apsimokakolvalandėlėverta
brīdislabs brītiņšlai ganlaika sprīdistobrīd, kad
čepravmedtem ko
medanstundtagfastän
ขณะที่ชั่วขณะหนึ่ง
iken-se desıradazaman süresiarken
khoảng thời giantrong khi

while

[waɪl]
A. N
1. a while (= some moments) → un ratito; (= some minutes, hours) → un rato; (= some weeks, months) → un tiempo
after a whileal cabo de un rato, al rato
all the whiletodo el tiempo
I lived in Paris for a whileviví un tiempo en París
let it simmer for a whiledeje que hierva un rato a fuego lento
it will be a good while before he gets heretardará (un rato) en venir aún, todavía falta (un rato) para que venga (LAm)
a little while agohace poco
a long while agohace mucho
once in a whilede vez en cuando
it takes quite a whilelleva tiempo
in a short whiledentro de poco, al rato (LAm)
stay a while with usquédate un rato con nosotros
the whileentretanto, mientras tanto
he looked at me the whilemientras tanto me estaba mirando
2.
it is worth while to ask whethervale la pena preguntar si ...
we'll make it worth your whilete compensaremos generosamente
it's not worth my whileno me vale la pena
B. CONJ
1. (= during the time that) → mientras
while this was happeningmientras pasaba esto
she fell asleep while readingse durmió mientras leía
while you are awaymientras estés fuera
to drink while on dutybeber estando de servicio
2. (= as long as) → mientras (que)
it won't happen while I'm hereno pasará mientras (que) yo esté aquí
3. (= although) → aunque
while I admit it is awkwardaunque reconozco que es difícil
4. (= whereas) → mientras que
I enjoy sport, while he prefers readinga mí me gusta el deporte, mientras que él prefiere la lectura
while away VT + ADV to while away the time or the hourspasar el tiempo or el rato

while

hwaɪl]
nmoment m
for a while → pendant un moment
I lived in London for a while → J'ai vécu à Londres pendant un moment.
after a while → au bout d'un moment
quite a while → un bon moment
I haven't seen him for quite a while → Cela fait un bon moment que je ne l'ai pas vu.
a while ago → il y a un moment
He was here a while ago → Il était là il y a un moment.
a book that I read a little while ago
BUT un livre que j'ai lu il y a peu de temps.
quite a while ago → il y a un bon moment
in a while → dans un moment
all the while → pendant tout ce temps-là
to be worth sb's while → valoir la peine, Ne discute pas avec lui, cela n'en vaut pas la peine.
It's worth your while to book in advance → Cela vaut la peine de réserver à l'avance.
conj
(at the same time as)pendant que
You hold the torch while I look inside → Tiens la lampe électrique pendant que je regarde à l'intérieur.
(when)pendant que
While I was in London she was in Paris → Pendant que j'étais à Londres, elle était à Paris.
She never went there while her husband was alive
BUT Elle ne n'y est jamais allé du vivant de son mari.
There was never any trouble while we were living there
BUT Il n'y a jamais eu de problème quand nous vivions là-bas.
(= as, whereas) → alors que
Isobel is very dynamic, while Kay is more laid-back → Isobel est très dynamique, alors que Kay est plus relax.
(= though) (with clause)quoique + subj; (with adjective)quoique
While I'm fond of him, I don't actually want to marry him → Quoique je l'aime bien, je ne veux pas vraiment l'épouser.
Your letter, while complete in other regards, avoided the subject of cost → Votre lettre, quoique complète à d'autres égards, évitait la question du coût.
while away
vt sep [+ time] → passer

while

n
Weile f, → Weilchen nt (inf); for a while(für) eine Weile, eine Zeit lang; (= a short moment)(für) einen Augenblick or Moment; a good or long whileeine ganze or lange Weile, eine ganze Zeit lang; for/after quite a whileziemlich or recht lange, (für) eine geraume/nach einer geraumen Weile (geh); a little or short whileein Weilchen (inf), → kurze Zeit; it’ll be ready in a short whilees wird bald fertig sein; a little while agovor Kurzem; a long while agovor einer ganzen Weile, vor längerer or langer Zeit; some while agovor einiger Zeit; all the whiledie ganze Zeit (über)
the while (liter)derweil, unterdessen
to be worth (one’s) while to …sich (für jdn) lohnen, zu …; we’ll make it worth your whilees soll ihr Schaden nicht sein
conj
während; (= as long as)solange; she fell asleep while readingsie schlief beim Lesen ein; he became famous while still younger wurde berühmt, als er noch jung war; you must not drink while on dutySie dürfen im Dienst nicht trinken
(= although) while one must admit there are difficulties …man muss zwar zugeben, dass es Schwierigkeiten gibt, trotzdem …; while the text is not absolutely perfect, nevertheless …obwohl (zwar) der Text nicht einwandfrei ist, … trotzdem; it is difficult to be fair while at the same time being honestes ist schwierig, fair und gleichzeitig auch gerecht zu sein
(= whereas)während

