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pron. possessive whose, objective whom.
Who and whom are pronouns.
You use who when you are asking about someone's identity. Who can be the subject, object, or complement of a verb. It can also be the object of a preposition.
When who is the object of a verb or preposition, it is followed by an auxiliary verb, the subject, and then the main verb. When who is the object of a preposition, the preposition must go at the end of the clause. Don't use a preposition in front of who.
Whom is a formal word which is sometimes used instead of 'who'. Whom can only be the object of a verb or preposition.
Who is often used in reported clauses.
Who and whom are used in both defining and non-defining relative clauses.
In relative clauses, you can use either who or which after a collective noun such as family, committee, or group. After who you usually use a plural verb. After which you use a singular verb.
When who is the subject of a non-defining clause, don't use another pronoun after it. Don't say, for example, 'He told his mother, who she was very shocked'. Say 'He told his mother, who was very shocked'.
WHON ABBR =World Health Organization → OMS f
who is it? → ¿quién es?
who are they? → ¿quiénes son?
who are you looking for? → ¿a quién buscas?
who does she think she is? → ¿quién se cree que es?
I know who it was → (yo) sé quién fue
you'll soon find out who's who → pronto sabrás quién es quién
guess who! → ¡a ver si adivinas quién soy!
who should it be but Neil! → ¿a que no sabes quién era? ¡Neil!, ¡no era otro que Neil!
my cousin who lives in New York → mi primo que vive en Nueva York
the girl who you saw → la chica que viste
the girl who you spoke to has since left the company → la chica con la que or con quien or (more frm) con la cual hablaste ya no trabaja en la empresa
those who can swim → los que saben nadar
he who wishes to → el que desee ...
deny it who may → aunque habrá quien lo niegue
In direct and indirect questions
"Who" as subject of a verb
"Who(m)" as object of a verb or preposition
"Who(m)" as object of a preposition
WHO[ˌdʌbəljuːeɪtʃˈəʊ] n abbr (=World Health Organization) → OMS f(= Organisation mondiale de la Santé)
Who said that? → Qui a dit ça?
Who is Jacques Chirac? → Qui est Jacques Chirac?
Who is it? (on phone) → Qui est à l'appareil?; (through door) → Qui est-ce?
Who do you work for? → Pour qui travaillez-vous?
the man who saw us → l'homme qui nous a vus
the man who spoke to us → l'homme qui nous a parlé
those who earn more than £50,000 → ceux qui gagnent plus de 50 000 livres
The woman, who has two children, was sent to prison
BUT La femme, mère de deux enfants, a été incarcérée.