The following three common grafts--the whip graft, the cleft graft, and the bark graft--are suitable for "making" or "making over" a wide range of trees and shrubs.
Caption: Pair the sloping surfaces of a scion and rootstock to form a whip graft, and wrap the graft with a binding material prior to applying a sealant to prevent moisture loss.
Whip grafts are suitable for rootstocks similar in diameter to scions, so they're useful for propagating new trees or adding a branch or two of another variety to an existing tree.
The highest callusing rates were observed in whip graft type in both Alphonse Lavallee (3.
As for whip graft, the cut surface was three times the diameter of the stock or scion.
One of the simplest techniques is the whip graft, although it is also more likely to fail if the graft is not kept tight.
For the whip graft, use a sharp knife to make an even, sloping cut roughly 2 inches long from just below the scion's last bud to the root end.
A cleft graft is similar to a whip graft, although it utilizes both sides of the scion.
Like the whip graft, the best size scion is roughly 1/4 inch in diameter.