while

[waɪl]
1. n
a. a whileun po' (di tempo)
for a little while → per un po'
for a long while → per un bel po', a lungo
after a while → dopo un po'
for a while → per un po', per un certo periodo
in a while → tra poco
once in a while → ogni tanto, una volta ogni tanto
it will be a good while before he gets here → gli ci vorrà un bel po' (di tempo) per arrivare qui
a little while ago → poco fa
in between whiles → nel frattempo
all the while → tutto il tempo
b. we'll make it worth your whilefaremo in modo che non ti penta
it might be worth your while to ... → forse ti converrebbe...
2. conj
a. (during the time that) → mentre; (as long as) → finché, mentre
while this was happening → mentre avveniva questo
she fell asleep while reading → si addormentò mentre stava leggendo
it won't happen while I'm here → non accadrà finché sono qui io
b. (although) → benché + sub, sebbene + sub, anche se
while I agree with what you have said → benché sia d'accordo or anche se sono d'accordo con ciò che hai detto
c. (whereas) → mentre
I enjoy sport, while he prefers reading → a me piace lo sport, mentre lui preferisce la lettura
while away vt + adv (time, hours) → far passare

while

(wail) conjunction
(also whilst (wailst) ).
1. during the time that. I saw him while I was out walking.
2. although. While I sympathize, I can't really do very much to help.
noun
a space of time. It took me quite a while; It's a long while since we saw her.
while away
to pass (time) without boredom. He whiled away the time by reading.
worth one's while
worth one's time and trouble. It's not worth your while reading this book, because it isn't accurate.

while

بَيْنَما, فَتْرَة chvíle, když mens, tid während, Weile ενώ, χρονικό διάστημα mientras, rato ajanjakso, sillä aikaa kun moment, pendant que dok, neko vrijeme mentre, tempo ・・・する間, 間 ...하는 동안에, 잠시 terwijl, tijdje så lenge, stund chwila, podczas, gdy enquanto, momento время, пока medan, stund ขณะที่, ชั่วขณะหนึ่ง iken, sırada khoảng thời gian, trong khi 一会儿, 虽然

while

adv. mientras, un rato, algún tiempo;
for a ___temporalmente;
not for a ___por ahora no.
References in classic literature ?
Marianne entered the house with a heart swelling with emotion from the consciousness of being only eighty miles from Barton, and not thirty from Combe Magna; and before she had been five minutes within its walls, while the others were busily helping Charlotte to show her child to the housekeeper, she quitted it again, stealing away through the winding shrubberies, now just beginning to be in beauty, to gain a distant eminence; where, from its Grecian temple, her eye, wandering over a wide tract of country to the south-east, could fondly rest on the farthest ridge of hills in the horizon, and fancy that from their summits Combe Magna might be seen.
In such moments of precious, invaluable misery, she rejoiced in tears of agony to be at Cleveland; and as she returned by a different circuit to the house, feeling all the happy privilege of country liberty, of wandering from place to place in free and luxurious solitude, she resolved to spend almost every hour of every day while she remained with the Palmers, in the indulgence of such solitary rambles.
I tried to keep my hand steady while I did so, but his look at me as he leaned back in his chair with the long draggled end of his neckerchief between his teeth - evidently forgotten - made my hand very difficult to master.
he went on, taking my watch out of my pocket, and turning towards him a ring on my finger, while I recoiled from his touch as if he had been a snake, "a gold 'un and a beauty: that's a gentleman's, I hope
Here Madame de la Rocheaimard whiled away the close of a varied and troubled life; if not in absolute peace, still not in absolute misery, while her grand-daughter grew into young womanhood, a miracle of goodness and pious devotion to her sole surviving parent.
Still it was well understood that Adrienne was not likely to marry, her birth raising her above all intentions of connecting her ancient name with mere gold, while her poverty placed an almost insuperable barrier between her and most of the impoverished young men of rank whom she occasionally saw.
A young man whom he had once corrected had christened him, half jestingly, Sir Galahad, and certainly his life in London, a life which had to bear all the while the test of the limelight, had appeared to merit some such title.
Even while these thoughts passed through her brain, he turned to talk to her, and she felt at once that little glow of pleasure which the sound of his voice nearly always evoked.
Yet so little did I stand in need of it, with my own high intensity and vitality, that I never thought it worth while to have a cocktail before my own meal when I ate alone.
Heavy dew fell and drenched the moor like rain; and this refreshed me for a while.
Never a word passed between us; each set his mouth and kept his eyes in front of him, and lifted up his foot and set it down again, like people lifting weights at a country play;[27] all the while, with the moorfowl crying "peep
With drooping heads and tremulous tails, they mashed their way through the thick mud, floundering and stumbling between whiles, as if they were falling to pieces at the larger joints.